On this day, Imam al-Husayn (peace be upon him) was martyred. It is indeed the day of the calamitous misfortune and the day of grief for the Holy Imams (peace be upon them) and their Shi'as (adherents). Thus, the Shi`ah are required to stop pursuing any worldly benefit,and devote themselves to weeping and mourning the misfortunes of Imam al-Husayn (peace be upon him). They are thus required to hold consolation ceremonies in the same way as they do for their own deceased.
The adherents (Shi`ah) of Imam al-Husayn (peace be upon him) should commemorate the martyrdom of their Imam and should weep for him as narrated in innumerable hadith from Masumeen(as).
This is one of the best ways to give the " Ajr Risalat" for the Prophet(saws) Qurba as commanded by Quran in 42:23
Imām Muhammad ibn ‘Alī al-Bāqir (A.S.) said: "On Ashura Day, before noon, he should go to a desert or an elevated portion of his house and recite salutations to Imam Husain (a.s.), curse his killers excessively and pray two Rakats prayers. Then he should mourn and lament over Imam Husain (a.s.), order everyone in his house to lament him, hold a gathering in his house narrating Imam Husain’s tragedies and become restless on the tragedies of the Imam (a.s.), meet one another weeping and consoling one another over the Imam’s tragedies. If they do so, I guarantee that the Almighty Allāh will record all of those rewards for him. [References: Kamiluz Ziyaraat, Chapter 71, Tradition 7, page 162]
Imām Alī ibn Mūsā al-Rezā (a.s.) said:“Whoever avoids attending to his worldly affairs on the tenth of Muharram, Allāh will fulfill all the wishes and desires of this world as well as the hereafter. Whoever considers this day to be a day of mourning, sorrow and weeping for himself, Allāh the Glorified will make the day of Qiyāmah to be a day of rejoicing for him and his eyes will be cooled in Paradise on account of us.
And whoever considers the tenth of Muharram to be a day of prosperity and buys something for his house (considering it a good omen), then Allāh will not give him affluence in that thing. And on the day of Qiyāmah he will be made to arise along with Yazid, Ubaydullāh bin Ziyād and Umar ibn Sa'ad (may Allāh's curse be on all of them) and will be thrown into the lowest abyss of hell.” [Reference: Nafasul Mahmum, Chapter # 3] 40 Hadith on Azadari -mourning Importance of Weeping Wailing -Pdf Muharram links
Stay awake and listen to the museebah (tragedies) of Imam Husayn (peace be upon him), his family and his companions.
The reward of spending this whole night with acts of worship, as per narrations is that one who does so shall be considered having worshipped Almighty Allah with the worship of all the angels. The acts of worship at this night is equal to seventy-years worship.
1.Offer a four unit prayer with Surah al-Fatihah once and Surah al-Tawhid fifty times, (like the prayer of Imam `Ali Amir al-Mu'minin (peace be upon him), which has high reward).
Sayyid Ibn Tawus says after citing this prayer, “When you finish the fourth units, you may mention Almighty Allah, invoke blessings upon the Holy Prophet and his Household, and curse their enemies as many times as possible.
2.Offer a one hundred unit prayer with Surah al-Fatihah once and Surah al-Tawhid three times in each unit. After accomplishment, the following is repeated seventy times:
wa la hawla wa la quwwata illa billahi al`aliyyi al`azimi
and there is neither might nor power save with Allah, the All-high the All-great.
3.Offer a four unit prayer at the last hours of this night, reciting Surah al-Fatihah once and repeating Ayah al-Kursi and Surahs al-Tawhid, al-Falaq, al-Nas ten times each. After accomplishment, Surah al-Tawhid is repeated one hundred times.
The following prayers and supplications for the night of Ashura are narrated in Al-Mukhtasar Minal Muntakhab, "On Ashura say four units of prayers. In each unit of the prayer recite the Opening Chapter once, “S Ikhlass 100 times.
It has even been narrated that the Opening Chapter should be recited one-hundred times in each unit and S Ikhlass three times.
i."Glory be to God and Praise be to Him. There is no God but God. And God is the Great. There is no change nor any strength except by God – the Sublime, the Supreme"
ii.I Ask God for forgiveness
iii.Bestow blessings on Muhammad and his Progeny (as)
Then say the following supplications that are highly honored as expressed in Kitab al-Riaz.
"O' my God! I ask You, O' God! O' Compassionate! O' God! O' Compassionate! O' God! O' Compassionate! O' God! O' Compassionate! O' God! O' Compassionate! O' God! O' Compassionate! O' God! O' Compassionate! O' God! O' Compassionate! O' God! O' Compassionate! O' God! O' Compassionate!
And I ask You by Your means of demand – the greatest of them, the highest of them, the ones most remembered, the ones with the most brilliance, the ones that are fastest to fulfill, the ones closest to be answered, the most perfect, the most complete while all Your means of demand are majestic!
O' God! O' Compassionate! O' Merciful! O' God! And I ask You through Your ultimate Names that are located deep within You! O‟ God! I ask You by Your sublime and clear means of demand that are veiled from everything but You.
O‟ God! And I ask You by Your Especial Names.And I ask You by Your Names - the Most Majestic - the Benevolent - the Kind! O' the Glorious! O' the Elegant! O' God! O' the All-mighty! O' Exalted in Might! O' the All-Generous.
O' God! And I ask You by all Your Magnificent Demands.And I ask You with all forms of demands that I know of so that the demand will reach Your Grand Name O' God! O' God! And I ask You by all Your Beautiful Names.
And I ask You by all Names that I know of until we reach the Exalted, the Great, the Grand Name - The Highest High! That is Your Perfect Name that You have honored above all with which You named Yourself.
I ask You to forgive all my sins, fulfill all my needs, to realize all my hopes, to quickly get what I want.Please bestow me abundant sustenance. Please relieve me from my worries, grief and sorrow. O' the Most Compassionate, Most Merciful!"
Click on Next Tab for the Ashura DAY Aamal
Focus on the great tragedy that took place on this day and avoid attending to your business, employment matters, laughing and unnecessary discussions. Imam Ridha (peace be upon him) is reported to have said, “If one refrains from arranging for any worldly benefit on the tenth of Muharram, Almighty Allah will grant him all his needs for this world and the world to come. If one considers the tenth of Muharram to be the day of his misfortune, sadness, and weeping, Almighty Allah will make the Resurrection Day the day of his delight and happiness; and he will be delighted by us in Paradise".
