Fatimah bint Muhammad (فاطمة Fāṭimah; born 615 AD, 5 BH – died 28 August 632 [disputed]) was the youngest daughter and, according to Shia Muslims, the only child of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and Khadijah who lived to adulthood, and therefore part of Muhammad's household. Her husband was Ali, the last of the Rightly Guided Caliphs, and her children include Hasan and Husayn, the second and third Shia Imams, respectively. She is the object of love and respect of Muslims, as she was the child closest to her father and supported him in his difficulties, was the supporter and loving caretaker of her own husband and children, and was the only child of Muhammad to have male children live beyond childhood, whose descendants are spread throughout the Islamic world and are known as Sayyids.
Syeda Fatima Zahra's(s.a.) other names: Az-Zahra: She was
named by Allah(swt), as Az-Zahra because her Holy Light used
to shine among those brighter in all The Heavens. Batool:
Because of her absolute Purity attained from Paradise from
The Heavens. And also because, The Lady Fatimah Al-Zahra,
not like all the other women in the world, she had been
blessed of not having the monthly menstrual period. This
purity of hers was created by Allah The Almighty with the
Purity of the Heavenly food and water her Holy Father had
received, when he was alone on the mountain top indulging
himself in prayer in the worship of God, for forty days and
nights. Siddiqah: The Honest, The Righteous Al-Mubarakah:
The Blessed One Al-Tahirah: The Virtuous, The Pure Al-Zakiyah:
The Chaste, The Unblemished Al-Radhiatul Mardhiah: She who
is gratified and who shall be satisfied Al-Muhaddathah: A
person other than a Prophet, that the angel's speak too Al-Zahirah:
The Luminous. Source
When Hazrat Fatima's (S.A.) birth was to take place, the
Prophet (P.B.U.H.) told Khatija (S.A.) "Jabriel has
given me the good news that this child which is going to be
born is a daughter and all the infallible Imams will be from
Training and Fostering:
Fatima (S.A.) was brought up and trained in the family of
Prophet (P.B.U.H) and took advantage and share of the
knowledge and wisdom of the Prophet (P.B.U.H) She heard the
recitation of Quran from the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) and leant it
by heart, and got busy with the idea and concept of self
training and becoming a complete and real human.
She extremely loved her honorable father and the Holy Quran.
She took advantage and portion from the blessings of her
father's existence. These were the perfections due to which
the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) loved her to the extreme.
Once his wife Ayesha (R.A.) asked him, "Do you love
Fatima Zahra so much, that when she arrives you get up from
your place to give respect to her and kiss her hands and
make her sit next to yourself?"
He replied, "Oh Ayesha! If you come to know why I love
Fatima so much, you shall also love her." He considered her
the part and parcel of his life, and used to say repeatedly,
"Fatima (S.A.) is a piece of me, whosoever tortures her he
has tortured me, and whoever pleases her has pleased me."
One day, the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) of Islam said, "Oh
Fatima God gets pleased on your being pleased and gets
furious due to your unhappiness and displeasure"
Fatima Zahra (S.A.), most of all resembled her father in her
looks, character, behavior and conduct. Ome Salma the wife
of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) said, "Fatima Zahra
resembled the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) most of all the people."
The Father-Daughter Relation:
The love between the father and daughter was not a one-way
process; instead, Fatima (S.A.) too immensely loved her
father (Prophet) like he loved her. When Hazrat Khadija
(S.A.) died, she was not more than six years of age. After
the death of her mother, She always looked after the comfort
of her father at home. Fatima (S.A.) was such a daughter who
constantly and stably followed the footsteps of her father.
The streets and Masjid-e-Haram of Mecca were full of those
who teased, insulted and tortured the Prophet (P.B.U.H.).
Whenever her respect worthy father returned home in the
injured condition, she would wash the blood off his sacred
face and dress his wounds and encouraged him with her sweet
At such times, when her father was a stranger in his own
land and among his own people and he was all alone with all
the relatives present, and secluded and lonely among all
those who spoke the same language he spoke. Moreover, he was
all-alone during his struggle and combat against ignorance,
idol worshipping and he was carrying the heavy
responsibility of preaching on his own.
Then it was only and only Fatima (S.A.) who pleased and
consoled the heart of her father with her sincere love and
affection. She by accepting the Prophecy of her father
strengthened his hopes. That is the reason why the Prophet
used to say, "May your father sacrifice his life upon
you" or that he would call her the "mother of her
father". Because, she was like a mother for her father.
Like her Holy Infallible Father(pbuh), she possessed all the
intellectual abilities and achievements. Many verses of The
Holy Koran were revealed in her praise and about her
spiritual credits. The Holy Prophet of Islam(pbuh&hf) had
given her several honorable titles among which one is: The
Holy Prophet her Father (pbuh) loved her very much Whenever
she would go to the house of her father The Holy
Prophet(pbuh&hf) would stand up out of respect to her.
Whenever he greeted her, and he would honour her by giving
her a special place to seat herself in his house. Very often
Her Father(pbuh&hf) would softly kiss her hands and say,
"Allah, The Most High; is pleased when Fatimah(a.s.) is
pleased. He is angered; whenever Fatimah is angered!"
When she attained the age of puberty, it became necessary
for her to marry. But she needed a person who must be her
match. So that he would appreciate her status and perfection
and maturity of virtues and he would know what was the real
value and virtue of a human being. This is the very aim of
Islam, which as a result strengthens the marital relations.
When she became marriage bound many men including Abu Bakar
and Umar sent their messages for asking her hand in
marriage. But the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) said, "I am
waiting for the revelation in this connection."
The revelation came and Fatima's husband was also nominated.
God ordered the Prophet (P.B.U.H.), "Oh my prophet get
the light (Noor) married to the light i.e., get Fatima
(S.A.) married with Ali (A.S.)."
When Ali (A.S.) approached the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) to request
the hand of Fatima (S.A.) in marriage, although he had
nothing with him from the wealth of the world, yet he
possessed a gem, which was the reflection of every thing
including piety and human nobility.
The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) having acceded to his request entered
the house to ask Fatima (S.A.) her opinion about it. He said
to her "Oh daughter you know fully well that Ali (A.S.)
is the one who was the first ever faithful out of the lot. I
had prayed to God, to give the best husband for you.
