Zaynab is thought to mean 'she who weeps excessively', and other linguistic sources state that it once meant a good looking or smelling tree. The name might also possibly be a compound of the two Arabic words, zayn (beauty) and ab (father).
Birth on 5th Jamadi Awal 5 AH (1st shaban also recorded ) Death -15th Rajab 62 AH (Other dates also recorded in Jamadi uth-thani, the 24th of Safar, or the 16th of Dhu'l-Hijjah)
Peace be upon you, O daughter of the one who has conformed (himself) to sublime morality, enjoyed the broad honor, and owned the (Heavenly) Signs and the Wise Remembrance of Allah (i.e. the Holy Quran).
Peace and Allah's Mercy and Blessings be upon you, O daughter of the best of Allah's creation, the master of His creatures, the foremost created individual before the existence of (Allah's) earth and heavens, the last of the existent ones (who shall endure) after the extinction of this world and its beings, and the one whose soul is a copy of the Divinity and whose heart is the treasury of the Eternal, Subsistent God.
Peace and Allah's Mercy and Blessings be upon you, O daughter of the one who is shaded by clouds, is the master of the Two Worlds, is the chief of the two beings (i.e. man and jinn), and is the Intercessor of the ummah on the Resurrection Day.
Peace and Allah's Mercy and Blessings be upon you, O daughter of the one to whom the mission of settling accounts with people (on the Resurrection Day) is given, between whose hands the Heavenly Pond (of al-Kawthar) is put, and whom is intended by the (Prophet's) Statement of the Ghadir Day.
Peace be upon you, O daughter of the lady whose she-camel was driven by (Archangel) Gabriel, and whose misfortune (of Imam al-Husayn's being slain in Karbala) was shared by (Archangel) Israfil, and due to whose anger the All-exalted Lord was angry, and for whose misfortune of Karbala, (the Prophets) Abraham the Friend of Allah, Noah, and Moses the Spoken by Allah wept.
Peace be upon you and upon the pure, choice masters who are the Arguments of Allah on lands, the chiefs of the earth and the heavens, and love for whom is a prescription that is incumbent upon all creatures.
Peace be upon you—who showed her love for al-Husayn; the wronged, in many situations and had to suffer awful heartbreaking misfortunes.
السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكِ يَا مَن حَفِظَتِ الإمَامَ في يَومِ عَاشُوراءَ في القَتْلى وَبَذلَتْ نَفسَها في نجَاةِ زَينِ العَابِدينَ في مجَلِسِ أشْقَى الأشْقِياءِ وَنَطَقَتْ كَنُطْقِ عَليٍّ عَليهِ السَّلاَمُ في سِكَكِ الكُوفَةِ وَحَولهَا كَثيرٌ مِن الأعْدَاءِ
Peace be upon you—who guarded the Imam on the Day of Ashura when he was killed, and sacrificed her soul for the salvation of Zayn al-Abidin at the gathering of the most wretched one (i.e. Ubaydullah ibn Ziyad), and addressed a speech, just like (Imam) Ali's, in the streets of Kufa despite the presence of her enemies
Peace be upon you—who thrust her forehead with the front part of the howdah, when she saw the severed head of the Chief of Martyrs (i.e. Imam al-Husayn), and caused blood to flow from beneath her veil and from the howdah in the view of the enemies.
السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكِ يا تالِيَةَ المَعْصومِ
Peace be upon you, O the representative of the Infallible Imam.
السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكِ يا ممُْتَحَنَةُ في تحَمُّلِ المَصائبِ كالحُسَينِ المَظلُومِ، وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ
Peace and Allah's Mercy and Blessings be upon you, O you who were tested through patience against misfortunes, like that of al-Husayn the oppressed.
Peace be upon you when you were bewildered as you stood by the (severed) body of the Chief of Martyrs and called at your grandfather; the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, saying, "Oh, Muhammad! May the angels in the Heavens bless you! This is Husayn under the open sky! His turban and his clothes are stripped! His limbs are severed! And your daughters are taken captives! Complaining (about this) is only to Allah."
Peace be upon you whose heart cried out for al-Husayn; the oppressed, the stripped, and the threwn on dust, and you said in a sad tone, "May my father be sacrificed for the one for whom I may sacrifice my soul! Oh, for him who was depressed until he passed away! Oh, for him who had been thirsty until he departed life! Oh, for him whose beard is dropping blood!"
