17th Rabiul awal 53 BH- Birth of The Holy Prophet Muhammad (saws) Rabilawal month page

The world was blessed with the arrival of the best and greatest man who would ever walk the earth, the last Prophet of Allah, Prophet Muhammad (saws), about whom Allah (swt) has said in the Quran, "And we have not sent you, [O Muhammad] except as a mercy to the worlds." [21:107]  

Title Kuniya Agnomen Father Mother Dua book Martyrdom Date Buried at More Info
Al- Mustafa Abul-Qasim Abdullah Amena bint Wahab Prayer book  Pdf 28 Safar11AH Medina Story / Sayings / Film

 Ziarat of the Prophet     |  Mp3 lecture | Urdu Videos on Prophethood  | Saturday Ziarat Know  about his Successors / Family / Progeny  |  Books

Also the Birth of Imam Jafar Al-Sadiq(a.s.) - 17 Rabilawal 82 A.H./702     Ziarat pdf 


He was the BEST LEADER OF ALL TIMES ,considering   ->> a) Smallness of means ( Born / Preached in Mecca between ignorant poor tribes)  b) Greatness of Purpose (Salvation of Entire Humanity ! ) & c) Results Achieved - (Within 1400 years, there would be now > 2 billion Muslims !)    Click here to know What Non-Muslims Say about Muhammad (saws)  

From Mafatih Jinan.... The seventeenth of Rabi‘ al-Awwal is the birthday of the Holy Prophet,Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullah may peace and blessings of Allah be upon him and his Household. This is the famous opinion adopted by the Imamiyyah scholars.It is well-known that the Holy Prophet (saws) was born in Makkah, in his house, at the break of the morning of Friday in the year known as The Elephant Year during the reign of the Anushirwan, the fair king of Persia (also called Khosrow the Just).

Imam Ja‘far ibn Muhammad al-Sadiq (‘a) was also born on this day & this event has added further honor to this day.

Celebrating the birthday of the Prophet Mohammad (saws)is a very good deed and all Muslims practice it for the sake of Allah (SWT) and in love and respect of the Prophet (Saws) but the Wahabi sect object on it and call it Bid'ah following their misleading leader Ibn Taymiyyah. Prominent Sunni Ualama have written books to prove that celebrating the birth anniversary of the Prophet (Saws) is a very good deed, and to refute the claims of Ibn Taymiyya. Jalaluddin Soyoti is one of the famous Sunni Ulama who have written books in proving the celebration of birthday of the Prophet. His book is called (Hosn al Maqsad Fi Amal al-Mawlid). Another famous Sunni Aalim is Abul Khattab Ibn Dihya who wrote a book in this subject called (Al Tanweer Fi Mawlid al-Basheer al-Natheer). Another famous Sunni Aalim who is Al-Imam Abu Abdillah Alhaaj has written a book in this subject called (Al-Madkhal Ala Amal al-Mawlid).
Zainab.tv Poetry- English and Persian subtitles >> O Mohammad! What an Honour!  


Acts on the day

First: it is recommended to bathe oneself /perform Ghusl on this day.
Second: It is recommended to observe fasting on this day. It is narrated that to observe fasting on this day brings about the reward of observing fasting for a whole year. It is, one of the four days the observance of fasting on which has been confirmed.
Third: It is recommended to visit the tomb of the Holy Prophet (saws) or recite this
Ziarat of Prophet from a distance.
Fourth: It is recommended to visit the tomb of Imam ‘Ali Amir al-Mu’minin (‘a) .Recite the form of Ziyarah that Imam Ja‘far al-Sadiq (‘a)   PDF taught to Muhammad ibn Muslim. .

Fifth: It is recommended to offer, in the forenoon, a two unit prayer and to recite at each of which Surah al-Fatihah once and repeat Surah al-Qadr ten times and Surah al-Tawhid ten times.
After Salat it is recommended to sit in ones place of prayer and say the prayer that begins with the following statement: O Allah, verily You are Ever-living and You never die....
 
this lengthy prayer does not seem to be reported from any of the Holy Infallibles (‘a),  Yet, it is found in the book of Zad al-Maad.
Sixth: Muslims are advised to honor this day; they may give alms, do righteous deeds, make brethren-in-faith happy , and visit the holy mausoleums. In Iqbal al-A‘mal, Sayyid Ibn Tawus has explained upon the necessity of honoring this day, saying, I noticed that Christians and some Muslims honor the birthday of Prophet Jesus (‘a) in a matchless, remarkable way. I thus wonder how those Muslims accept to honor the birthday of their Prophet (saws) in a way less than their honoring another Prophet!