1.A great reward is recorded for one who repeats Surah al-Tawhid one thousand times on this day.
5.Recite a four unit salaah (2x2), anytime between Fajr and Dhuhr in the following manner;
In the first unit, after Súra al- Hamd, recite Súra al-Káfirún (109) and in the second unit, after Súra al-Hamd, recite Súra al-Ikhlás.
In the third unit, after Súra al- Hamd, recite Súra al-Ahzáb(33) and in the fourth unit, after Súra al-Hamd, recite Súra al-Munáfiqún (63).
ma`a waliyyihi al-imami almahdiyyi min ali muhammadin `alayhimu alssalamu
with his blood-claimer; Imam al-Mahdi, who belongs to the Household of Muhammad, peace be upon them all.
8.Sayyid Ibn Tawus has mentioned the Dua 'Asharaat to be said on this day.
9.Remember the time Imam Husain (peace be upon him) had the bloodied body of his 6 month old infant son Ali-Asghar in his arms. He hesitated while walking towards the tents to hand the infants body over to the mother! Take a few steps forward and then retrace your steps to where you began 7 times.
Say the following while you are moving forward and backward seven times:
ahumma a’d’d’ibil fajaratal lad’eena shaaqqoo rasoolaka wa h’aaraboo awliyaaa-ika wa a’badoo ghayraka was-tah’alloo muh’aaramaka wal-a’nil qaadata wal atbaa-a’ wa man kaana minhum fa-khabbawa awz”a-a’ma-a’hum aw raz”iya bi-fia’-lihim laa’- nan katheeraa
O Allah! Condemn and punish the licentious profligates who make the life of Thy Messenger miserable; and waged was against Thy close friends, and worshipped others, (but ) not Thee, deemed lawful (that which) Thou had forbidden, bring a curse upon their leaders, followers, on those who were in them, secretly or distinctly were hand in glove with them, or condoning their (mis) deeds. A great many curses
aahumma wa a’jjil faraja aali muh’ammad waj-a’l s’alawaatika a’layhi wa a’layhim was-tanqid’hum min aydil munaafiqeenal muz”illeena wal kafaratil jaahi’ideena waftah’ lahum fath’an yaseeraa wa atih’ lahum rawh’an wa farajan qareebaa waj-a’l lahum min ladunka a’laa a’duwwika wa a’duwwihim sut’aanan nas’eeraa
O my Allah, bid to bring joy and happiness quickly for “Aali Muhammad”, (the children of Muhammad), bestow Thy blessings on him and on them, save them from the dangerous clutches of the undercover two-timers, and the obstinate disbelievers; open for them the doors of “the beginning”, a facility to put in practice gentleness, kindness and fairplay; create favorable conditions for them to make life full of love and thought, cheerful, free of care, as early as possible, on Thy authority let them have full control over Thy enemies, to help, rescue and defend (mank
10.Raise your hands, having in mind the enemies of “Aale Muhammad”, and say this dua:
The ungratefuls (the said opponents) renounced the faith and did not, in fact, believe in the “Kalimah”; attached themselves to the trend setters of disorder and tyranny; disowned and gave up the Book and the (Divine) rule of life; swerved from and angled off the two strings which according to Thy commandment, (they) should have held fast and stuck close by; undermined and twisted the truth; Went, away from the real purpose, in the opposite direction ; encouraged partisanship; Altered and falsified the Book; refused to believe in the evident proof and rightful claim, whenever confronted face to face; chose falsehood, whenever came across; lost their way and corrupted Thy laws, Islam; led people astray; killed the children of Thy Prophet, Thy liberal highminded servants, bearers of Thy knowledge, inheritors of Thy wisdom and revelation, the Book
O my Allah, put a stop to the spread of their sphere of influence; make their equipment and men unserviceable, their expression confused and contradictory; break up their support; crack up their strategy; lay hold upon them, hit and cut off by Thy one sharp strike; throw them down, frightened by Thy hard unnerving barrier, bury them under the swallowing mud of disasters; let them be mean and contemptible under the yoke of despise-able penance; bring them to book and let them have the taste of a hard and sharp retribution; fester them with definite and exemplary punishment, as Thou wipes out Thy enemies; it is beyond the shadow of doubt that Thou cracks down upon the criminals.
O my Allah, Therefore give all Thy attention and care to signify truth, and the upholders of truth; restrain and prevent falsehood, and the camp-followers of false-hood, and take us to safety as a favour; guide us to true faith; make available for us, as soon as possible, happiness and bliss, bring everything in to good order through the inspiring presence of Thy representatives; make us desire and love them , make them receive us with open arms.
O my Allah, bring to nothing those who celebrate the day the choicest (grand) son of Thy Prophet was martyred, in cheerful amusement; laugh and enjoy in utter delight and indulge in wanton boisterous merriment; catch hold of and punish each one of the remaining, just as Thou cracked down on the early (culprits); make twice as much the penalty,
O my Allah, and punishment, a warning example, (while convicting the tyrants who took liberties with and abused the children of Thy Prophet; give the earth blow to their henchmen, put an end to their headmen, wipe out their patrons and their groups altogether.
O my Allah, multiply Thy blessings generously, Thy mercy liberally, Thy favours like a windfall, (thou bestows) upon the children of Thy Prophet, who Thy enemies tried to ignore, frighten and corner, the children who are the blooming pride of the fragrant strongly grown and fertile tree.
Let people subscribe to and uphold,O my Allah, their expressed refined (thoughts), and get the better of the antagonists in debate and disputations through their arguments, put the dark clouds of trouble, distress nothingness and ignorance, to flight, through (on account of) them, make firm and strong the hearts and minds of their followers (to know things for certain and give correct answers), to belong to Thy party, obedient to Thee; to love them; to support them ; stand by them, signify them; they exercised self-control whenever they put up with damage and injury in Thy cause; bring in, for them, the days, people will see them and find them among themselves to pronounce the profession of true faith, a blissful and happy time;
Be quick in providing relief and joy, after a long period of suffering (to them and us), on account of their presence; bring on their worthy, decent and refined sphere of influence; and support them as Thou has given a guarantee in this connection in Thy revealed Book; Thou said, (and Thy words are always true): Allah has promised such of you as believe and do good deed that He will surely appoint them successors in the earth, as He appointed successors those before them, and that He will surely establish for them Their religion which He has chosen for them, and surely He will give them in exchange safety after their fear. Thy (shall) ascribe nothing as partner unto Me
I, O my Allah, Thy bondman, cautions and (always) aware of Thy just requital, turn to Thee with a request, standing before Thee, to seek the favour of taking refuge with Thee, in Thy courtyard, fully aware of the fact that there is no way to run away from Thee except unto Thee.
