28th Safar 11 AH - Martyrdom of The Holy Prophet Muhammad (saws)

Greatest & Best Human Being ever ...Sent by Allah swt as a 'Mercy to the Worlds'  Safar mth index pg 

Title Kuniya Father Mother Sahifa Birth date Birth Leadership Age Martyrdom Buried at Stories
 

Agnomen

         Place No of yrs yrs Date   Sayings
      Amena bint Prayer book 17th       28 Safar Mosque in Story
Al- Mustafa Abul-Qasim Abdullah Wahab  / Pdf  Rabbilawwal  Mecca 23 63 11AH Medina Books

28th Safar -Also Imam Hassan (as) Martyrdom 50 AH (some Traditions say 7th Safar)
Al- Mujtaba Click  book Abu -Mohammed Ali (as) Fatema  15th Ramadhan 3AH Medina 10 47  28th Safar 50AH Baqee Medina Story

Ziarat Jamia Saghira     |    Ziarat Jamia Kabira

 Ziarat of the Prophet(saws)Saturday Ziarat  | Know  more about his Successors /his Family & his Progeny | A 'Will' which was not written  Article 2

Lecture Sy Qazwini: What happened when the Prophet (saaws) died ?


 On 28 Safar 11AH  , the Prophet of Islam left this world .There were only a  few of his family members at his funeral .

On the twenty-eight of ¯afar, 11 AH ,Monday, the Holy Prophet Mu¦ammad, the Seal of the Prophets, departed from this world.The Holy Prophet (¥) was sixty-three years old when he departed . At the age of forty, he was commissioned, by Almighty Allah, to convey the Divine Mission; and Archangel Gabriel began conveying to him the commandments of Almighty Allah and the Divine Revelation. At Makkah, he invited people to follow the religion of monotheism for thirteen years. He then immigrated to al-Mad¢nah at the age of fifty-three. He departed life in the tenth year after his immigration (Hegira). Hence, Imam `Al¢ Am¢r al-Mu'min¢n (`a) did the funeral rituals and then offered the ritual Prayer of the Dead for his soul. The companions, in groups, then would come near him to offer prayers individually without having any im¡m to lead them in prayer. Imam `Al¢ (`a) buried him in the holy room where he—may Allah send peace and blessings upon him and his Household—departed life.

It has been narrated that Anas ibn M¡lik said, “As soon as we accomplished the ceremonies of burying the Holy Prophet (¥), Lady F¡§imah (`a) came to me and said, ‘How could you be bold enough to pile up soil on the face of the Messenger of Allah?’ She then wept and shouted, ‘Oh for my father whose prayers were responded by the Lord! Oh for my father; how nigh he is from his Lord!’…etc.”

According to a narration, Lady F¡§imah al-Zahr¡' (`a) took a handful of the soil of the Holy Prophet’s tomb, put it between her eyes, and said,

مَاذَا عَلَىٰ الْمُشْتَمِّ تُرْبَةَ أَحْمَدٍ

Indeed! If one who smells the soil of Ahmad’s tomb

اَنْ لاَ يَشَمَّ مَدَىٰ الزَّمَانِ غَوَالِيَا

Shall never smell any perfume any more!

صُبَّتْ عَليَّ مَصَائِبٌ لَوْ اَنَّهَا

If the misfortunes that have been poured on me

صُبَّتْ عَلَىٰ الاَيَّامِ صِرْنَ لَيَالِيَا

Were poured on days, they should turn to black nights!

In his book of al-Durr al-Na¨¢m, Shaykh Y£suf al-Sh¡m¢ has mentioned that Lady F¡§imah al-Zahr¡' (`a) composed the following verses, elegizing her father (¥):

قُلْ لِلْمُغيَّبِ تَحْتَ أَثْوَابِ الثَّرَىٰ

Tell him who is concealed under the layers of soil:

إِنْ كُنْتَ تَسْمَعُ صَرْخَتِي وَنِدَائِيَا

If you can hear my scream and my call

صُبَّتْ عَلَيَّ مَصَائِبٌ لَوْ اَنَّهَا

If the misfortunes that have been poured on me

صُبَّتْ عَلَىٰ الاَيَّامِ صِرْنَ لَيَالِيَا

Were poured on days, they should turn to black nights!

