The Day of Mab'ath, celebrated on the Rajab 27, is the formal appointment as the Last and Greatest Divine Messenger, of the Prophet Muhammad (saws) the person whose light God had created as the first ever creation eons ago when nothing had yet come into existence.This is an occasion which stands for the beginning of the Holy Prophet’s Mission of promulgating the true religion of Almighty Allah (swt).
On this day, the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him and his household) was appointed for conveying the Divine Mission of Almighty Allah when Archangel Gabriel first came to him with the Divine Revelation.Prophets Spiritual state at the time
It is also commemorated by some muslims as the Night of Meraj ( Ascension )
Understand the greatness of the night and day of the 27th of Rajab. Source www.al-mubin.org
The Day of Mab'ath, celebrated on the Rajab 27, is indeed the formal appointment as the Last and Greatest Divine Messenger of the person whose light God had created as the first ever creation eons ago when nothing had yet come into existence.
This is an occasion which stands for the beginning of the Holy Prophet’s Mission of promulgating the true religion of Almighty Allah (swt). On this day, the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him and his household) was appointed for conveying the Divine Mission of Almighty Allah when Archangel Gabriel first came to him with the Divine Revelation.
The most important thing that can be done on this day is to Understand the greatness of the night and day of the 27th of Rajab.
There is no person greater or higher in rank than the Messenger of Allah (blessings of Allah be upon him and his progeny). He is the leader of all of the creations and the noblest and closest of all of them to Allah (Glorified and Exalted is He) and the most beloved of Allah (Glorified and Exalted is He)!
It is the Prophet Muhammad (blessings of Allah be upon him and his progeny) who is: The First Nur, The Closest Hijab (to Allah), The Greatest Name (of Allah) and there is not a single Prophet or Angel who can even come close to this station. He is also the Mercy to all the Worlds. Therefore, if we see the greatness of an individual and his nobility then we can realize the importance of the day of his official appointment.
It is because of this reason that the importance of giving the Prophet (blessings of Allah be upon him and his progeny) his right is even more important for the Ummah and the Shi`a just as our intelligence dictates.
Just think about what has been said ñ do we accept this? If we accept it then we must take this day seriously and there is nothing else that needs to be said to encourage anyone about this day. Since goodness ñ in itself ñ should pull and attract one to that which is recommended to be done on this day. If what has been said is not accepted, then either we are out of the folds of Islam or our hearts must be corrected so that we can permit Iman (true faith) to enter it.
In summary, the Salik (the one who is spiritually traveling towards Allah) must sincerely try to consider this day as something great and seek to understand and appreciate the blessings of the official appointment and the blessing of the divine light (nur) and all the blessings that the Prophet of Islam (blessings of Allah be upon him and his progeny) has brought including the happiness and goodness - just as he deserves to be understood and appreciated.
We must all look into ourselves and gauge our own happiness on this day. If we see that our happiness and pleasure is the same on this day or more as it is on other days for worldly events and pleasures, then we know that our soul is polluted and we must try to correct it and strive to remove the animalistic traits in us ñ we must try to distance ourselves from the natural world and its pleasures and move closer to the spiritual world and its divine light (nur).
we should sit back and think about the days of Ignorance before the Bi`that of the Prophet and see what a state mankind had reached to. A group of people were Jews; another group Christians; and yet others were idol worshippers. The laws of Islam had been forgotten; people had lost the etiquette of humanity and acted as wild animals. The people had reached to such a low state that they used to bury their new born daughters alive. They took pride in vain talk and activities; did not practice justice in the least and took the rights of other people around them. The strong were subjecting the weak to oppression such that they destroyed the worth and dignity of a person. They hated Scholars and were weary of intelligent people. They took pride in keeping slaves. The broke off all family relations, were busy in gambling and drinking alcohol and were constantly at war with one another. Self gratification and pride were their characteristics and they boasted of being impatient people! Cursing and evil words were common place and vain talk, including lies, back biting, etc were the norm. They killed the Prophets and their successors and helpers, and in their place they permitted the lowest amongst themselves to lead the society!
In such an environment did Allah raise a Prophet for the task of, as it is mentioned in the Quran: It is He who has sent to the illiterate a Messenger from among their own people to recite to them His revelations and purify them. He will teach the Book to them Wisdom even though before this they were in manifest error.
