Syeda Fatima Masooma e Qom
(sa)

    Father :Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as) - 7th Imam  Mother: Al Khayzran Najma Khatoon  

Sister of Imam Reza (as) – 8th Imam       Aunt of Imam Mohammed Taqi (as) – 9th Imam

Source: http://www.deviantart.com

The Holy Lady was born in Madina on the 1st of ZilQada 173 AH (11th Islamic Month).She was a lady of great piety, knowledge, wisdom and virtue and her generosity earned her the title of Kareema-e-Ahlebait, meaning the Munificent Lady of the Prophets Household.

Death In the year 201 AH, she was travelling to Marv, Khorasan to meet her brother the 8th Imam, Imam Ali Reza (as), when her caravan was attacked near Saveh. She died 17 days later.She attained martyrdom at the age of 28 on the 10th of Rabi Thani 201 AH in the city of Qom and was subsequently buried there.  Her shrine in the city of Qom draws millions of pilgrims every year, and has transformed this Iranian city into a prime centre of Islamic learning.

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Ziarat of Lady Fatima Masumah Qom

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Glory be to Allah ,  Praise be to Allah 

 

للَّهُ أَكْبَرُ 33x    سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ‏ 33x  الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ‏ 33x

Peace be on Adam, the Choice of Allah! Peace be on Noah, the Prophet of Allah, 
Peace be on Ibraheem, the Friend of Allah, Peace be on Mosa who spoke to Allah, Peace be on Isa, the Spirit of Allah. 
Peace be on you, O Messenger of Allah, Peace be on you, O the best of the Mankind 
Peace be on you, O Choice of Allah! Peace be on you. O Mohammed bin Abdullah, the last of the Prophets! 
Peace be on you, O Ali bin Abi Talib, Commander of the faithful and the Successor of the Messenger of Allah. 
 

Peace be on you, O Fatimah, the Leader of the women of the worlds, 
Peace be on you, O the grandsons of the Prophet of Mercy, and the leaders of the youth of Paradise 

ASSALAAMO A’LAA AADMA SAF’WATILLAAHE ASSALAAMO A’LAA NOOHIN-NABIYYILAAHEASSALAMO A’LAA IBRAAHEEMA KHALEELILLAAHE 

ASSALAAMO A’LAA MOOSAA KALEEMILLAAHE  

ASSALAAMO A’LAA E’ESAA ROOHILLAAHE

ASSALAAMO A’LAYKA YAA RASOOLALLAAHE  

ASSALAAMO A’LAYKA YAA KHAYRA KHALQILLAAHE

ASSLAAMO A’LAYKA YAA SAFEEYALLAAHE 

ASSALAAMO A’LAYKA YA MOHAMMADABNA A’B-DIL-LAAHE KHAATAMIN NABEEYEENA  

ASSALAAMO A’LAYKA YAA AMEERAL MOMINEENA A’LIYYABNA ABEE TAALEBIN WASIYYA RASOOLILLAAHE … 

ASSALAAMO A’LAYKE YAA FAATEMATO SAYYEDATA NESAAA-IL A’ALAMEENA 

ASSALAAMO A’LAYKOMAA YAA SIBTAY NABIYYIR RAHMATE WA SAYYEDAY SHABAABE AHLIL JANNATE  

السَّلاَمُ عَلَى آدَمَ صِفْوَةِ اللَّهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَى نُوحٍ نَبِيِّ اللَّهِ‏
السَّلاَمُ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ خَلِيلِ اللَّهِ

السَّلاَمُ عَلَى مُوسَى كَلِيمِ اللَّهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَى عِيسَى رُوحِ اللَّهِ‏
السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا خَيْرَ خَلْقِ اللَّهِ‏
السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا صَفِيَّ اللَّهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ خَاتَمَ النَّبِيِّينَ‏
السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ عَلِيَّ بْنَ أَبِي طَالِبٍ وَصِيَّ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ‏
السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكِ يَا فَاطِمَةُ سَيِّدَةَ نِسَاءِ الْعَالَمِينَ‏
السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمَا يَا سِبْطَيْ نَبِيِّ الرَّحْمَةِ وَ سَيِّدَيْ شَبَابِ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّة

