زيارَةُ النّاحِيَةِ ال‍مُقَدَّسَةِ   |  ZIYARAT AL-NAHIYA AL-MUQADDASA  

Introduction and Translation by: Vahid Majd    Naba Organization ISBN: 964-8323-13-5, First Edition: 2004Email: naba@sabznet.com


“But as I have been hindered by the course of time, and (Allah’s) decree has prevented me from helping you, and as I could not fight those who fought you, and was not able to show hostility to those who showed hostility to you, I will, therefore, lament you morning and evening, and will weep blood in place of tears, out of my anguish for you and my sorrow for all that befell you…”  —Imam al-Mahdi (PBUH)

Of the several prescribed Ziyarat of Imam al-Husain (PBUH), one was recited by Imam al-Mahdi (PBUH) and reached us through one of his four special deputies. For that reason, it is known as the Ziyarat that was issued from the sacred side (Ziyarat al-Nahiya al-Muqaddasa).[1] One of the most important features of this Ziyarat is that in different phrases, Imam al-Mahdi (PBUH) graphically describes the events of Ashura and the agony that Imam al-Husain (PBUH) and his family faced on that horrific and ominous day.

The text of the Ziyarat al-Nahiya is found in some early Ziyarat collections such as al-Mazar al-Kabir, by Muhammad Ibn Ja’far al-Mash’hadi, pp. 496-513. It is also reported in al-Mazar, by al-Mufid as mentioned in Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 98, pp. 318-329.

An overview of the Ziyarat al-Nahiya

Since this Ziyarat (as reported in al-Mazar al-Kabir, by al-Mash’hadi) originated from an infallible Imam who is the tongue of Allah, it is replete with divine recognition, guidance, spirituality, knowledge of religion, lessons for humanity, and the historical facts.

The method of presentation in this Ziyarat follows the formal method seen in other texts by Ahl al-Bait (PBUT). The text of this Ziyarat can be divided into the following ten major parts:

1-       Offering peace and salutations to the Prophets (PBUT) (whose spiritual heir was Imam al-Husain (PBUH)), from the earliest ones up to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HF), and then his pure progeny (PBUT) in addition to describing some of their attributes. For instance, we recite: “Peace be upon Adam, the chosen one of Allah from among His creation ...”

2-       Offering peace and salutations to the Chief of Martyrs (PBUH) and enumerating some of his spiritual qualities and divine titles: “Peace be upon al-Husain who sacrificed himself up to the last drops of the blood of his heart. Peace be upon him, who obeyed Allah secretly and openly... Peace be upon the son of the Garden of refuge. Peace be upon the son of Zamzam and al-Safaa. Peace be upon him who was saturated in (his) blood ...”

3-       Sending salutations to the martyrs of Karbala, in general, who sacrificed their selves for the divine cause: “Peace be upon the bloodstained chests... Peace be upon the pallid bodies... Peace be upon the dismembered limbs. Peace be upon the heads raised upon lances ...”

4-       Stating the motivations, wishes, and aims for visiting Imam al-Husain (PBUH): “Peace be upon you! Indeed, I intended your visitation and am hopeful of achieving the prosperity that is with you. Salutations to you, salutations from he who recognizes your sanctity, is a sincere (believer) in your guardianship, seeks nearness to Allah through your love, and is aloof from your enemies ...”

5-       Bearing witness to the Imam’s exemplary way of conduct: “I bear witness that you certainly established prayer, gave alms, enjoined good, forbade evil and transgression, obeyed Allah, never disobeyed Him, held fast to Him and to His rope, pleased Him, and held Him in awe ...”

6-       Explaining the Imam’s method of opposing evil: “when tyranny became wide-spread, injustice removed its veil, wickedness called upon its followers... the knowledge demanded you for disavowal (of falsehood), and made it incumbent on you to struggle against the deviant. Therefore, you set out in company of your children, kinsfolk, followers, and supporters, disclosed the truth and clear proofs, summoned people towards Allah with wisdom and fine exhortation ...”

7-       Presenting some of the calamities and afflictions that befell the Imam, and describing his martyrdom and the capture of his family: “The enemy then surrounded you from all sides, weakened you by inflicting wounds, while you did not have any helper left, and you were bereaved yet patient ...”

8-       Enumerating the depth of the crime: “Certainly, by killing you, they have killed Islam, disrupted (the truth of) prayer and fasting, revoked the (prophetic) customs and the (divine) laws... Certainly, (by this event,) the Messenger of Allah (PBUH&HF) was wronged, left alone, and denied vengeance, the Book of Allah, the mighty and the majestic, was again abandoned ...”