O my Allah, accede to my request, take notice of my positive statement and heartfelt secret avowal,
O my Allah, and let me be the one whose conduct satisfies Thee, (whose) pious life devoted to Thee receives Thy approval, (whom) Thou brings to a place of safety through Thy mercy; verily Thou art rare, dear and beloved (because of ) Thy kindness.
O my Allah, send blessings, in the beginning and at the end, on Muhammad and on the children of Muhammad; keep at peace at all times, Muhammad and the children of Muhammad, let Thy love and tenderness always envelop Muhammad and the children of Muhammad, more thoroughly and decisively than Thou had blessed, kept at peace and loved Thy Prophets, Messengers, Angels and the bearers of Thy Arsh, in the name of and for the sake of “LAA ILAAHA ILLAA ANTA”.
O my Allah, let there be no separation (ever) between me and Muhammad and the children of Muhammad, Thy blessings be on him and them; let me be one among the friends and followers of Muhammad, Ali, Fatimah, Hasan and Husayn, and their pure and select descendants; give me the insight to cling to their friendship, and be always ready to walk with them, and make use of their life style; Verily Thou art liberal, Generous and Kind,
Now go into prostration (Sijdah), keep either side of your face on the earth, one after the other, and say:
O He who decrees that which He wills, does that which He wants. It is Thou who possesses and exercises absolute power; therefore (all) praise is for Thee (only); (Thou alone art) the praiseworthy, the thankworthy.
O my Master, let them have a life full of love and peace, and let us share the harmony and bliss with them, because Thou has given a guarantee to put them on the highest pedestal of love, honour and wisdom, after the severest trial and tribulation, to do too much for them , exceeding all bounds, after they had put up with the worldly minimum (in Thy cause), to make them distinct and evident after (Thy enemies) kept them in obscurity, O the Most Truthful ! O the Most Merciful!
I beseech Thee, O my Lord, and Master, humble and weak before Thee, to throw wide open doors of Thy generosity and kindness to let my hope (of fulfillment of heart’s desires) come true, and get and gather what I want in surplus; and make valid my deeds, whether insignificant looking or weighty, prolong my days until I am satisfied with being an eye-witness, and give testimony, and be among those who are called upon, so run to obey them, love them and support them (the descendents of the Holy Prophet); Make me see that very soon, close at hand, in good health sound mind and with believing heart. Verily Thou art able to do all things
A-o'ozo beka an akoona menal lazeena laa yarjoona ayyaamaka fa-a-i'znee yaa elaahee be-rahmateka min zaaleka.
In Thee do I seek refuge that I should be among those who hope not for Thy “Days”, so make me full well and be there, O my Master, through Thy mercy, in that time.
Allaahumma inna kaseeram menal ummate naasebatil mustahfezeena menal a-immate wa kafarat bil-kalemate wa a'kafat a'lal qaadatiz zalamate wa hajaratil ketaaba was-sunnata wa a'dalat a'nil hablaynil lazayne amarta be-taa-a'tehemaa wat-tamassoke behemaa fa-amaatatil haqqa wa haadat a'nil qasde wa mala-atil ahzaaba wa harrafatil ketaaba wa kafarat bilhaqqe lammaa jaa-ahaa wa tamassakat bilbaatele lammaa a'tarazahaa wa zayya-a't haqqaka wa azallat khalqaka wa qatalat awlaada Nabiyyeka wa kheyarata e'baadeka wa hamalata i'lmeka wa warasata hikmateka wa wahyek.
Allaahumma fazalzil aqdaama a-a'daaa-eka wa a-a'daaa-e Rasooleka wa Ahle Bayte rasoolek.
Allaahumma wa akhrib deyaarahum waflul selaahahum wa khaalif bayna kalematehim wa futta fee a-a'zaadehim wa awhin kaydahum waz-ribhum besayfekal qaate-e' warmehim behajarekad daameghe wa tummahum bilbalaaa-e tamman, wa qummahum bil-a'zaabe qamman, wa a'zzibhum a'zaaban nukran, wa khuzhum bis-seneena wal mosalaatil latee ahlakta behaa a-a'daaa-aka innaka zoo nikmatim menal mujremeena. Allaahumma inna sunnataka zaaa-e-a'tun wa ahkaamaka mo-a'ttalahun wa i'trata Nabiyyeka fil arze haaa-emaa. Allaahumma fa-a-i'nil haqqa wa ahlahu wa aqmai'l baatela wa ahlahu wa munna a'laynaa bin-najaate wahdenaa elal eemaane wa a'jjil farajanaa wan-zimho befaraje awleyaaa-eka waj-a'lhum lanaa wuddan waj-a'lnaa lahum wafdan.