Peace be upon her who wept for the (severed) body of her brother among the killed ones so painfully that every one—whether friend or even enemy, wept for her and, moreover, people, as it is proved by authenticated narrations, saw even horses shed tears, which flew on their legs.
Peace be upon her who took the responsibility of gathering and guarding the daughters of the Messenger of Allah and the children of al-Husayn on the afternoon of the day of Ashura, and she stirred up the situation when the two oppressed, strange children were martyred.
السَّلاَمُ عَلى مَن لم تَنَمْ عَينُها لأجْلِ حِراسَةِ آل رَسولِ اللهِ في طَف نِينَوَى وَصَارَت أَسيرَةً ذَليلَةً بِيَدِ الأعْداءِ
Peace be upon her whose eyes did not sleep so as to guard the family of the Messenger of Allah at Taff of Nineveh, and was taken as captive as she was humiliated at the hands of her enemies.
Peace be upon her who had to ride a saddleless camel and then called on her brother Abu'l-Fadhl (al-Abbas), saying, "O brother! O Abu'l-Fadhl! It was you who helped me ride on a camel when I left Medina."
Peace be upon her who gave clear-cut arguments in the gathering of (Ubaydullah) Ibn Ziyad who said to her, "How did you see that what Allah had done to your brother?" Answering him, she said with honest evidences, "I saw nothing but good!"
السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكِ يا أَسيرَةً بِأيْدي الأعْداءِ في الفَلواتِ وَرَأيْتِ أهْلِ الشّامِ في حَالَةِ العَيشِ والسُّرورِ وَنشْرِ الرّاياتِ
Peace be upon you who had to be imprisoned by the enemies under an open sky, and had to see people of Syria celebrate (the martyrdom of her brother) with pleasure, joy, and raised flags
Peace be upon her who was tied with a rope on the arm and the neck of Imam Zayn al-Abidin, and she, along with sixteen persons from the family of the Messenger of Allah, was forced to enter (the session of Yazid) while they were enchained with iron fetters
Then, Lady Zaynab; mother of misfortunes, said to Yazid -after he had poetized, "(Had my forefather whom were killed at the Battle of Badr witnessed this, they would have been very much delighted. then they’d have said, 'May your hands, O Yazid, never be paralyzed')"
"How dare you hit the lips of Abu ‘Abdullah (a), the Master of the Youths of Paradise?"
She then said, "Although calamities have forced me to speak to you, I see you trivial in my eyes and find your verbal attacks great and I regard your rebuke too much to bear, but the eyes are tearful, and the chests are filled with depression. What is even stranger is that the honored Party of Allah is being killed by the Party of the ‘Released ones’—Party of Shaitan.
If you regard us as your booty, you shall soon find us as your opponents—that will be when you find nothing but what your hands had committed, “And your Lord never treats His servants unjustly.(41:46)” To Allah is my complaint, and upon Him do I rely.
So scheme whatever you wish to scheme, and carry out your plots, and intensify your efforts, for, by Allah, you shall never be able to obliterate our mention, nor will you ever be able to kill the revelation (that was revealed to us), nor will you ever exalt to our position, nor will your shame ever be washed away.
وَهَلْ رَأْيُكَ إلاّ فَنَدٌ وَأيَّامُكَ إلاّ عَدَدٌ وَجَمْعُكَ إلاّ بَدَدٌ. يا يزيد أما سمعت قول الله تعالى: ﴿وَلَا تَحْسَبَنَّ الَّذِينَ قُتِلُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ أَمْوَاتًا بَلْ أَحْيَاءٌ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِمْ يُرْزَقُونَ.﴾
Your view shall be proven futile, your days limited in number, and your wealth wasted on the Day when the caller calls out, “Think not of those, who are slain in the way of Allah as dead; they are alive (and) are provided sustenance from their Lord”. (3:169)
All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the Worlds, Who sealed the life of our early ones with happiness and forgiveness, and that of our last ones with martyrdom and mercy. We plead to Allah to complete His rewards for them, grant them an increase, and recompense us pleasingly; He is the most Merciful, the most Compassionate. Allah suffices us, and He is the best Guardian.