9-       Relating the mourning ceremonies of the Prophets, Angels, and the cosmos: “Indeed, the Messenger (PBUH&HF) became distressed and his depressed heart wept. The Angels and the Prophets offered their condolences to him for your martyrdom. Your mother, al-Zahra, became distressed and bereft of you. Legions of Angels came in waves to offer their condolences to your father, the Leader of the Faithful ...”

10-  Praying to Allah and imploring Him: “O Allah! By the sanctity of this exalted place (the tomb of Imam al-Husain (PBUH)), bestow blessings upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, assemble me in their company, and admit me to Paradise by their intercession ...”

A blend of wisdom, cognizance, spirituality, ethics, elegy, enthusiasm, devotion, along with a detailed account of the events has made this divinely inspired Ziyarat, one of the most insightful Ziyarat of Imam al-Husain (PBUH) for the followers of Ahl al-Bait (PBUT).

In what follows, the Arabic text alongside its English translation and transliteration of the original Ziyarat al-Nahiya as reported in al-Mazar al-Kabir, by Muhammad Ibn al-Mash’hadi, is presented.

May Allah hasten the advent of Imam Mahdi (PBUH), the reviver of the religion of Allah, the avenger of the blood of the Chief of Martyrs (PBUH) from the oppressors, and the establisher of peace and justice over the globe.   With request for prayers, Vahid J. Majd, 1 Dhul-Hijja 1424.

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Part 1

Peace be upon Adam, the chosen one of Allah from among His creation.

assalāmu alā ādama šifwatil-lāhi minkhalīqatih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى آدَمَ صِفْوَةِ اللهِ مِنْ خَليقَتِهِ،

Peace be upon Seth (Shaith), the friend of Allah and His elite.

assalāmu alā shaythin waliyil-lāhi wakhiyaratih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى شَيْثٍ وَلِيِّ اللهِ وَ خِيَرَتِهِ،

Peace be upon Enoch (Idris), who established (religion) on behalf of Allah by His authority.

assalāmu alā 'idrīsal qā'imi lil-lāhibi-ħujjatih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى إدْريسَ الْقائِمِ للهِِ بِحُجَّتِهِ،

Peace be upon Noah (Nuh), whose invocation (for punishment) was answered.

assalāmu alā nūħinil mujābi dawatih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى نُوحٍ الْمُجابِ في دَعْوَتِهِ،

Peace be upon Hud, who was assisted through Allah’s aid.

assalāmu alā hūdinil mamdūdi minal-lāhi bi-maūnatih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى هُودٍ الْمَمْدُودِ مِنَ اللهِ بِمَعُونَتِهِ،

Peace be upon Salih, whom Allah crowned with His generosity.

assalāmu alā šāliħil-ladhītawwajahul-lāhu bi-karāmatih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى صالِحِ الَّذي تَوَّجَهُ اللهُ بِكَرامَتِهِ،

Peace be upon Abraham (Ibrahim), whom Allah endowed with His friendship.

assalāmu alā 'ibrāhimal-ladhīħabāhul-lāhu bi-khullatih

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى إبْراهيمَ الَّذي حَباهُ اللهُ بِخُلَّتِهِ،

Peace be upon Ishmael (Isma’il), whom Allah ransomed with a great sacrifice from His Heaven.

assalāmu alā 'ismaīlal-ladhī fadāhul-lāhu bi-dhibħin ađīmin min jannatih

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى إسْماعيلَ الَّذي فَداهُ اللهُ بِذِبْحٍ عَظيمٍ مِنْ جَنَّتِهِ،

Peace be upon Isaac (Is’haq), in whose progeny Allah placed prophethood.

assalāmu alā 'isħāqal-ladhī jaalal-lāhun-nubuwwata  dhurriyyatih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى إسْحاقَ الَّذي جَعَلَ اللهُ النُّبُوَّةَ في ذُرِّيَّتِهِ،

Peace be upon Jacob (Ya’qub), for whom Allah restored his sight by His mercy.

assalāmu alā yaqūbal-ladhī raddal-lāhu alayhi bašarahu bi-raħmatih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى يَعْقُوبَ الَّذي رَدَّ اللهُ عَلَيْهِ بَصَرَهُ بِرَحْمَتِهِ،

Peace be upon Joseph (Yusuf), whom Allah rescued from the well by His majesty.

assalāmu alā yūsufal-ladhī najjāhul-lāhu minal jubbi bi-ađamatih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى يُوسُفَ الَّذي نَجّاهُ اللهُ مِنَ الْجُبِّ بِعَظَمَتِهِ،

Peace be upon Moses (Musa), the one for whom Allah split the sea with His Power.

assalāmu alā mūsal-ladhī falaqal-lāhul baħra lahu bi-qudratih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى مُوسَى الَّذي فَلَقَ اللهُ الْبَحْرَ لَهُ بِقُدْرَتِهِ،

Peace be upon Aaron (Harun), whom Allah distinguished with his prophethood.

