N A M A Z - E - W A H S H A T
(PRAYERS TO BE OFFERED
FOR THE DEPARTED SOUL ON THE NIGHT OF BURIAL)
It is MOST
Important to Give
Sadaqa on behalf of
the deceased ON the FIRST Night of Burial .This has MANY beneifts & can only
be achieved by giving sadqa on the first night when it is MOST needed by the
Sayyid Ibne Tawus has narrated from the Messenger of
Allah (s.a.w.a.) that the most difficult for the dead person is the first
night in the grave, so have pity on your dead ones and give Sadaqah on their
behalf so that their difficulty is reduced and if there is nothing to give
in Sadaqah you must pray two rakats prayer.
Namaz Wahshat can be recited as under
is befitting that on the first night after the burial of a dead person, two
Raka'ats of wahshat prayers be offered for it. The method of offering this
prayers is as follows:
In the first Raka'at, after reciting Surah al-Hamd, Ayatul Kursi should be
recited once and in the second Raka'at, Surah al-Qadr should be recited 10
times after Surah-al-Hamd;
and after saying the Salam
the following supplication should be recited: Alla humma salli 'ala
Muhammadin wa Ali Muhammad wab'ath thawabaha ila qabri ......(here the name
of the dead person and his father's name should be mentioned).
646. Wahshat prayers can
be offered in the night following the burial of the dead body at any time,
but it is better to offer it in the early hours of the night after 'Isha
647. If it is proposed to
transfer the dead body to some other town or its burial is delayed owing to
some reason, the wahshat prayers should be deferred till the first night of
Mullah Fateh Ali Sultaan Abadi relates that whenever he used to hear
about the death of anybody, he would pray Salaatul Wahsha; the prayer
recommended to be prayed for the deceased, and ask Allah to protect him
especially in the first night in the grave from loneliness.
Well a certain man died and the Mullah prayed for him as was his custom. The
Mullah met a friend of his who told him that he had seen the dead man in his
dream, and was told that his condition had been miserable but when the
Mullah prayed for him the torture was removed.
The dead man prayed for the Mullah for showing such consideration and
kindness to him. (DAR UL SALAAM VOL 2 PAGE 315)
In the first rakat after Surah Hamd recite Surah Tawheed twice and in the
second rakat after Surah Hamd recite Surah Takathur 10 times and after the
Salaam say: Allaahumma sale A'laa Muhammadinw wa aale muhammadin wab atha
thawaabaha ilaa qabre dhaalikal mayyite f....alaan ibne falaan
Thus the Almighty this very moment would send thousands of angels to the
grave with heavenly garments and they turn the narrowness of the grave into
vastness till the time the bugle would be blown and would make the good
deeds of the worshipper shine like the sun and elevate him 40 grades.
Fazilat/Merits of Namaz-e-Wahshat
Shaykh Thiqatul Islam Noori has narrated directly from Fath Ali Sultanabadi
that he says he had the habit that whenever he heard of the death of a
family member or a friend he would pray two rakats prayer of the night of
burial and gift the Sawab. "No one knew about this practice of mine. One day
I met a friend. He said: Last night I had a dream in which I saw a person
who had died that day. I asked him about his well being and inquired about
the conditions after death. He said that after my death I was in a terrible
difficulty because my deeds were very bad. Till the time this person recited
two rakat prayer. And he mentioned your name. This two rakat Namaz saved me
from the punishment. May Allah have mercy on the parents of this person who
did this favour to me.
It is narrated from Imam Sadiq (a.s.) that whenever there
is narrowness and severity on the dead body the Almighty widens his grave
and removes the narrowness and says that this widening is because you had
recited Namaz-e-Wahshat for such and such believer brother.
Marhum Haaj Mulla said: At this time the person asked me
what that prayer was? I explained to him the method of this prayer and those
things that are beneficial to the dead ones. They
are as follows:
1. In order to be safe from the Wahshat-e-Qabr (terror of
the grave) one should perform the ruku properly. Thus it is related from
Imam Baqir (a.s.) that one who performs the ruku properly does not have
terror in the grave.
2. Recite "Laa ilaaha illallaahul Malikul haqqul Mubeen"
a hundred times daily. One who recites this is safe from poverty and terror
of the grave and affluence pulls him towards itself and the doors of
Paradise open up for him.
3. Recite Surah Yasin before going to bed.
4. Recite Namaz-e-Lailatul Raghaib which is mentioned in
the A'maal of Rajab on the eve of the first Friday of the month of Rajab.