Recite Ziarat Jamia Sagirah     |    Ziarat Jamia Kabira 

BOOKS on the Life of Prophet Mohammed (saws)

The life of Muhammad -Allama Baqir Shareef al-Qurashi

Hayat Al Quloob -A Detailed Biography of Prophet Muhammad (S)  by  Allamah Muhammad Baqir Al-Majlisi  EPUB  PDF MOBI

Vol 2pdf   Vol pdf3

The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) A Mercy to the World
A Glance at the Life of the Holy Prophet of Islam 
Me'raj - The Night Ascension (by Mullah Faidh al-Kashani)
Prophet Muhammad (s) a Brief Biography 
Seal of the Prophets and His Message (by Sayyid Mujtaba Musavi Lari)
The Life of Muhammad the Prophet (by Sayyid Sa'eed Akhtar Rizvi)
The Message (by Ayatullah Ja'far Subhani)
The Unschooled Prophet (by Ayatullah Murtaza Mutahhari)
Complete list of interesting articles on Holy Prophet
Nahj Al-Fasahah (Collection of Sayings of Holy Prophet)

Mohammed the last prophet

more at www.IslamicMobility.com

  |    URDU 215 Urdu lectures on his life |   History video lectures

A Brief History of the Prophet"s Life

LINEAGE

  The oldest and noblest tribe in the whole of Arabia was Banu Hashim. They were the descendants of Ibrahim through his son Isma"il. The Arabs respected and loved them for their goodness, knowledge and bravery.

ABD AL-MUTTALIB

Abd al-Muttalib was the chieftain of Banu Hashim and he was also the Guardian of the Ka"bah. Among his ten sons, "Abdullah was the father of the Holy Prophet.

 In Mecca, baby boy muhammad was born on 17th Rabi" al-Awwal, 570 AD.His father "Abdullah, son of "Abd al-Muttalib, died before he was born and when he was six, he lost his loving mother Aminah bint Wahab.His Grandfather, "Abd al-Muttalib, took the responsibility of bringing up the orphan. At the age of ten, he was berefted of his venerable grandfather.On his deathbed, he appointed his son Abu Talib as the guardian of muhammad.Gentle, soft spoken, tall and handsome boy, muhammad, accompanied the trading caravans of Abu Talib, across the deserts, giving him deep insight into nature and man.

KHADIJAH(A.S)

 The wealthy noble widowed lady Khadijah, looking for a manager for her rich merchantile caravans, selects muhammad, the Trustee. Able and fair dealing,muhammad is a tremendous success. Khadijah already an admirer, made him an offer of marriage. muhammad was twenty five and Khadijah forty. In spite of this disparity in age, the marriage proved to be a very happy one.

 THE PROPHET

  Lover of nature and quite worrried about human sufferings, muhammad very often retired to Mount Hira" for meditations. One night, Laylat al-Qadr (the Night of Majesty) a voice addressing him, commanded "Recite in the name of thy Lord." Deeply excited by the strange phenomena of Divine Visitation,muhammad hurried home to his wife, Khadijah, who listened to him attentively and said that "I bear witness that you are the Apostle of God." After an interval, the voice from heaven spoke again "O thou shrouded in thy mantle, arise, and warn, and magnify thy Lord."

This was a signal for him to start preaching the gospel of truth of One God. In the beginning muhammad invited only those near him, to accept the new Faith. The first to embrace Islam among women was Khadijah and among men "Ali. Soon after, Zayd ibn al-Harithah became a convert to the new Faith.

For three long years, he laboured quietly to wean his people from the worship of idols and drew only thirty followers. muhammad then decided to appeal publicly to the Quraysh to give up idol worship and embrace Islam.The new Faith, is simple without complications, practical and useful for everyday life. It commands to believe and do good, keep up prayer and pay the poorrate, two orders giving four principles of a successful way of life.Almost ten years of hard work and preaching, in spite of all persecution,produced over a hundred followers, physical cruelties and social boycott made life unbearable in Mecca. The Holy Prophet of Islam advised his followers, to seek refuge in the to seek refuge in the neighbouring country of Ethiopia. Eighty eight men and eighteen women sailed to the hospitable shores of the Negus, under the leadership of Ja"far at-Tayyar (brother of "Ali) and the cousin of the Holy Prophet.

several times the chieftains came to Abu Talib saying, "We respect your age and rank, but we have no further patience with your nephew. Stop him or we shall fight you." Abu Talib asked muhammad for his decision.With tears in his eyes, the Apostle firmly replied, "O my uncle! If they place the sun on my right hand and the moon on my left, to force me to renounce my mission, I will not desist until God manifests His cause or I perish in the attempt."

TRAGEDIES

 In a period of troubles, trials and tribulations two major tragedies afflicted muhammad. First the venerable guardian uncle Abu Talib died and shortly afterwards his noble wife Khadijah died, leaving behind her daughter Fatimah (peace be on her) - the only child she had from the Holy Prophet - the daughter who looked after her father so much so that the prophet called her Umm Abiha (the mother of her father).

 MUSLIM ERA

 With the death of the old patriarch Abu Talib, the Meccans planned to assassinate the prophet. Under Divine guidance, he asked "Ali to sleep in his bed and muhammad put his green garment on "Ali. While the murderes mistook "Ali for muhammad, the Holy Prophet of Islam escaped to Medina.

