Madayen- Salman Farsi- Hudhaifa Yamani

MADAEN30 miles from Baghdad
Tombs of Salman Farsi,Hudhaifa Yamani,Tahir son of Imam Baqer(as) and Abdullah son of Jabir Al Ansari

Merits of Salman
One of the duties of the visitors of the city of al-Kazimiyyah is to head for the city of al-Mada'in to visit the righteous servant of Allah, Salman al-Muhammadi, Allah’s pleasure be upon him. The first of the Four Pillar-Persons, Salman was given an exclusive excellence by the Holy Prophet (s) who said about him, “Salman belongs to us—the Ahl al-Bayt.” Thus, the Holy Prophet (s) included Salman with the group of the Household of Prophethood and Infallibility.
Declaring the value of Salman, the Holy Prophet (s) also said,
سَلْمَانُ بَحْرٌ لاََ يُنْزَفُ، وَكَنْزٌ لاََ يَنْفَدُ. سَلْمَانُ مِنَّا اهْلَ ٱلْبَيْتِ؛ يُمْنَحُ ٱلْحِكْمَةَ وَيُؤْتَىٰ ٱلْبُرْهَانَ.
Salman is an unremitting ocean and an inexhaustible treasure. Salman belong to us, the Ahl al-Bayt. He is (always) given wisdom and granted evidence.

Imam `Ali Amir al-Mu'minin (`a) likened Salman to Luqman whom Almighty Allah gave wisdom.
Imam al-Sadiq (`a) regarded Salman as even preferred to Luqman the wise. As for Imam al-Baqir (`a), he considered Salman to be one of those who understand by tokens (mutawassim).
From the traditions on the merits of Salman, we can conclude the following: 1. Salman had knowledge with the Greater Name (alism al-a`zam).
2. He received directly from the angels.
3. Faith is of ten ranks; Salman attained the tenth (i.e. most supreme) rank. 4. He had familiarity with the unseen knowledge and the knowledge of the times of death.
5. In this worldly life, Salman ate from the presents of Paradise.
6. Paradise longs for and loves Salman.
7. Almighty Allah and His Messengers love Salman.
8. Almighty Allah ordered His Messenger to love four persons one of whom was Salman.
9. Verses of the Holy Qur'an were revealed in praise of Salman and his matches.
10. Whenever Archangel Gabriel descended to the Holy Prophet (s), he would order him to convey compliments of Almighty Allah to Salman and inform him of the knowledge of times of death, future catastrophes, and lineages of people.
11. At nights, Salman held special sessions with the Holy Prophet (s).
12. The Holy Prophet (s) and Imam `Ali (`a) taught Salman a portion of the stored and hidden knowledge of Almighty Allah—the knowledge that none could bear except Salman.
13. He attained such a magnificent prominence due to which Imam al-Sadiq (`a) said about him:
ادْرَكَ سَلْمَانُ ٱلْعِلْمَ ٱلاوَّلَ وَٱلْعِلْمَ ٱلآخِرَ، وَهُوَ بَحْرٌ لاََ يُنْزَحُ، وَهُوَ مِنَّا اهْلَ ٱلْبَيْتِ.
Salman perceived the first knowledge and the last knowledge. He is an infinite ocean. He belongs to us, the Ahl al-Bayt.

In the course of arousing desire for visiting the tomb of this great personality, it is sufficient to reflect on the following peculiarity and great preference by which Salman was characterized among all of the companions of the Holy Prophet (s):
When Salman passed away, Imam `Ali (`a) covered the entire distance between al-Madinah and al-Mada'in in one night to attend his funeral ceremony. The Imam (`a) himself washed and coffined the dead body of Salman. He then performed the ritual Deceased Prayer for his body in the participation of a line of angels. At that night, the Imam (`a) returned to al-Madinah. What a sublime honor the loyalty to and love for the Ahl al-Bayt grant. Such loyalty and love raises one to such a splendid status and supreme rank.