Peace be on you, O Ali bin Husain, the leader of worshippers, O Coolness of investigating eyes, 
Peace be on you, O Mohammed bin Ali, O the explorer of the knowledge
Peace be on you, O Jafar bin Mohammed, the truthful the benign, the trustworthy, 
Peace be on you, O Mosa bin Jafar, the pure, the purified, 
Peace be on you, O Ali bin Mosa, the pleased, the gratified, 

ASSALAAMO A’LAYKA YAA A’LIYYABNAL HUSAYNE SAYYEDAL A’ABEDEENA WA QURRATA A’YNIN NAAZEREENA  

ASSALAAMO A’LAYKA YAA MOHAMMADABNA A’LIYYIN BAAQERAL I’LME BA’DAN-NABIYYEENA  

ASSALAAMO A’LAYKA YAA JA’-FARABNA MOHAMMADENIS SAADEQAL BAAAR-RAL AMEENA  

ASSALAAMO A’LAYKA YAA MOOSABNA JA’-FARIN  AT-TAAHERAT-TUHRA  

ASSALAAMO A’LAYKA YAA A’LIYYABNA MOOSAR REZAL MURTAZAA  

لسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا عَلِيَّ بْنَ الْحُسَيْنِ سَيِّدَ الْعَابِدِينَ وَ قُرَّةَ عَيْنِ النَّاظِرِينَ‏
السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ عَلِيٍّ بَاقِرَ الْعِلْمِ بَعْدَ النَّبِيِ‏
السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا جَعْفَرَ بْنَ مُحَمَّدٍ الصَّادِقَ الْبَارَّ الْأَمِينَ‏
السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا مُوسَى بْنَ جَعْفَر الطَّاهِرَ الطُّهْرَ
السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا عَلِيَّ بْنَ مُوسَى الرِّضَا الْمُرْتَضَى

Peace be on you, O Mohammed bin Ali, the pious one

Peace be on you, O Ali bin Mohammed, the pure, the advising guardian, and the trustworthy 


Peace be on Hasan bin Ali, Peace be on the successor after him 


O Allah, bless your light, the successor and vicegerent of Thy Messenger and Thy decisive argument over mankind 

ASSALAAMO A’LAYKA YA MOHAMMADABNA A’LIYYENIT TAQIYYO  

ASSALAAMO A’LAYKA YAA A’LIYYABNA MOHAMMADENIN NAQIYYAN NAASEHAL AMEENA 

ASSALAAMO A’LAYKA YAA HASANAB-NA A’LIYYIN  

ASSALAAMO A’LAL-WASIYYE MIM BA’-DEHI  

ALLAAHUMMA SALLE A’LAA NOOREKA WA SERAAJEKA WA WALLIYE 

WALIYYEKA WA WASIYYE WASIYEKA WA HUJJATEKA A’LAA KHALQEKA   

السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ عَلِيٍّ التَّقِيَّ

السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا عَلِيَّ بْنَ مُحَمَّدٍ النَّقِيَّ النَّاصِحَ الْأَمِينَ‏
السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا حَسَنَ بْنَ عَلِيٍّ

السَّلاَمُ عَلَى الْوَصِيِّ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ‏
اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى نُورِكَ وَ سِرَاجِكَ وَ وَلِيِّ وَلِيِّك
وَ وَصِيِّ وَصِيِّكَ وَ حُجَّتِكَ عَلَى خَلْقِكَ

Peace be on you, O daughter of the Messenger of Allah!

Peace be on you, O, daughter of Fatimah and Khadeejah! 
Peace be on you, O, daughter of the Commander of the faithful! Peace be on you, O, daughter of Hasan and Husain! 
Peace be on you, O, daughter of the vicegerent of Allah! Peace be on you, O, sister of the vicegerent of Allah! Peace be on you, O, Aunt of the vicegerent of Allah! 
Peace be on you, O, daughter of Mosa bin Jafar! May Allah confer His Mercy and blessing on you! 