assalāmu alā hārūnal-ladhīkhaššahul-lāhu bi-nubuwwatih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى هارُونَ الَّذي خَصَّهُ اللهُ بِنُبُوَّتِهِ،

Peace be upon Jethro (Shu’aib), whom Allah made victorious over his people.

assalāmu alā shuaybil-ladhīnašarahul-lāhu alā 'ummatih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى شُعَيْبِ الَّذي نَصَرَهُ اللهُ عَلى اُمَّتِهِ،

Peace be upon David (Dawud), to whom Allah turned (in mercy) after his mistake.[1]

assalāmu alā dāwūdal-ladhī tābal-lāhu alayhi min khaţī'atih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى داوُدَ الَّذي تابَ اللهُ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ خَطيئَتِهِ،

Peace be upon Solomon (Sulaiman), for whom Allah made the Jinn subservient by His majesty.

assalāmu alā sulaymānal-ladhīdhallat lahul jinnu bi-izzatih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى سُلَيْمانَ الَّذي ذَلَّتْ لَهُ الْجِنُّ بِعِزَّتِهِ،

Peace be upon Job (Ayyub), whom Allah cured after his (prolonged) illness.

assalāmu alā 'ayyūbal-ladhī shafāhul-lāhu min illatih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى أيُّوبَ الَّذي شَفاهُ اللهُ مِنْ عِلَّتِهِ،

Peace be upon Jonah (Yunus), for whom Allah fulfilled the purport of His promise.

assalāmu alā yūnusal-ladhī 'anjazal-lāhu lahu mađhmūna idatih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى يُونُسَ الَّذي أنْجَزَ اللهُ لَهُ مَضْمُونَ عِدَتِهِ،

Peace be upon Ezra (Uzair), whom Allah brought to life after his death.

assalāmu alā uzayril-ladhī 'aħyāhul-lāhu bada mītatih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى عُزَيْرِ الَّذي أحْياهُ اللهُ بَعْدَ ميتَتِهِ،

Peace be upon Zechariah (Zakariyya), who remained patient in his tribulations.

assalāmu alā zakariyyaš-šābiri fīmiħnatih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى زَكَرِيّا الصّابِرِ في مِحْنَتِهِ،

Peace be upon John (Yahya), whom Allah drew near (his rank) by his martyrdom.

assalāmu alā yħayal-ladhī 'azlafahul-lāhu bi-shahādatih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى يَحْيَى الَّذي أزْلَفَهُ اللهُ بِشَهادَتِهِ،

Peace be upon Jesus (Isa), the spirit of Allah and His word.

assalāmu alā īsa, ruħil-lāhi wakalimatih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى عيسى رُوحِ اللهِ وَ كَلِمَتِهِ،

Peace be upon Muhammad, the beloved of Allah and His elite.

assalāmu alā muħammaddin ħabībil-lāhi wa šifwatih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى مُحَمَّدٍ حَبيبِ اللهِ وَ صِفْوَتِهِ،

Peace be upon the Leader of the Faithful, Ali Ibn Abi Talib, who was exclusively selected for brotherhood to him (the Prophet (PBUH&HF)).

assalāmu alā 'amīril mu'minīna aliyy-ibni 'abī ţālibinil-makhšūši bi-'ukhuwwatih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى أميرِالْمُؤْمِنينَ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أبي طالِبٍ الْمَخْصُوصِ بِاُخُوَّتِهِ،

Peace be upon Fatima al-Zahra, his daughter.

assalāmu alā fāţimataz-zahrā'ibnatih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى فاطِمَةَ الزَّهْراءِ ابْنَتِهِ،

Peace be upon Abu Muhammad al-Hasan, the executor of (the will of) his father, and his successor.

assalāmu alā 'abi muħammadinil-ħasani wašiyyi 'abīhi wa khalīfatih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى أبي مُحَمَّدٍ الْحَسَنِ وَصِيِّ أبيهِ وَ خَليفَتِهِ،

Peace be upon al-Husain, who sacrificed himself up to the last drops of the blood of his heart.

assalāmu alal-ħusaynil-ladhī samaħatnafsuhu bi-muhjatih

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الْحُسَيْنِ الَّذي سَمَحَتْ نَفْسُهُ بِمُهْجَتِهِ،

[1] The “mistake” of the Prophet David has also been mentioned in Du’aa al-Mashlul taught by Imam Ali (PBUH) as reported in Mafatih al-Jinan, as well as some other traditions. It should be noted that the mistakes of the prophets are not the sins we know. In general, they might be leaving out what was more preferable (Tark Awla) for their spiritual station. Nonetheless, it should be emphasized that the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HF) and his Ahl al-Bait (PBUT) were immune even from these mistakes.