Offering Prayer at Taq Kisra First: It is recommended to offer a two or more unit prayer at Taq Kisra (the remnants of the palace of the Sasanid king Khosrow I), because Imam `Ali Amir al-Mu'minin (`a) offered a prayer there.
`Ammar al-Sabati has reported that when Imam `Ali Amir al-Mu'minin (`a) visited the city of al-Mada'in, accompanied by Dalaf ibn Bujayr, he wandered in the courtyard of Khosrow’s palace. Having offered a prayer, he stood up and asked Dalaf, who was accompanied by a group from the tribe of Sabat, to accompany him. The Imam (`a) wandered around the chambers of Khosrow and in every place, he would tell Dalaf that such-and-such was in that place. Dalaf would answer, “By Allah I swear, this is as exactly as you are telling.” When he wandered about all the locations in that palace, Dalaf said to him, “O master and chief, it is as if you have put these things in these places!”
It is also reported that when Imam `Ali Amir al-Mu'minin (`a) visited the city of al-Mada'in and passed by the traces of the palace of Khosrow, a man expressed that state by saying the following poetic verse:
Winds flew on the traces of their homes As if they had already arranged for a date! The Imam said, “You should have said (the following verse of the Holy Qur'an): How many of the gardens and fountains have they left! And cornfields and noble places! And goodly things wherein they rejoiced. Thus (it was), and We gave them as a heritage to another people. So the heaven and the earth did not weep for them, nor were they respited. (44:25-29)
The Imam then added:
إِِنَّ هٰؤُلاَءِ كَانُوٱ وَارِثِينَ، فَاصْبَحُوٱ مَوْرُوثِينَ. لَمْ يَشْكُرُوٱ ٱلنِّعْمَةَ، فَسُلِبُوٱ دُنْيَاهُمْ بِٱلْمَعْصِيَةِ. إِِيَّاكُمْ وَكُفْرَ ٱلنِّعَمِ، لاََ تَحُلُّ بِكُمُ ٱلنِّقَمُ.
These peoples were inheritors; but they became inherited. They had not appreciated the goodly things; therefore, they were deprived of their worldly lives while they were disobedient. Beware of ingratitude, lest chastisements will be poured upon you.

Visiting the Tomb of Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman1 Second: It is recommended to visit the tomb of Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman.
One of the major companions of the Holy Prophet (s) and elite friends of Imam `Ali (`a), Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman was characterized by his capability to recognize the hypocrites by names. The second Caliph would not perform the Deceased Prayer for any dead body unless Hudhayfah would be present there. For many years, Hudhayfah had been appointed as the governor of al-Mada'in, but the second Caliph deposed him and appointed Salman for that office. However, when the second Caliph passed away, Hudhayfah regained his past position as governor of al-Mada'in and continued in that office until Imam `Ali (`a) regained his position as the leader (caliph) of Muslims. The Imam (`a) wrote an official epistle to Hudhayfah and the people of al-Mada'in informing them of his having been chosen as the caliph and, through a governmental decree, appointing Hudhayfah as the governor of al-Mada'in. However, Hudhayfah had passed away and been buried in that city before Imam `Ali (`a) could arrive in al-Kufah with his army after he had left al-Madinah towards al-Basrah to repel the evil of the people of the Camel.
Abu-Hamzah al-Thumali has reported the following:
At the last hours of his lifetime, Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman summoned his son and transmitted his will to him, saying, “O son, show despair of what people have in possession, for richness lies in this. Beware of asking your needs from people, for this is the whole poverty. On this day, try to be better than what you were on yesterday. When you perform a prayer, try to perform it in a mood of one who is bidding farewell to this world and will not have a chance to return to it. Beware of doing things that make you apologize.”
His body was moved to this location in 1932 and had miraculously not deteriorated for
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It is worth mentioning that the Major Mosque of al-Mada'in is situated near the tomb of Salman. This mosque is ascribed to Imam al-Hasan al-`Askari (`a) although none has known the reason. Perhaps, the Imam (`a) ordered of constructing this mosque or offered a prayer therein.
So, do not deprive yourself of the merit of offering a two-unit prayer in this mosque.
Tomb of Abdullah bin Jabir Ansari
Tomb of SY Tahir bin Imam Mohammed Baqir(as)

Method of Ziyarah In his book of Misbah al-Za'ir, Sayyid Ibn Tawus has mentioned four forms of ziyarah of Salman. However, I will mention the first form only, which has been also recorded by Shaykh al-Tusi in Tahdhib al-Ahkam. In my book of Hadiyyat al-Za'ir, I have mentioned the fourth form. When you intend to visit Salman, you may stop at his tomb, direct your face towards the kiblah direction, and say the following words:
اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَىٰ رَسُولِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `ala rasuli allahi
Peace be upon the Messenger of Allah

مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ ٱللَّهِ
muhammadi bni `abdillahi
Muhammad the son of `Abdullah,

خَاتَمِ ٱلنَّبِيِّينَ
khatami alnnabiyyina
the Seal of the Prophets.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَىٰ امِيرِ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ
alssalamu `ala amiri almu'minina
Peace be upon the Commander of the Faithful,

