1st of Muharram

This is a month of grief for the Family of the Holy Prophet (as)

Muharram First Iqbal Aamal pdf  | Muharram Month page  &    Day of Ashura 10th Muharram -Dua & A'amal:    Pdf  Image

FIRST NIGHT  Also see last day of Zilhajj Salat

First Prayer: A one hundred unit prayer with Surahs al-Fatiha and al-Tawhid.

Second Prayer: A two unit prayer at the first of which Surahs al-Fatihah and al-Anam (No. 6) are recited and at the second unit Surahs al-Fatihah and Yasin (No. 36).

Third Prayer: A two unit prayer at each of which Surah al-Fatiha is recited once and Surah al-Tawhid is repeated eleven times is offered.

The Holy Prophet (saws) is reported to have said that whoever offers this prayer at this night and observes fasting the next day, which is the first day in the new year, the new year will be good for him, and he will be saved throughout the year, and if he dies, he will be allowed Paradise.



Being the first day in the new year, there are two acts that are practiced on the first of Muharram

Fasting is highly recommended for the first of this month  as reported by Rayyan bin Shabib from Imam Ridha (as)   “Just as He responded to the prayer of Prophet Zachariah, Almighty Allah shall respond the prayer of one who observes fasting on this day and prays to Him.”

Take  a Ghusl /bath, for cure/protection  from illness .Recite the following Dua on the water to be used:-


Subh'anallahi maal-al mizaan  Subh'anallahi muntahal h'ilm

Glory be to Allah the Supreme balance ,Glory be to Allah the Ultimate in gentleness,


Subh'anallahi mublaghar riz'aa Subhanallahi zinatal a'rsh

;Glory be to Allah the Goal of devotedness, Glory be to Allah the splendor of the Arsh

It is reported from Imam Ridha (as) that the Prophet (saws) used to recite a 2 Rakat Salaat  & lift his hands & recite the following Dua 3 times :- Pdf  | Pdf2 | Image |Arabic image format | Mp3

اَللَّهُمَّ انْتَ ٱلإِلٰهُ ٱلْقَدِيمُ

all¡humma anta al-il¡hu alqad¢mu

O Allah, You are the Eternal God

وَهٰذِهِ سَنَةٌ جَدِيدَةٌ

wa h¡dhih¢ sanatun jad¢datun

and this is a new year;

فَاسْالُكَ فِيهَا ٱلْعِصْمَةَ مِنَ ٱلشَّيْطَانِ

fa-as'aluka f¢h¡ al`i¥mata mina alshshay§¡ni

I therefore request Your safety from Satan,

وَٱلْقُوَّةَ عَلَىٰ هٰذِهِ ٱلنَّفْسِ ٱلامَّارَةِ بِٱلسُّوءِ

walquwwata `al¡ h¡dhih¢ alnnafsi al-amm¡rati bilss£'i

control over my self, which is inclined to sinning,

وَٱلاِشْتِغَالَ بِمَا يُقَرِّبُنِي إِلَيْكَ يَا كَرِيمُ

walishtigh¡la bim¡ yuqarribun¢ ilayka y¡ kar¢mu

engagement in all that which draws me near You, O All-generous!

يَا ذَا ٱلْجَلاَلِ وَٱلإِكْرَامِ

 dh¡ aljal¡li wal-ikr¡mi

O Lord of majesty and honor!

يَا عِمَادَ مَنْ لاَ عِمَادَ لَهُ

y¡ `im¡da man l¡ `im¡da lah£

O Supporter of him who has no supporter!

يَا ذَخِيرَةَ مَنْ لا ذَخِيرَةَ لَهُ

 dhakh¢rata man l¡ dhakh¢rata lah£

O Provider of him who has no provisions!

يَا حِرْزَ مَنْ لاَ حِرْزَ لَهُ

 ¦irza man l¡ ¦irza lah£

O Shelter of him who has no shelter!

يَا غِيَاثَ مَنْ لاَ غِيَاثَ لَهُ

 ghiy¡tha man l¡ ghiy¡tha lah£

O He who comes to help him who has no hope of help!

يَا سَنَدَ مَنْ لاَ سَنَدَ لَهُ

 sanada man l¡ sanada lah£

O Reliance for him who has no one to lean upon!

يَا كَنْزَ مَنْ لاَ كَنْزَ لَهُ

 kanza man l¡ kanza lah£

O Treasure of him who has nothing in the purse!

يَا حَسَنَ ٱلْبَلاَءِ

 ¦asana albal¡'i

O He who knows well how to put to test and trial!

يَا عَظِيمَ ٱلرَّجَاءِ

 `a¨¢ma alrraj¡'i

O Ultimate Hope!