 

ASSALAAMO A’LAYKE YAA BINTA RASOOLILLAAHE  

ASSALAAMO A’LAYKE YAA BINTA FAATEMATA WA KHADEEJATA  

ASSALAAMO A’LAYKE YAA BINTA AMEERIL MOMINEENA 
ASSALAAMO A’LAYKE YAA BINTAL HASANE WAL HUSAYNE  

ASSALAAMO A’LAYKE YAA BINTA WALIYYILLAAHE  

ASSALAAMO A’LAYKE YAA UKHTA WALLIYILLAAHE  

ASSALAAMO A’LAYKE YA A’MMATA WALLIYYILLAAHE  

ASSALAAMO A’LAY-KE YAA BINTA MOOSABNA JA’-FARIN WA  RAHMATULLAAHE WA BARAKAATOHU … 

السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكِ يَا بِنْتَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ

السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكِ يَا بِنْتَ فَاطِمَةَ وَ خَدِيجَةَ
السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكِ يَا بِنْتَ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكِ يَا بِنْتَ الْحَسَنِ وَ الْحُسَيْنِ‏
السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكِ يَا بِنْتَ وَلِيِّ اللَّهِ

السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكِ يَا أُخْتَ وَلِيِّ اللَّهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكِ يَا عَمَّةَ وَلِيِّ اللَّهِ‏
السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكِ يَا بِنْتَ مُوسَى بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ وَ رَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَ بَرَكَاتُهُ‏

 


Peace be on you May Allah grant us your companionship on the day of Judgment and guide us to follow your footsteps and lead us to your grandfather's fountain and quench our thirst out of it, with Mohammed's own cup in Ali's hand, Allah bless you All.

ASSALAAMO A’LAYKE A’RRAFALLAAHO BAY-NANAA WA BAYNAKUM  FIL JANNATE WA HASHARANAA FEE ZUM-RATEKUM WA AW-RADANAA  HAW-ZA NABIYYEKUM WA SAQAANAA BEKA-SE JADDEKUM MIYN- 
YADE A’LIYYIBNE ABEE TAALEBIN SALAWAATULLAAHE A’LAYKUM  

السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكِ عَرَّفَ اللَّهُ بَيْنَنَا وَ بَيْنَكُمْ فِي الْجَنَّةِ
وَ حَشَرَنَا فِي زُمْرَتِكُمْ وَ أَوْرَدَنَا حَوْضَ نَبِيِّكُمْ وَ سَقَانَا بِكَأْسِ جَدِّكُمْ مِنْ يَدِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ‏
صَلَوَاتُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ

I ask Allah to grant us, through you, happiness, ease and your companionship, 
together with your grandfather on the day of Judgment and not to deprive us from understanding you. Indeed, He is Protector and Powerful on everything. 

AS-ALULLAAHA AYN-YOREYANAA FEEKOMUS-SOROORA WAL FARAJA  

WA AYN-YAJMA-A’NAA WA IYYAAKUM FEE ZUMRATE JADDEKUM  

MOHAMMADIN SALLAALLAALHO A’LAYHI 

WA AN LAA  YASLOBANAA MA’-REFATEKUM INNAHU WALIYYUN QADEERUN  

أَسْأَلُ اللَّهَ أَنْ يُرِيَنَا فِيكُمُ السُّرُورَ وَ الْفَرَجَ‏
وَ أَنْ يَجْمَعَنَا وَ إِيَّاكُمْ فِي زُمْرَةِ جَدِّكُمْ مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِه

وَ أَنْ لاَ يَسْلُبَنَا مَعْرِفَتَكُمْ إِنَّهُ وَلِيٌّ قَدِيرٌ

O Allah, I seek Thy nearness through my love for you, my enmity for your enemies

and my surrender to Allah willingly, not arrogantly my acceptance, with unshaken faith, what He communicated to Mohammed seeking in that Thy Face! Thy satisfaction, and the next world. 