سَيِّدِ ٱلْوَصِيِّينَ
sayyidi alwasiyyina
the chief of the Prophet’s successors.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَىٰ ٱلائِمَّةِ ٱلْمَعْصُومِينَ ٱلرَّاشِدِينَ
alssalamu `ala al-a'immati alma`sumina alrrashidina
Peace be upon the Imams; the infallible and rightly guided.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَىٰ ٱلْمَلاَئِكَةِ ٱلْمُقَرَّبِينَ
alssalamu `ala almala'ikati almuqarrabina
Peace be upon the archangels.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا صَاحِبَ رَسُولِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلامِينَ
alssalamu `alayka ya sahiba rasuli allahi al-amina
Peace be upon you, O faithful companion of Allah’s Messenger.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَلِيَّ امِيرِ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ
alssalamu `alayka ya waliyya amiri almu'minina
Peace be upon you, O loyalist to the Commander of the Faithful.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا مُودَعَ اسْرَارِ ٱلسَّادَةِ ٱلْمَيَامِينِ
alssalamu `alayka ya muda`a asrari alssadati almayamini
Peace be upon you, O trusted with the secrets of the blessed chiefs.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بَقِيَّةَ ٱللَّهِ مِنَ ٱلْبَرَرَةِ ٱلْمَاضِينَ
alssalamu `alayka ya baqiyyata allahi min albararati almadina
Peace be upon you, O he whom Allah has left from the past dutiful ones.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابَا عَبْدِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya aba `abdillahi
Peace be upon you, O Abu-`Abdullah.

وَرَحْمَةُ ٱللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ
wa rahmatu allahi wa barakatuhu
Allah’s mercy and blessings be upon you.

اشْهَدُ انَّكَ اطَعْتَ ٱللَّهَ كَمَا امَرَكَ
ashhadu annaka ata`ta allaha kama amaraka
I bear witness that you obeyed Allah as exactly as He ordered you to do,

وَٱتَّبَعْتَ ٱلرَّسُولَ كَمَا نَدَبَكَ
wattaba`ta alrrasula kama nadabaka
followed the Messenger as exactly as He directed you to do,

وَتَوَلَّيْتَ خَلِيفَتَهُ كَمَا الْزَمَكَ
wa tawallayta khalifatahu kama alzamaka
acted loyally to his vicegerent as exactly as He bound you to do,

وَدَعَوْتَ إِِلَىٰ ٱلإِهْتِمَامِ بِذُرِّيَّتِهِ كَمَا وَقَفَكَ
wa da`awta ila alihtimami bidhurriyyatihi kama waqafaka
called for having care of his offspring as exactly as He used you for,

وَعَلِمْتَ ٱلْحَقَّ يَقيناً وَٱعْتَمَدْتَهُ كَمَا امَرَكَ
wa `alimta alhaqqa yaqinan wa`tamadtahu kama amaraka
and had full acquaintance with the truth and thus you rested upon it as exactly as He ordered you to

وَاشْهَدُ انَّكَ بَابُ وَصِيِّ ٱلْمُصْطَفَىٰ
wa ashhadu annaka babu wasiyyi almustafa
I also bear witness that you are the door to the successor of the Chosen Prophet,

وَطَريقُ حُجَّةِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلْمُرْتَضَىٰ
wa tariqu hujjati allahi almurtada
the path to the well-pleased argument of Allah,

وَامِينُ ٱللَّهِ فِي مَا ٱسْتُوْدِعْتَ مِنْ عُلُومِ ٱلاصْفِيَاءِ
wa aminu allahi fima istudi`ta min `ulumi al-asfiya'i
and the trustee of Allah in the knowledge of the Elite Ones with whichHe entrusted you.

اشْهَدُ انَّكَ مِنْ اهْلِ بَيْتِ ٱلنَّبِيِّ ٱلنُّجَبَاءِ
ashhadu annaka min ahli bayti alnnabiyyi alnnujaba'i
I bear witness that you belong to the outstanding members of the Prophet’s family

ٱلْمُخْتَارِينَ لِنُصْرَةِ ٱلْوَصِيِّ
almukhtarina linusrati alwasiyyi
and you are one of those chosen for supporting the Successor.