قَدْ كُنْتُ ذَاتَ حِمىً بِظِلِّ مُحَمَّدٍ

Under the shadow of Muhammad, I used to be sheltered

لاَ أَخْشَ مِنْ ضَيْمٍ وَكَانَ حِمَىٰ لِيَا

I did not anticipate any grievance since he was my haven

فَالْيَوْمَ اَخْضَعُ للِْذَّلِيلِ وَاَتَّقِي

But today I am made subservient to the lowly, suffering grievances,

ضَيْمِي وَاَدْفَعُ ظَالِمِي بِرِدَائِيَا

And I have to ward off the wrongdoer with my dress

فَإِذَا بَكَتْ قُمْرِيَّةٌ فِي لَيْلِهَا

If a turtledove weeps on a branch in eves

شَجَناً عَلَىٰ غُصْنٍ بَكَيْتُ صَبَاحِيَا

Out of grief, I will weep in morns

فَلاَجْعَلَنَّ الْحُزْنَ بَعْدَكَ مُؤْنِسِي

I shall betake grief, after you, as my entertainment

وَلاَجْعَلَنَّ الدَّمْعَ فِيكَ وِشَاحِيَا

And I shall betake shedding tears, for you, as my sash

The Quran clearly stipulates love for his family (  Ch 42: 23 Say: I do not ask of you any reward for it but love for my near relatives -Mawaddat al Qurba) .Despite this ,exactly the opposite happened.!  Within only 50 years of his death, 4 more members of his family ( Daughter -Fatima (sa) , Son in law/cousin- Ali ibn Abu Talib(as), Grandsons- Hassan(as)  & Hussain (as) ) were martyred & their funeral was also attended by very few close family members .Fatima's(sa) grave is unknown till date & Ali's (as) grave was not known until many yrs later, Hassan s(as) grave lies destroyed in Baqi Medina & Hussain (as) was killed in Kerbala & left unburied for many days !  Why did this happen ?......

  Prophets Leadership can be seen from - > Smallness of means( Mecca ignorant poor tribes) ,Greatness of Purpose (Salvation of Humanity) & Results Achieved -Within 1400 years, there would be now > 2 billion Muslims !  What Non Muslims Say about Muhammad (saws)  

Holy Prophet Muhammad  al Mustafā (S.A.W.W) said: “No Prophet was troubled or tortured like I was.”[Reference: Behaar al-Anwaar, vol. 67, p. 237]  

Holy Prophet Muhammad  al Mustafā (S.A.W.W) prophesied: “ …it is as if I see grief and anxiety entering my daughter’s house, her respect being violated, her rights being usurped, her inheritance being denied to her, her unborn being miscarried and (in this moment of distress) she will call out – O Muhammad, but no one replies to her pleas.”[Ahle Sunnah Reference: Sadr al-Deen Ibraheem Ibn Sa’d al-Deen Muhmmad al-Hammuee in Al-Faraaed al-Simtain vol. 2 p. 35 on the authority of Ibne Abbas ]

Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (A.S.) said: "....When the Prophet (peace and blessing of Allāh be upon him and his descendants) died his head was on my chest, and his (last) breath blew over my palms and I passed it over my face. I performed his (funeral) ablution, may Allāh bless him and his descendants, and the angels helped me. The house and the courtyard were full of them. One party of them was descending and the other was ascending. My ears continually caught their humming voice, as they invoked Allāh's blessing on him, till we buried him in his grave. Thus, who can have greater rights with him than I during his life or after his death? Therefore depend on your intelligence and make your intentions pure in fighting your enemy, because I swear by Him who is such that there is no god but He, that I am on the path of truth and that they (the enemy) are on the misleading path of wrong. You hear what I say; and I seek Allāh's forgiveness for myself and for you".:  http://www.nahjulbalagha.org/SermonDetail.php?Sermon=196

BOOKS ON HIS LIFE

Hayat Al Quloob -A Detailed Biography of Prophet Muhammad (S)  by  Allamah Muhammad Baqir Al-Majlisi  EPUB  PDF MOBI

Vol 2pdf   Vol pdf3

The Prophet Muhammad (saws) A Mercy to the World
A Glance at the Life of the Holy Prophet of Islam 
Me'raj - The Night Ascension (by Mullah Faidh al-Kashani)
Prophet Muhammad (s) a Brief Biography 
Seal of the Prophets and His Message (by Sayyid Mujtaba Musavi Lari)
The Life of Muhammad the Prophet (by Sayyid Sa'eed Akhtar Rizvi)
The Message (by Ayatullah Ja'far Subhani)
The Unschooled Prophet (by Ayatullah Murtaza Mutahhari)
Complete list of interesting articles on Holy Prophet
Nahj Al-Fasahah (Collection of Sayings of Holy Prophet)

Mohammed the last prophet

The life of Muhammad -Allama Baqir Shareef al-Qurashi

more at www.IslamicMobility.com

  |    URDU 215 Urdu lectures on his life |   History video lectures

 

A Brief History of the Prophet"s Life

LINEAGE

  The oldest and noblest tribe in the whole of Arabia was Banu Hashim. They were the descendants of Ibrahim through his son Isma"il. The Arabs respected and loved them for their goodness, knowledge and bravery.