The Muslim era of Hijrah (Emigration) is named after this incident and dated from 17th Rabi" al-Awwwal, 622 AD.

From the time he came to Medina, he was the grandest figure upon whom the light of history has ever shone. We shall now see him as the King of men, the ruler of human hearts, chief law-giver and supreme judge.The Preacher who went without bread, was mightier than the mightiest sovereigns of the earth. No emperor with his tiaras was obeyed, as this man in a cloak of his own clothing.

He laid the foundation of the Muslim commonwealth and drew up a charter which has been acknowledged as the work of highest statemanship, a master-mind not only of his age, but of all ages.

Unlike the Arabs, the Prophet, had never wielded a weapon, but now he was forced to defend Islam by force of arms. Commencing from the battle of Badr,a series of eighty battles had to be fought, which the infant commmunity defended successfully.

UHUD

 Next year, Abu Sufyan, the famous long-lived enemy of Islam, again attacked the Muslims at Uhud. Hamzah, the first flag-bearer of Islam and uncle of the Prophet, was killed in action. In spite of strict instructions from the Prophet, a few Muslim soldiers deserted their post,when victory was in sight. This changed the course of the battle. Khalid ibn al-Walid attacked the Prophet and the grave situation was saved by the timely arrival of "Ali. The enemies ran away and the issue was decided. muhammad was deeply grieved at the death of Hamzah.

  HUDAYBIYYAH

 The Muslims had been in self exile for six years and began to feel a keen yearning for their homeland, Mecca. The Prophet desired to perform a pilgrimage to Ka"bah. When he forsook his home town he was weak, but when he wanted to return, he was strong. He did not use his strength to force an entry into the sacred city. Finding the Quraysh hostile, muhammad entered into a treaty Known as the Peace of Hudaybiyyah, appearing not very advantageous to the Muslims, but which revealed the Islamic character of moderation and magnanimity. For the strong to excercise restraint and toleration is true courage. Having reached upto the door of their birth place with hearts over-flowing with impatient longing to enter it, the Muslims retraced their steps peacefully to Medina, under the terms of the treaty, which allowed them to perform the pilgrimage next year.

MECCA

 In The 8th year AH, the idolators violated the peace of Hudaybiyyah by attacking the Muslims. The enemies were defeated and Mecca was conquered.The Prophet who fled from Mecca as a fugitive, now returned home as a mighty conqueror. The Rahmatun lil "Alamin (mercy unto all beings, i.e., the Prophet) entered the city with his head bowed low in thankfulness to the Almighty (Allah) and ordered a general amnesty, instead of the mass massacre of those who persecuted him and his followers.

  WIVES

 A great number of Muslim soldiers were killed in battles at Badr, Uhud,Khaybar, Hunayn and other places, leaving behind young wives and children. The serious problem of taking care of the widows and orphans, threatened to break up the moral fabric of the Muslim Society. muhammad decided to marry these widows and set an example for his followers to do likewise.

  LAST PILGRIMAGE

 Under the Divine intuition of his approaching end, muhammad prepared to make the farewell pilgrimage to Mecca.Before completing all the ceremonies of Hajj, he addressed a huge multitude from the top of mount "Arafat on 8th Dhi al-hijjah, 11 AH,in words which shall ever ring and live in the atmosphere.

After finishing the hajj the Holy Prophet started for Medina. On his way, at Ghadir Khumm the Voice from Heaven cried: "O Apostle! deliver what has been revealed to you from your Lord; and if you do it not, then you have not delivered His message and Allah will protect you from the people, surely Allah will not guide the unbelieving people. (5:67) muhammad immediately ordered Bilal to recall the Muslims, who had gone ahead,who were behind and who were proceeding to their homes at the junction, to assemble. The famous Sunni mutakallim and commentator, Fakhr ad-Din ar-Razi in his At-Tafsir al-Kabir, vol. 12, pp. 49-50, writes that the Prophet took "Ali by the hand and said: "Whoever whose mawla (master) I am, "Ali is his master. O Allah! Love him who loves "Ali, and be the enemy of the enemy of "Ali; help him who helps "Ali, and forsake him who forsakes "Ali."

DEATH

 On muhammad"s return to Medina, he got busy settling the organization of the provinces and the tribes which had adopted Islam. His strength rapidly failed and the poison (administered at Khaybar by a Jewess) took its deadly toll. So ended the life dedicated to the service of God and humanity from first to last, on 28th Safar, 11 AH.

The humble Preacher had risen to be the ruler of Arabia. The Prophet of Islam not only inspired reverence, but love owing to his humility,nobility, purity, austerity, refinement and devotion to duty.

The Master inspired all who came into contact with him. He shared his scanty food; he began his meals in the Name of Allah and finished them uttering thanks;he loved the poor and respected them; he would visit the sick and comfort the heart broken; he treated his bitterest enemies with clemency and forbearance,but the offenders against society were administered justice; his intellectual mind was remarkably progressive and he said that man could not exist without contant efforts.

There is no god but One God and muhammad is the Apostle of God, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him and his descendants.