اشْهَدُ انَّكَ صَاحِبُ ٱلْعَاشِرَةِ
ashhadu annaka sahibu al`ashirati
I bear witness that you attained the tenth rank (of faith),

وَٱلْبَرَاهِينِ وَٱلدَّلاَئِلِ ٱلْقَاهِرَةِ
walbarahini walddala'ili alqahirati
you were given the subduing proofs and demonstrations,

وَاقَمْتَ ٱلصَّلاَةَ
wa aqamta alssalata
you performed the prayer,

وَآتَيْتَ ٱلزَّكَاةَ
wa atayta alzzakata
defrayed the poor-rate,

وَامَرْتَ بِٱلْمَعْرُوفِ
wa amarta bilma`rufi
enjoined the right,

وَنَهَيْتَ عَنِ ٱلْمُنْكَرِ
wa nahayta `an almunkari
forbade the wrong,

وَادَّيْتَ ٱلامَانَةَ
wa addayta al-amanata
fulfilled the trust,

وَنَصَحْتَ لِلَّهِ وَلِرَسُولِهِ
wa nasahta lillahi wa lirasulihi
acted sincerely for Allah and His Messenger,

وَصَبَرْتَ عَلَىٰ ٱلاذَىٰ فِي جَنْبِهِ
wa sabarta `ala al-adha fi janbihi
and endured harm for His sake

حَتَّىٰ اتَاكَ ٱلْيَقِينُ
hatta ataka alyaqinu
until death came upon you.

لَعَنَ ٱللَّهُ مَنْ جَحَدَكَ حَقَّكَ
la`ana allahu man jahadaka haqqaka
May Allah curse those who denied your precedence

وَحَطَّ مِنْ قَدْرِكَ
wa hatta min qadrika
and belittled your status.

لَعَنَ ٱللَّهُ مَنْ آذَاكَ فِي مَوَالِيكَ
la`ana allahu man adhaka fi mawalika
May Allah curse those who injured you when they harmed your chiefs.

لَعَنَ ٱللَّهُ مَنْ اعْنَتَكَ فِي اهْلِ بَيْتِ نَبِيِّكَ
la`ana allahu man a`nataka fi ahli bayti nabiyyika
May Allah curse those who caused you distress when they harmed the Household of your Prophet.

لَعَنَ ٱللَّهُ مَنْ لاَمَكَ فِي سَادَاتِكَ
la`ana allahu man lamaka fi sadatika
May Allah curse those who blamed you for your having followed your chiefs.

لَعَنَ ٱللَّهُ عَدُوَّ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ
la`ana allahu `aduwwa ali muhammadin
May Allah curse the enemy of Muhammad’s Family

مِنَ ٱلْجِنِّ وَٱلإِنْسِ
min aljinni wal-insi
from the jinn and men

مِنَ ٱلاوَّلِينَ وَٱلآخِرِينَ
min al-awwalina wal-akhirina
and from the past and the last generations.

وَضَاعَفَ عَلَيْهِمُ ٱلْعَذَابَ ٱلالِيمَ
wa da`afa `alayhim al`adhaba al-alima
May Allah multiply for them the painful chastisement.

صَلَّىٰ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابَا عَبْدِ ٱللَّهِ
salla allahu `alayka ya aba `abdillahi
May Allah bless you, O Abu-`Abdullah.

صَلَّىٰ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيْكَ يَا صَاحِبَ رَسُولِ ٱللَّهِ
salla allahu `alayka ya sahiba rasuli allahi
May Allah bless you, O companion of Allah’s Messenger.

صَلَّىٰ ٱللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ
salla allahu `alayhi wa alihi
May Allah bless him, his Household,

وَعَلَيْكَ يَا مَوْلَىٰ امِيرِ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ
wa `alayka ya mawla amiri almu'minina
and you, O follower of the Commander of the Faithful.

وَصَلَّىٰ ٱللَّهِ عَلَىٰ رُوحِكَ ٱلطَّيِّبَةِ
wa salla allahu `ala ruhika alttayyibati
May Allah bless your immaculate soul

وَجَسَدِكَ ٱلطَّاهِرِ
wa jasadika alttahiri
and pure body,

وَالْحَقَنَا بِمَنِّهِ وَرَافَتِهِ
wa alhaqana bimannihi wa ra'fatihi
and may He, out of His favoring and kindness, join us,

إِِذَا تَوَفَّانَا بِكَ
idha tawaffana bika
when He grasps our souls, with you

وَبِمَحَلِّ ٱلسَّادَةِ ٱلْمَيَامِينِ
wa bimahalli alssadati almayamini
and with the position of the blessed chiefs,

وَجَمَعَنَا مَعَهُمْ بِجِوَارِهِمْ فِي جَنَّاتِ ٱلنَّعيِمِ
wa jama`ana ma`ahum bijiwarihim fi jannati alnna`imi
and may He gather us in their vicinity in the gardens of bliss.

