The Holy Prophet (sa.) had said that during the night of 15th Shaba'an the Almighty takes decisions in the matters of sustenance, life and death and welfare of the people.
One of the blessings of this night is that ,at the dawn of this night ,was born the Leader of the Time Imam Mahdi Al Qaem (ajtfs) in Samarra -Iraq in the yr 255 AH .
The Holy Prophet (sa.) had said that during the night of 15th Shaba'an the Almighty takes decisions in the matters of sustenance, life and death and welfare of the people. Next to the “Night of Qadr” the night of 15th Sha’baan is the most auspicious night (also known as “night of Baraat”). According to the Imams Muhammad bin Ali Al Baqir (as.) and Jaa’far bin Muhammad As Sadiq (as.) Allah swt has promised to fulfill every legitimate desire put forward to Him tonight. During this night Allah (swt) bestows on HIS people from HIS bounty & forgives them out of HIS grace & generosity.
Ahadith in the book Iqbalul A‘mal "Therefore, stay awake this night in prayer and worship and encourage your Ummah to also keep awake this night in order to get closer to Allah (Glorified and Exalted is He) through their actions since this is a noble night. This is a night in which not a single person supplicates to Allah except that his prayers are accepted. Nobody asks for a single thing on this night except that it will be given to him. No one asks Allah for forgiveness except that his sins are wiped out. No one turns in repentance to Allah except that He accepts their repentance. Whoever is deprived of the goodness of this night has definitely been deprived of something great."
Almighty Allah has chosen this night for the Ahl ul-Bayt, in the same way as He has chosen the Qadr Night for our Prophet(peace be upon him and his Family.)
The first thing that that Salik (the Wayfarer on the path towards Allah, Glorified and Exalted is He) must perform on this night is that he must remove the material pleasures and enjoyments of this world from in front of his eyes (and from his heart) and in order to make the most of this special night and ensure that all of his actions are performed properly, he must think to himself that tonight is his last night on this Earth (meaning that tomorrow he shall die) and thus, he will no longer have the opportunity to perform any more good deeds and that tomorrow the Day of Judgment will take place.
It is advisable to stay awake during this full night in prayer as it has many rewards, hadith has confirmed that as for one who spends this whole night with acts of worship, his heart will not die when other hearts die.
21) As a final act on this night, take account for his own soul and the actions he has performed during the year. A person should sincerely and properly ponder and reflect upon his actions during this year and ask repentance for his previous acts of transgression since it is only those people whom Allah (Glorified and Exalted is He) has protected from committing sin and error who are free of this pollution. If a person sees that he has little to no sins on his record then he should compare this to one of the most insignificant blessings that Allah (Glorified and Exalted is He) has given him and weigh the two on the scales of justice that with his trivial acts of good, has he been able to repay Allah (Glorified and Exalted is He) back for all the goodness He has provided?
If he realizes that he has sins and transgressions on his record, then he must resort to Tawassul to the Ma‘sumin (blessings be upon all of them) to make up for his shortcomings.
He should address the infallible ones by saying following:- "O you who Allah has placed between Himself and His servants! O you who are the protectors of His revelation. I ask you by the position that you have that you look towards me, a sinful servant, with your eyes
of mercy the one who has been lax in his worship, who possesses nothing and is nothing. Have mercy upon me and request Allah to accept me and to be pleased with me on this night and to permit me to be benefit from your prayers and supplications and to
permit me to take advantage of your intercession and to be classified as your Shi‘a. In addition, ask Allah to grant me with the reward of goodness and guidance from you. Pray that He makes me of strong will and that I am successful in performing good deeds for my religion, my life here and my next life".
Perform Ghusl (Bath) with the thought of washing away sins and as if its your last Ghusl.
1)According to Montakhab al Hasani it is recommended to pray immediately after Magrib prayer(before Isha prayer),a 2 rakat salat in each rakat after al Hamd recite 7 times Sura Ikhlass. After salam read this dua 21 times and do not talk to anyone until recitation is completed (Source Tahfat al Radhwia from Sayyid MuhammadRadhi razawi Kashmiri) Also Recommended by Ulama for the present Pandamic
اللهم إنك عليم حليم ذو أناةٍ , و لا طاقة لنا بحُكمك بحلمك يا الله يا الله يا اللّــــــه , الأمان الأمان الأمان
Allaahumma Innak A’zeemun D’u Anaatin Wa Laa T’aaqata Lanaa Li—h’ukmika Yaa Allah Yaa Allah Yaa Allah Al —amaan Al —amaan Al —amaan;
O Allah, verily Thou art Sublime, Patient, gives respite, (because) we do not have the capacity to withstand the conditions that take effect under Thy authority. O Allah! O Allah! O Allah! Mercy! Mercy! Mercy!
