DUA'AS FOR ROUTINES - Duas / Etiquettes relating to Meals & Drinking water
Eating Habits in Islam | Etiquette of Drinking Water pdf | Ettiquittes of eating lecture
FOOD & DRINK -PERMITTED & PROHIBITED
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. O Allah, bless Muhammad and his family. O Allah, I ask You, in my eating and drinking, safety from illness, and to obey You and remember You and be thankful to You, as long as it remains in my body, and through its strength encourage me towards Your worship and inspire me to refrain from Your disobedience. O Allah bless Muhammad and his family.
(Khulasatul Adhkar, Al Faydh al-Kashani pg. 79)
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيْمِ . اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ
اَللَّهُمَّ اِنِّي اَسْئَلُكَ فِي اَكْلِي وَ شُرْبِي السَّلاَمَةَ مِنْ وَعْكَهِ وَ الْقُوَّةَ بِهِ عَلى طَاعَتِكَ وَ ذِكْرِكَ وَ شُكْرِكَ ، فِيْمَا اَبْقَيْتَهُ فِي بَدَنِي وَ اَنْ تَشَجِّعْنِي بِقُوَّتِهَا عَلى عِبَادَتِكَ وَ اَنْ تُلْهِمَنِي حُسْنَ التَّحْرِرِ مِنْ مَعْصِيَتِكَ. اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيْمِ
اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّد
اَلْحَمْدُ للهِ الَّذِيْ اَطْعَمَنَا، وَسَقَانَا، وَكَفَانَا، وَاَيَّدَنَا، وَآوانَا، وَاَنْعَمَ عَلَيْنَا، وَاَفْضَلَ. اَلْحَمْدُ للهِ الَّذِيْ يُطْعِمُ وَلاَ يُطْعَمُ.
اَللهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّدً وَآلِ مُحَمَّد
Duas relating to Meals from 'Prophets Prayers book'
9. HIS DUA WHEN THE TABLE-SPREAD IS LAID OUT
41. In al-K¡f¢: Narrated from A¦mad ibn al-°asan al-Maythami who ascribed it to an infallible; he said: When the table-spread was laid out in front of the "Holy Prophet" he said:
سُبْحَانَكَ أَللّٰهُمَّ مَا أَحْسَنَ مَا تَبْتَلِينَا، سُبْحَانَكَ مَا أَكْثَرَ مَا تُعْطِيناَ، سُبْحَانَكَ مَا أَكْثَرَ مَا تُعَافِينَا. أَللّٰهُمَّ أَوْسِعْ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلـى فُقَرَاءِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ وَالْمُسْلِمِينَ وَالْمُسْلِمَاتِ.
Glory be to You O "All¡h" ! How wonderful is that which You have tested us with. Glory be to You, how plentiful is that which You have given us. Glory be to You, how plentiful is that which You have bestowed on us. O All¡h! Increase for us (our sustenance) and for the poor believing men and women and (for the poor) Muslim men and women.[i]
42. In al-Mak¡rim: When the table-spread was laid out in front of the "Holy Prophet" he said:
بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ. أَللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْهَا نِعْمَةً مَشْكُورَةً تَصِلُ بِهَا نِعْمَةَ الْجَنَّةِ.
43. In al-Mak¡rim: When he placed his hand on the food he said:
بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ، بَارِكْ لَنَا فِيمَا رَزَقْتَنَا وَعَلَيْكَ خَلْفَهُ.
In the name of All¡h (O All¡h!) bless for us from what you have given us of sustenance and upon You do we rely for its replenishment.[i]
[i] Mak¡rim al-Akhl¡q: 27 and 143
44. In al-K¡f¢: Narrated from Ibr¡him ibn Mahzam from someone from Ab¢ Ja~far who said: When the table-spread was picked up, the "Holy Prophet" said:
أَللّٰهُمَّ أَكْثَرْتَ وَأَطَبْتَ وَبَارَكْتَ فَأَشْبَعْتَ وَأَرْوَيْتَ. أَلْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ الَّذِي يُطْعِمُ وَلاَ يُطْعَمُ.
O "All¡h" ! You have increased Your bounties and made them good and blessed, thereby making us satiated and quenched. All praise be to All¡h, The One who nourishes and is not nourished.[i]
[i] al-K¡f¢ 6:294, al-Ma¦¡sin: 436
45. In al-K¡f¢: Narrated from ~Abdull¡h ibn Sulaym¡n "Sulaymn" from Ab¢ Ja~far D who said: The "Holy Prophet" would not eat any food nor drink any beverage but that he would say:
أَللّٰهُمَّ بَارِكْ لَنَا فِيهِ وَأَبْدِلْنَا بِهِ خَيْراً مِنْهُ.
O "All¡h" ! Bless it for us and replenish it with that which is better.
...except when he drank milk, then he would say:
أَللّٰهُمَّ بَارِكْ لَنَا فِيهِ وَزِدْنَا مِنْهُ.
O All¡h ! Bless it for us and increase it for us.[i]
Note: This has also been narrated by him and by al-Barqi with a different chain of narrators.[ii]
46. In al-Iqb¡l: Upon eating a morsel, the "Noble Prophet" would say:
أَللّٰهُمَّ لَكَ الْحَمْدُ أَطْعَمْتَ وَأَسْقَيْتَ وَرَوَيْتَ. فَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ غَيْرُ مَكْفُورٍ وَلاَ مُوَدَّعٍ وَلاَ مُسْتَغْنـى عَـنْكَ.