Part 2

Peace be upon him, who obeyed Allah secretly and openly.

assalāmu alā man 'aţāal-lāha fī sirrihi wa alāniyatih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى مَنْ أطاعَ اللهَ في سِرِّهِ وَ عَلانِيَتِهِ،

Peace be upon whom Allah placed a cure in the soil of his place (of martyrdom).

assalāmu alā man jaalal-lāhush-shifā'a fī turbatih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى مَنْ جَعَلَ اللهُ الشِّفاءَ في تُرْبَتِهِ،

Peace be upon the one under whose dome answer (to supplications) is guaranteed.

assalāmu alā manil 'ijābatu taħta qubbatih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى مَنِ الإجابَةُ تَحْتَ قُبَّتِهِ،

Peace be upon the one in whose descendants are the Imams (after him).

assalāmu alā manil 'a'immatu min dhurriyyatih,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى مَنِ الأئِمَّةُ مِنْ ذُرِّيَّتِهِ،

Peace be upon the son of the seal of the prophets.

assalāmu alabni khātamil anbiyā',

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى ابْنِ خاتَمِ الأنْبِياءِ،

Peace be upon the son of the chief of the executors.

assalāmu alabni sayyidil awšiyā',

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى ابْنِ سَيِّدِ الأوْصِياءِ،

Peace be upon the son of Fatima, the radiant.

assalāmu alabni fāţimaz-zahrā',

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى ابْنِ فاطِمَةَ الزَّهْراءِ،

Peace be upon the son of Khadija, the great.

assalāmu alabni khadijatal kubrā,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى ابْنِ خَديجَةَ الْكُبْرى،

Peace be upon the son of the lote-tree in the outermost boundary (of Heaven).[1]

assalāmu alabni sidratil muntahā,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى ابْنِ سِدْرَةِ الْمُنْتَهى،

Peace be upon the son of the Garden of refuge.

assalāmu alabni jannatil ma'wā,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى ابْنِ جَنَّةِ الْمَأْوى،

Peace be upon the son of Zamzam and al-Safaa.

assalāmu alabni zamzama waš-šafā

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى ابْنِ زَمْزَمَ وَ الصَّفا،

Peace be upon him, who was saturated in (his) blood.

assalāmu alal murrammali bid-dimā',

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الْمُرَمَّلِ بِالدِّماءِ،

Peace be upon him, whose tents were violated.

assalāmu alal mahtūkil khibā',

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الْمَهْتُوكِ الْخِباءِ،

Peace be upon the fifth of the People of the Cloak.

assalāmu alā khāmisi 'ašħābil kisā',

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى خامِسِ أصْحابِ الْكِساءِ،

Peace be upon the loneliest of the lonely.

assalāmu alā gharībil ghurabā',

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى غَريبِ الْغُرَباءِ،

Peace be upon the (greatest) martyr of all martyrs.

assalāmu alā shahīdish-shuhadā',

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى شَهيدِ الشُّهَداءِ،

Peace be upon him, who was slain by the individuals of illegitimate birth.

assalāmu alā qatīlil adiyā',

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى قَتيلِ الأدْعِياءِ،

Peace be upon the one who is at rest in Karbala.

assalāmu alā sākini karbalā',

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى ساكِنِ كَرْبَلاءَ،

Peace be upon the one for whom the heavenly Angels wept.

assalāmu alā man bakat-hu malā'ikatus-samā'

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى مَنْ بَكَتْهُ مَلائِكَةُ السَّماءِ،

Peace be upon the one whose descendants are the pure.

assalāmu alā man dhuriyyatuhul azkiyā',

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى مَنْ ذُرِّيَّتُهُ الأزْكِياءُ،

Peace be upon the chief of the religion.

assalāmu alā yasūbid-dīn

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى يَعْسُوبِ الدّينِ،

Peace be upon the places of the (divine) proofs.

assalāmu alā manāzilil barāhīn,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى مَنازِلِ الْبَراهينِ،

Peace be upon the Imams, the masters (of mankind).

assalāmu alal 'a'immatis-sādāt,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الأئِمَّةِ السّاداتِ،

[1] C.f. Chapter 14, Verse 5 of the Quran.