Therefore, God has selected Ali (A.S.) for your husband, so
what is your opinion?" Fatima (S.A.) remained
silent. The father took her silence as the token of her
being agreed and got her married with him.
The Marriage Ceremonies
After the aggregation of the tribe of Bani Hashim and the
friends and relations by the order of Prophet (P.B.U.H.)
took place, he (P.B.U.H.) delivered a Khutba (religious
speech), sermon, and got Fatima (S.A.) married to Ali (A.S.)
over a dowry equivalent to four hundred Masqal Silver (one
Masqal comes to nearly 3.45 grams).
A companion (Sahabi) stated, "The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) got a
sheep slaughtered and invited a few persons and made them
witnesses upon the marriage.
After one month of the marriage in the 2nd Hijra on the
night of "zaffaf" (marriage night) the Prophet (P.B.U.H.)
held Fatima (S.A.) by her hand and handing her hand over to
Ali (A.S.) said, "Oh Ali, Fatima is the best wife for
you." There after, he addressed Fatima and said "Oh Fatima, Ali is a good husband for you." Then
he said. "Now, both of you move towards your real
The women of Bani Hashim, Ansar and Muhajireen, after taking
their dinner, rode Fatima (S.A.) on the camel of the Prophet
(P.B.U.H.) and took her along to Ali's (A.S.) house with
great fervor. Ali and Fatima started living near Quba mosque
at a distance of eight kilometers from Medina where the
Prophet (P.B.U.H.) had stayed on migration from Mecca and
had waited a week for Ali (A.S.) to join him.
After some time Ali (A.S.) came to the city and selected a
house adjacent to the house of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.).
Because the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) could not tolerate the
separation of Ali and Fatima, since, it was a great shock
for him. The house of Ali (A.S.) which was made of mud and
date timber was exactly opposite to the window of the
Prophet's (P.B.U.H.) house so that he could daily see them.
This was the same house of Ah-le-bait of Purity and piety,
which was praised by the Holy Quran and was away from all
kinds of impurity (sins). The house wherein Ali (A.S.) was
the father, Fatima Zahra (S.A.) the mother and Zainub,
Kulsoom, Hassan and Hussain (A.S.) were the children. This
home is a memorial one for all the races of every age.
Fatima Zahra (S.A.) had grown up along with Ali (A.S.) and
considered Ali (A.S.) as best husband and the lover and
devotee of his father. The fate's hand had joined these two
blessed persons in such a special way, which did not have
any example in that period of darkness and ignorance.
Fatima (S.A.) knew that although Ali (A.S.) does not possess
any thing from the wealth of the world but he has the great
treasure of self sacrifice and devotedness of which he had
given proof to fulfill the aspirations of her father (P.B.U.H.).
She was aware that all the youth period of her husband was
spent defending Islam and in Jehad. He did not think
anything except the service to Islam and it's welfare.
Fatima (S.A.) never thought that since she was the daughter
of a Prophet (P.B.U.H.) and leader therefore, she must have
maidservants at her home. Nay, instead she performed all the
domestic works with her own hands for instance grinding the
wheat with millstone, baking bread, looking after the
children etc. But, she, leaving aside everything would only
think about God. She was always in search of a life giving
and radiant education.
Fatima (S.A.) was such a tree, which must only breed and
grow in the shade of revelation and bring the fruits of
freedom and justice in its deep shadow. This is the very
root and origin of the tree of purity.
An Exemplary Family
The lives of Ali (A.S.) and Fatima (S.A.) are a school of
thought for the next generations so that the people may
learn a lesson from them. They had such coordination that
when Ali (A.S.) got free from the work outside the house, he
used to lend a helping hand to Fatima (S.A.). On the other
hand, the daughter of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) also, always
tried to keep Abul Hassan (Ali) (A.S.) happy. Both led such
a life full of love and affection that they never called
each other by their names, rather, whenever Ali (A.S.)
called her he addressed her by "Daughter of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.)"
and Fatima (S.A.) would address him as "Ameer ul Momineen"
(the Chief of the Faithfuls).
They never neglected the training of their children. They
always gave their response with love and affection. They
loved their children too much, so far so, that they never
got angry with them & rebuke them and never said anything to
them, which may annoy or case their sorrow.
The Fruit of the Marriage
In the 3rd year of Hijrah the first son was born to Fatima
(S.A.), who was named "Hasan (A.S.)." The birth of this
child saved the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) from the torture of the
enemies and the sorrow of the separation of friends. He (P.B.U.H.)
happily and joyfully visited Fatima's (S.A.) house and took
Imam Hassan (A.S.) into his lap and recited Azan and Aqamat
in his ears. Then he gave some silver, which was equal in
weight of the hair of the child, as alms.
One year after the birth of Imam Hassan (A.S.), Imam Hussain
(A.S.) was born. Now the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) got the
substitutes for his sons Qasim and Tahir who had died in the
childhood, so that God had decided that the race of the
Prophet (P.B.U.H.), persists and survives through her
The dawn of these two stars brought a new horizon in
existence wherein the Prophet (P.B.U.H.). Ali (A.S.) and
Fatima (S.A.) saw themselves. The Prophet (P.B.U.H.)
thanking God and considering those two children as the
substitute of his sons, loved them very much that the world
One day, when he (P.B.U.H.) visited Fatima's (S.A.) house he
(P.B.U.H.) saw that Ali (A.S.) and Fatima (S.A.) were
sleeping and Imam Hassan (A.S.) was weeping due to hunger.
The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) slowly picked up the pot, milked the
goat, and fed the child who then became silent.
Once, he (P.B.U.H.) was passing by the house of Fatima
(S.A.) when suddenly he (P.B.U.H.) heard Imam Hussain (A.S.)
crying. He came back to her home and said, "Oh Fatima!
Don't you know that I get upset by the weeping of this
One year after the birth of Imam Hussain (A.S.), a female
baby was born, who was named "Zainub" and even after another
year another female baby, who was named "Ome Kulsum."
"Zainub" and "Kulsum" were the names of the daughter's of
Prophet (P.B.U.H.) who died before 8th Hijra. In the 8th
year of Hijra a son named Ibrahim was born to the Prophet (P.B.U.H.),
who died after one year of his birth.