Imam Muhammad Taqi (`a) was quoted as saying, "Verily, there is a night in the month of Rajab, which surpasses what the sun shines on; it is the 26th night of Rajab that in its (coming) morning Prophet Muhammad (s) was sent on prophetic mission. Verily, every Shiite (our follower) who observes the practices of this night will be rewarded what equals the reward of sixty years of worship."
It is advisable to perform Ghusl on this night.Shaykh al-Tusi, in his book of Misbah al-Mutahajjid, has quoted Imam Muhammad al-Jawad (peace be upon him) as saying, “There is a night in Rajab, which carries for people fortune that is more preferable than whatever is subjected to sunlight. It is the twenty-seventh night of Rajab. The next morning was the beginning of the Holy Prophet’s prophethood. Verily, one who does acts of worship at this night will have the reward of one who has worshipped Almighty Allah for sixty years.” When the Imam (peace be upon him) was asked about the kind of acts at this night, he answered, “After you offer the `Isha' Prayer and sleep, you may wake up before midnight and offer the following salaah
Offer a prayer of twelve units (6x2), in each of which you may recite Surah al-Fatihah and any Surah from Surahs 47 - 114 once each.
After the prayers recite the following 7 times each:
Ayatul Kursi(2: 255 – 257)
Then recite the following supplication:
Another Salaah for the Night of 27th Rajab:
Recite a 12 Rakat Salah: 6x2 with reciting Sura Fatiha and any other Sura in each Rakah
When you finish, recite Surah Fatih’ah, Surah Ikhlaas, Surah Falaq, Surah Kaafiroon, Surah Naas, Surah Qadr and Aayatul Kursi 4 times each.
Then recite the following 4 times:
You may then say the following:
The best act that is ever done at this night is to visit the holy tomb of Imam `Ali ibn Abi-Talib (peace be upon him) and recite his ziyarah:
Three forms of ziyarah have been mentioned for the date of 27th Rajab:
Abu-`Abdullah Muhammad ibn Battutah, a famous Arab writer and explorer, who lived six centuries ago and is considered a Sunni master scholars, mentions the holy mausoleum of our master Imam `Ali Amir al-Mu'minin (peace be upon him) in his famous book comprising all his views and adventures during his journeys and entitled al-Rihlah. In this book, he mentions that on his way back from Holy Makkah, he passed by the holy city of Najaf. He further says, “All the inhabitants of this city are Rafidah.( ) This mausoleum (of Imam `Ali) has shown many miraculous signals. One of these miraculous signs was that at the twenty-seventh night of Rajab, which they call laylat al-mahya (The Night of Staying Up), handicapped individuals from Iraq, Khurasan, Persia, and even Rome are gathered near the holy mausoleum. As they become thirty or forty persons, they are placed above the holy tomb after offering the `Isha' Prayer while the people are waiting how they will stand up sound and healthy. As they are engaged with prayers, invocations, supplications, and Qur'anic recitations, all those handicapped people stand up sound and healthy at nearly midnight, shouting, ‘There is no god save Allah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and `Ali is the Intimate Saint of Allah.’
In al-Balad al-Amin, al-Kaf`ami has & Sayyid Ibn Tawus has also mentioned that this prayer is said on the Divine Mission Night/Day (i.e. the twenty-seventh of Rajab):Rajab 27 Dua - seperate page | Pdf
You may then prostrate yourself and repeat the following invocation one hundred times:
When you raise your head (i.e. finish the prostration), you may recite the following:
Perform Ghusl (ceremonial bath)
It is recommended to repeat very frequently the salwat ie sending blessings upon Prophet Muhammad and his Household.
Recite Ziaraat of:
Ziyarat of Holy Prophet (Saws)
Particular Ziyarat of Imam Ali(as) on 27th Rajab
Offer (During DAY Before Zuhr ) 12 rakaat namaz (2x6), in every rakaat recite any surah after sura e Fatih'ah . After last Salam ie completion of 12 rakat recite the following verses 4 times Al Faatih'ah Al Ikhlaas Al Falaq An Naas following Dua'a 4 times
Allah! Allah! My Lord I Do Not Associate Anything With Him
Shaykh al-tusy has also reported a similar prayer:Abu’l-Qasim Husayn ibn Ruh may Allah have mercy upon him— as saying, “On this day, you may offer a prayer consisting of 12 Rak`ahs at each of which you may recite Surah of al-Fatihah and any other Surah After each couple of Rak`ahs, you may say the following
When you finish the prayer, you should recite Surahs of al-Fatihah, al-Tawhid, al-Falaq, al-Nas, al-Kafirun, al-Qadr, and Ayat al-Kursiy seven times. You should then repeat the following seven times:
You should then say the following seven times:
After that, you may submit your needs.
