DUA'AS FOR ROUTINES - Duas / Etiquettes relating to Meals & Drinking water  

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Du�a before Meals  PDF card

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. O Allah, bless Muhammad and his family. O Allah, I ask You, in my eating and drinking, safety from illness, and to obey You and remember You and be thankful to You,  as long as it remains in my body, and through its strength encourage me towards Your worship and inspire me to refrain from Your disobedience. O Allah bless Muhammad and his family.

(Khulasatul Adhkar, Al Faydh al-Kashani pg. 79)

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيْمِ . اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ

اَللَّهُمَّ اِنِّي  اَسْئَلُكَ  فِي اَكْلِي وَ شُرْبِي السَّلاَمَةَ مِنْ وَعْكَهِ وَ الْقُوَّةَ بِهِ عَلى طَاعَتِكَ وَ ذِكْرِكَ وَ شُكْرِكَ ، فِيْمَا اَبْقَيْتَهُ فِي بَدَنِي وَ اَنْ تَشَجِّعْنِي بِقُوَّتِهَا عَلى عِبَادَتِكَ وَ اَنْ تُلْهِمَنِي حُسْنَ التَّحْرِرِ مِنْ مَعْصِيَتِكَ. اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ


Du�a after Meals

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

O Allah, bless Muhammad and his family Praise be to Allah Who has: fed us, provided water for us, sufficed us, supported us, sheltered us, favored us, and bestowed benefits.

Praise be to Allah Who feeds but is not fed.

O Allah, bless Muhammad and his family.


(As-Sah�fa As-Sajj�diyyah Al-J�mi`ah, p. 601

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيْمِ

 اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّد

اَلْحَمْدُ للهِ الَّذِيْ اَطْعَمَنَا، وَسَقَانَا، وَكَفَانَا، وَاَيَّدَنَا، وَآوانَا، وَاَنْعَمَ عَلَيْنَا، وَاَفْضَلَ. اَلْحَمْدُ للهِ الَّذِيْ يُطْعِمُ وَلاَ يُطْعَمُ.

اَللهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّدً وَآلِ مُحَمَّد



 Duas relating to Meals from 'Prophets Prayers book'



41. In al-K�f�: Narrated from A�mad ibn al-�asan al-Maythami who ascribed it to an infallible; he said: When the table-spread was laid out in front of the   "Holy Prophet"   he said:

سُبْحَانَكَ أَللّٰهُمَّ مَا أَحْسَنَ مَا تَبْتَلِينَا، سُبْحَانَكَ مَا أَكْثَرَ مَا تُعْطِيناَ، سُبْحَانَكَ مَا أَكْثَرَ مَا تُعَافِينَا. أَللّٰهُمَّ أَوْسِعْ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلـى فُقَرَاءِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ وَالْمُسْلِمِينَ وَالْمُسْلِمَاتِ.

Glory be to You O  "All�h" ! How wonderful is that which You have tested us with. Glory be to You, how plentiful is that which You have given us. Glory be to You, how plentiful is that which You have bestowed on us. O All�h! Increase for us (our sustenance) and for the poor believing men and women and (for the poor) Muslim men and women.[i]

42. In al-Mak�rim: When the table-spread was laid out in front of the   "Holy Prophet"  he said:

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ. أَللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْهَا نِعْمَةً مَشْكُورَةً تَصِلُ بِهَا نِعْمَةَ الْجَنَّةِ.

In the name of  "All�h" . O All�h! Make it an appreciated blessing by means of which the bounties of paradise are attained.[ii]


[i] al-K�f� 6:293  [ii] Mak�rim al-Akhl�q: 27



43. In al-Mak�rim: When he placed his hand on the food he said:

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ، بَارِكْ لَنَا فِيمَا رَزَقْتَنَا وَعَلَيْكَ خَلْفَهُ.

In the name of All�h  (O All�h!) bless for us from what you have given us of sustenance and upon You do we rely for its replenishment.[i]


[i] Mak�rim al-Akhl�q: 27 and 143



44. In al-K�f�: Narrated from Ibr�him ibn Mahzam from someone from Ab� Ja~far  who said: When the table-spread was picked up, the   "Holy Prophet"  said:

أَللّٰهُمَّ أَكْثَرْتَ وَأَطَبْتَ وَبَارَكْتَ فَأَشْبَعْتَ وَأَرْوَيْتَ. أَلْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ الَّذِي يُطْعِمُ وَلاَ يُطْعَمُ.