Now, the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) was only left over with Fatima
(S.A.) and her children. He (P.B.U.H.) loved his
grandchildren to such an extent that he (P.B.U.H.) never
tolerated to get separated from them. Whenever he (P.B.U.H.)
went out of the house, he (P.B.U.H.) would always carry one
of them on his shoulders.
The Superiority of Fatima (S.A.)
No one has the right in Islam to burry a dead body in the
mosque. Masjid-e-Haram is the most superior of all the
mosques, being the Qibla of all the mosques of the world. A
lady named Hajir is burned there. God has ordered all the
human being to visit Mecca and perform the circumambulation
of her grave. But Fatima's (S.A.) status is much sublime and
higher than the lady who has been laid to rest in Kaabah.
Fatima (S.A.) is one of the four superior most and virtuous
ladies i.e., Mariam, Asiyah, Khatija, Fatima. Which Fatima
(S.A.)? Fatima (S.A.) is the heir of all the honors and
virtues. Who is the one continuing the great race
originating and beginning with Adam (A.S.), Ibrahim (A.S.),
Moosa (A.S.), Essa [Christ] (A.S.) and reaching Mohammad (P.B.U.H.).
Fatima (S.A.) besides father's bed
The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) was on the bed of ailment and
illness. His head was in the lap of Ali (A.S.) and Fatima
(S.A.) was weeping holding the hand of her father. Suddenly,
the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) opened his eyes and when he saw her
weeping. He (P.B.U.H.) said, "Oh daughter! Recite the holy
Quran for me." Fatima (S.A.) recited a few verses from the
holy Quran. The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) by getting her dear
daughter recite the verses meant to listen her voice in the
last moments of his life. No sooner, the Prophet (P.B.U.H.)
passed away the house turned into a mourning house. The
delicate heart of Fatima (S.A.) took a deep effect by her
Only a few hours later, another big grief took shape i.e.,
the right of her husband was extorted and usurped. Fatima
(S.A.), with the help of a few faithful companions of his
father, defended the right of her husband strongly. So far
so, that one day she went to the Prophet's mosque along with
the women of Bani Hashim and Ansar and by delivering a
speech described her object and point of view. So that, all
the audience started weeping. But there was no body to give
a positive response to the voice of Fatima (S.A.).
They were no longer true and faithful. Their faces were
covered with the dust of abjectness, misery and misfortune.
She returned to her house with a heave and grieved heart and
said to Ali (A.S.), "Oh Abul Hassan why have you sit
down with your hands upon each other like weak, feeble,
powerless and unable men and why don't you defend your
right?" Ali (A.S.) said, "Oh the daughter of
Prophet (P.B.U.H.) Do you not want that your father's name
be pronounced in the mosque? Don't you have the desire that
the cause and mission of your father remains alive?
Fatima (S.A.) said, "Why not?"
Then he said, "If I draw the sword today (as the enemy
wishes) the efforts of your father will be finished and we
will become unsuccessful. On hearing this, Fatima
(S.A.) got silent and thereafter, she did not utter any
word. She started her silent war in the same manner as her
husband Ali (A.S.) spent twenty-five years in a
Fatima (S.A.) was sure that none of her plans can mature in
connection with Ali (A.S.). Therefore, she did every thing
possible so that a wrong foundation for the caliphate is not
laid. But evidently and obviously she could not succeed in
her efforts and was compelled to face hopelessness and
After that, it became hard for her to live and she became
fed up with the world and day by day got keen and restless
for her death. Till at last, on Monday the 3rd of Jamadi
ussani, 11th of Hijra, She bade fare well to her children
and husband and passed away. She died in the same year as
her father had died.
At the time of her sorrowful demise Imam Hassan (A.S.) was 7
years of age, Imam Hussain (A.S.) was 6 years, Zainub (S.A.)
was 5 years and Ome Kulsum (S.A.) was 3 years of age. God
knows, how shocking and painful was the separation of Fatima
(S.A.) for her children and husband.
When her death time came near she asked the maidservant to
bring her water for taking a bath and putting on new
clothes. Because, the time for her to meet her father was at
hand. The maidservant brought her the water and she put on
new clothes after taking a bath and laid down upon the bed
facing Kaabah. After a short while, her eyes closed down and
lips became silent and motionless and she proceeded towards
the paradise. "Innalil laha ina ilayha rajaoon".
Imam Ali (A.S.), as per her last will, bathed her and gave
her the coffin and buried her in the darkness of the night.
Her grave was kept secret and still it is not known and is
hidden. So nobody could know where she was buried. Because,
the political figures of that period were bent upon opening
her grave apart and offer the death prayers again. A
negative combat about her grave is going on from that time
to the day and from now onwards for the future days to come.
The testament and will of Fatima (S.A.) made is clear and
evident for the races of those days and all the races to
come that the daughter of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) was
subjected to oppression. Fatima (S.A.) remained unhappy and
annoyed with those oppressors up to her death. Therefore,
those should remain ready for vengeance and revenge.
After Fatima (S.A.) passed away Ali (A.S.) and the children
became secluded and lonely. Ali (A.S.) sat by her grave and
repeated a few sentences in a low voice and then facing the
grave of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) he said, "Oh Prophet (P.B.U.H.)
of God! I am returning to you that one which you had
entrusted me. O Lord! Ask Fatima what happened with us. She
will tell you all about it."
Fatima(s.a.) The Radiant Imam Hasan Askari(a.s.) reported
that his father quoted Jabir Ibn Abdullah as saying : ' The
Messenger of Allah, Peace be Upon him and his cleansed
progeny, said : ' When Allah created Adam and Eve, they
strutted through paradise and said : ' Who are better than
we ? ' At that moment they noticed an image of a girl like
they had never seen before; from this girl came an
illuminating light so bright that it almost blinded the
They said : ' O Lord, what is this ? ' He answered : ' This
is the Image of Fatima(s.a.), the mistress of your women
descendants. ' Lisan Al Mizan Volume 3 page 346
Ibn Abbas said : ' Aisha entered the house while the
Messenegr of Allah was kissing Fatima(s.a.), so she said: ' Do you love her, O Messenger of Allah? '
He replied : ' Indeed, by Allah if you knew the extent
of my love for her, your love would increase for her. When I
was in the forth heaven ... that I found these dates softer
than butter, more pleasant than musk and sweeter than honey.