صَلَّىٰ ٱللَّهِ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابَا عَبْدِ ٱللَّهِ
salla allahu `alayka ya aba `abdillahi
May Allah bless you, O Abu-`Abdullah.

وَصَلَّىٰ ٱللَّهُ عَلَىٰ إِِخْوَانِكَ ٱلشِّيعَةِ ٱلْبَرَرَةِ
wa salla allahu `ala ikhwanika alshshi`ati albararati
May Allah also bless your brothers the dutiful partisans

مِنَ ٱلسَّلَفِ ٱلْمَيَامِينِ
min alssalafi almayamini
from the blessed bygone generation.

وَادْخَلَ ٱلرَّوْحَ وَٱلرِّضْوَانَ عَلَىٰ ٱلْخَلَفِ مِنَ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ
wa adkhala alrrawha walrridwana `ala alkhalafi min almu'minina
May He insert bliss and pleasure to the believers from the succeeding generations

وَالْحَقَنَا وَإِيَّاهُمْ بِمَنْ تَوَلاَّهُ مِنْ ٱلْعِتْرَةِ ٱلطَّاهِرِينَ
qana wa iyyahum biman tawallahu min al`itrati alttahirina
and may He add them and us to the immaculate progeny to whom we have shown loyalty.

وَعَلَيْكَ وَعَلَيْهِمُ ٱلسَّلاَمُ
wa `alayka wa `alayhim alssalamu
Upon you and them be peace

وَرَحْمَةُ ٱللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ
wa rahmatu allahi wa barakatuhu
and Allah’s mercy and bless

You may then repeat Surah al-Qadr (No. 97) seven times and then offer any voluntary prayer you wish. When you decide to leave, you may stop at the tomb to bid farewell farewell to him. You may now say the following words, which Sayyid Ibn Tawus mentioned at the end of the fourth form of ziyarah of Salman:
اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابَا عَبْدِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya aba `abdillahi
Peace be upon you, O Abu-`Abdullah.

انْتَ بَابُ ٱللَّهِ ٱلْمُؤْتىٰ مِنْهُ وَٱلْمَاخُوذُ عَنْهُ
anta babu allahi almu'ta minhu walma'khudhu `anhu
You are the door to Allah from which He is reached and what He has is received.

اشْهَدُ انَّكَ قُلْتَ حَقّاً وَنَطَقْتَ صِدْقاً
ashhadu annaka qulta haqqan wa nataqta sidqan
I bear witness that you have said the truth, spoken honestly,

وَدَعَوْتَ إِلَىٰ مَوْلاَيَ وَمَوْلاَكَ عَلاَنِيَةً وَسِرّاً
wa da`awta ila mawlaya wa mawlaka `alaniyatan wa sirran
and called to my and your master openly and in secret.

اتَيْتُكَ زَائِراً
ataytuka za'iran
I have come to you, visiting you

وَحَاجَاتِي لَكَ مُسْتَوْدِعاً
wa hajati laka mustawdi`an
and entrusting with you all my needs.

وَهَا انَا ذَا مُوَدِّعُكَ
wa ha ana dha muwaddi`uka
Here I am bidding farewell to you.

اسْتَوْدِعُكَ دِينِي وَامَانَتِي
astawdi`uka dini wa amanati
I thus entrust with you my faith, trust,

وَخَوَاتِيمَ عَمَلِي وَجَوَامِعَ امَلِي
wa khawatima `amali wa jawami`a amali
the seals of my deeds, and my entire hope

إِلَىٰ مُنْتَهَىٰ اجَلِي
ila muntaha ajali
up to the end of my lifetime.

وَٱلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ وَرَحْمَةُ ٱللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ
wa alssalamu `alayka wa rahmatu allahi wa barakatuhu
Peace and Allah’s mercy and blessings be upon you.

وَصَلَّىٰ ٱللَّهُ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِهِ ٱلاخْيَارِ
wa salla allahu `ala muhammadin wa alihi al-akhyari
May Allah bless Muhammad and his Household, the virtuous.

Shrine of Salman Farsi

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Tomb of Hudhaifa Yamani

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Tomb of Sy Tahir and Abdullah

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Tomb of Sy Tahir bin Imam Mohammed Baqir(as)

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Tomb of Abdullah bin Jabir Ansari

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