Recite the Dua by Imam Kazim(as) from Iqbal Aamal in next Tab
As is mentioned in ‘Iqbal al-A`mal’ and some manuscripts of ‘Misbah al-Mutahajjid’, it is recommended to recite the following supplication on this day: This supplication, which is one of the excellent supplications of Rajab, was recited by Imam Musa ibn Ja`far al-Kazim (a.s) on the day when the ruling authorities took him to Baghdad. That day was the twenty-seventh of Rajab
يَا مَنْ أَمَرَ بِالْعَفْوِ وَالتَّجَاوُزِ،
ya man amara bil`afui wal-ttjauuzi
O He Who has ordered us to forgive and overlook
وَضَمَّنَ نَفْسَهُ الْعَفْوَ وَالتَّجَاوُزَ،
wa dammana nafsahu al`afwa wal-ttjauuza
and has taken upon Himself to forgive and overlook!
يَا مَنْ عَفَا وَتَجَاوَزَ
ya man `afa wa tajawaza
O He Who did forgive and overlook:
اعْفُ عَنِّي وَتَجَاوَزْ يَا كَرِيمُ.
i`fu `anni wa tajawaz ya karimu
(please do) forgive me and overlook (my evildoings) O the All-generous.
اللّهُمَّ وَقَدْ أَكْدَى الطَّلَبُ،
allahumma wa qad akda alttalabu
O Allah: surely, all requests have been rejected,
وَأَعْيَتِ الْحِيلَةُ وَالْمَذْهَبُ،
wa a`iyati alhilatu wal-madhhabu
and all means and ways have been inaccessible,
wa darasati alamalu
and all hopes have been eradicated,
وَانْقَطَعَ الرَّجَاءُ إلاَّ مِنْكَ
wanqata`a alrraja‘u illa minka
and all expectations have been cut off from everybody save You
وَحْدَكَ لا شَرِيكَ لَكَ.
wahdaka la sharika laka
alone, there is no partner with You.
اللّهُمَّ إنِّي أَجِدُ سُبُلَ الْمَطَالِبِ إلَيْكَ مُشْرَعَةً،
allahumma inni ajidu subula almatalibi ilayka mushra`atan
O Allah: I find the ways to requesting from You wide open,
وَمَنَاهِلَ الرَّجَاءِ لَدَيْكَ مُتْرَعَةً،
wa manahila alrraja‘i ladayka mutra`atan
and springs of hoping for You quenching,
وَأَبْوَابَ الدُّعَاءِ لِمَنْ دَعَاكَ مُفَتَّحَةً،
wa abwaba aldd`a‘i liman da`aka mufatthatan
and doors of supplication unlocked for him who implores You,
وَالاسْتِعَانَةَ لِمَنِ اسْتَعَانَ بِكَ مُبَاحَةً،
wal-asti`anata limani asta`ana bika mubahatan
and Your aid available for those who seek it.
وَأَعْلَمُ أَنَّكَ لِدَاعِيكَ بِمَوْضِعِ إجَابَةٍ،
wa a`lamu annka lida`ika bimawdi`i ijabatin
I also know that You are in the position of response for him who beseeches You,
وَلِلصَّارِخِ إلَيْكَ بِمَرْصَدِ إغَاثَةٍ،
wa lilssarikhi ilayka bimarsadi ighathatin
and in the position of relief for him who resorts to You,
وَأَنَّ فِي اللَّهْفِ إلَى جُودِكَ وَالضَّمَانِ بِعِدَتِكَ
wa ann fi allahfi ila judika wal-zamani bi`idatika
and that hastening to Your magnanimity and the reliance upon Your promise
عِوَضاً مِنْ مَنْعِ الْبَاخِلِينَ
`iwadan min man`i albakhilina
compensate from the stinginess of the misery ones
وَمَنْدُوحَةً عَمَّا فِي أَيْدِي الْمُسْتَأْثِرِينَ،
wa manduhatan `amma fi aydy almustathirina
and suffice from that which is grasped by the mean ones.