So when I descended to earth, I came unto Khadija and she
bore Fatima. Thus Fatima is a human huri, whenever I long
for paradise I smell her.
The Fatimah Al-Zahra(s.a.) Pleads Her Case After all else
failing, the holy Lady Fatimah Al-Zahra(s.a.), in her
desperation and frustration, causes a great controversy
among all the Muslims. By personally going to her Father's
Mosque of Al-Madinah, after prayers had ended, to publicly
expose and demand the immediate return of her rightful
inheritance from Caliph and his supporters, who had ordered
The Fatimah Al-Zahra(s.a.) had now exhausted all possible
avenues in her pursuit to reclaim her rightful inheritance
to the Fadak, given to her by her Father The Holy Prophet
Mohammad Al-Mustafa( pbuh&hf). But sadly her pleas fell on
deaf ears. For this reason, and on the grounds of proving
that she has been oppressed by those who professed
righteousness under false pretences of faith and piety. At a
very last resort the holy Lady Fatimah Al-Zahra(s.a.),
daringly went to her Father's Mosque, to face her
adversaries and delivered to them the most eloquent of words
in her defense, which left the assembly speechless. She
chose to proceed to the Mosque at a time when it was crammed
with people, in order that her words reached the ears of all
the people, who were somewhat accessories after the fact due
to their silent approval of the events that occurred after
the Holy Prophet's demise. She addressed the assembly in a
speech that was both harmonious and systematic. It was an
impeccable speech in that it contained no minced words, and
was free of equivocation, distortion and slander. Lady
Fatimah Al-Zahra(s.a.) used the occasion to firstly acquaint
the people with Allah, The Most Exalted, and to disclose the
merits of the Islamic religion and to clarify the cause and
effect of the Islamic Laws. With this introduction she
succeeded in securing the full attention of the assembly and
created an appropriate atmosphere in which she could deliver
her final statement which contained the underlying
intentions and reasons that forced her to leave her house
and proceed to the Mosque. And the reasons which warranted
her leaving her house were, of course, the misappropriation
by the so-called then self appointed caliph Abu Bakr of: The
Fadak which was legally hers.
Proofs Of Her `Ismah (Sinlessness)
Some Of The Signs Proving Her Status With Allah, And
Traditions Indicating Her Excellence And Exalted Status
One of the most incontrovertible proofs of Fatimah's
sinlessness is Allah's saying: Surely Allah wishes to keep
away all abomination from you, O People of the House, and
purify you with a great purification [our. 33 : 33 ] . The
argument in favour of this, is that the Muslim community has
unanimously agreed that the `People of the House' (i.e.,
Ahlu'l-Bayt), intended in this verse are the People of the
Household of the Messenger of Allah. Traditions (ahadith) of
both the Shi`i and Sunni communities have asserted that this
verse particularly refers to 'Ali(a.s.), Fatimah(a.s.),
Hasan(a.s.) and Husayn(a.s.) The Holy Prophet(pbuh&hf),
moreover, spread over them all one day a Khaybarite mantle
and prayed: "O Allah, these are the People of my Household,
keep away all abomination from them and purify them with a
great purification!" Umm Salamah said: "I too, O Apostle of
Allah, am of the People of your House!" He answered: "Your
lot shall be good!"
The Divine Will expressed in this verse must by necessity be
either an abstract will not implemented by an action, or a
will accompanied by an action. The first option is untenable
because it implies no particular applicability to the People
of the Prophet's House; such a will is shared by all
obligated (mukallafin) human beings. Nor is abstract will by
itself cause for praise. The entire community has concurred
on the view that this verse proclaims the excellence of the
People of the Prophet's House over all others, and that the
verse refers to them alone. Thus the second option (that the
Divine Will referred to in the verse is a will accompanied
by action) is true, and in it is clear proof of the
sinlessness of those who were intended in the verse. It
implies further that it is impossible for them to commit any
evil action. Moreover, any others whom we have not named
here are no doubt not held by general consensus as
possessing `ismah (protection from error). Thus since the
verse necessarily implies sinlessness it must apply to them
(the People of the Prophet's House), because it pertains to
no other individuals.
The Holy Prophet of Islam(pbuh&hf) said:"Fatimah(a.s.) is
part of me"
Another proof of Fatimah's sinlessness is the Holy Prophet's
saying concerning her: "Fatimah(s.a.) is part of me.
Whatever causes her hurt, hurts me." He also said: "Whoever
hurts Fatimah(s.a.), hurts me, and whoever hurts me, hurts
Allah(swt), exalted be His Majesty! " The Holy Prophet(pbuh&hf)
said further: "Allah(swt) becomes wrathful for Fatimah's
anger, and is pleased at her pleasure.".
Among the signs indicating Fatimah's exalted status with
Allah is an incident related by both Shi'i and Sunni
traditionists on the authority of Maymunah (the Holy
Prophet's wife), who reported that Fatimah(a.s.) was found
asleep one day, the handmill beside her turning of its own
accord. She informed the Apostle of Allah of this, and he
said: "Allah knew the weak condition of His handmaid; He
thus inspired the handmill to turn by itself, and so it
did." Among the reports asserting her excellence and high
distinction over all other women is the tradition reported
on the authority of `A'ishah who said: "I never saw a man
more beloved of the Apostle of Allah than `Ali(a.s.), or a
woman more dear to him than Fatimah(a.s.)."