يَا عِزَّ ٱلضُّعَفَاءِ

 `izza al¤¤u`af¡'i

O Strength of the weak!

يَا مُنْقِذَ ٱلْغَرْقَىٰ

 munqidha algharq¡

O Rescuer of the drowning!

يَا مُنْجِيَ ٱلْهَلْكَىٰ

 munjiya alhalk¡

O He who saves from destruction!

يَا مُنْعِمُ يَا مُجْمِلُ

 mun`imu y¡ mujmilu

O All-benefactor! O All-munificent!

يَا مُفْضِلُ يَا مُحْسِنُ

 muf¤ilu y¡ mu¦sinu

O All-favorer! O All-benevolent!

انْتَ ٱلَّذِي سَجَدَ لَكَ سَوَادُ ٱللَّيْلِ وَنُورُ ٱلنَّهَارِ

anta alladh¢ sajada laka saw¡du allayli wa n£ru alnnah¡ri

You are He before Whom prostrate in adoration the blackness of the night and the brightness of the day,

وَضَوْءُ ٱلْقَمَرِ وَشُعَاعُ ٱلشَّمْسِ

wa ¤aw'u alqamari wa shu`¡`u alshshamsi

the moonlight, the sunlight,

وَدَوِيُّ ٱلْمَاءِ وَحَفِيفُ ٱلشَّجَرِ

wa dawiyyu alm¡'i wa ¦af¢fu alshshajari

the ripple of the water, and the rustling of the trees!

يَا اللَّهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَكَ

 all¡hu l¡ shar¢ka laka

O Allah! There is no associate with You!

اَللَّهُمَّ ٱجْعَلْنَا خَيْراً مِمَّا يَظُنُّونَ

all¡humma ij`aln¡ khayran mimm¡ ya¨unn£na

O Allah! (Please do) cause us to be better than what they think of us!

وَٱغْفِرْ لَنَا مَا لاَ يَعْلَمُونَ

waghfir lan¡   ya`lam£na

Forgive us that which they do not know!

وَلاَ تُؤَاخِذْنَا بِمَا يَقُولُونَ

wa l¡ tu'¡khidhn¡ bim¡ yaq£l£na

Do not blame us for what they say!

حَسْبِيَ ٱللَّهُ لاَ إِلٰهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ

¦asbiya all¡hu l¡ il¡ha ill¡ huwa

Sufficient is Allah (for me). There is no god save Him,

عَلَيْهِ تَوَكَّلْتُ وَهُوَ رَبُّ ٱلْعَرْشِ ٱلْعَظِيمِ

`alayhi tawakkaltu wa huwa rabbu al`arshi al`a¨¢mi

On Him do I rely, and He is the Lord of the Great Throne.

آمَنَّا بِهِ كُلٌّ مِنْ عِنْدِ رَبِّنَا

¡mann¡ bih¢ kullun min `indi rabbin¡

We believe in it! It is all from our Lord!

وَمَا يَذَّكَّرُ إِلاَّ اوْلُوٱ ٱلالْبَابِ

wa m¡ yadhdhakkaru ill¡ ul£ al-alb¡bi

None do mind except those having understanding.

رَبَّنَا لاَ تُزِغْ قُلُوبَنَا بَعْدَ إِذْ هَدَيْتَنَا

rabban¡  tuzigh qul£ban¡ ba`da idh hadaytan¡

Our Lord, make not our hearts deviate after You have guided us aright,

وَهَبْ لَنَا مِنْ لَدُنْكَ رَحْمَةً إِنَّكَ انْتَ ٱلْوَهَّابُ

wa hab lan¡ min ladunka ra¦matan innaka anta alwahh¡bu

and grant us mercy from You; surely, You are the most liberal Giver.


Recite the Begining of the Month Salaat  2 Rakat Sura Fatihah & 30 times Sura Ikhlass ,Second rakat Sura Fatihah &  Sura Qadr30 times then recite the dua

Sayyid Ibn ±¡w£s has also mentioned a lengthy  prayer to be said at the sight of the new moon of Mu¦arram.Muharram First Iqbal Aamal pdf

Shaykh al-±£s¢ says: It is recommended to observe fasting on the first nine days of Mu¦arram.  On the tenth of Mu¦arram, it is recommended to abstain from eating and drinking up to afternoon. After that, one may eat a little of the soil of Imam al-°usayn’s tomb (turbat al-¦usayn; soil taken from the area around the holy tomb of Imam al-°usayn).

Sayyid Ibn ±¡w£s has mentioned the merits of observing fasting during the whole month of Mu¦arram adding that such a deed protects against committing any sin.

