Thanksgiving Prostration (Sajdat al-Shukr)
Prostration of thanksgiving after every mandatory prayer was the practice ( Sunnat e Muwakkida) of the Prophet ( a.s.).Imam Jafar e Sadiq (a.s.) has hinted at it’s being mandatory and said that when a person makes a prostration of thanksgiving, Allah addresses the angels and tells them that a sincere creature is doing the Sajda e Shukr. He asks the angels to suggest what Reward must be given to the person. The angels would suggest that Allah keep His Blessings with the person for his act. Allah will again ask them what else should be the Reward for the person? The angels say,’ O Sustainer! Give him a place in the Heaven!’ Allah will again ask the angels,’ What else?’ The angels reply, ‘ O Allah! Give a place in the Heaven for the person’s parents and children, as well!’ Allah will again ask the angels to suggest some more Reward for the person. The angels would reply,’ We have made suggestions to the best of our knowledge! We have nothing else to suggest! You know everything!’ Then Allah would say,’ The person has thanked Me in all sincerity and humility, therefore, in return, I too shall thank him!
It is highly recommended to do the Thanksgiving Prostration after the accomplishment of obligatory prayers. Too many are the supplications and litanies that may be said during the Thanksgiving Prostration. In this connection, Imam `Ali ibn Musa al-Rida (`a) is reported to have said that one may repeat one hundred times one of the following words during the Thanksgiving Prostrations:
Imam al-Rida (peace be upon him) is also reported to have said: The least to be said while prostrating is to repeat the following three times:
Thanks to Allah.
Also he should say a 100 times 'Afwan' or 'Shukran'.
Either in prostration he should first say a hundred times Afwan or 'Al-afu Al-afu.'
Then he should keep the right cheek at the place of prostration and s make any supplication as, for example, Ya Allaho, Ya Rabbaho, Ya Syedaho.
Similarly he should keep his left cheek at the place of prostration and say the same words. In the end he should place his forehead at the same spot and repeat Shukran Shukran ya Shukran Allah a hundred times.