Sunni traditionists also reported on the authority of the
Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali(a.s.)who said: "I asked
the Messenger of Allah, `Who is more beloved to you,
Fatimah(a.s.) or I?' He answered, `Fatimah(a.s.) is more
beloved to me, and you are dearer to me than she is.' "
These traditionists also reported from Anas ibn Malik that:
"Fatimah(a.s.) is the most excellent of all the women of the
world." In another tradition it is reported that the Holy
Prophet(pbuh&hf) said: "The most excellent among the women
of the world are: Maryam daughter of `Imran (that is, the
virgin Mary), Asiyah daughter of Muzahim (wife of Pharaoh),
Khadijah daughter of Khuwaylid and Fatimah(a.s.) daughter of
Muhammad(pbuh&hf)" It is also related on the authority of
Ibn `Abbas who said: "The most excellent of the women of
Paradise are: Khadijah daughter of Khuwaylid, Fatimah(a.s.)
daughter of Muhammad, Maryam daughter of `Imran and Asiyah
daughter of Muzahim." Traditionists report that `Abdu 'r-Rahman
ibn `Awf said: "I heard the Apostle of Allah say, `I am a
tree, Fatimah(a.s.) is its trunk and 'Ali(a.s.) is its
pollen. Hasan(a.s.) and Husayn(a.s.) are its fruits, and our
followers (Shi'ah) are its leaves. The roots of the tree are
in the Garden of Eden, and its trunk, fruits and leaves are
Traditionists further report on the authority of `A'ishah
that: "Whenever Fatimah(a.s.) came to the Messenger of
Allah, he would rise from his seat, kiss her on the
forehead, and make her sit with him." Traditionists have
also reported on the authority of 'Ali ibn Ibrahim al-Qommi
in his commentary of the Holy Qur'an, as related on the
authority of the sixth Imam as-Sadiq, Ja'far ibn
Muhammad(a.s.), who said: "We were told that our forefathers
said that the Messenger of Allah often indulged in kissing Fatimah(a.s.) the mistress of the women of the
world, so that `A'ishah finally protested saying, `O
Messenger of Allah, I see you indulge so often in kissing Fatimah(a.s.) He answered, `Yes, O `A'ishah, when I was taken up
to heaven, Gabriel took me into Paradise and brought me near
the tree of Tuba (beatitude). He gave me an apple of its
fruits which I ate. Thus when I returned to earth, Khadijah,
conceived Fatimah(a.s.). Whenever, therefore, I yearn for
Paradise, I kiss her , for I
find in her the fragrance of Paradise. I also sense in her
the fragrance of the tree of Tuba. Fatimah(a.s.) is thus a
celestial human being.' "
The traditions which our Companions (that is, Shi'i hadith
transmitters), may Allah be pleased with them, have reported
in proof of Fatimah's special place - her honoured status
and distinction over all the women of humankind - are beyond
number. We shall, therefore, limit ourselves to the reports
which we have already mentioned.
Among the things which Allah completed the great honour of
the Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali(a.s.)in this world
and the world to come was His special favour towards him in
having him unite in marriage with the noble daughter of the
Messenger of Allah, who was the most beloved of all
creatures to him, the consolation of his eyes and leader of
the women of the world. Among the many ahadith (traditions)
concerning this event is the sound hadith reported on the
authority of Anas ibn Malik, who said: "As the Apostle of
Allah(pbuh&hf) was sitting one day, 'Ali(a.s.) came to see
him. He addressed him saying, `O 'Ali(a.s.), what brings you
here?' `I came only to greet you with the salutation of
peace', `Ali(a.s.) replied. The Holy Prophet(pbuh&hf)
declared: `Here comes Gabriel to tell me that Allah has
willed to unite you in marriage with Fatimah(a.s.). He has,
moreover, called as witnesses to her marriage a thousand
angels. Allah has revealed to the tree of Tuba, "Scatter
your pearls and rubies! " Black-eyed houris rushed to pick
the precious stones up, which they shall exchange as
presents among them till the Day of Resurrection.' "
It is related on the authority of Ibn `Abbas, who said: "On
the night when Fatimah(a.s.) was married to 'Ali(a.s.), the
Messenger of Allah(pbuh&hf) stood before her. Gabriel stood
at her right hand and Michael at her left. Seventy thousand
angels stood behind her, praising and sanctifying Allah. The
Commander of the Faithful prided himself on his marriage to
her on numerous occasions." Abu Ishaq ath-Thaqafi reported
on the authority of Hakim ibn Jubayr, who reported from al-Hajari
who related from his uncle who said: "I heard `Ali(a.s.) say
one day, `I shall utter words which no other man would utter
but that he would be a liar. I am `Abdullah (Allah's
servant), and the brother of the Apostle of Allah. I am the
one whose guardian is the Prophet of mercy, for I have
married the mistress of all the women of the community. I am
the best of the vicegerents.' " Numerous reports expressing
similar ideas have been transmitted.
Ath -Thaqafi reported on the authority of Buraydah, who
said: "On the nuptial night of `Ali(a.s.) and Fatimah(a.s.),
the Holy Prophet(pbuh&hf) said to 'Ali(a.s.), `Do not do
anything until you see me.' He then brought water - or the
traditionist reported that he called for water - which he
used to perform his ablutions for prayers, pouring the rest
over 'Ali(a.s.). The Holy Prophet(pbuh&hf) then prayed, `O
Allah, bless them! Shower your blessings over them, and
bless for them their two young lions (that is, their two
sons Hasan(a.s.) and Husayn(a.s.))."' ath-Thaqafi also
related on the authority of Shurahil ibn Abi Sa'd, who said:
"On the morning after Fatimah's wedding, the Holy
Prophet(pbuh&hf) brought a skinful of milk, and said to
Fatimah(a.s.), 'Drink! May your father be a ransom for you.'
He likewise said to `Ali(a.s.), 'Drink! May your cousin be a
ransom for you.' "
The Time Of Fatimah's Martyrdom And The Spot Of Her
It is reported that Bibi Fatimah(s.a.) died on the 13th
Jamadi-al-Awwal or 3rd of Jumadi-al-Akhir in the 11th year
of the Hijrah. She survived the Holy Prophet(pbuh&hf) by
only ninety-five days.
The Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali(a.s.) himself took
charge of her washing. It is reported that Asma' daughter of
`Umays assisted him in washing her. Asma' related: "Fatimah(a.s.)
had stated in her will that no one should wash her corpse
except 'Ali(a.s.) and I. Thus we washed her together, and
the Commander of the Faithful prayed over her along with
Hasan(a.s.) and Husayn(a.s.), `Amman ibn Yasir, Miqdad, `Aqil,
az-Zubayr, Abu Dharr, Salman, Buraydah and a few men of Banu
Hashim. They prayed over her in the night, and in accordance
with her own will 'Ali the Commander of the Faithful buried
her in secret."
