allahumma ij`alni ma`a muhammadin wa ali muhammadin
O Allah, (please) make me with Muhammad and Muhammad’s Household
فِي كُلِّ عَافِيَةٍ وَبَلاَءٍ
fi kulli `afiyatin wa bala'in
in every item of wellbeing and tribulation
وَٱجْعَلْنِي مَعَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ
waj`alni ma`a muhammadin wa ali muhammadin
and make me with Muhammad and Muhammad’s Household
فِي كُلِّ مَثْوىًٰ وَمُنْقَلَبٍ
fi kulli mathwan wa munqalabin
in every place of returning and place of rest.
اَللَّهُمَّ ٱجْعَلْ مَحْيَايَ مَحْيَاهُمْ
allahumma ij`al mahyaya mahyahum
O Allah, (please) make me live their lives
wa mamati mamatahum
and die their death,
وَٱجْعَلْنِي مَعَهُمْ فِي ٱلْمَوَاطِنِ كُلِّهَا
waj`alni ma`ahum fi almawatini kulliha
include me with them in all situations,
وَلاَ تُفَرِّقْ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَهُمْ
wa la tufarriq bayni wa baynahum
and do not depart me from them.
إِنَّكَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ
innaka `ala kulli shay'in qadirun
Verily, You have power over all things.
7.Prayer before he uttered the takbirah al-ihram statement
Safwan al-Jammal is reported to have said: I was once with Imam al-Sadiq (`a). He directed his face towards the kiblah direction (for performing a prayer) and said the following (i.e. the commencing statement of the ritual prayers)
اَللَّهُمَّ لاَ تُؤْيِسْنِي مِنْ رَوْحِكَ
allahumma la tu'yisni min rawhika
O Allah, (please) do not make me despair of Your soothing mercy,
وَلاَ تُقَنِّطْنِي مِنْ رَحْمَتِكَ
wa la tuqannitni min rahmatika
do not make me lose hope of Your mercy,
وَلاَ تُؤْمِنِّي مَكْرَكَ
wa la tu'minni makraka
and do not make me feel secure against Your plans,
I have turned myself to Him Who originated the heavens and the earth,
عَالِمِ ٱلْغَيْبِ وَٱلشَّهَادَةِ
`alimi alghaybi walshshahadati
the Knower of the unseen and the witnessed,
[and I am] upright and Muslim
وَمَا انَا مِنَ ٱلْمُشْرِكِينَ
wa ma ana min almushrikina
and I am not of the polytheists.
إِنَّ صَلاَتِي وَنُسُكِي
inna salati wa nusuki
Surely, my prayer, my sacrifice,
wa mahyaya wa mamati
my life, and my death
لِلَّهِ رَبِّ ٱلْعَالَمِينَ
lillahi rabbi al`alamina
are (all) for Allah, the Lord of the worlds.
لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ
la sharika lahu
No associate has He;
wa bidhalika umirtu
and this am I commanded,
وَانَا مِنَ ٱلْمُسْلِمِينَ
wa ana min almuslimina
and I am of those who submit.
--Duas during Salah--
Before you begin with the recitation (qira'ah: reciting certain Qur'anic chapters in the prayers), you may say the statement of seeking protection (isti`adhah) in a low tone:
اعُوذُ بِٱللَّهِ مِنَ ٱلشَّيْطَانِ ٱلرَّجِيمِ
a`udhu bilalshshaytani alrrajimi
I pray Allah’s protection from Satan, the accursed.
And [it is recommended that] in the first and second rakʿahs of ẓuhr and ʿaṣr prayers, one recites ‘bismillāh’ aloud, and recites Sūrat al-Ḥamd and the other surah distinctly, and pauses at the end of every verse – i.e. he does not join it with the next verse – and while reciting Sūrat al-Ḥamd and the other surah, [it is recommended that] he pays attention to the meaning of the verses.
While performing prayers on his own/jamat, after he/imam has completed the recitation of Sūrat al-Ḥamd, [it is recommended that] he says:
الْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ
alḥamdu lillāhi rabbil ʿālamīn
All praise is for Allah, Lord of the worlds.
…and after completing the recitation of Sūrat al-Ikhlāṣ, [it is recommended that] he either says:
كَذٰلِكَ اللهُ رَبِّي
kadhālikal lāhu rabbi
Such is Allah my Lord, or.
كَذٰلِكَ اللهُ رَبُّـنَا
kadhālikal lāhu rabbunā
Such is Allah our Lord.
Upon finishing reciting the second Surah,
you may also pause for a while that is as much as one breath. You may then raise your hands up to the lower part of your ears while uttering the Takbir statement. You may then genuflect(rukoo), putting your right hand on your right knee and then your left hand on your left knee, opening up your fingers as if you are holding fast to your knees. You may also bow your back and stretch your neck at the level of your back,
casting your sight on the space between your two feet and saying the following 3,5 or 7 times :
سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ ٱلْعَظِيمِ وَبِحَمْدِهِ
subhana rabbiya al`azimi wa bihamdihi
All glory be to my Lord, the All-great, and in praiseof Him.
You may now raise your head from genuflection, stand erect, and say the following:
سَمِعَ ٱللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ
sami`a allahu liman hamidahu
May Allah listen to him who praises Him.
You may now say the prostration statement. Then, you may raise your head from the position of prostration and sit down. While doing this, it is recommended to utter the Takbir statement and to sit on your hip, saying the following:
اسْتَغْفِرُ ٱللَّهَ رَبِّي وَاتُوبُ إِلَيْهِ
astaghfiru allahu rabbi wa atubu ilayhi
I implore Allah, my Lord, for forgiveness and I repent to Him.