 

ABD AL-MUTTALIB

Abd al-Muttalib was the chieftain of Banu Hashim and he was also the Guardian of the Ka"bah. Among his ten sons, "Abdullah was the father of the Holy Prophet.

 In Mecca, baby boy muhammad was born on 17th Rabi" al-Awwal, 570 AD.His father "Abdullah, son of "Abd al-Muttalib, died before he was born and when he was six, he lost his loving mother Aminah bint Wahab.His Grandfather, "Abd al-Muttalib, took the responsibility of bringing up the orphan. At the age of ten, he was berefted of his venerable grandfather.On his deathbed, he appointed his son Abu Talib as the guardian of muhammad.Gentle, soft spoken, tall and handsome boy, muhammad, accompanied the trading caravans of Abu Talib, across the deserts, giving him deep insight into nature and man.

 

KHADIJAH(A.S)

 The wealthy noble widowed lady Khadijah, looking for a manager for her rich merchantile caravans, selects muhammad, the Trustee. Able and fair dealing,muhammad is a tremendous success. Khadijah already an admirer, made him an offer of marriage. muhammad was twenty five and Khadijah forty. In spite of this disparity in age, the marriage proved to be a very happy one.

 THE PROPHET

  Lover of nature and quite worrried about human sufferings, muhammad very often retired to Mount Hira" for meditations. One night, Laylat al-Qadr (the Night of Majesty) a voice addressing him, commanded "Recite in the name of thy Lord." Deeply excited by the strange phenomena of Divine Visitation,muhammad hurried home to his wife, Khadijah, who listened to him attentively and said that "I bear witness that you are the Apostle of God." After an interval, the voice from heaven spoke again "O thou shrouded in thy mantle, arise, and warn, and magnify thy Lord."

This was a signal for him to start preaching the gospel of truth of One God. In the beginning muhammad invited only those near him, to accept the new Faith. The first to embrace Islam among women was Khadijah and among men "Ali. Soon after, Zayd ibn al-Harithah became a convert to the new Faith.

For three long years, he laboured quietly to wean his people from the worship of idols and drew only thirty followers. muhammad then decided to appeal publicly to the Quraysh to give up idol worship and embrace Islam.The new Faith, is simple without complications, practical and useful for everyday life. It commands to believe and do good, keep up prayer and pay the poorrate, two orders giving four principles of a successful way of life.Almost ten years of hard work and preaching, in spite of all persecution,produced over a hundred followers, physical cruelties and social boycott made life unbearable in Mecca. The Holy Prophet of Islam advised his followers, to seek refuge in the to seek refuge in the neighbouring country of Ethiopia. Eighty eight men and eighteen women sailed to the hospitable shores of the Negus, under the leadership of Ja"far at-Tayyar (brother of "Ali) and the cousin of the Holy Prophet.

several times the chieftains came to Abu Talib saying, "We respect your age and rank, but we have no further patience with your nephew. Stop him or we shall fight you." Abu Talib asked muhammad for his decision.With tears in his eyes, the Apostle firmly replied, "O my uncle! If they place the sun on my right hand and the moon on my left, to force me to renounce my mission, I will not desist until God manifests His cause or I perish in the attempt."

 

TRAGEDIES

 In a period of troubles, trials and tribulations two major tragedies afflicted muhammad. First the venerable guardian uncle Abu Talib died and shortly afterwards his noble wife Khadijah died, leaving behind her daughter Fatimah (peace be on her) - the only child she had from the Holy Prophet - the daughter who looked after her father so much so that the prophet called her Umm Abiha (the mother of her father).

 MUSLIM ERA

 With the death of the old patriarch Abu Talib, the Meccans planned to assassinate the prophet. Under Divine guidance, he asked "Ali to sleep in his bed and muhammad put his green garment on "Ali. While the murderes mistook "Ali for muhammad, the Holy Prophet of Islam escaped to Medina.

The Muslim era of Hijrah (Emigration) is named after this incident and dated from 17th Rabi" al-Awwwal, 622 AD.

From the time he came to Medina, he was the grandest figure upon whom the light of history has ever shone. We shall now see him as the King of men, the ruler of human hearts, chief law-giver and supreme judge.The Preacher who went without bread, was mightier than the mightiest sovereigns of the earth. No emperor with his tiaras was obeyed, as this man in a cloak of his own clothing.