There is much disagreement among traditionists as to the
exact spot of her grave. Our own traditionists have asserted
that she was buried in the Baqi `. Others said that she was
buried in her own chamber, and that when the Umayyad rulers
enlarged the Mosque of Medina, her grave came to be in the
sanctuary. Still others argued that she was buried between
the grave and pulpit of the Prophet. It is to this that the
Holy Prophet(pbuh&hf) alluded in his saying: "There is
between my grave and pulpit a garden of the gardens of
Paradise." The first view is unlikely, while the two other
views are nearer to the truth. Thus, those who wish to apply
the principle of caution (ihtiyat) when performing ziyarah,
or pilgrimage, to her grave, should do so in all three
'Her Prayer'( tasbih)
One day the Holy Lady Fatimah Al-Zahra(s.a.) was shown by
her Father, The Holy Prophet(pbuh&hf), a very special kind
of Prayer. That he himself was shown earlier by The Trusted
Archangel Jibrael(a.s.).This special After-Prayer is to be
said after each time, any Prayer of Worship is concluded.The
Holy Lady(s.a.) in turn began to teach the short Prayer to
so many others. That in the very short time, it became to be
known as the 'Prayer of Fatimah Al-Zahra(s.a.).
The Prayer Take any kind of Prayer Bead string, such as
shown on the image below. The Prayer String should have a
total of 99 beads, with two dividers and ahead called the
Sheikh.The Prayer Bead is taken by the left hand and with
the index finger and tumb of the right hand draws each bead
seperately one by one and saying the words as described
For first set of 33 beads plus counting the first divider.
Hence totalling in all 34 beads. For each bead passed say
the clearly the words to yourself: ALLAHO AKBAR For each of
the 34 beads seperately. For the next second set of 33
beads. For each bead passed say the clearly the words to
yourself: AL-HAMDU LE ALLAH For each of the 33 beads
seperately. For the third set of 33 beads For each bead
passed say the clearly the words to yourself: SUBHANA LE
ALLAH For each of the 33 beads seperately.Totalling 100
beadsThat concludes the Prayer of the Holy Infallible Lady
of all women, in all of the worlds and in all of the Seven
Heavens, The Lady Fatimah Al-Zahra(s.a.)Most or if not all
of the Mujtahideen express a great Mustahab (preferable) as
near to as Wajib (compulsory) to say this Prayer after any
Prayer of Worship is concluded.
Many Muslims carry with them at all times the Prayer Bead
String so that they can recite this prayer numerously at any
time of the day and night. Especially at times when one has
nothing to do such as waiting or sitting around lazily.So
think about it! What better way of filling your spare and
idle time than to quietly recite this small Prayer to
yourself in the remembrance and in thankfulness of Allah
your Creator and Master. And in return Allah will reward His
untold Thawaab and A'jar(reward)!Thus it is good to always
recite, in One's idle times. For it keeps the mind away from
straying into troubled terrain. But to keep it travelling on
the true and right track of good and steer away from evil
with its untold mischievous wicked thoughts and ideas etc.
Sayings of Syeda Fatima Zahra(s.a.)
1. Praise and Eulogy is for Allah for the blessing and
bounties which He has bestowed. And thanks to HIM upon what
He revelated (to His servants) And Praise is for HIM upon
the common boons and blessings which He bestowed upon His
servants without their request And upon the comprehensive
and complete blessings which He granted to all and sundry
and gave it to us, consequetively. Those graces and favours
which are uncountable.
And are irredeemable and uncompensatable due to their
plentifulness of number. And the imagination of their end is
out of the reach of human mind.
He invited the servant to thankfulness for the sake of the
consecutive and continuous enhanecment of blessings. And
opened the door of euloqy and Praise (of Allah) upon them so
that He may make his favours and beneficences great and
plentiful for them.
2. I testify that there is no Diety (Lord) except the sole
and matchless Allah. And the testification of the singleness
of Allah is a word that Allah has declared sincerity (as)
it's reality, and made the hearts the centre of it's contact
and union. And has made the specifications and research of
the oneness of Allah's station obvious and evident in the
light of meditation. The Allah Who can not be seen by the
eyes and tongues are unable and baffled to describe His
virtues and attributes. And the intelligence and
apprehension of man is helpless and destitute from the
imagination of his howness.
3. Allah made all the beings without previous matter and
sample and shape and pattern. And made them wear the dress
of life by His main and mights and created them according to
His Devine will and Intention short of it that He might have
needed their creatlon or have wished any benefit for Himself
from their shaping and sketching except this that he wanted
to give a proof of HIS wisdom and make the people
(creations) aware about His obedience and submission and
invited them to his servitude and worship and make His
Invitation grand and ostentatious.
4. Allah fixed the reward for His obedience and torment for
His insubordination and disobedience so that He may restraln
His servants from His wrath and fury and lead them to His
5. And I testify that my father Mohammad (pbuh&hf) is the
apostle and the servant of Allah. And Allah selected and
chose him before appointing him at the post of Prophethood.
And He named him before choosing and selecting him. And
chose him before envoying and delegating him. Then all the
creations were hidden and covered in the covers of unseen
and were hidden amid the screen and curtain of fear and
fright and stayed near the last and final border of non
entity (nothingness) for Allah was aware of and knew the end
of matters and because of His encompassing the incidents of
times and ages and His knowledge of the predestinates.
Allah appointed him (as apostle) so that he may complete and
finalise His matter and Implement His order and materialise
His decreeds and predestinates.
6. Allah saw nations and groups had various different sects
in their religion and scattered and staying on the verge of
the fires of differences, busy with the their idol
worshipping. They denied God with all the signs and symbols
of HIM. (IRFAN) So Allah illuminated the darknesses through
my father Mohammad (pbuh&hf) and removed the darknesses from
their hearts, removed (cured) the blindness of the eyes.
7. My father (Mohammad (pbuh&hf) ) stood up with (his)
guidance among the people. And saved them from perversion
and aberration, and turned their blindness into
enlightenment and guided them towards the firm religion. And
called (invited) them to the straight way.
8. You the servants of Allah, are the ones to maintain His
injunctions and prohibitions, and the carriers of His
religion, and His relevation, and the trustees of Allah upon
your souls, and the propagators of His religion among the
9. Oh the servants of Allah! (beware) the real leader from
Allah, is present among you and the commitment has
previously been made to you and the remaining and left over
of the prophet hood has been appointed for your guidance.