Allaahumma wa ahlik man ja-a'la yawma qatlibne Nabiyyeka wa kheyarateka e'edan wastahala behi farajan wa marahan wa khuz aakherahum kamaa a-khazta awwalahum wa zaa-e'fil laahummal a'zaaba wat-tankeela a'laa zaalemee Ahle Bayte Nabiyyeka wa Ahlak ashyaa-a'hum wa qaadatahum wa abre homaatahum wa jamaa-a'tahum. Allaahumma wa zaa-i'f salawaaateka wa rahmateka wa barakaateka a'laa I'trate Nabiyyekal I'tratiz zaa-e-a'til khaaa-efatil mustazillate baqiyyatim menash shajaratit tayyebatiz zaakeyatil mobaarakate wa a-a'lil laahumma kalematahum wa aflij hujjatahum wak-shefil balaaa-a wal-laawaa-a wa hanaadesal abaateele wal-a'maa a'nhum wa sabbit qolooba shee-a'tehim wa hizbeka a'laa taa-a'teka wa welaayatehim wa nusratehim wa mowaadaatehim wa a-i'nhum wam-nah-homus sabra a'lal azaa feeka waj-a'lhum ayyaamam mash-hoodatan wa awqaatam mahmoodatam mas-o'odatam toosheko feehaa farajahum wa toojebo feehaa tamkeenahum wa nasrahum kamaa zaminta le-awleyaaa-eka fee ketaabekal munzale fa-innaka qulta wa qawlokal haqqo wa-a'dal laahul lazeena aamanoo minkum wa a'melus saalehaate layastakhlef annahum fil arze
kamas takhlafal lazeena min qablehim wa layomakkenanna lahum deenahomul lazeer tazaa lahum wa layobaddelannahum mim ba'de khawfehim amnayn ya'bodoonanee laa yushrekoona bee shay-an. Allaahumma fakshif ghummatahum yaa mal laa yamleko kashfiz zurre illaa howa yaa waahedo yaa ahado yaa hayyo yaa qayyoomo wa anaa yaa elaahi a'bdokal khaaa-efo minka war-raaje-o' elaykas saa-elo lakal muqbelo a'laykal laaje-o elaa fenaaa-ekal a'alemo be-annahu laa mal-ja-a minka illaa elayka. Allaahumma fataqabbal do-a'aa-ee was-ma' yaa elaahee a'laaneyatee wa najwaaya waj-a'lnee mimman razeeta a'malahu wa qabilta nosokahu wa najjaytahu be-rahmateka innaka antal a'zeezul kareemo. Allaahumma wa salle awwalan wa aakheran a'laa Mohammadiwn wa aale Mohammadin war-ham Mohammadawn wa aala Mohammadin be-akmale wa afzale maa sallayta wa baarakta wa tarahhamta a'laa ambeyaaa-eka wa Rosoleka wa malaaa-ekateka wa hamalate a'rsheka be-laa elaaha illaa anta. Allaahumma laa tofarriq baynee wa bayna Mohammadiwn wa aale Mohammadin salawaatoka a'layhe wa a'layhim waj-a'lnee yaa mawlaaya min shee-a'te Mohammadiwn wa
A'liyyin wa Faatemata wal-Hasane wal-Husaine wa zurriyyatehemat taaheratil muntajabate wa hab leyat tamassoka behablehim war-rezaa be-sabeelehim wal-akhza betareeqatehim innaka jawaadun kareemun.
Now go into prostration (Sijdah), keep either side of your face on the earth, one after the other, and say:
Yaa man yahkomo maa yashaaa-o wa yaf-a'lo maa yoreedo anta hakamta falakal hamdo ma mahmoodam mashkooran fa-a'jjil yaa mawlaaya farajahum wafarajanaa behim fa-innaka zaminta e-a'zaazahum ba'daz zillate wa takseerahum ba'dal qillate wa izhaarahum ba'dal khomoole yaa asdaqas saadeqeena wa yaa arhamar raahemeena fa-as-aloka yaa elaahee wa sayyedee motazarre-a'n elayka bejoodeka wa karameka basta amalee wa tajaawoza a'nnee wa qaboola qaleele a'malee wa kaseerehi waz-zeyaadata fee ayyaamee wa tableeghee zaalekal mash-hada wa an taj-a'lanee mimman yud-a' fa-yojeebo elaa taa-a'tehim wa mowaalaatehim wa nasrehim wa toreyanee zaaleka qareeban saree-a'n fee a'afeyatin innaka a'laa kulle shay-in qadeerun.
12. On Deeds at the Time of Eating on the Day of Ashura (Iqbal Aamal)
The Shi'ah should not eat or drink anything on this day (until late afternoon). This is not a fast and thus should not be kept with the intention of fasting. see 'Resources' tab for the background/misconceptions on 'Fast of Ashura'
You should also recite the following
اللهم إننا أمسكنا عن المأكول و المشروب حيث كان أهل النبوة في الحروب و الكروب و أما حيث حضر وقت انتقالهم بالشهادة إلى دار البقاء و ظفروا بمراتب الشهداء و السعداء و دخلوا تحت بشارات الآيات بقولك جل جلالك
"O' my God! We stopped eating and drinking since the family of the Prophet were fighting and in grief. But now it is time for their martyrdom and their transfer to the everlasting world having attained ranks of prosperity and martyrdom." They are covered by the glad tidings of the following verses,
"So (give) glory to God!, when ye reach eventide and when ye rise in the morning; Yea, to Him be praise, in the heavens and on earth; and in the late afternoon and when the day begins to decline. It is He Who brings out the living from the dead, and brings out the dead from the living, and Who gives life to the earth after it is dead: and thus shall ye be brought out (from the dead)
فنحن لهم موافقون فنتناول الطعام الآن حيث إنهم يرزقون في ديار الرضوان مواساة لهم في الإمساك و الإطلاق فاجعل ذلك سببا لعتق الأعناق و اللحاق لهم في درجات الصالحين برحمتك يا أرحم الراحمين.
We agree with them and eat food now that they are being fed in the House of Pleasure to be supportive of them. Let this be a cause of freeing of our necks and joining them in the ranks of the righteous by Your Mercy! 0' the Most Compassionate, Most Merciful!"
If one offers water to people on this day at the holy tomb of Imam al-Husayn (peace be upon him), his reward will be similar to the reward of one who offered water to the companions of Imam al-Husayn (peace be upon him) at Karbala. Click on Next Tab for the 3 Duas by Imam Hussain (as)
3 Duas Imam Hussain(as) Ashura
1.Du`a' al-Husayn , which is the last prayer he said when his enemies surrounded him in large numbers on the Day of Ashura (the tenth of Muharram): Ibn `Ayyash has reported al-Husayn ibn `Ali ibn Sufyan al-Bazufi as saying that he heard Imam Ja`far al-Sadiq (peace be upon him) saying this prayer on the third of Sha`ban, the birthday of Imam al-Husayn (peace be upon him).
اَللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ مُتَعَالِي ٱلْمَكَانِ
allahumma anta muta`ali almakani
O Allah, You are verily the Elevated in position,
the Magnificent in omnipotence,
the Mighty in prowess,
غَنِيٌّ عَنِ ٱلْخَلاَئِقِ
ghaniyyun `an alkhala'iqi
the Self-Sufficient from the creatures,
the Ample in pride,
قَادِرٌ عَلَىٰ مَا تَشَاءُ
qadirun `ala ma tasha'u
the Powerful over all that which You want,
the Close in mercy,
the Truthful in promise,
the Opulent in favors,
the Sympathetic in ordeals,
قَرِيبٌ إِذَا دُعِيتَ
qaribun idha du`ita
the Nigh when Your are prayed,
مُحِيطٌ بِمَا خَلَقْتَ
muhitun bima khalaqta
the All-encompassing of all that which You have created,
قَابِلُ ٱلتَّوْبَةِ لِمَنْ تَابَ إِلَيْكَ
qabilu alttawbati liman taba ilayka
the Accepter of the repentance of him who repents to You,
قَادِرٌ عَلَىٰ مَا أَرَدْتَ
qadirun `ala ma aradta
the Powerful to do whatever You want,
وَمُدْرِكٌ مَا طَلَبْتَ
wa mudrikun ma talabta
the Taker in all that which You decide,
وَشَكُورٌ إِذَا شُكِرْتَ
wa shakurun idha shukirta
the Thankful for those who thank You,
وَذَكُورٌ إِذَا ذُكِرْتَ
wa dhakurun idha dhukirta
and the Rememberer of those who mention You.
I pray You for I need You,
وَأَرْغَبُ إِلَيْكَ فَقِيراً
wa arghabu ilayka faqiran
I desire for You for I am in want of You,
وَأَفْزَعُ إِلَيْكَ خَائِفاً
wa afza`u ilayka kha'ifan
I resort to You for I am terrified,
وَأَبْكِي إِلَيْكَ مَكْرُوباً
wa abki ilayka makruban
I weep before You for I am distressed,
وَأَسْتَعِينُ بِكَ ضَعِيفاً
wa asta`inu bika da`ifan
I seek Your aid for I am weak,
وَأَتَوَكَّلُ عَلَيْكَ كَافِياً
wa atawakkalu `alayka kafiyan
and I depend upon You for I trust in none save You.
أُحْكُمْ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَ قَوْمِنَا بِٱلْحَقِّ
uhkum baynana wa bayna qawmina bilhaqqi
(Please do) decide between our people and us with the truth,
So, (please) prepare a way out and a relief for us,
بِرَحْمَتِكَ يَا أَرْحَمَ ٱلرَّاحِمِينَ
birahmatika ya arhama alrrahimina
out of Your mercy, O most Merciful of all those who show mercy!
2.Dua of Imam Husayn (as) on the Morning of Ashura when facing the army of Yazid
Imam Zayn al-Abideen (as) reported that when the cavalry of Umar b. Sa'ad approached Imam Husayn (as) on the morning of 10th Muharram 61 AH (680 AD), he raised his hands and recited the dua below.
This event has been narrated in several early books of Islamic History, both Shi'a & Sunni. The source of the text below is al-Shaykh Al-Mufid (d. 413 AH/1022 AD) and eminent early Shi'a Jurist and theologian.
This Supplication has psychological and spiritual applications, particularly when facing difficult problems, confronting powerful adversaries, feeling overwhelmed, dealing with loneliness, or managing depression.
Allahumma anta thiqati fi kulli karb, wa raja i fi kulli shiddah, wa 'anta li fi kulli 'amrin nazala bi thiqatun wa 'uddah,
O Allah, You are the One I trust in every adversity, and You are my trust and provision for everything that happens to me,
Kam min hammin yad'ufu fihil fu'wad, wa taqillu fihil hilah, wa yakhdhulu fihi assadiq, wa yashmatu fihil 'aduw,
(Despite) the number of worries in which the heart weakens, strength diminishes, friends abandon, and rejoice,
'anzaltuhu bika wa shakawtuhu ilayka raghbatan minni ilayka amman siwak, fafarrajtahu wa kashaftah
I endured it with You and appealed to You about it due to my devotion to You alone, so You relieved me of it and removed it,
wa 'anta waliyyu kulli ni'mah, wa sahibu kulli hasanah, wa muntaha kulli raghbah.
for You are the Master of every grace, the Source of every blessing, and the Completion of every wish.
Reference: al- Shaykh al-Mufid, Al-irshad fi ma' rifati hujaji Allahi alal-ibad, vol-2 (Beirut: Mu'assat al-albayt li ibya' al-turath, 1429/2008) p.96
Gulamaabas Lakha, Bustan-e-Zehra, London, Muharram 1439/September 2017.
3.Another Dua of Imam Hussain (as) on Ashura taught to his son Imam Zainul Abideen(as)
for any calamity crisis or grief /affliction
Be haqqe Yasin wal quran il hakim. wa be hakke taha wa quran il azeem. Ya man yaqdiro al hawajeis saleen .Ya man yalamo...
By the truth of Yaseen (36) and the Qur'an full of wisdom
And for the sake of Taha (20)and the great Qur'an
O He Who is able to fulfil the desires of those who ask
O He Who knows what is in the heart
O He Who banishes sorrow from the sorrowful
O He Who dispels grief from those who grieve.
O He Who is Merciful in old age
O He Who Provides in infancy
O He Who needs not to be explained.
One long Dua and Another Ziarat click here
The following supplications are found in Al-Mukhtasar min al-Muntakhab
BIsmillaahir Rah'maanir Rah'eem.
Subhaanal laahe wal-hamdo lillaahe wa laa elaaha illal laaho wal laaho Akbaro wa laa hawla wa laa quwwata illaa billaahil A'liyyil a'zeem subhaanal laahe aanaa-il layle wa atraafan nahaare subhaanal laahe bil-ghoduwwe wal-aasaale Subhaanal laahe heena tumsoona wa heena tusbehoon wa lahul hamdo fis samaawaate wal arze wa a'shiyyan wa heena tuzheroona yukhrejul hayya menal mayyte wa yukhrejul mayyeta menal hayye wa yohil arza ba'da mawtehaa wa kazaaleka tukhrajoon.