Part 3

Peace be upon the bloodstained chests.

assalāmu alal juyūbil muđharrajāt,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الْجُيُوبِ الْمُضَرَّجاتِ،

Peace be upon the parched lips.

assalāmu alash-shifāhidh-dhābilāt,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الشِّفاهِ الذّابِلاتِ،

Peace be upon the plucked souls.

assalāmu alan-nufūsil mušţalamāt,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى النُّفُوسِ الْمُصْطَلَماتِ،

Peace be upon the snatched spirits.

assalāmu alal 'arwāħil mukhtalasāt,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الأرْواحِ الْمُخْتَلَساتِ،

Peace be upon the stripped corpses.

assalāmu alal 'ajsādil ariyāt,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الأجْسادِ الْعارِياتِ،

Peace be upon the pallid bodies.

assalāmu alal jusūmish-shāħibāt,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الْجُسُومِ الشّاحِباتِ،

Peace be upon the gushing bloods.

asslāmu alad-dimā'is-sā'ilāt,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الدِّماءِ السّائِلاتِ،

Peace be upon the dismembered limbs.

assalāmu alal ađhā'il muqqaţţaāt,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الأعْضاءِ الْمُقَطَّعاتِ،

Peace be upon the heads raised upon lances.

assalāmu alar-ru'ūsil mushālāt,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الرُّؤُوسِ الْمُشالاتِ،

Peace be upon the women (forcibly) exposed.

assalāmu alan-niswatil bārizāt,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى النِّسْوَةِ الْبارِزاتِ،

Peace be upon the Proof of the Lord of the worlds.

assalāmu alā ħujjati rabbil ālamīn,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى حُجَّةِ رَبِّ الْعالَمينَ،

Peace be upon you and upon your pure ancestors.

assalāmu alayka wa alā ābā'ikaţ-ţāhirīn,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ وَ عَلى آبائِكَ الطّاهِرينَ،

Peace be upon you and upon your martyred sons.

assalāmu alayka wa alā 'abnā'ikal mustash-hadīn,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ وَ عَلى أبْنائِكَ الْمُسْتَشْهَدينَ،

Peace be upon you and upon your children who aided (you).

assalāmu alayka wa alā dhurriyyatikan-nāširīn,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ وَ عَلى ذُرِّيَّتِكَ النّاصِرينَ،

Peace be upon you and upon the accompanying Angels.

assalāmu alayka wa alal malā'ikatil muđhājiīn,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ وَ عَلَى الْمَلائِكَةِ الْمُضاجِعينَ،

Peace be upon the slain and the oppressed one.

assalāmu alal qatīlil mađlūm,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الْقَتيلِ الْمَظْلُومِ،

Peace be upon his poisoned brother (Imam al-Hasan).

assalāmu alā 'akhīhil masmūm,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى أخيهِ الْمَسْمُومِ،

Peace be upon Ali, the elder (Ali al-Akbar).

assalāmu alā aliyyinil kabīr,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى عَلِيٍّ الْكَبيرِ،

Peace be upon the suckling infant (Ali al-Asghar).

assalāmu alar-rađhīiš-šaghīr,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الرَّضيعِ الصَّغيرِ،

Peace be upon the plundered bodies.

assalāmu alal abdānis-salība,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الأبْدانِ السَّليبَةِ،

Peace be upon the family and children who were nearby (the place of martyrdom) [who where without support among strangers].

assalāmu alal itratil qarība [gharība],

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الْعِتْرَةِ الْقَريبَةِ [الْغََريبَةِ]،

Peace be upon the mangled corpses (left) in the desert.

assalāmu alal mujaddalīna fil falawāt,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الْمُجَدَّلينَ فِي الْفَلَواتِ،

Peace be upon those who were left far from their homeland.

assalāmu alan-nāziħīna anil 'awţān,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى النّازِحينَ عَنِ الأوْطانِ،

Peace be upon those who were buried without shrouds.

assalāmu alal madfūnīna bilā 'akfān,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الْمَدْفُونينَ بِلا أكْفان،

Peace be upon the heads severed from the bodies.

assalāmu alar-ru'ūsil muffarraqati anil 'abdān,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الرُّؤُوسِ الْمُفَرَّقَةِ عَنِ الأبْدانِ،


Part 4

Peace be upon the bereaved and the patient one.

assalāmu alal muħtasibiš-šābir,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الْمُحْتَسِبِ الصّابِرِ،

Peace be upon the oppressed one who was without a helper.

assalāmu alal mađlūmi bilā nāšir,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الْمَظْلُومِ بِلا ناصِر،

Peace be upon the inhabitant of the purified soil.

assalāmu alā sākinit-turbatiz-zākiya,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى ساكِنِ التُّرْبَةِ الزّاكِيَةِ،

Peace be upon the possessor of the lofty dome.

assalāmu alā šāħibil qubbatis-sāmiya,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى صاحِبِ الْقُبَّةِ السّامِيَةِ،

Peace be upon him, whom the Almighty purified.

assalāmu alā man ţahharahul jalīl,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى مَنْ طَهَّرَهُ الْجَليلُ،

Peace be upon him, of whom Gabriel (Jabra’il) was proud.

assalāmu alā maniftakhara bihi jabra'īl,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى مَنِ افْتَخَرَ بِهِ جَبْرَئيلُ،