That is the speaking book of Allah the truthful Quran, and a
beaming and gleaming light, in which all the secrets and
facts about the completion of man and his prosperity have
been exhibited and illuminated. It guides from darkness
towards light of guidance. It s followers are the subject of
envoy of others.
10. The book of Allah is the guide of it's followers towards
the pleasure of Allah. Listening (carefully) to it leads to
the salvation. The enlightened and conspicuous evidences and
proofs of Allah can be obtained through it. And (also the
knowledge) of His interpreted intentions and fear invoking
constraining prohibitions. His sufficing testimonies and
conspicuous arguments, and desired virtues and allowed
endowments and gifts and obligatory divine laws. (can be
obtained from it)
11. Allah made the faith for you as a purity from polytheism
12. And (made) service the cause of your getting distant
(purification) from pride (egoism).
13. And rendered alms for the purity of your soul and
flourishment and expansion of your sustenance.
14. And rendered fasting for the maintenance and firmness of
15. And Allah set Hajj for the consolidation and
reinforcement of the religion.
16. Allah executed and rendered justice for the sake of
putting together and harmonization of the hearts.
17. And (Allah set) the subordination and obedience of us
(the household of the Prophet (SAW)) for the security of
society's system and our Immamate as a safety from
segregation and disunity).
18. And (Allah made) Jihad (holy war), the honour and glory
for Islam and abjectness and humbleness for the infidels and
19. And (Allah rendered) patience as a help for getting
20. And (Allah caused) commanding goodness and forbidding to
do evil for the amendment and correction of society and the
common folks (public).
21. And (Allah made) the kindness to parents as a protection
(shield) to His wrath and displeasure.
22. And Allah made joining and connecting with the kinship
and cognition, the cause of lengthening of life.
23.And Allah made law of retaliation (revenge for homicide)
as the security of blood (from being shed).
24. And Allah executed the vow performing as a medium for
25. And (Allah rendered) the correct use of weights measure
(units) a medium for stopping from selling less (than
26. And (Allah rendered) prohibition from drinking wine the
cause of taking distance from contaminations (evils).
27. And Allah made the prohibition to accuse someone of
adultery a protection (shield) for avoiding (His) curse.
28. And (Allah made) refraining from theft for the sake of
positiveness and affirmation for modesty.
29. And Allah prohibited polytheism for the sake of
(bringing about) sincerity in (His) adoration and worship.
30. Certainly, an apostle has come to you from among
yourselves; grievous to him is your falling into distress,
excessively solicitous respecting you; to the believers (he
is) compassionate, merciful. So if you assay and recognise
him you will find he is my father not the father of your
women and the brother of my cousin, Ali (a.s.) not that of
your men. And how nice a relation I have to him. So he
propagated his prophetic (mission). He always used to turn
his face from the polytheists. And fought against them till
he beat them up. He would invite people towards Allah by
wisdom, and beautiful admonition. He broke the idols and
scattered the aggregation of polytheists in a way that they
ran away (from the battle fields), so that finally the
hidden secret of oneness of Allah became manifested by him.
And he made the logic of religion reach the ears ((of the
people) and settled down the foam of the camels of satan and
turned the salogan yelling of those devils silent. And
downed the agents of hypocrisy and mutual commitments of the
infidels got dissolved till such time that, you (people)
spoke to a group of enlightened and modest men with the
words of oneness of Allah and sincerity.
31. You were on the edge of a fire ditch, and were a cup of
drink and the morsel of a greedy one and a firebrand of
every hasty one and were being trampled on (by other
nations) and drank from the contaminated waters gathered
over in ditches and your energy (food) was (secured by) the
leaves of trees and desert grass. And for your abjectness
and abasement you were always afraid that those around you
might abduct you in the winking of an eye. So, Allah
liberated you (of these misfortunes) through my father
Mohammed (pbuh&hf). Inspite of it that he (pbuh&hf) was
involved and at war against the intrepid and the hungry
wolves of Arab and the stubborn refractoriness of the people
of the books (Jews and Christians). Whenever his opponents
would lit the fire of war, Allah extinguished it to your
32. Imam Hassan (A.S) said, 'on the Friday night I saw my
mother (Fatima (a.s.)) standing in her arch of prayer. She
was continuously kneeling and performing prostration till
the dawn broke. I would hear her pray for the faithful men
and women, but she did not at all pray for herself. I said,
'Oh mother why did you not pray for yourself like you prayed
for others?' so she replied, 'Oh my son, first thy neighbour
and there after your own house.'
33. The Holy Prophet (pbuh&hf) said to Fatima (a.s.) what is
the thing which is a blessing for woman?' She said that,
'she must not see a man (stranger and not intimate) and a
man must not see her.'
34. One day a lady came to Fatima (a.s.) said 'I have a weak
old mother who does not know a few problems about her
service (prayers). She has sent me towards you to question
you (about them). Thus Fatima(a.s.) answered her
(questions). And the number of her queries reached to ten
and Fatima (a.s.) replied to all her questions. Then she
(the woman got a shamed because of the high number of her
questions. And said, 'Oh daughter of the Prophet (pbuh&hf),
'I do not put you to more inconvenience than this.' Fatima (a.s.)
said, 'Ask me what you do not know. Have you ever seen a
person who is one day hired to carry a heavy thing to the
roof top from ground for an amount (equal to) a thousand
dinnars (nearly a hundred thousand miskal (unit of weight)
of gold) and he may feel himself tired.'
She said 'No'. Fatima (a.s.) said, 'I have been hired by
Allah to get a wages which if the space between the earth
and sky is filled up with pearls still (That wages) would he
more than it for each of the questions I may answer you.
Therefore, I deserve it that I must not feel tired
35. Oh Allah! belittle me in my eyes and glorify and magnify
Your station to me. And inspire me (about) Your obedience
and the practice which may cause Your pleasure and the
shunning and evading from things (matters) which are the
cause of Your wrath, oh the most merciful of all! 36.
36. Oh Allah! content me with the sustenance you have
granted me. And till such time that you keep me alive, hide
me and make me sound and prosperous. And forgive me and take
pity upon me when I die. (During death process). Oh Allah!
do not help me in something that you have not predestined
for me. And facilitate the achievement of that thing which
you have predestined for me.