You may then say Takbir and prostrate again, doing the same as what you have done in the first prostration. You may then raise your head and sit for rest. You may then stand up saying,
بِحَوْلِ ٱللَّهِ وَقُوَّتِهِ اقُومُ وَاقْعُدُ
bihawli allah wa quwwatihi aqumu wa aq`udu
With the might of Allah and with His power, I stand up and sit down.
When you stand erect, you should recite Surah al-Fatihah and another Surah, preferably Surah al-Tawhid, after which you may say the following three times:
كَذٰلِكَ ٱللَّهُ رَبِّي
kadhalika allahu rabbi
Such is Allah, my Lord.
You may then say the Takbir statement and raise your hands to the level of your face turning the inner surface (i.e. palm) of your hands towards the sky and combining all your fingers, except the thumb, together and say any of the Qunut supplications,( See qunoot Tab)
Ruling 1089. It is recommended that while saying tashahhud, one should sit with his weight placed on his left thigh, and place the front of his right foot on the sole of his left; and before tashahhud, he should say:
bismil lāhi wa billāhi wal ḥamdu lillāhi wa khayrul asmāʾi lillāh
In the name of Allah and by Allah. All praise is for Allah and the best names belong to Allah.
It is also recommended that one places his hands on his thighs, closes his fingers together, looks at his lap, and says after reciting ṣalawāt in tashahhud:
وَ تَـقَبَّلْ شَفَاعَتَهُ وَ ارْفَعْ دَرَجَتَهُ
wa taqabbal shafāʿatahu war faʿ darajatah<
And accept his intercession* and elevate his rank (referring the Holy Prophet)
Ruling 1000. In the third and fourth rakʿahs, it is recommended that after al-tasbīḥāt al-arbaʿah one seeks forgiveness by saying, for example:
أَسْتَغْفِرُ اللّٰهَ رَبِّي وَ أَتُوبُ إِلَیْهِ
astaghfirul lāha rabbī wa atūbu ilayh ..or..
اَللّٰهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي
allāhummagh fir lī
O Allah! Forgive me.
In the Third & Fourth Rakat qiyam it is mustahab to recite after reciting Tasbihat Arba / S Hamd :-
اَسْتَغْفِرُ اللّهَ رَبِّي وَ اَتُوْبُ اِلَيْهِ.
Astaghfirullah Rabbi wa Atuubu Ilayh.
I seek forgiveness of Allah my Lord and I turn to Him
In the Ruku, of the last rakaat, after Zikr recite salawat in this way: “Allahumma Sali Ala Muhammadin wa aali Muhammad wa Taraham ala Aajizna wa Aghisna Bihakkihim.”
Ruling 1077. The following things are recommended when performing sajdah:
1. saying takbīr before going into sajdah. For someone who performs prayers standing, this should be performed after he has raised his head from rukūʿ and has stood perfectly straight; and for someone who performs prayers sitting, this should be performed after he has sat perfectly upright;
2. when one wants to go into sajdah, a man should place his hands on the ground first and a woman her knees first;
3. one should also place his nose on a turbah or on something on which it is permitted to perform sajdah;
4. when in sajdah, one should join his fingers together and place them in line with his ears such that the tips of his fingers face qibla;
5. one should supplicate in sajdah and seek from Allah that He fulfils his needs (ḥājāt), and he should recite this duʿāʾ:
yā khayral masʾūlīn wa yā khayral muʿṭīn, urzuqnī war zuq ʿiyālī min faḍlik, faʾinnaka dhūl faḍlil ʿaẓīm
O the Best of those who are Asked, and O the Best Giver! Grant me sustenance and grant my family sustenance with Your grace, for indeed, You are the Possessor of Great Grace;
Upon completing the two prostrations (of the last unit of prayer), you may sit down to utter the statements of tashahhud and taslim. It is recommended to sit on your hips and to say the following before the tashahhud statement:
بِسْمِ ٱللَّهِ وَبِٱللَّهِ
bismillahi wa billahi
In the Name of Allah (I begin) and in Allah (I trust).
All praise be to Allah.
وَخَيْرُ ٱلاسْمَاءِ لِلَّهِ
wa khayru al-asma'i lillahi
The most excellent names be to Allah.
اشْهَدُ انْ لاَ إِلٰهَ إِلاََّ اللَّهُ
ashhadu an la ilaha illa allahu
I bear witness that there is no god save Allah.
Before the zikr of Ruku -longer dua you may say the following:
ghayra mustankifin wa la mustakbirin wa la mustahsir
I am neither disdaining, nor arrogant, nor regretful.
Before Sujood longer dua- You then stretch your palms and put them on the ground before you put your knees on the ground. You may prostrate on a prostration-clay made of the soil taken from Imam al-Husayn’s tomb. While prostrating yourself, you should utter the statement of prostration once although it is better to repeat it seven, five, or three times. Before that, you may say the following:
اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ سَجَدْتُ
allahumma laka sajadtu
O Allah, to You (alone) do I prostrate,
wa bika amantu
in You do I have faith,
wa laka aslamtu
to You do I submit,
wa `alayka tawakkaltu
in You do I put trust,
wa anta rabbi
and You are my Lord.
سَجَدَ وَجْهِي لِلَّذِي خَلَقَهُ
sajada wajhi lilladhi khalaqahu
My face is prostrating the One Who has created it
وَشَقَّ سَمْعَهُ وَبَصَرَهُ
wa shaqqa sam`ahu wa basarahu
and split its hearing and sight.
الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ ٱلْعَالَمِينَ
alhamdu lillahi rabbi al`alamina
All praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.
تَبَارَكَ ٱللَّهُ احْسَنُ ٱلْخَالِقِينَ
tabaraka allahu ahsanu alkhaliqina
Blessed be Allah, the most excellent of all creators.