Peace be upon the one to whom Michael (Mika’il) spoke tenderly in the cradle.

assalāmu alā man nāghāhu fil mahdi mīkā'īl,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى مَنْ ناغاهُ فِي الْمَهْدِ ميكائيلُ،

Peace be upon the one whose pact was broken.

assalāmu alā man nukithat dhimmatuh,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى مَنْ نُكِثَتْ ذِمَّتُهُ،

Peace be upon the one whose rights and dignity were violated.

assalāmu alā man hutikat ħurmatuh,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى مَنْ هُتِكَتْ حُرْمَتُهُ،

Peace be upon the one whose blood was shed unjustly.

assalāmu alā man 'urīqa biđ-đulmi damuh,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى مَنْ اُريقَ بِالظُّلْمِ دَمُهُ،

Peace be upon the one who was bathed in the blood of his wounds.

assalāmu alal mughassali bidamil jirāħ,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الْمُغَسَّلِ بِدَمِ الْجِراحِ،

Peace be upon the one who tasted the spears raining down over his body.

assalāmu alal mujarrai bika'sātir-rimāħ,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الْمُجَرَّعِ بِكَأْساتِ الرِّماحِ،

Peace be upon the one against whom people came together and made lawful the shedding of his blood.

assalāmu alal muđhāmil mustabāħ,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الْمُضامِ الْمُسْتَباحِ،

Peace be upon the one slaughtered in public.

assalāmu alal manħūri fil warā,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الْمَنْحُورِ فِي الْوَرى،

Peace be upon the one who was buried by the strangers from (nearby) villages.

assalāmu alā man dafanahu 'ahlul qurā,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلى مَنْ دَفَنَهُ أهْلُ الْقُرى،

Peace be upon the one whose aorta was severed.

assalāmu alal maqţūil watīn,

 اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الْمَقْطُوعِ الْوَتينِ،

Peace be upon the defender who had no helper.

assalāmu alal muħāmī bilā muīn,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الْمُحامي بِلا مُعين،

Peace be upon the gray hair that was dyed (with blood).

assalāmu alash-shaybil khađhīb,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الشَّيْبِ الْخَضيبِ،

Peace be upon the cheek that struck the dust.

assalāmu alal khaddit-tarīb,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الْخَدِّ التَّريبِ،

Peace be upon the butchered body.

assalāmu alal badanis-salīb,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الْبَدَنِ السَّليبِ،

Peace be upon the front teeth that were beaten with a rod.

assalāmu alath-thaghril maqrūi bil qađhīb,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الثَّغْرِ الْمَقْرُوعِ بِالْقَضيبِ،

Peace be upon the head raised (upon a lance).

assalāmu alar-ra'sil marfū,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الرَّأْسِ الْمَرْفُوعِ،

Peace be upon the unclothed corpses in the desert, bitten by wild wolves[1] and around whom the beasts of prey prowled.

assalāmu alal 'ajsāmil āriyati fil falawāt, tanhashuhadh-dhi'ābul ādiyāt, wa takhtalifu 'ilayhas-sibāuđh-đhāriyāt,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَى الأجْسامِ الْعارِيَةِ فِي الْفَلَواتِ، تَنْهَشُهَا الذِّئابُ الْعادِياتُ، وَ تَخْتَلِفُ إلَيْهَا السِّباعُ الضّارِياتُ،

[1] Referring to the wolf-like enemies.

Part 5

Peace be upon you, O my master, and the Angels

who flutter around your dome,

assalāmu alayka yā mawlāy wa alal malā'ikatil murafrafīna ħawla qubbatik,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يا مَوْلايَ وَ عَلَى الْمَلائِكَةِ الْمُرَفْرَفينَ حَوْلَ قُبَّتِكَ،

surround your grave, circumambulate your courtyard, and come for your visitation.

al-ħāffīna biturrbatik, aţ-ţā'ifīna biaršatik, al-wāridīna liziyāratik,

الْحافّينَ بِتُرْبَتِكَ، الطّائِفينَ بِعَرْصَتِكَ، الْوارِدينَ لِزِيارَتِكَ،

Peace be upon you! Indeed, I intended your visitation, and I am hopeful of achieving the prosperity that is with you.

assalāmu alayka fa'innī qašadtu 'ilayk, wa rajawtul fawza ladayk,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ فَإنّي قَصَدْتُ إلَيْكَ، وَ رَجَوْتُ الْفَوْزَ لَدَيْكَ،

Salutations to you,

assalāmu alayka,

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ

Salutations from he who recognizes your sanctity, is a sincere (believer) in your guardianship, seeks nearness to Allah through your love, and is aloof from your enemies,

salāmal ārifi biħurmatik, al-mukhliši fī wilāyatik, al-mutaqqarribi 'ilal-lāhi bimaħabbatik, al-barī'i min 'adā'ik,