37. Oh Allah! bestow upon my parents and all those persons
who have rights of their blessings and beneficiences upon
me, the best of Your rewards. Oh my Allah, spare me the
leisure and respite for the object for which You have
created me. And do not let me be busy and involved
(absolutely) in my commitments. And do not torment me when I
ask forgiveness. And do not deprive me of what I yearn and
question you for.
38. Underlying are the rhymes which Hazrat Zahra(s.a.)
recited upon the mourning of Prophet's (pbuh&hf) demise. The
person who smells the sweet fragrance of the grave of the
Holy Prophet (pbuh&hf) so what if he does not smell any
other fragnance for long times to come?
Agonies and anguishes and grief's poured upon me in such a
way that had they poured upon days those would have turned
into nights. (bleak, dark and bewildering).
39. The dust of sorrow covered the space of sky and the sun
has faded and the bright day turned bleak. The earth has
become dark and gloomy after the death of the Prophet (pbuh&hf)
Woe! Alas! what the earth will have much of Jolting upon
being separated and parted from him (pbuh&hf).
It is meritorious and befitting that the east and west of
the world may weep upon the parting of Prophet (pbuh&hf) and
the persons of Muzzir tribe and all of they rest of the
Yemen tribes shed tears. And the great magnificent mountain
of the existence and the hidden and covered Kabaah (House of
ALLAH) and its pillars should shed tears. Oh the terminator
and finaliser of the (series of) prophets! the light of whom
is the source of blessing for the worlds inhabitants, Be the
salutation and blessings of Allah the desender of Holy Quran
40. Following you (Prophet (pbuh&hf)) inequities (intrigues
and revolts) took shape and variant voices were raised so
that if you were present and supervising (things) all these
differences and deviations would not have taken place. You
set off (on the journey of eternity) from among us and now
our condition is like the earth which becomes devoid of the
beneficial rains. And your nation upset the order and
discipline of matters. So be a witness and do not let their
matter get out of your sight.
ashhadu annaki madayti `ala bayyinatin min rabbiki
I bear witness that you have spent your life with full awareness of your duty towards your Lord
وَانَّ مَنْ سَرَّكِ فَقَدْ سَرَّ رَسُولَ ٱللَّهِ
wa anna man sarraki faqad sarra rasula allahi
and (I bear witness) that he who pleases you will have pleased the Messenger of Allah,
صَلَّىٰ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ
salla allahu `alayhi wa alihi
peace be upon him and his Household,
وَمَنْ جَفَاكِ فَقَدْ جَفَا رَسُولَ ٱللَّهِ
wa man jafaki faqad jafa rasula allahi
and he who displeases you will have displeased the Messenger of Allah,
صَلَّىٰ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ
salla allahu `alayhi wa alihi
peace be upon him and his Household,
وَمَنْ آذَاكِ فَقَدْ آذَىٰ رَسُولَ ٱللَّهِ
wa man adhaki faqad adha rasula allahi
and he who harms you will have harmed the Messenger of Allah,
صَلَّىٰ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ
salla allahu `alayhi wa alihi
peace be upon him and his Household,
وَمَنْ وَصَلَكِ فَقَدْ وَصَلَ رَسُولَ ٱللَّهِ
wa man wasalaki faqad wasala rasula allahi
and he who respects you will have respected the Messenger of Allah,
صَلَّىٰ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ
salla allahu `alayhi wa alihi
peace be upon him and his Household,
وَمَنْ قَطَعَكِ فَقَدْ قَطَعَ رَسُولَ ٱللَّهِ
wa man qata`aki faqad qata`a rasula allahi
and he who disrespects you will have disrespected the messenger of Allah,
صَلَّىٰ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ
salla allahu `alayhi wa alihi
peace be upon him and his Household.
لاِنَّكِ بِضْعَةٌ مِنْهُ
li'annaki bid`atun minhu
This is because you are an inseparable part of him (i.e. the Holy Prophet),
وَرُوحُهُ ٱلَّذِي بَيْنَ جَنْبَيْهِ
wa ruhuhu alladhi bayna janbayhi
and you are his soul with which he lives.
اشْهِدُ ٱللَّهَ وَرُسُلَهُ وَمَلاَئِكَتَهُ
ushhidu allaha wa rusulahu wa mala'ikatahu
I ask Allah, His Messengers, and His angels to be the witnesses
انِّي رَاضٍ عَمَّنْ رَضِيتِ عَنْهُ
anni radin `amman raditi `anhu
that I am verily pleased with him whomever you accept,
سَاخِطٌ عَلَىٰ مَنْ سَخِطْتِ عَلَيْهِ
sakhitun `ala man sakhitti `alayhi
I am displeased with him whomever you detest,
مُتَبَرِّىٰءٌ مِمَّنْ تَبَرَّاتِ مِنْهُ
matabarri'un mimman tabarra'ti minhu
I disavow him whomever you disavow,
مُوَالٍ لِمَنْ وَالَيْتِ
muwalin liman walayti
I am loyal to him whomever you support,
مُعَادٍ لِمَنْ عَادِيْتِ
mu`adin liman `adayti
I am the enemy of him whomever you betake as enemy,
مُبْغِضٌ لِمَنْ ابْغَضْتِ
mubghidun liman abghadti
I am hateful to him whomever you hate,
مُحِبٌّ لِمَنْ احْبَبْتِ
muhibbun liman ahbabti
and I like him whomever you like.
وَكَفَىٰ بِٱللَّهِ شَهِيداً وَحَسِيباً
wa kafa billahi shahidan wa hasiban
Verily, Allah is Sufficient as Witness, Reckoner,
wa jaziyan wa muthiban
Punisher, and Rewarder.
Another Video of above ziarat
Ziyarat on Martyrdom date
Ziyarah has been mentioned by the son of Sayyid Ibn Tawus in his book entitled ‘Zawa'id al-Fawaid ‘adding that it is dedicated to the day of Lady Fatimah’s demise, He adds that the method of saying this Ziyarah is to begin with offering the Ziyarah Prayer which is a two unit prayer at each of which Surah al-Fatihah is recited once and Surah al-Tawhid repeated sixty times if possible, otherwise Surah al-Fatihah and Surah al-Tawhid are recited in the first unit and Surah al-Fatihah and Surah al-Kafirun in the second. After this prayer this Ziyarah is recited.