Subhaana rabbeka rabbil i'zzate a'mmaa yasefoon wa salaamun a'lal mursaleena wal-hamdo lillaahe rabbil a'alameen Alhamdo lillaahil lazee lam yattakhiz waladan wa lam yakul lahu shareekun fil mulke wa lam yakul lahu waliyyum menaz zulle wa kabirho takbeeraa a'dada kulle shay-in wa mil-a kulle shayin wa zenata kulle shay-in wa az-a'afa zaaleka mozaa-a'fatan abadan sarmadan kamaa yanbaghi le-a'zamatehi subhaana zil mulke wal malakoote subhaana zili'zzate wal jabaroote subhaanal hayyil lazee laa yamooto.
subhaanal malekil quddoos. Subhaanal qaa-emid daa-eme subhaanal hayyil qayyoom subhaanal a'liyyil a-a'laa subhaanahu wa ta-a'alaa subhaanal laahe subboohun quddooson rabbul malaaa-ekate war-rooh. Allaahumma innee asbahto fee minnatin wa ne'matin wa a'afeyatin Fa-atmim a'layya ne'matak. Yaa Allaaho wa mannaka wa a'afeyataka war zuqnee shukraka.
Allaahumma be-noore wajhekah taddayto wa be-fazlekas taghnayto wa be-ne'mateka asbahto wa amsayto asbahto ush-hedoka wa kafaa beak shaheedan wa ush-hedo malaaa-ekataka wa hamalata a'rsheka wa jamee-a' khalqeka wa samaaa-aka wa arzaka wa jannataka wa naaraka be-annaka antal laaho laa elaaha illaa anta wahdaka laa shareeka laka wa anna maa doona a'rsheka elaa qaraare arzeka min ma'boodin doonaka baatelun muzmahillun wa ash-hado anna Mohammadan a'bdoka wa rasooloka wa annas saa-a'ta aateyatun laa rayba feehaa wa annaka baa-e'sun man fil qoboor.
Allaahumma! Faktub sha-haadatee haazehi i'ndaka hattaa alqaaka behaa wa qad razeeta a'nnee yaa arhamar raahemeen.
Allaahumma! Falakal hamdo hamdan taza-o' lakas samaa-o kanafayhaa wa tosabbeho lakal arzo wa man a'layhaa hamdan yas-a'do wa laa yanfado hamdan yazeedo wa laa yabeedo hamdan sarmadan lan qetaa-a' lahu wa laa nafaada hamdan yas-a'do awwalohu wa laa yafnaa aakherohu, wa lakal hamdo a'layya wa fawqee wa ma-e'e wa amaamee wa qebalee wa ladayya wa ezaa mitto wa fanayto wa baqeeto yaa mawlaaya wa lakal hamdo be-jamee-e' mahaamedeka kullehaa a'laa jamee-e' na'maa-eka kullehaa wa lakal hamdo fee kulle i'rqin saakenin wa fee kulle aklatin wa sharbatin wa lebaasin wa quwwatin batshin wa a'laa maw-ze-e' kulle sha'ratin.
Allaahumma lakal hamdo kullohu wa lakal mulko kullohu wa be-yadekal khayro kullohu wa elayka yarje-u'l amro kullohu a'laaneyatohu wa sirrohu wa anta muntahash shaane kulleh. Allaahumma lakal hamdo a'laa hilmeka ba'da i'lmeka wa lakal hamdo a'laa a'fweka ba'da qudratek. Allaahumma lakal hamdo yaa baa-e'sal hamde wa lakal hamdo yaa waaresal hamde wa badee-a'l hamde wa muntahal hamde wa mubde-al hamde wa wafiyyal a'hde saadeqal wa'de a'zeezal jadde wa qadeemal majde.
Allaahumma lakal hamdo ra-fee-a'd darajaate mojeebad da'waate munzelal aayaate min fawqe sab-e' samaawaatin tukhrejo man fiz zolomaate elan noore mobaddelas sayyeaate hasanaatin wa jaa-e'lil hasanaate darajaatin.
Allaahumma lakal hamdo ghaaferaz zanbe wa qaabelat tawbe shadeedal e'qaabe zat-tawle laa elaaha illaa anta elaykal maseer.
Allaahumma lakal hamdo fil layle ezaa yaghshaa wa fin nahaare ezaa tajalaa wa lakal hamdo fil aakherate wal-oolaa. Allaahumma lakal hamdo a'dada kulle najmin fis-samaaa-e wa lakal hamdo be-a'dade kulle malakin fis-samaa-e wa lakal hamdo a'dada kulle qatratin fil bahre wa lakal hamdo a'dada awraaqil ashjaare wa lakal hamdo a'dadal jinne wal inse wa a'dadas saraa wal-bahaa-eme was-sebaa-e' wat-tayre wa lakal hamdo a'dada maa fee jawfil arze wa lakal hamdo a'dada maa a'laa wajhil arze wa lakal hamdoo a'dada maa ahsaa ketaaboka wa ahaata behii'lmoka ea zenata a'rsheka hamdan kaseeran mobaarakan feehe.
Allaahumma lakal hamdo a'dada maa taqoolo wa a'dada maa ta'lamo wa a'dada maa ya'malo khalqoka kullohomul awwaloona wal-aakheroona wa be-zeenata zaaleka kullehi wa a'dada maa sammaynaa kullahu ezaa mitnaa wa faneenaa laa-elaaha illal laaho wahdahu laa shareeka lahu lahul mulko wa lahul hamdo yohyee wa yomeeto wa howa a'laa kulle shay-in qadeer.
"Glory be to God and Praise be to Him. There is no god but God. And God is the Great. There is no change nor any strength except by God – the Sublime, the Supreme. Glory be to God in the midst of nights or the ends of days. Glory be to God in the mornings and in the evenings. “So (give) glory to God!, when ye reach eventide and when ye rise in the morning;
Yea, to Him be praise, in the heavens and on earth; and in the late afternoon and when the day begins to decline. It is He Who brings out the living from the dead, and brings out the dead from the living, and Who gives life to the earth after it is dead: and thus shall ye be brought out (from the dead).”30:17-19
“Glory be to Your Lord, the Lord of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him)! And Peace on the apostles! And Praise be to God!, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds. “37:180-182
“Praise be to God!, who begets no son, and has no partner in (His) dominion: Nor (needs) He any to protect Him from humiliation: yea, magnify Him for His greatness and glory!” 17:111
Praise as many in number as there are things, as much as it fills everything, as heavy as all things, and many times more than this – so much that it suits His Grandeur. Glory be to Lord of Sovereignty and Kingdom! Glory be to the Lord of Honor and Omnipotence. Glory be to the Everlasting who shall not perish! Glory be to the Sovereign, the Holy One! Glory be to the Upright! The Perpetual!