سَلامَ الْعارِفِ بِحُرْمَتِكَ، الْمُخْلِصِ في وِلايَتِكَ، الْمُتَقَرِّبِ إلَى اللهِ بِمَحَبَّتِكَ، الْبَريءِ مِنْ أعْدائِكَ،

Salutations from the one whose heart is wounded due to the tribulations you have suffered, and whose tears flow in your remembrance,

salāma man qalbuhu bimušābika maqrūħ, wa damuhu inda dhikrika masfūħ,

سَلامَ مَنْ قَلْبُهُ بِمُصابِكَ مَقْرُوحٌ، وَ دَمْعُهُ عِنْدَ ذِكْرِكَ مَسْفُوحٌ،

Salutations from the one who is distressed, grief-stricken, distracted, and yielding,

salāmal mafjūil ħazīn, al-wālihil-mustakīn,

سَلامَ الْمَفْجُوعِ الْحَزينِ، الْوالِهِ الْمُسْتَكينِ،

Salutations from the one, who, had he been present with you in that plain, would have shielded you from the sharpness of the swords with his body and sacrificed his last breath for you,

salāma man law kāna maaka biţ-ţufūf, lawaqāka binafsihi ħaddas-suyūf, wa badhala ħushāshatahu dūnaka lil ħutūf,

سَلامَ مَنْ لَوْ كانَ مَعَكَ بِالطُّفُوفِ، لَوَقاكَ بِنَفْسِهِ حَدَّ السُّيُوفِ، وَ بَذَلَ حُشاشَتَهُ دُونَكَ لِلْحُتُوفِ،

would have struggled beside you, helped you against the aggressors, and redeemed you with his soul, body, wealth, and children,

wa jāhada bayna yadayk, wa našaraka alā man baghā alayk, wa fadāka birūħihi wa jasadihi wa mālihi wa waladih,

وَ جاهَدَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْكَ، وَ نَصَرَكَ عَلى مَنْ بَغى عَلَيْكَ، وَ فَداكَ بِرُوحِهِ وَ جَسَدِهِ وَ مالِهِ وَ وَلَدِهِ،

(Salutations from the one) whose soul is a sacrifice for yours,

wa rūħuhu li rūħika fidā',

وَ رُوحُهُ لِرُوحِكَ فِداءٌ،

and whose family is a shield for yours.

wa 'ahluhu li 'ahlika wiqā',

وَ أهْلُهُ لِأهْلِكَ وِقاءٌ،

But as I have been hindered by the course of time and as (Allah’s) decree has prevented me from helping you,

fala'in 'akh-kharatnid-duhūr, wa āqanī an našrikal maqdūr

فَلَئِنْ أخَّرَتْنِي الدُّهُورُ، وَ عاقَني عَنْ نَصْرِكَ الْمَقْدُورُ،

and as I could not fight those who fought you, and was not able to show hostility to those who showed hostility to you,

wa lam 'akun liman ħārabaka muħāribā, wa liman našaba lakal adāwata munāšibā,

وَ لَمْ أكُنْ لِمَنْ حارَبَكَ مُحارِباً، وَ لِمَنْ نَصَبَ لَكَ الْعَداوَةَ مُناصِباً،

I will, therefore, lament you morning and evening, and will weep blood in place of tears, out of my anguish for you and my sorrow for all that befell you,

Fala'andubannaka šabāħan wa masā'ā, wa la'abkiyanna laka badalad-dumūi damā, ħasratan alayka wa ta'assufan alā mā dahāka wa talahhufā,

فَلَأَنْدُبَنَّكَ صَباحاً وَ مَساءً وَ لَأَبْكِيَنَّ لَكَ بَدَلَ الدُّمُوعِ دَماً، حَسْرَةً عَلَيْكَ وَ تَأسُّفاً عَلى ما دَهاكَ وَ تَلَهُّفاً،

until I meet death from the pain of the catastrophe and the choking grief.

ħattā 'amūta bilawatil mušāb wa ghuššatil 'ikti'yāb,

حَتّى أمُوتَ بِلَوْعَةِ الْمُصابِ، وَ غُصَّةِ الإكْتِيابِ،


Part 6

I bear witness that you certainly established prayer, gave alms,

'ash-hadu 'annaka qad 'aqamtaš-šalāt, wa ātaytaz-zakāt,

أشْهَدُ أ نَّكَ قَدْ أقَمْتَ الصَّلوةَ، وَ آتَيْتَ الزَّكوةَ،

enjoined good, forbade evil and transgression,

wa 'amarta bil marūf, wa nahayta anil munkari wal udwān,

وَ أمَرْتَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ، وَ نَهَيْتَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَ الْعُدْوانِ،

obeyed Allah, never disobeyed Him, and held fast to Him and to His rope.