O   "All�h" ! You have increased Your bounties and made them good and blessed, thereby making us satiated and quenched. All praise be to All�h, The One who nourishes and is not nourished.[i]


[i] al-K�f� 6:294, al-Ma��sin: 436




45. In al-K�f�: Narrated from ~Abdull�h ibn Sulaym�n  "Sulaymn"  from Ab� Ja~far D who said: The   "Holy Prophet"   would not eat any food nor drink any beverage but that he would say:

أَللّٰهُمَّ بَارِكْ لَنَا فِيهِ وَأَبْدِلْنَا بِهِ خَيْراً مِنْهُ.

O  "All�h" ! Bless it for us and replenish it with that which is better.

...except when he drank milk, then he would say:

أَللّٰهُمَّ بَارِكْ لَنَا فِيهِ وَزِدْنَا مِنْهُ.

O All�h   ! Bless it for us and increase it for us.[i]

Note: This has also been narrated by him and by al-Barqi with a different chain of narrators.[ii]

46. In al-Iqb�l: Upon eating a morsel, the   "Noble Prophet"  would say:

أَللّٰهُمَّ لَكَ الْحَمْدُ أَطْعَمْتَ وَأَسْقَيْتَ وَرَوَيْتَ. فَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ غَيْرُ مَكْفُورٍ وَلاَ مُوَدَّعٍ وَلاَ مُسْتَغْنـى عَـنْكَ.

O  "All�h" ! Praise be to You. You have nourished and quenched and satisfied (us), so to You be praise - praise without ingratitude and without leave and without (seeking) independence from You.[iii]


[i] al-K�f� 6:336, ~Uy�n Akhb�r al-Ri�� 2:38    [ii] al-Ma��sin: 437     [iii] Iqb�l al-A~m�l: 116



47. From al-�ad�q  "al-�ad�q"  in al-Maj�lis: Narrated from Wahab from Ja~far ibn "Mu�ammad"  from his fathers from  "~Al�"  G who said: When the  "Holy Prophet"   saw fresh fruit, he would kiss it and place it on his eyes and mouth, then he would say:

أَللّٰهُمَّ كَمَا أَرَيْتَنَا أَوَّلَهَا فِي عَافِيةٍ فَأَرِنَا آخِرَهَا فِي عَافِيةٍ

O   "All�h" ! Just as You have shown us its beginning in well-being, show us its end in well-being.[i]


[i] Am�l� al-�ad�q  "al-�ad�q" : 219




Other Misc- DUA'A 445     Before eating/drinking before eating a meal recite the following dua'a (surah al Quraysh).


In the name of Allah, the beneficent, the merciful.

For the uniting of the Quraysh,

For the union during their winter and summer journeys,

Let them worship the Lord of this house,

Who fed them when they were hungry and gave them security against fear.








DUA'A 446 Imam Jafar bin Muhammad al Sadiq advised the believers to recite the following dua'a (Maryam : 62) before eating a meal.


They shall have their sustenance therein, morning and evening.





DUA'A 447  Imam Ali ibn ali Talib advised the believers to say:


In the name of Allah


before eating a meal and


Praise be to Allah


at the end of eating a meal




DUA'A 448 Imam Jafar bin Muhammad al Sadiq advised the believers to recite the following dua'a  at the time of drinking water.

Blessing of Allah be on Husayn, his family and his friends; and may Allah curse those who killed him and opposed him







"O People, eat from the land what is permitted & good & do not follow in the footsteps of Shaitan, for he is an open enemy to you." 
(Al Baqarah, 2:168)
Imam Ja�far as-Sadiq (a.s.) said: �To refrain from eating a single morsel of Harām is, near Allah, more valued than the performance 
of two thousand Rak�ats of recommended prayer.� 
Allah swt has given clear guidelines on what can and cannot be consumed. In addition we have also been instructed in manners and behavior of eating. Eating and drinking also becomes a way by which a Muslim remembers the bounties of Allah swt and by observing the rules of Shariah, he also shows his commitment to his religion.