O "All¡h" ! Praise be to You. You have nourished and quenched and satisfied (us), so to You be praise - praise without ingratitude and without leave and without (seeking) independence from You.[iii]
47. From al-®ad£q "al-®ad£q" in al-Maj¡lis: Narrated from Wahab from Ja~far ibn "Mu¦ammad" from his fathers from "~Al¢" G who said: When the "Holy Prophet" saw fresh fruit, he would kiss it and place it on his eyes and mouth, then he would say:
أَللّٰهُمَّ كَمَا أَرَيْتَنَا أَوَّلَهَا فِي عَافِيةٍ فَأَرِنَا آخِرَهَا فِي عَافِيةٍ
O "All¡h" ! Just as You have shown us its beginning in well-being, show us its end in well-being.[i]
[i] Am¡l¢ al-®ad£q "al-®ad£q" : 219
Other Misc- DUA'A 445 Before eating/drinking before eating a meal recite the following dua'a (surah al Quraysh).
In the name of Allah, the beneficent, the merciful.
For the uniting of the Quraysh,
For the union during their winter and summer journeys,
Let them worship the Lord of this house,
Who fed them when they were hungry and gave them security against fear.
BISMILLAAHIR RAH'MAANIR RAH'EEM
EELAAFIHIM RIH'LATASH SHITAA-I WAS'-S'AYF
FAL YA'-BUDOO RABBA HAAD'AL BAYT
ALLAD'EE AT'-A'MAHUM MIN JOO-I'W WA AAMANAHUM MIN KHAWF
DUA'A 446 Imam Jafar bin Muhammad al Sadiq advised the believers to recite the following dua'a (Maryam : 62) before eating a meal.
They shall have their sustenance therein, morning and evening.
LAHUM RIZQUHUM FEEHAA BUKRATAW WA A'SHIYYAA
DUA'A 447 Imam Ali ibn ali Talib advised the believers to say:
In the name of Allah
before eating a meal and
Praise be to Allah
at the end of eating a meal
DUA'A 448 Imam Jafar bin Muhammad al Sadiq advised the believers to recite the following dua'a at the time of drinking water.
Blessing of Allah be on Husayn, his family and his friends; and may Allah curse those who killed him and opposed him
S'ALAWAATULLAAHI A'LAL H'USAYNI WA AHLI BAYTIHEE WA AS'H'AABIHEE WA LA'-NATULLAHI A'LAA QATALATIHEE WA A'-DAA-IHEE
"O People, eat from the land what
is permitted & good & do not follow in the footsteps of Shaitan, for
he is an open enemy to you."
Etiquette of drinking water pdf Jpg
1) Begin in the name of Allah
2) Drink in sips
3) The Holy Prophet (s) began each sip withBismillah, and ended each sip with Alhamdu lillah
4) After drinking water, recite the followingاَلْْ مْ دُ للهِ الَّذِيْ سَقَانِِْ مَآءً عَذْ بًا وَلََْ يََْعَلْهُ مِلْحًا أُجَاجًا بِذُن وُْبِْ
Al¦amdu lill¡hil-ladh¢ saq¡n¢ m¡’an ‘adhban, walam yaj ‘alhu mil¦an uj¡jan bidhun£b¢
All praise belongs to Allah, Who has served me with fresh water, and He did not make it salty and bitter on account of my sins
5) It is recommended to also say:
اَلَْْمْدُلله الَّذِيْ سَقَانِِْ فَاَرْوَا نِ، و وَاَعْاَانِِْ وَاَرْاَانِِْ وَعَافَانِِْ وَكَفَا نِ. اَللهُمَ اجْعَلْنِِْ مَِِّنْ تَسْقِيْهِ فِِْ الْمَعَادِ
مِنْ حَوْضِ مَُُمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآ لِهِ وَتُسْعِدْهُ بُِِرَافَ قَتِهِ، و بِرَحَْْتِكَ يَا اَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِِْ ي
Bismill¡hir Ra¦m¡nir Ra¦¢m. Al¦amdu lill¡hil ladh¢ saq¡n¢ fa-arw¡n¢, wa-a‘§¡n¢ wa-ar¤¡n¢, wa-‘¡f¡n¢ wakaf¡n¢. All¡hummaj‘aln¢ mim-man tasq¢hi fil ma‘¡di min ¦aw¤i Mu¦ammadin ¥allal-l¡hu ‘alayhi wa-¡lih. Watus ‘idhu bimur¡faqatih, bira¦matika y¡ ar¦amar r¡him¢n. All¡humma ¥alli ‘al¡ Mu¦ammadiwn wa-¡li Mu¦ammad
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. All praise belongs to Allah, Who has served me with water to quench my thirst, provided for me and pleased me, given me good health and sufficed me. O Allah, make me amongst those who will drink water in the Hereafter from the spring of Muhammad – may Allah bless him and his family. And make it a good fortune by being in his company. With Your mercy, O the Most merciful, of the merciful. O Allah, bless Muhammad and his family.
6) It is highly recommended to remember the thirst of Imam al-Husayn (a) after drinking water. Imam al-Sadiq (a) says that when a servant remembers the thirst of al-Husayn (a) and curses his killers, he will be rewarded abundantly, his rank will be raised manifold and many of his evil deeds are decreased.
Sources: Fayd al-Kashani,Khulasat al-Adhkar; S. M. H. Tabatabai, Sunan An-Nabi; Shaykh al-Saduq, Al-Amali
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