ATAQARRABO ELALLAAHE BE HUBBEKUM WAL BARAAA-ATE MIN  AA’-DAAA-EKUM

WAT-TAS LEEME ELALLAAHE RAAZEYAN BEHI  GHAYRA MUNKERIN WA LAA MUSTAKBERIN WA A’LAA YAQEENE MAA  ATAA BEHI MOHAMMADIN WA BEHI RAAZIN NATLOBO BEZAALEKA  WAJHAKA YAA SAYYEDEE ALLAAHUMMA WA REZAAKA WAD-DAARAL  AAKHERATA

أَتَقَرَّبُ إِلَى اللَّهِ بِحُبِّكُمْ وَ الْبَرَاءَةِ مِنْ أَعْدَائِكُمْ

وَ التَّسْلِيمِ إِلَى اللَّهِ رَاضِياً بِهِ غَيْرَ مُنْكِرٍ وَ لاَ مُسْتَكْبِرٍ
وَ عَلَى يَقِينِ مَا أَتَى بِهِ مُحَمَّدٌ وَ بِهِ رَاضٍ نَطْلُبُ بِذَلِكَ وَجْهَكَ يَا سَيِّدِي اللَّهُمَّ وَ رِضَاكَ وَ الدَّارَالْآخِرَةِ

O Fatima! Stand by us when Allah sits in judgment over us, O intimate of Allah, O Allah, I ask Thee to make my ending happy, and not to take away what you have given me 

AA FAATEMA TUSH FAE’E LEE FIL JANNATE FA INNA  LAKE I’NDALLAAHE SHANAAN MENA SH-SHANE .. 

ALLAAHUMMA INNE AOKA AN TAKHTEMA LEE BIS-SA-A’ADATE  FALAATASLUB MINNEE MAAA ANAA FEEHE

يَا فَاطِمَةُ اشْفَعِي لِي فِي الْجَنَّةِ فَإِنَّ لَكِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ شَأْناً مِنَ الشَّأْنِ  اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ أَنْ تَخْتِمَ لِي بِالسَّعَادَةِ فَلاَ تَسْلُبْ مِنِّي مَا أَنَا فِيهِ‏

There is neither might nor power but with Allah, the Great, the Exalted. 
So by Thy generosity, might Mercy and bounteousness, comply with our supplication, 
Allah, bless Mohammed, and his pious and pure Progeny and give them abundant peace! O the most Merciful of the Merciful.

YWA LAA HAWLA WALAA  
QUWWATA ILLAA BILLAAHIL A’LIYIL A’ZEEME  

ALLAHUMMAS TAJIB LANAA WA TAQABBALHO BEKARAMEKA WA  I’ZZATEKA WA BE RAHMATEKA WA A’AFEYATEKA WA SALLAL LAAHO  A’LAA MOHAMMADIN WA AAALEHI AJMAE’ENA WA SALLAMA  TASLEEMAN YAA ARHAMAR RAAHEMEENA  

وَ لاَ حَوْلَ وَ لاَ قُوَّةَ إِلاَّ بِاللَّهِ الْعَلِيِّ الْعَظِيمِ‏
اللَّهُمَّ اسْتَجِبْ لَنَا وَ تَقَبَّلْهُ بِكَرَمِكَ وَ عِزَّتِكَ وَ بِرَحْمَتِكَ وَ عَافِيَتِكَ‏
وَ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِهِ أَجْمَعِينَ وَ سَلَّمَ تَسْلِيماً يَا أَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِين

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Hadrat Fatima Masumah(A.S.) the Blessed and the Gracious Divine Lady from the Holy Ahlul Bayt(A.S.) was born in the holy city of Medina on the First Day of the month of Zee Qa'dah 173 A.H. Her holy father was Imam Musa al-Kazim(A.S.),the Seventh Holy Imam of the Shi'ites and Imam Reza(A.S.),the Eighth Holy Imam was her elder brother.