من الطاعون و الوباء و موتِ الفجأة , و سوء القضاء و و شماتة الأعداء , ربنا اكشف عنا العذاب إنا مؤمنون برحمتك يا أرحم الراحمين
Minat T’aa--o’on Wal Wabaaa—i Wa Mawti Faja—a’tin Wa Soo—il Qaz”aaa-i Wa Shamatatil Aa’—aaaa—i Rabbanak—shif A’nnal A’x’aaba Innaa Moo—minoona Bi—rah’matika Yaa Arh’amar Rah’imeen
(Safety from the) rampant epidemics, accidental death, evil events, and rejoicing of enemies at (our) misfortune. O our Lord take away from us the pain and torment, truly we believe in Thy Mercy, O the most Merciful!
Recite this 100 times so that one’s past acts of disobedience to Allah (swt) will be forgiven and one’s worldly and religious needs will be granted :
In Hadith, it is mentioned that Kumayl ibn Ziyad said, "I was sitting with my master Amir al-Mominin ‘Ali ibn Abu Talib (peace be upon him) in Masjid Kufa and a group of companions were also sitting with him. One of them asked him what the meaning of the verse 'Whereupon every wise command is made clear.' (Surah ad-Dukhan, Verse 4) The Imam (peace be upon him) replied, The meaning of this is the night of the 15th of Sha‘ban. I swear by the One who holds the life of ‘Ali in His hands there is not a single servant of Allah except that all the good and bad that will reach him in this year is divided up and handed out on the 15th of Sha‘ban and this good and bad will continue from the 15th of Sha‘ban until the next year on the same night. The servant who stays up this night and recites the Du‘a of Khidr will have his supplications answered."
Allaahumma In Lam Takun Ghafarta Lanaa Feema Maz”aa Min Shaa’baana Faghfirlanaa Feema Baqiya Minhu
O Allah if Thou has not forgiven us during the previous days of Shaban, then please be merciful to us in the days now follow
16) According to the Holy Prophet(saws) it is desirable to pray a 100 Raka’t Namaaz tonight, in 50 sets of 2 Raka’t each as follows: In every Raka’t, after the recitation of Soorah Al Faatih’ah, recite Soorah Al Ikhlaas 10 times.After the Namaaz recite the following: (i) Aayaatul Kursee 10 times ii) Al Faatih’ah 10 times iii) Subh’aanallah 100 times
17) According to Imam Jaa’far As Sadiq (A.S.) It is desirable to pray a6 Rak—a’t Salaat tonight, in 3 sets of 2 Raka’t each, as under: In every Raka’t recite Surah Al Faatih’ah, Surah Yaa Seeen ,Surah Al Mulk & Surah Ikhlass
19) A’mal of Surah Yaseen & 21 times dua - (as in Almanac PET) Recite Soorah Yaseen 3 times as under: (i) Once for long life (ii) Once for prosperity. (iii) Once for safety from misfortune. Then recite the following 21 times, without speaking in between
اللهم إنك عليم حليم ذو أناةٍ , و لا طاقة لنا بحُكمك بحلمك
Allaahumma Innak A’zeemun D’u Anaatin Wa Laa T’aaqata Lanaa Li—h’ukmika
O Allah, verily Thou art Sublime, Patient, gives respite, (because) we do not have the capacity to withstand the conditions that take effect under Thy authority.
يا الله يا الله يا اللّــــــه , الأمان الأمان الأمان
Yaa Allah Yaa Allah Yaa Allah Al —amaan Al —amaan Al —amaanMercy! Mercy! Mercy!
O Allah! O Allah! O Allah! Mercy Mercy
من الطاعون و الوباء و موتِ الفجأة , و سوء القضاء و و شماتة الأعداء
Minat T’aa--o’on Wal Wabaaa—i Wa Mawti Faja—a’tin Wa Soo—il Qaz”aaa-i Wa Shamatatil Aa’—aaaa—i
(Safety from the) rampant epidemics, accidental death, evil events, and rejoicing of enemies at (our) misfortune.