Glory be to the Living, the Self-Subsisting ! Glory be to the Highest High, the Glorified and Sublime! Glory be to God – Sacred, Holy, Lord of the angels and the Spirit! O' my God! I made it to the morning honored, blessed and in good health. O' God! Please perfect Your Blessings, Favor and Well-being for me. O' God! Please bless me with Your Gratitude. O' my God! I was guided by the Light of Your Face, and became needless by Your Bounties. I made it to the morning and the evening by Your Blessings! O' my God! I take You as witness. You suffice as a witness for me.
I take Your angels, the carriers of Your Throne, all Your creatures, Your Heaven and Earth, Your Paradise and Hell. I bear witness to You as there is no God but You. You are the Only who has no associate.
I bear witness that any creatures from the heavens or the earth are doomed to destruction but You. And I bear witness that Muhammad (as) is Your servant and Your Prophet. I bear witness that the Hour is sure to come and there is no doubt about it. I bear witness that You are the Resurrector of the dead from the graves.
O' my God! Please record my testimony near You until I meet You with You pleased with me. O' the Most Compassionate, Most Merciful! O' my God! All praise belongs to You.
Praise of the heavens that has lowered its peripherals in humbleness to You, and that the earth and whatever lies in it glorifies You. Praise that rises and does not end. Praise that increases and does not diminish. Praise that is everlasting, eternal, never stopping and never ending. Praise that begins to rise and does not end.
Praise belongs to You by me, above me, with me, in front of me and near me.
O‟ my Guardian! Praise belongs to You when I die and You survive. So all praise belongs to You for all Your Bounties with all forms of praise for You. Praise belongs to You in each beating of the veins, each instance of eating, drinking, dressing, exerting, exhaling, and all hair. All Praise belongs to You. All Sovereignty belongs to You.
In Your hand is all the good. All affairs whether public or private return to You.
And You are the ultimate Authority! O' my God! Praise belongs to You for having known and yet been patient, and for having pardoned even though You can punish. O' my God! Praise belongs to You. Praise to You O' Cause of Praise! Praise belongs to You! O' Inheritor of Praise! O' Creator of Praise! O' Destination of Praise! O' Origin of Praise! O' He who honors his covenants! And is truthful in promise, O' Exalted in Might! O' the Eternal in Glory! O' my God! Praise belongs to You. O' He who give high ranks! O' the Responder to supplications! O' He who sends verses from above the seven heavens! O' He who brings out of darkness and into light! O' He who turns evils into good deeds! O' He who gives ranks to good deeds! O' my God! Praise belongs to You.
O' Forgiver of sins, Acceptor of repentance, Strict in punishment, O' He who is Benevolent. There is no God but You! “To You is our Final Goal.”Al-Mumtahana 60:4.
O' my God! Praise belongs to You at night when it is dark and in the daytime when it is light. Praise belongs to You in the afterlife and the first life.
O' my God! Praise belongs to You as many in number as there are stars in the sky. Praise belongs to You as many in number as there are dominions in the sky. Praise belongs to You as many in number as there are drops in the rain.
Praise belongs to You as many in number as there are leaves in the trees. Praise belongs to You as many in number as there are men and genies. Praise belongs to You as many in number as there is sand, animals, beasts and birds - as many in number as there in the depth of the earth and as many in number as there are on the face of the earth. Praise belongs to You as many in number as Your Book has counted and Your Knowledge has encompassed and Your Throne weighs.
Praise that is plentiful and blessed in it. O' my God! Praise belongs to You as many in number as You say, and as many in number as You know, and as many in number as all Your creatures from the first generation to the last act, and equal in weight and number to all we name up until we die and perish. There is no God but God. He is One and there are no partners for Him.
Sovereignty and Praise belong to Him. He gives life and causes to die and He has power over all things."
Astaghferullaah (I ask forgiveness of Allah)
Yaa Allaaho Yaa Allaaho (O Allah! O Allah!)
Yaa Rahmaano Yaa Rahmaano
(O Beneficent! O Beneficent!)
Yaa Raheemo Yaa Raheemo
(O Merciful! O Merciful!)
Yaa Hannaano Yaa Mannaano
(O Giver! O Bestower!)
Yaa Laa Elaaha Illaa Anta
(O There is no god save Thou.)
Wa Laa Hawla Wa Laa Quwwata Illaa Billaahil A'liyyil A'zeem
(And there is neither power nor might save with Allah, the Most High, the All-magnificent)
Aameen Aameen (So be it, So be it)
Read dua no 2 on the 3 duas tab
Another Ziyarat /pilgrimage supplication of Al-Hussein (as) for the day of Ashura from Al-Mukhtasar min al-Muntakhab.
Get ready for the pilgrimage and make major ritual ablutions. Put on clean clothes. Walk in bare feet to either the roof or the yard and recite the following pilgrimage supplication of Al-Hussein by facing the Qibla and saying,
"Peace be on you, O' inheritor of Adam (as) - God's Chosen one! Peace be on you, O' inheritor of Noah (as) - God's Trusted one! Peace be on you, O' inheritor of Abraham (as) - the beloved friend of God. Peace be on you, O' inheritor of Moses (as), to whom God spoke directly!
Peace be on you, O' inheritor of Jesus (as) - God's Spirit! Peace be on you, O' inheritor of Muhammad (as), God's Messenger!
Peace be on you, O' inheritor of the Prophets (as) and the Commander of the Faithful (as). O' Master of the Trustees. The noblest of the forerunners. O' son of Seal of the Prophets (as).
O‟ My Master! How could you be not so? You are the Leader towards guidance, ally of piety, and one of the five people under the cloak. You were raised in the lap of Islam, you were nursed from the bosom of faith. Blessed be your life and blessed be your death! Peace be on you, O' inheritor of Al-Hassan (as) - the pure! Peace be on you, O' Aba Abdullah! Peace be on you, O' the Honest! The Martyr! Peace be on you, O' Trustee- the righteous, the pious, the content and the purified. Peace be on you, and on the souls who came and stayed in your camp, and stayed with you in your journey, struggled in the way of God with you and gave life to earn God's Pleasure. Peace be on the angels who circumambulate around you. I bear witness that there is no God but God. He is One and there are no partners for Him. I bear witness that Muhammad (as) is His servant and Prophet (as) and may His peace be on them plentifully - His servant and Prophet (as)!