Hadrat Fatima Masumah(A.S.) was a most learned scholar and very pious lady and was greatly revered by the Holy Imams(A.S.). She was buried in the holy city of Qum(Iran) and her holy shrine is every year visited by millions of the lovers of Holy Ahlul Bayt(A.S.).
She was brought up in a very noble family. She was daughter of the Holy Imam[Imam Musa al-Kazim (A.S.)], the sister of 
the Holy Imam[Imam Reza(A.S.)] and the aunt of the Holy Imam[Imam Muhammad Taqi al-Jawad(A.S.)]. She was taught all the Islamic sciences by Imam Musa al-Kazim(A.S.) and Imam Reza(A.S.) and she transmitted Ahadith(traditions) from them. She became famous as Aalimah(the Learned Lady) and Muhaddithah(the Learned Lady who transmitted Ahadith).
The traditions quoted by Hadrat Masumah(A.S.) are among the most authentic traditions which are present in various books of traditions.
She was most pious,noble and reverend lady. Like her holy grand-mother Hadrat Fatima Zahra (A.S.) she was always busy in performing Salaat(prayers) and maintained fast on most days. She was greatly respected and revered by her holy father Imam Musa al-Kazim(A.S.) and her elder brother Imam Reza(A.S.). She become famous as Masumah(the Immaculate) during her lifetime. Imam Reza(A.S.) has said about Hadrat Fatima Masumah(A.S.) that "Whoever performs the Ziyarah of 'Fatima Masumah' in Qum is like the person who has performed my Ziyarah"
Karimah-i Ahlul Bayt(A.S.)
Hadrat Fatima Masumah(A.S.) is also considered as Karimah-i Ahlul Bayt(A.S.) because she was very kind and gracious. Thousands of miracles have been recorded at the holy grave of her and the rightful wishes of the believers are fulfilled by her and incurable patients are miraculously healed by her. Imam Jafar Sadiq(A.S.) has quoted "By the intercession of Fatima Masumah(A.S.) all my Shias will enter the paradise”.


Demise of Hadrat Masumah(A.S.)
In the year 200 A.H. a year after the forced migration of Imam Reza(A.S.) from Medina to Marw in Khurasan by the reigning Abbasid caliph Mamun, Hadrat Masumah accompanied by her brothers left Medina for Khurasan to meet her elder brother Imam Reza(A.S.).When they reached Saveh in central Iran they were attacked by the Abbasid army and many of her brothers were mercilessly martyred. Hadrat Masumah(A.S.) during her stay in Saveh was poisoned by a lady servant on the orders of the Abbasid commander.
Hadrat Masumah(A.S.) became severely ill and in this condition she migrated to Qum where she was warmly welcomed by the Shias of the city. The effect of poisoning increased during her short stay in Qum and she attained martyrdom on 10th of Rabi al-Thani 201 A.H. Hadrat Masumah(A.S.) had great longing to meet her brother Imam Reza(A.S.) but due to her sudden death she could not meet him. Imam Reza(A.S.) was deeply grieved when he came to know about the demise of her beloved sister Hadrat Fatima Masumah(A.S.).


The Merits of the Ziyarah of Hadrat Fatima Masumah(A.S.)
There are many traditions from the Holy Imams(A.S.) recommending the Shias to perform the Ziyarah of the holy grave of Hadrat Masumah(A.S.) in the holy city of Qum.
1-Imam Reza(A.S.) said "Whoever performs the Ziyarah of Fatima Masumah(A.S.) will be awarded heaven".
2-Imam Muhammad Taqi al-Jawad(A.S.) said"Whoever performs the Ziyarah of my aunt[Fatima Masumah(A.S.)] in Qum will enter paradise"
3-Imam Reza(A.S.) said" Whoever performs the Ziyarah of 'Fatima Masumah'with the knowledge of her status will attain paradise.