EATING MANNERS   http://islamic-laws.com/tawzeh/263.html


2645. There are certain Mustahab (recommended )rules to be observed while taking a meal; they are as follows:

  1. Washing both the hands before taking a meal.

  2. After taking a meal, one should wash one's hands, and dry them with a dry cloth.

  3. The host should begin eating first, and should also be the last to withdraw his hand. Before starting to take a meal, the host should wash his own hands first, and thereafter, the person sitting on his right should do so. 
    Then the other guests should follow him, till it is the turn of the person sitting on the left side of the host. After finishing the meal, the person sitting on the left side of the host should wash his hands first, and thereafter other persons should follow him till it is the turn of the host.

  4. One should say Bismillah before starting to eat, and if there are several dishes, it is Mustahab to say Bismillah before partaking of each of the dishes.

  5. One should eat with one's right hand.

  6. One should eat using three or more fingers and should not eat with two fingers only.

  7. If several persons are sitting together for their meals, everyone of them should partake of the food placed in front of him.

  8. One should take small bits of food.

  9. One should prolong the duration of taking a meal.

  10. One should chew the food thoroughly.

  11. After taking one's meal one should praise and thank Allah.

  12. One should lick one's fingers clean after taking food.

  13. One should use a toothpick after taking a meal. However, the toothpick should not be made of sweet basil (a fragrant grass) or the leaves of date-palm.

  14. One should collect and eat the food which is scattered on the dining cloth. However, if one takes meal in an open place, like a desert etc, it is better to leave the food which has fallen aside, so that it may be eaten by the animals and the birds.

  15. One should take one's meal in the earlier part of the day, and in the earlier part of the night and should not eat during the day or during the night.

  16. After taking one's meal one should lie on one's back, and should place one's right foot on one's left foot.

  17. One should take salt before and after the meal.

  18. When eating a fruit, one should first wash it before eating.



Etiquette of drinking water  pdf   Jpg

1) Begin in the name of Allah

2) Drink in sips

3) The Holy Prophet (s) began each sip with Bismillah, and ended each sip with  Alhamdu lillah

4) After drinking water, recite the following  اَلْْ مْ دُ للهِ الَّذِيْ سَقَانِِْ مَآءً عَذْ بًا وَلََْ يََْعَلْهُ مِلْحًا أُجَاجًا بِذُن وُْبِْ

Al�amdu lill�hil-ladh� saq�n� m��an �adhban, walam yaj �alhu mil�an uj�jan bidhun�b�

All praise belongs to Allah, Who has served me with fresh water, and He did not make it salty and bitter on account of my sins

5) It is recommended to also say:

اَلَْْمْدُ لله الَّذِيْ سَقَانِِْ فَاَرْوَا نِ، و وَاَعْاَانِِْ وَاَرْاَانِِْ وَعَافَانِِْ وَكَفَا نِ. اَللهُمَ اجْعَلْنِِْ مَِِّنْ تَسْقِيْهِ فِِْ الْمَعَادِ

مِنْ حَوْضِ مَُُمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآ لِهِ وَتُسْعِدْهُ بُِِرَافَ قَتِهِ، و بِرَحَْْتِكَ يَا اَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِِْ ي

Bismill�hir Ra�m�nir Ra��m. Al�amdu lill�hil ladh� saq�n� fa-arw�n�, wa-a���n� wa-ar��n�, wa-��f�n� wakaf�n�. All�hummaj�aln� mim-man tasq�hi fil ma��di min �aw�i Mu�ammadin �allal-l�hu �alayhi wa-�lih. Watus �idhu bimur�faqatih, bira�matika y� ar�amar r�him�n. All�humma �alli �al� Mu�ammadiwn wa-�li Mu�ammad

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. All praise belongs to Allah, Who has served me with water to quench my thirst, provided for me and pleased me, given me good health and sufficed me. O Allah, make me amongst those who will drink water in the Hereafter from the spring of Muhammad � may Allah bless him and his family. And make it a good fortune by being in his company. With Your mercy, O the Most merciful, of the merciful. O Allah, bless Muhammad and his family.

6) It is highly recommended to remember the thirst of Imam al-Husayn (a) after drinking water. Imam al-Sadiq (a) says that when a servant remembers the thirst of al-Husayn (a) and curses his killers, he will be rewarded abundantly, his rank will be raised manifold and many of his evil deeds are decreased.

Sources: Fayd al-Kashani, Khulasat al-Adhkar; S. M. H. Tabatabai, Sunan An-Nabi; Shaykh al-Saduq, Al-Amali

Source :-ALI Du�a Card � alioutreach@gmail.com    www.academyofislam@gmail.com

PS At night drink water while sitting only & do not stand while drinking water to prevent disease as per hadith