Waiting -our role Covenant - Bayatnama Seek closeness to Imam al-Mehdi (may Allah hasten his return) the Hujjah of our Time; Wali al-‘Amr; the Greatest Secret (of Allah); the possessor of the divine Occultation and inviter to the message of the Prophet; the Successor of all Prophets and the Successor of all Successors of the Prophets; the physical manifestation of the Justice of Allah; the Flag of Guidance; the one who will destroy all corruption and oppression and those who oppose the truth; the destroyer of the enemies of Allah - the misguided and the disbelievers; the one who will purify the Earth of deviation and worship of the self; the greatest sign of Allah; the one who acts as the connection between the heavens and the earth; our Imam, Master and Qaim, al-Mahdi - may our soul and the souls of all of those in the universe be sacrificed for him.
Stay busy in Ziyarat, Munajat and asking our desires and complaining of our separation from our awaited Imam. Write anAriza(Letter)to Imam.& drop it in the sea
Our supplications and Salat should always be performed with the thought in the back of our minds of the distance from our leader however we should also keep in mind and be thankful to Allah swt that we are blessed with such a guide.
Shaykh al-Tusy in ‘Misbah al-Mutahajjid’, has narrated a Hadith about the merits of the fifteenth night of Sha`ban entailing that Abu-Yahya asked Imam Ja`far al-sadiq (a.s) about the best of supplications at this night. The Imam (a.s) instructed him saying: “After you finish the obligatory `Isha' Prayer, you may offer a two Rak`ah prayer in the first of which you should recite Surah of al-Fatihah and Surah of al-Kafirun and in the second you should recite Surah of al-Fatihah and Surah of al-Tawhid. When you accomplish the prayer,
you may repeat (the phrase of) ‘subhanallah’ thirty-three times,
(the phrase of) ‘alhamdulillah’ thirty-three times,
and (the phrase of) ‘allahu-akbar’ thirty-four times.
faya la ilaha illa anta aj`alny fi hadhihi allaylati mimmn nazarta ilayhi farahimtahu
So, O He save Whom there is no god: (please) include me at this night with those at whom You have looked and thus You have mercy upon them;
وَسَمِعْتَ دُعَاءَهُ فَأَجَبْتَهُ،
wa sami`ta du`a‘ahu fa-ajabtahu
and with those whose prayers have been heard by You and thus You have responded to them;
وَعَلِمْتَ اسْتِقَالَتَهُ فَأَقَلْتَهُ،
wa `alimta astiqalatahu fa-aqaltahu
and with those whose true repentance has been admitted by You and thus You have accepted it;
The Prophets & The Angels visit Imam Hussain (as) on this night & performing the ziyarah is one of the most meritorious acts of this night.It has been said whoever wishes to shake hands with 124000 prophets should perform this ziyarah on this night
The least one can do as a short salutation to Imam Hussain(as) is ,one may go to the terrace/elevated place, look left, right & towards the sky & recite :-
The Holy Prophet (S.A.) used to recite the following in Sajdah tonight after the Tahajjud prayers: [It can also be recited tonight after praying a 10 Raka’t Namaaz in 5 sets of 2 Raka’t each; in each Raka’t recite Soorah Al Faatih’ah once, and Soorah Al Ikhlaas 10 times]
It is recommended to do the prostrations and say the supplications that are reported from the Holy Prophet (a.s). One of these is that Shaykh al-Tusiy has narrated on the authority of Hammad ibn on the authority of Aban ibn Taghlib that Imam Ja`far al-Sadiq (a.s) recounted the following:
It was the fifteenth night of Sha`ban when the Holy Prophet (a.s) was with Aishah, his wife. At midnight, the Holy Prophet (a.s) left the bed. When `Aishah woke up and could not find the Holy Prophet (saws), she felt jealous and thought that he joined one of his other wives. Aishah searched for the Holy Prophet (a.s) in all the rooms of his other wives but she found him prostrating himself on the ground As she approached, she heard him saying:
سَجَدَ لَكَ سَوَادِي وَخَيَالِي،
sajada laka sawady wa khayali
Prostrating before You are my body and my shadow
وَآمَنَ بِكَ فُؤَادِي،
wa amana bika fu´adi
and my heart is in full faith of You
هذِهِ يَدَايَ وَمَا جَنَيْتُهُ عَلَى نَفْسِي،
hadhihi yadaiya wa ma janaytuhu `ala nafsi
These are my two hands and this is what I have committed against myself,
يَا عَظِيمُ تُرْجَى لِكُلِّ عَظِيمٍ
ya `azimu turja likulli `azimin
O the All-great: You are hoped for all enormous things;
اغْفِرْ لِيَ الْعَظِيمَ
aghfir liya al`azima
Please, forgive me my serious offences
فَإنَّهُ لا يَغْفِرُ الذَّنْبَ الْعَظِيمَ إلاَّ الرَّبُّ الْعَظِيمُ.
fa’innhu la yaghfiru aldhdhanba al`azima illa alrrabbu al`azimu
because none can forgive the serious sin except the All-great Lord.