The Holy Shrine of Hadrat Fatima Masumah(A.S.) in Qum.
The construction of the present Bargah (Holy Court) and the holy shrine of Hadrat Masumah in Qum, was started in the middle of the third century A.H. and continued during the 4th, 5th, and 6th centuries A.H. (mid 9th century through 12th century A.D.), when it was completed with a dome and vault.
In 447 A.H.,Mir Abul Fazl Iraqi,the Vazier of Tughril Beg constructed a magnificent dome on the grave of Hadrat Masumah(A.S.) and the height of that dome was 14 metres.In 925 A.H.,Shah Baigi Begum the daughter of Shah Ismail,the Safawid ruler of Iran renovated the dome and illuminated it with intrinsic mosaic tiles.
The holy shrine was greatly expanded during the Safavid period. Shah Ismail ordered the construction of the northern ivan. During the reign of Shah Tahmasb I, 939 A.H. (1532A.D.) and Shah Abbas II, 1055 A.H. (1654 A.D.), the buildings of the (Astaneh) were completed and some important decorative works were undertaken, which have been continued ever since.
The main structure of the holy shrine consists of the old and new courtyards, a mirror-decorated ivan, a number of Mu`azin`s cages, a portico, a sepulcher, the holy burial chamber, the Holy Tomb(Zareeh), Masjid-i-Bala-sar, Ladies Courtyard (Sahn-i-Zananeh), an ivan,the golden dome, and several golden, silver and inlaid doors. 
There are a number of verse inscriptions in the holy shrine, composed by Muhtasham Kashani, Fath Ali Khan Saba, and Shurideh Shirazi. The tileworks of the holy tomb of Hazrat-i-Masumeh, which have been accomplished during the years 605 to 613 A.H. (1208 to 1218 A.D.), bear the following designs and colors.
On the tomb, there are 15 pieces of enameled tiles covering a space of 2.95 meters long and 1.20 meters wide. The sides of the tomb are covered with three kinds of tiles, namely enameled tiles with curved sides, full star-shaped (Kuakabi) tiles, and enameled tiles on which the latter are installed.
There are three inscriptions on the tomb: the first is a relief inscription in Naskh style and is vermilion in color; the second, also vermilion, is in Kufic script;and the third is golden and in Naskh calligraphy. The background is azure, golden, brown or silver, and is further adorned with various ornamental motifs. 
According to the inscriptions, the tiles of the Holy Sepulcher have been donated by Muzaffar ibn Ahmad ibn Ismail and the calligraphers Muhammad ibn Abi-Tahir ibn Abi-Hussain and Abu-Zaid have been responsible for the inscriptions, the former having also undertaken the manufacturing of the tiles. 


The Holy City of Qum
The holy city of Qum in central Iran, 150 km to the south of Tehran became one of the first bastions Shi'ism and till the present day is the leading centre of Islamic seminaries where more than forty thousand scholars and students are learning Islamic sciences in the numerable Islamic seminaries present in this holy city. At present about two hundred Islamic research and cultural centres are active in this holy city.
In the year 83 A.H. the Arabs belonging to the Ash'ari tribe migrated and settled in this region and laid the foundation of this city.From the beginning of its establishment the city of Qum became the dwelling place of the Shias and by the end of first century Hijrah more than 6000 Shias settled in this city.The Shias of this city revolted against the Umayyad caliphs and after the inception of the Abbasid caliphate in 132 A.H. they also opposed the Abbasid caliphs. 
In the year 200 A.H. Hadrat Fatima Masumah(A.S.) took refuge in this city and Her Holiness expired in the year 201 A.H. and was buried in this city.The sacred grave of Hadrat Fatima Masumah(A.S.) became the pilgrimage centre of the Shias and this city became famous as Qum-i Muqaddas.Since then it also emerged as a leading Shia learning centre in the world.The holy shrine of Hadrat Fatima Masumah(A.S.) and the city's reputation as a centre of theological education of the Shias contributed most to its fame.
The city was patronised by the Shia Buyid(Buwayhid) rulers and during that era many leading Shia theologians emerged from this city.The holy city of Qum was also patronised by Timurids,the Qara Qoyunlu and Aq Qoyunlu sultans and the Safawid rulers showed great respect to the holy city of Qum.
During the stay of Ayatullah Abdul Karim Haeri Yazdi in this holy city in the first half of twentieth century Qum established itself as the leading Shia theological centre in the world and most of the leading Maraje(the Grand Ayatullah ) of the Shias reside and teach Islamic sciences to the scholars in this holy city.
In June1963 Imam Khomeini (R.A.) started Islamic movement against the rule of Shah from the holy city of Qum.The uprising of people of Qum in January 1978 convulsed the whole of Iran and led to the victory of Islamic revolution and the establishment of Islamic Republic in Iran in February 1979.