I bear witness that your father Ali ibn Abi Talib (as) – the Commander of the Faithful – may God's blessings be on him – the Master of the Trustees, The Leader of those with white-foreheads2, is the Divine Leader whose obedience God ordained obligatory for all people. So is your brother Al-Hassan ibn Ali (as). So are you and the Divine Leaders (as) from your progeny. I bear witness that you established the prayers and gave charity, enjoined doing good and admonished against doing evil. You really struggled in God's way, until death took you away. I take God and you as witness that I believe in God, acknowledge Muhammad (as) and know your rights. I bear witness that indeed you delivered what the Honorable the Exalted God has ordered you to deliver, and you served him until the inevitable death tool you away. O' Aba Abdullah! May my parents be your ransom. May God's Curse be on those who killed you. May God's Curse be on those who ordered that you be killed. May God's Curse be on those who assisted them in this. May God's Curse be on those who heard this and were pleased. I bear witness that those who shed your blood, violated your sanctity, invited you but did not help you after you responded to their invitation were all damned by the unlettered Prophet (as). O' my Master and Guardian! If my body was not there to protect you when you sought help, my will and wish responded to you.
I bear witness that you were right and your opponents were wrong.
I wish I had been with you and had attained a great salvation! Therefore - O' my Master! - I ask you to ask God – exalted is His Remembrance - regarding my sins, and ask Him to let me join you and your followers, and to grant you permission to intercede on my behalf regarding my sins as God the Exalted said, "Who is there can intercede in His presence except as He permitteth?"1 May God‟s Blessings be on you, your forefathers, your progeny (as) and the angels who reside in your shrine. May God‟s Blessings be on you and them all, and on the martyrs who bear witness with you and in front of you. May God‟s Blessings be on you, on them, and on your son Ali al-Asghar for whom you were agonized."
Then say, "O' my God! I implore You by You. I have placed myself within the zone of sanctity of Muhammad and his household (as). I implore You by them. I seek their intercession to You on my behalf. I ask You for the sake of Muhammad and his Progeny (as) to fulfill my debts and whatever is incumbent on me. Please remove my sorrow, and let my relief be connected to their relief."
Then extend your hands so much that your underarm can be seen and say the following, "O' God! There is no God but You! Please do not divulge my secrets, and do not dispose my defects. Please change my fear into peace and overlook my transgressions. O' my God! Please make me prosperous, successful and make my deeds satisfactory. Please respond to my prayers! O' God - the Generous!”
Then say: "Peace be on you and may God's mercy be upon you."
Then start and say, "Peace be on the Commander of the Faithful Ali (as)! Peace be on Fatimah az-Zahra (as)! Peace be on Al-Hassan (as) – the Pure! Peace be on Al-Hussein (as), the Honest, the Martyr! Peace be on Ali ibn al-Hussein (as)! Peace be on Muhammad ibn Ali (as)! Peace be on Ja'far ibn Muhammad (as)! Peace be on Musa ibn Ja'far (as)! Peace be on Al-Reza Ali ibn Musa (as)! Peace be on Muhammad ibn Ali (as)! Peace be on Ali ibn Muhammad (as)! Peace be on Al-Hassan ibn Ali (as)! Peace be on the Living Imam (as)– rising by God's right, God's Proof on His Earth! God's Blessings be on him and his forefathers (as)– the ones who help develop, the Immaculate, the pure ones and may His peace be on them plentifully."
Then say six units of prayers two at a time. In each unit recite the Opening Chapter once and "Say: S Ikhlass one-hundred times. Once you are finished say the following,
"O' Compassionate! O' Compassionate! O' the Sublime! O' the All-Mighty! O' the One! O' Eternal, Absolute! O' the One! O' the Odd! O' the All-Hearing, O' the All-Knowing! O‟ Knowing! O‟ Great! O‟ Proud! O' the Glorious! O' the Elegant! O' the Forbearing !O‟ Strong! O' Exalted in Might! O‟ Mighty! O' Available! O' Guardian! O' Compeller! O' the Sublime! O' Helper! O' Giver! O' Bestower! O' Acceptor of repentance! O' Resurrector! O' Inheritor! The Praiseworthy! O' the Most Glorious One! O' the Worshipped! O‟ Existing! O' Outward! O' Inward! O' the First! O' the Last! O' the Living! O' the Self-Subsisting! O' Lord of Majesty, Bounty and Honor! O' Lord of Honor and Authority! O' God! I ask You for the sake of these Names and for the sake of all Your Names.
I ask You to bestow Your Blessings on Muhammad and his Progeny (as). Please relieve me from all sorrow, sadness, grief, loss and restrictions. Please help me pay back my debts; let me reach what I hope for, ease my troubles easily provide what I need, and let me quickly get what I need, grant my requests and my demands, and give me more than I desire. Please grant me the best of this world and the Hereafter.
allaahumma s'alli a'laa muh'ammadinw wa aali muh'ammadin wa sallim a'laa jamee'-il ambiyaa-i wal mursaleen. subh'aan allaahi malaa al meezaani wa muntahal i'lmi mab-laghar riz”a wa zeenatal a'rshi was si-a'tal kursiyyi laa malja wa laa manja minallaahi illa ilaih.
subh'aan allaahi a'dada lash shaf-i' wal witri wa a'dada kalimaa ti hit ta-ammaati kulliha as-aluhus salaamata bi rah'matihi wa laa h'awla wa laa quwwata illa billaahil a'liyyil az”eem wa huwa h'asbi wa ni'mal wakeelu wa ni'mal maula wa ni'man nas'eer.
wa s'allal laahu a'laa muh'ammadinw wa aalihi wa sallim a'laa jamee-i'l ambiyaa-i wal mursaleen.
wa qaaz”i h'aajati fid duniya wal aakhirati wa t'awwila u'mri fee ta-a'tika wa riz”aa bi rah'matika yaa ar h'amar raah'i meen.
Ashura - Misrepresentations & Distortions This is a series of four sermons delivered by the author on the topic of the meaning and significance of 'Ashura and the martyrdom of Imam Husayn at Karbala. By Ali Quli Qara'i PDF )