وَأَنَّكَ لا تَحْتَجِبُ عَنْ خَلْقِكَ
wa annka la tahtajibu `an khalqika
And [I know for sure] that You never screen Yourself against Your beings
إلاَّ أَنْ تَحْجُبَهُمُ الأَعْمَالُ دُونَكَ،
illa an tahjubahumu ala`malu dunaka
but it is their evildoings that prevent them from journeying toward You.
وَقَدْ عَلِمْتُ أَنَّ أَفْضَلَ زَادِ الرَّاحِلِ إلَيْكَ عَزْمُ إرَادَةٍ يَخْتَارُكَ بِهَا
wa qad `alimtu ann afdala zadi alrrahili ilayka `azmu iradatin
I have also known for sure that the best provisions of his who intends to travel to You is a true willpower by which He chooses You among others.
وَقَدْ نَاجَاكَ بِعَزْمِ الإرَادَةِ قَلْبِي،
yakhtaruka biha wa qad najaka bi`azmi aliradati qalbi
Hence, my heart has called at You with full willpower;
وَأَسْأَلُك بِكُلِّ دَعْوَةٍ دَعَاكَ بِهَا رَاجٍ بَلَّغْتَهُ أَمَلَهُ،
wa as-aluka bikull da`watin da`aka biha rajin ballghtahu amalahu
and I pray You in the name of all supplications said by a hopeful and thus You have achieved his hope,
أَوْ صَارِخٌ إلَيْكَ أَغَثْتَ صَرْخَتَهُ،
aw sarikhun ilayka aghathta sarkhatahu
or said by a seeker of aid and thus You have admitted his request,
أَوْ مَلْهُوفٌ مَكْرُوبٌ فَرَّجْتَ كَرْبَهُ،
aw malhufun makrubun farrjta karbahu
or said by an aggrieved, depressed one and thus You have relieved him,
أَوْ مُذْنِبٌ خَاطِئٌ غَفَرْتَ لَهُ،
aw mudhnibun khatiiun ghafarta lahu
or said by a guilty sinner and thus You have forgiven him,
أَوْ مُعَافَىً أَتْمَمْتَ نِعْمَتَكَ عَلَيْهِ،
aw mu`afan atmamta ni`mataka `alayhi
or said by a healthy one and thus You have perfected Your favors on him,
أَوْ فَقِيرٌ أَهْدَيْتَ غِنَاكَ إلَيْهِ،
aw faqirun ahdayta ghinaka ilayhi
or said by a poor one and thus You have conferred upon him with Your wealth,
وَلِتِلْكَ الدَّعْوَةِ عَلَيْكَ حَقٌّ وَعِنْدَكَ مَنْزِلَةٌ
wa litilka aldd`wati `alayka haqq wa `indaka manzilatun
and that these supplications occupy a considerable position with You and enjoy a standing with You—
إلاَّ صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ
illa sallayta `ala muhammadin wa ali muhammadin
I pray You to send blessings upon Muhammad and the Household of Muhammad
وَقَضَيْتَ حَوَائِجِي حَوَائِجَ الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ،
wa qadayta hawa’ijy hawa’ija alddunya wal-akhirati
and to settle all my needs for this world and the Next World.
وَهذَا رَجَبٌ الْمُرَجَّبُ الْمُكَرَّمُ
wa hadha rajabun almurajjabu almukarramu
This is Rajab, the honored and dignified month,
الَّذِي أَكْرَمْتَنَا بِهِ أَوَّلُ أَشْهُرِ الْحُرُمِ
alladhy akramtana bihi awulu ash-huri alhurumi
which You have honored us through it, being the first of the Sacred Months,
أَكْرَمْتَنَا بِهِ مِنْ بَيْنِ الأُمَمِ،
akramtana bihi min bayni ala’umami
and You have selected us for this honor among the other nations.
يَا ذَا الْجُودِ وَالْكَرَمِ
ya dhaljudi wal-karami
O the Lord of Magnanimity and Generosity.