The Holy Prophet (a.s) then raised his head and then prostrated himself again, saying:
wa salaha `alayhi amru al-awwalina wal-akhirina
and has made active all the affairs of the past and the coming generations
مِنْ فُجْأَةِ نَقِمَتِكَ،
min fuj-ati naqimatika
against Your sudden chastisement
وَمِنْ تَحْوِيلِ عَافِيَتِكَ،
wa min tahwili `afiyatika
and against withdrawing the good health that You have granted me
وَمِنْ زَوَالِ نِعْمَتِكَ.
wa min zawal-i ni`matika
and against the vanishing of Your bounties.
اللّهُمَّ ارْزُقْنِي قَلْباً تَقِيّاً نَقِيّاً
allahumma arzuqny qalban taqiyyan naqiyyan
O Allah: (please) grant me a heart that is pious and pure,
وَمِنَ الشِّرْكِ بَرِيئاً
wa mina alshshirki bari’an
and is released from polytheism,
لا كَافِراً وَلا شَقِيّاً.
la kafiran wa la shaqiyyan
and is neither atheist nor unhappy.
The Holy Prophet (a.s) then attached his face to the ground and said:
عَفَّرْتُ وَجْهِي فِي التُّرَابِ
`affartu wajhy fi altturabi
I am putting my face on the ground
وَحُقَّ لِي أَنْ أَسْجُدَ لَكَ
wa huqqa li an asjuda laka
and it is my duty to prostrate myself before You
Holy Prophet (a.s) then said, “Do you know what this night is? This is the night of the half of Sha`ban. At this night, shares of provisions are distributed, ages are decided, and the pilgrims are appointed. Verily, Almighty Allah, at this night, forgives as many of His creatures as the hairs of the goats of Kalb Tribe. Almighty Allah also orders angels to descend to the earth, to Makkah, at this night.”
It is recommended to offer the prayers that are dedicated to this night. As a matter of fact, these prayers are many. One of them is that which is reported by Abu-Yahya al-San`aniy, as well as other thirty trustworthy individuals, from Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (a.s) and Imam Ja`far al-Sadiq (a.s) as follows:
At the night of the half of Sha`ban, you may offer a four Rak`ah prayer in each Rak`ah of which you may recite the Surah of al-Fatihah once and the Surah of al-Tawheed one hundred times. After accomplishment, you may say the following supplication:
اللّهُمَّ إنِّي إلَيْكَ فَقِيرٌ،
allahumma inni ilayka faqirun
O Allah: I am in need for You,
وَمِنْ عَذَابِكَ خَائِفٌ مُسْتَجِيرٌ.
wa min `adhabika kha’ifun mustajirun
and I am fearful of You and seeking Your shelter against Your chastisement.
اللّهُمَّ لا تُبَدِّلِ اسْمِي،
allahumma la tubaddil ismi
O Allah: (please) do not erase my name,
وَلا تُغَيِّرْ جِسْمِي،
wa la tughayyir jismi
and do not change my body,
وَلا تَجْهَدْ بَلائِي،
wa la tajhad bala’y
and do not increase my ordeals,
وَلا تُشْمِتْ بِي أَعْدَائِي،
wa la tushmit by a`da’y
and do not make my enemies rejoice at my misfortune.
أَعُوذُ بِعَفْوِكَ مِنْ عِقَابِكَ،
a`udhu bi`afwika min `iqabika
I resort to Your pardon against Your punishment,
وَأَعُوذُ بِرَحْمَتِكَ مِنْ عَذَابِكَ،
wa a`udhu birahmatika min `adhabika
and I resort to Your mercy against Your chastisement,
وَأَعُوذُ بِرِضَاكَ مِنْ سَخَطِكَ،
wa a`udhu biridaka min sakhatika
and I resort to Your pleasure against Your wrath,
وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْكَ،
wa a`udhu bika minka
and I resort to You from You
Enormous be the praise of You
أَنْتَ كَمَا أَثْنَيْتَ عَلَى نَفْسِكَ
anta kama athnayta `ala nafsika
You are as exactly as You have praised Yourself,
وَفَوْقَ مَا يَقُولُ الْقَائِلُونَ.
wa fawqa ma yaqulu alqa’iluna
and above all that which is said about You.