The Third of Muharram On this day, Prophet Joseph (`a) was freed from his prison. Hence, if one observes fasting on this day, Almighty Allah will make easy any difficulty he may face and will relieve any trouble that may face him. According to a Hadith reported from the Holy Prophet (saws), Almighty Allah will respond to the prayer of him who observes fasting on this day.



Muharram Month &    Day of Ashura 10th Muharram -Dua & A'amal

Hadith of Fasting on first Muharram

Rāyyan bin Shabeeb (the maternal uncle of Mo'tasim),  says that I went to meet Imām Ali ar Rezā (a.s.) on the First day of the month of Muharram

Imām Alī ibn Mūsā al-Rezā (A.S.) asked:"“O son of Shabeeb! Are you in the state of fasting today”?
I (Rāyyan bin Shabeeb) replied in the negative. Imām (a.s.) continued,“This is the day when Prophet Zakariyyah (a.s.) prayed to his Lord thus:“Lord grant me from unto Thee a good offspring, Verily Thou art the Hearer of Prayers” (Surah al-Ali Imran, 3:38).
Then Allāh (s.w.t.) accepted his Prayers and commanded His Angels to go and give him glad tidings regarding the birth of his son Prophet Yahyā (a.s.). The Angels came and called out to him while he was engaged in Prayers in the niche. Hence the one who fasts on this day and asks for his desires from Allāh, his Prayer will be answered as was of Zakariyāh.” 
 [References:  Nafasul Mahmum,  Chapter 3, Section 2, Tradition 1]



My Allah, Thou art the eternal God, this is the beginning of another new year; I, therefore, request Thee, in this hour, to keep off Satan (Shaytan), to give me control over my "self" inclined to sin and deviation, so that it brings me near Thee,

O Compassionate! O the Owner of majesty and kindness! O Supporter of him who has no supporter! O Provider of him who has no provision! O He who watches over him who has no protection! O He who comes to help him who has no hope of help! O Reliance for him who has no one to lean upon! O Treasure of him who has nothing in the purse! O He who knows well how to put to test and trial! O the Ultimate Hope! O the Strength of the weak! O the Rescuer of the drowning! O He who saves from destruction! O He who bestows bounties! O He who shows courtesy and treats with benevolence! O he who treats with kindness and generosity! O He who does favours!

Thou art he before whom prostrate in adoration the blackness of the night and the brightness of the day, the moonlight of the moon, the sunlight of the sun, the ripple of the water, the trunks of the trees! O Allah, There is no associate with Thee!

O Allah make us generous, good and high-minded, more than that which they can imagine or speculate, cover and escort us with that which they know not, and do not (even) associate us with that which they say. Sufficient is Allah (for me), there is no god save He, on Him I rely, and He is the Lord of the Great Arsh.

We believe that all is from our Lord, and do not say (this) save those who have sincere hearts and intelligent minds. Our Lord! Cause not our hearts to stray after Thou has guided us, and bestow upon us mercy from Thy Presence. Verily Thou art the Bestower.


Allaahumma antal ilaahul qadeem wa haad'ihi sanatun jadeedatun fa-as-aluka feehal i's'mata minash shayt'aan wal quwwata a'laa haad'ihin nafsil ammaarati bis sooo - i wal ishtighaal bimaa yuqarribunee ilayka yaa kareem yaa d'al jalaali wal ikraam yaa i'maada man laa i'maada lahoo yaa d'akheerata man laa d'akheerata lahoo yaa h'irza man laa h'irza lahoo Yaa ghiyaatha man laa ghiyaatha lahoo yaa sanada man laa sanada lahoo yaa kanza man laa kanza lahoo yaa h'asanal balaaa-i yaa a'z'eemar rajaaa-i yaa i'zzaz"z"u-a'faaa-i yaa munqid'al gharqaa yaa munjiyal halkaa yaa mun-i'mu yaa mujmilu yaa mufz"ilu yaa muh'sinu antallad'ee sajada laka sawaadul layliwa noorun nahaar wa z"aw-ul qamar wa shu-a'a-u'sh shams wa dawiyyul maaa-i wa h'afeefush shajar yaa allaahu laa shareeka laka allaahummaj-a'lnaa khayran mimmaa yaz'unnoon Waghfirlanaa ma'a laa yaa'-lamoon wa laa tu-aakhid'naa bimaa yaqooloon h'asbiyallaahu laa ilaaha illaa huw a'layhi tawakkaltu wa huwa rabbul a'rshil a'z'eem aamannaa bihee kullun min i'ndi rabbinaa wa maa yad'd'akkaru illaa ulul albaab rabbanaa laa tuzigh quloobanaa baa'-da id' hadaytanaa wa hab lanaa mil ladunka rah'mah innaka antal wahhaab