فَنَسْأَلُكَ بِهِ وَبِاسْمِكَ الأَعْظَمِ الأَعْظَمِ الأَعْظَمِ،
fanasaluka bihi wa bismika ala`zami ala`zami ala`zami
I thus beseech You by Your Name, the grandest, the grandest, the grandest,
the most majestic, the most honorable,
الَّذِي خَلَقْتَهُ فَاسْتَقَرَّ فِي ظِلِّكَ
alladhy khalaqtahu fastaqarr fi zillka
that You have created so that it has settled under Your Shadow
فَلا يَخْرُجُ مِنْكَ إلَى غَيْرِكَ
fala yakhruju minka ila ghayrika
and it thus shall never transfer to anyone other than You—
أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَأَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ الطَّاهِرِينَ
an tusalliya `ala muhammadin wa ahli baytihi alttahirina
I beseech You to send blessings upon Muhammad and his Household, the immaculate,
وَتَجْعَلَنَا مِنَ الْعَامِلِينَ فِيهِ بِطَاعَتِكَ،
wa taj`alana mina al`amilina fihi bita`atika
and to include us, during this month, with those who practice acts of obedience to You
وَالآمِلِينَ فِيهِ بِشَفَاعَتِكَ،
wal-amilina fihi bishafa`atika
and those who hope for Your admission.
اللّهُمَّ وَاهْدِنَا إلَى سَوَاءِ السَّبِيلِ،
allahumma wahdina ila sawa‘i alssabili
O Allah: (please do) lead us to the Right Path,
وَاجْعَلْ مَقِيلَنَا عِنْدَكَ خَيْرَ مَقِيلٍ فِي ظِلٍّ ظَلِيلٍ،
waj`al maqilana `indaka khayra maqilin fi zill zalilin
and choose for us the best resting-place with You, under a dense shade
فَإنَّكَ حَسْبُنَا وَنِعْمَ الْوَكِيلُ،
fa’innaka hasbuna wa ni`ma alwakilu
and abundant possession. Surely, You are Sufficient for us! Most Excellent are You, and in You do we trust!
وَالسَّلامُ عَلَى عِبَادِهِ الْمُصْطَفَيْنَ
wa alssalamu `ala `ibadihi almustafayna
Peace be upon His servants, the chosen,
وَصَلَوَاتُهُ عَلَيْهِمْ أَجْمَعِينَ.
wa salawatuhu `alayhim ajma`ina
and His blessings be upon them all.
اللّهُمَّ وَبَارِكْ لَنَا فِي يَوْمِنَا هذَا الَّذِي فَضَّلْتَهُ،
allahumma wa barik lana fi yawmina hadha alladhy fazaltahu
O Allah: (please do) bless us on this day that You have honored,
wa bikaramatika jalltahu
and covered with Your nobility,
وَبِالْمَنْزِلِ الْعَظِيمِ الأَعْلَى أَنْزَلْتَهُ،
wa bilmanzili al`azimi ala`la anzaltahu
and implanted in the great and highest Dwelling.
صَلِّ عَلَى مَنْ فِيهِ إلَى عِبَادِكَ أَرْسَلْتَهُ،
salli `ala man fihi ila `ibadika arsaltahu
(Please do) send blessings upon him whom You sent (as Your Messenger) to Your servants
وَبِالْمَحَلِّ الْكَرِيمِ أَحْلَلْتَهُ.
wa bilmahall alkarimi ahlaltahu
and whom You accommodated in the Noble Place.
اللّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَيْهِ صَلاةً دَائِمَةً تَكُونُ لَكَ شُكْراً،
allahumma salli `alayhi salatan da’imatan takunu laka shukran
O Allah: send upon him blessing that is never-ending being in the form of thanks to You
wa lana dhukhran
and reward to us.
وَاجْعَلْ لَنَا مِنْ أَمْرِنَا يُسْراً،
waj`al lana min amrina yusran
And make easy for us all our affairs;
وَاخْتِمْ لَنَا بِالسَّعَادَةِ إلَى مُنْتَهَى آجَالِنَا،
wakhtim lana bilss`adati ila muntaha ajalina
and make our end result up to the last of our lives pleasant
وَقَدْ قَبِلْتَ الْيَسِيرَ مِنْ أَعْمَالِنَا،
wa qad qabilta aliyasira min a`malina
after You accept our little deed
وَبَلَّغْتَنَا بِرَحْمَتِكَ أَفْضَلَ آمَالِنَا،
wa ballghtana birahmatika afdala amalina
and achieve for us all our hopes out of Your mercy.
إنَّكَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ،
innaka `ala kull shay‘in qadirun
Verily, You have power over all things.
وَصَلَّى اللّهُ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ.
wa salla allahu `ala muhammadin wa alihi wa sallama
May Allah bless and exalt Muhammad and his Household.