He laid the foundation of the Muslim commonwealth and drew up a charter which has been acknowledged as the work of highest statemanship, a master-mind not only of his age, but of all ages.

Unlike the Arabs, the Prophet, had never wielded a weapon, but now he was forced to defend Islam by force of arms. Commencing from the battle of Badr,a series of eighty battles had to be fought, which the infant commmunity defended successfully.

 

UHUD

 Next year, Abu Sufyan, the famous long-lived enemy of Islam, again attacked the Muslims at Uhud. Hamzah, the first flag-bearer of Islam and uncle of the Prophet, was killed in action. In spite of strict instructions from the Prophet, a few Muslim soldiers deserted their post,when victory was in sight. This changed the course of the battle. Khalid ibn al-Walid attacked the Prophet and the grave situation was saved by the timely arrival of "Ali. The enemies ran away and the issue was decided. muhammad was deeply grieved at the death of Hamzah.

  HUDAYBIYYAH

 The Muslims had been in self exile for six years and began to feel a keen yearning for their homeland, Mecca. The Prophet desired to perform a pilgrimage to Ka"bah. When he forsook his home town he was weak, but when he wanted to return, he was strong. He did not use his strength to force an entry into the sacred city. Finding the Quraysh hostile, muhammad entered into a treaty Known as the Peace of Hudaybiyyah, appearing not very advantageous to the Muslims, but which revealed the Islamic character of moderation and magnanimity. For the strong to excercise restraint and toleration is true courage. Having reached upto the door of their birth place with hearts over-flowing with impatient longing to enter it, the Muslims retraced their steps peacefully to Medina, under the terms of the treaty, which allowed them to perform the pilgrimage next year.

 

MECCA

 In The 8th year AH, the idolators violated the peace of Hudaybiyyah by attacking the Muslims. The enemies were defeated and Mecca was conquered.The Prophet who fled from Mecca as a fugitive, now returned home as a mighty conqueror. The Rahmatun lil "Alamin (mercy unto all beings, i.e., the Prophet) entered the city with his head bowed low in thankfulness to the Almighty (Allah) and ordered a general amnesty, instead of the mass massacre of those who persecuted him and his followers.

  WIVES

 A great number of Muslim soldiers were killed in battles at Badr, Uhud,Khaybar, Hunayn and other places, leaving behind young wives and children. The serious problem of taking care of the widows and orphans, threatened to break up the moral fabric of the Muslim Society. muhammad decided to marry these widows and set an example for his followers to do likewise.

  LAST PILGRIMAGE

 Under the Divine intuition of his approaching end, muhammad prepared to make the farewell pilgrimage to Mecca.Before completing all the ceremonies of Hajj, he addressed a huge multitude from the top of mount "Arafat on 8th Dhi al-hijjah, 11 AH,in words which shall ever ring and live in the atmosphere.

After finishing the hajj the Holy Prophet started for Medina. On his way, at Ghadir Khumm the Voice from Heaven cried: "O Apostle! deliver what has been revealed to you from your Lord; and if you do it not, then you have not delivered His message and Allah will protect you from the people, surely Allah will not guide the unbelieving people. (5:67) muhammad immediately ordered Bilal to recall the Muslims, who had gone ahead,who were behind and who were proceeding to their homes at the junction, to assemble. The famous Sunni mutakallim and commentator, Fakhr ad-Din ar-Razi in his At-Tafsir al-Kabir, vol. 12, pp. 49-50, writes that the Prophet took "Ali by the hand and said: "Whoever whose mawla (master) I am, "Ali is his master. O Allah! Love him who loves "Ali, and be the enemy of the enemy of "Ali; help him who helps "Ali, and forsake him who forsakes "Ali."

 

DEATH

 On muhammad"s return to Medina, he got busy settling the organization of the provinces and the tribes which had adopted Islam. His strength rapidly failed and the poison (administered at Khaybar by a Jewess) took its deadly toll. So ended the life dedicated to the service of God and humanity from first to last, on 28th Safar, 11 AH.

The humble Preacher had risen to be the ruler of Arabia. The Prophet of Islam not only inspired reverence, but love owing to his humility,nobility, purity, austerity, refinement and devotion to duty.

The Master inspired all who came into contact with him. He shared his scanty food; he began his meals in the Name of Allah and finished them uttering thanks;he loved the poor and respected them; he would visit the sick and comfort the heart broken; he treated his bitterest enemies with clemency and forbearance,but the offenders against society were administered justice; his intellectual mind was remarkably progressive and he said that man could not exist without contant efforts.

There is no god but One God and muhammad is the Apostle of God, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him and his descendants.