The first night of Shawwal is one of the blessed nights. Many narrations have referred to the great merits and rewards of those who spend this night, as a whole, with acts of worship. Moreover, some narrations have mentioned that this night is not less blessed than the Qadr Night. The devotional acts at this night are as follows:
Take a ghusl at sunset.
It is recommended to spend the whole night with offering prayers, supplicating, imploring for forgiveness, and staying at mosques.
Alhamdu lillah we fasted, prayed, recited the Holy Qur’an, supplicated and performed many more good deeds during the Holy month of Ramadhan, recognizing its importance. Now it’s time to receive full compensation from the Divine banquet by also considering the greatness of the Night of Eid and trying to perform some of the recommended deeds. May the Almighty increase our tawfiqaat in continuing the good practices we developed during the Holy month!
Holy Prophet (s): Allah (swt) pours down good (al-khyayr) in abundance on 4 nights: Night of [Eid) al-Adhaa, [Eid] al-Fitr, . . (Muhammad al-Ray Shahri, Shahrullah fil-kitaab wal-sunnah, p. 495, H. 767 taken from Kanzul ‘ummal, 12, 322, H. 35215)
Imam Ali (a): If you can preserve [the importance] of Nights of Fitr and Nahr . . . then do so; say a lot of supplications, prayers and recitation of the Qur’an. (Ibid, p. 496, H. 769 taken from Misbah al-tahajjud, p 852 from Harith b. ‘Abdullah)
Imam al-Sadiq (a): The Night of Fitr is the night of receiving in full the reward of the laborer (Ibid, H. 770 from al-Hidayah, p. 210)
In al-Fiqh attributed to Imam al-Ridha (a): Put efforts in spending the Night of Fitr in supplications and keeping awake. (Ibid, H. 771 from Fiqh al-Ridha p. 206)
It is mustahab to perform ghusl on the Night of Eid al-Fitr which includes the physical bath of the body and the [spiritual] bath of purifying hearts from sins. If it is known that it indeed is the
Night of the Eid then the ghusl is performed before sunset; and it has also been narrated that the ghusl should be taken at the end of the Night of Eid. (Ibid. H. 772 from al-Iqbaal1, 457)
Imam al-Sadiq (a): He who visits the grave of al-Husayn (a) on three nights, Allah forgives his past and future sins. “Which are these nights,” asked ‘Abdur Rahman b. Hajjaj. The Imam said,
“the Night of Fitr, Night of al-adhaa and Night of the Middle of Sha‘baan.” (Ibid. H. 781 from Tahdhib al-ahkam 6, 49, 112). [Translator’s comments: if we recite the ziyaarah al-Husayn from
far & we will inshaa Allah be rewarded amply for it.]
Holy Prophet (s): He who keeps awake on the Night of Eid, his heart will not die on the day when the hearts [of others] will die. (Ibid. H. 783 from Tahdhib al-ahkam 6, 51, 119).
Holy Prophet (s): He who keeps awake on the Nights of Two Eids (i.e. al-Fitr & al-Adhaa) expecting reward from Allah (muhtasiban lillah), his heart would not die on the day when hearts [of others] die (Ibid. H. 784 taken from Sunan ibn Maajah 1, 567, 1782).
After Maghrib prayers and its “Naafilah” pray a 2 Rak-at Salaat as under:
(i) In the first Rak-a’t after the recitation of Soorah Al Faatih’ah, recite Soorah Al Ikhlaas 100 times.( some say 1000 times)
(ii) In the second Rak-a’t, after the recitation of Soorah Al Faatih’ah , recite Soorah Al Ikhlass 1 time
(iii) After the Salaam recite 100 times in Sajdah: ATOBU ILLALLAAH (I turn repentant unto Allah)
أَتُوبُ إِلَى اللّهِ
(iv) Then say
O Owner of bounties and benefits, O He who made a choice of Muhammad to place His trust in him, blessings of Allah be on him and on his children, send blessing on Muhammad and on his children
Ya dha almanni waljudi Yaa d’al manni wat’ t’awl yaa mus’t’afiya muh’ammadin s’allallaahu a’layhi wa aalihee s’alli a’laa mu’ammadin wa aalihee
Sayyid Ibn Tawus, then, adds, Do not spend this day with entertainment and negligence while you do not know whether your deeds have been accepted or rejected. Rather, if you hope of acceptance of your deeds, you must show thanks; and if you anticipate rejection, you must be intensely sad.,
1.Recite the following “takbeerat” at the end of Maghrib / Ishaa /Fajr & also at “E'ed Prayers
اللَّهُ اكْبَرُ ٱللَّهُ اكْبَرُ
allahu akbar allahu akbar
Allah is Great. Allah is Great.
لاَ إِلٰهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ
la ilaha illa allahu
There is no god save Allah.
وَٱللَّهُ اكْبَر ُاللَّهُ اكْبَرُ
wallahu akbar allahu akbar
And Allah is Great.Allah is Great.
wa lillahi alhamd
All praise be to Allah.
الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ عَلَىٰ مَا هَدَانَا
alhamdu lillahi `ala ma hadana
All praise be to Allah for He has shown us the Right Path.
وَلَهُ ٱلشُّكْرُ عَلَىٰ مَا اوْلانَا
wa lahu alshshukru `ala ma awlana
All thanks be to Him for that which He has conferred upon us
which is 3 kilograms of the item commonly eaten per person in the house and it is better give it before Eed Salaat This is an emphasized Waajib, it is a means of acceptance of our A�amaal during Ramadhan Month and it is also a safeguard against death.
allahumma emanan bika wa tasdedan bikitabika wattiba`a sunnati nabiyyika muhammadin salla allahu `layhi wa alihi
O Allah, believing in Thee, fully aware of Thy Book, following the way of life of Thy Prophet Muhammad, Allah's blessings be on him and on his children, (I take bath)Then recite Bismillaah� and start making Ghusl, .
allahumma ij`alhu kaffarattan lidhunube wa tahhir dene allahumma adh-hib `anniya alddanasa
O Allah let me make amends and compensate for my wrong doings, (so that) my religion becomes pure and O Allah remove the dirt from me
ilahe la tuqallib wajhiya finnari ba`da sujude wa ta`fere laka bighayri mannin minne `alayka bal laka almannu `alayya
O Allah do not throw me down head on into the Fire after I have prostrated in adoration before Thee and thrown myself on the ground to humble myself before Thee; it is not a show of favour from me unto Thee but it is (Thy) merciful benevolence Thou bestows on me.
You may then put your left cheek on the ground and say the following:
irham man asa'a waqtarafa wastakana wa`tarafa
Have mercy on him who has transgressed and committed blunders, (but) now ashamed surrenders (to Thee) to receive absolution.
You may then return to the (normal) prostration and say the following:
in kuntu bi'sa al`abdu fa anta ni`ma alrrabbu `azuma aldhdhanbu min `abdika falyahsun al`afwa min `indika ya karemu
I am a troublesome servant but Thou art the bountiful Lord-Nourisher. A great many mistakes have been committed by Thy servant but O Compassionate, from Thee (only) Lenient treatment is expected.
You may then repeat the following one hundred times:
The Eid Prayer (Salat al-Eid) consists of two Rak`ahs.
(Ayt Sistani method) In the first Rak`ah, recite Surah of al-Fatihah and Surah Al A'ala ( or any other)
After the recitation of these Surahs, say the takbir 'Allahu-akbar' - four times and raise the hands for the Qunut after each takbeer, saying as below ( or any other qunoot):
then say the takbeer for fifth time after 4th qunoot and again for the sixth time before ruku , then do the ruku and sujud.
In the second Rak`ah, recite Surah of al-Fatihah and Surah 91 As Shams ( or any other)and then say the takbeer three times raising the hands for the Qunut after each takbeer
After that, say the fourth takbeer after 3rd Qunoot & fifth takbeer before ruku and continue to complete the prayer. Also See Notes below
Qunoot in Eid prayer ( 4 times in first rakat & 3 times in 2nd Rakat)
اللّهُمّ أَهْلَ الْكِبْرِيَاءِ وَالْعَظَمَةِ،
allahumma ahla alkibriya‘i wal-`azamati
O Allah: You are the Lord of glory and greatness
وَأَهْلَ الْجُودِ وَالْجَبَرُوتِ،
wa ahla aljudi wal-jabaruti
And the Lord of magnanimity and omnipotence
وَأَهْلَ الْعَفْوِ وَالرّحْمَةِ،
wa ahla al-`afwi wal-rrahmati
And the Lord of pardon and mercy,
وَأَهْلَ التّقْوَى وَالْمَغْفِرَةِ،
wa ahla alttaqwa wal-maghfirati
And the worthiest of being feared and the Lord of forgiveness;
wa a`udhu bika mimma ista`adha minhu `ibaduka alssalihuna
And I seek Your protection against all that against which Your righteous servants have asked Your protection.
After completion of the prayer, say the famous Tasbeh al-Zahra' (a.s).
It is recommended to offer the Eid Prayer outdoors, directly on the ground without putting a carpet or any other thing under the feet, to return from a way other than the one taken in the coming, to pray Almighty Allah for accepting the acts of ones brethren-in-faith
Notes Please see detailed rules as per your marja :-
1)Above method of 4 Qunoot in first & 3 Qunoot in second is As per Ayatullah Sistani
2)Ayatullah Khoie method is 5 Takbeer & 5 Qunoot in first & 4 Qunoot & 4 Takbeer in second rakat
3)Another Takbeer before Rukoo is also to be recited in addition to above
4)The Surah & Qunoot recitation mentioned above is 'recommended' , else any sura & any qunoot can be recited