wa 'aţatal-lāha wa mā ašaytah, wa tamassakta bihi wa bi ħablih,

وَ أطَعْتَ اللهَ وَ ما عَصَيْتَهُ، وَ تَمَسَّكْتَ بِهِ وَ بِحَبْلِهِ

Then, you pleased Him, held Him in awe, were attentive towards Him, and were responsive to Him,

fa 'arđhaytahu wa khashaytahu wa rāqabtahu wastajabtah,

فَأرْضَيْتَهُ وَ خَشيتَهُ وَ راقَبْتَهُ وَ اسْتَجَبْتَهُ،

established the customs (of the Prophet (PBUH&HF)), extinguished turmoil (in religion),

wa sanantas-sunan, wa 'aţfa'tal fitan,

وَ سَنَنْتَ السُّنَنَ، وَ أطْفَأْتَ الْفِتَنَ،

invited people to rectitude, clarified the ways of righteousness, and truly strove in the way of Allah.

wa daawta 'ilar-rashād, wa 'awđhaħta subulas-sadād, wa jāhadta fil-lāhi ħaqqal jihād,

وَ دَعَوْتَ إلَى الرَّشادِ، وَ أوْضَحْتَ سُبُلَ السَّدادِ، وَ جاهَدْتَ فِي اللهِ حَقَّ الْجِهادِ،

You were an obedient one to Allah,

wa kunta lil-lāhi ţā'iā,

وَ كُنْتَ للهِِ طائِعاً،

a follower of your grandfather, Muhammad, peace be upon him and his family,

wali jaddika muħammadin šallal-lāhu alayhi wa ālihi tābiā,

وَ لِجَدِّكَ مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ تابِعاً،

heedful of the saying of your father,

wali qawli 'abīka sāmiā,

وَ لِقَوْلِ أبيكَ سامِعاً،

quick to execute the will of your brother,

wa 'ilā waššiyyati 'akhīka musāriā,

وَ إلى وَصِيَّةِ أخيكَ مُسارِعاً،

an erector of the pillars of the religion, a suppressor of tyranny,

wali imādid-dīni rāfiā, wa liţ-ţughyāni qāmiā,

وَ لِعِمادِ الدّينِ رافِعاً، وَ لِلطُّغْيانِ قامِعاً،

an advancer on the transgressors, and a sincere exhorter for the nation,

wa liţ-ţughāti muqāriā, wa lil 'ummati nāšiħā,

وَ لِلطُّغاةِ مُقارِعاً، وَ لِلأُمَّةِ ناصِحاً،

a traveler into mortal throes,

wa fī ghamarātil mawti sābiħā,

وَ في غَمَراتِ الْمَوْتِ سابِحاً،

a warrior against the wretched, and a maintainer of Allah’s proofs (on earth),

wa lil fussāqi mukāfiħā, wa bi-ħujajil-lāhi qā'imā,

وَ لِلْفُسّاقِ مُكافِحاً، وَ بِحُجَجِ اللهِ قائِماً،

compassionate towards Islam and Muslims,

wa lil 'islāmi wal muslimīna rāħimā,

وَ لِلإْسْلامِ وَ الْمُسْلِمينَ راحِماً،

a champion of truth and most patient in adversity,

wa lil ħaqqi nāširā, wa indal balā'i šābirā,

وَ لِلْحَقِّ ناصِراً، وَ عِنْدَ الْبَلاءِ صابِراً،

a protector for the religion, and a defender of its domain.

wa liddīni kāli'ā, wa an ħawzatihi murāmiyā,

وَ لِلدّينِ كالِئاً، وَ عَنْ حَوْزَتِهِ مُرامِياً،

You safeguarded the right path and supported it,

taħūţul hudā wa tanšuruh,

تَحُوطُ الْهُدى وَ تَنْصُرُهُ،

spread justice and promoted it,

wa tabsuţul adla wa tanshuruh,

وَ تَبْسُطُ الْعَدْلَ وَ تَنْشُرُهُ،

advocated the faith and manifested it,

wa tanšurud-dīna wa tuđhiruh,

وَ تَنْصُرُ الدّينَ وَ تُظْهِرُهُ،

restrained and reproached the frivolous,

wa takkufful ābitha wa tazjuruh,

وَ تَكُفُّ الْعابِثَ وَ تَزْجُرُهُ،

took back (the rights) of the lowly from the privileged,

wa ta'khudhu lid-daniyyi minash-sharīf,

وَ تَأْخُذُ لِلدَّنِيِّ مِنَ الشَّريفِ،

and were equitable in your arbitrations between the weak and the strong.

wa tusāwī fil ħukmi baynal qawiyyi wađh-đhaīf,

وَ تُساوي فِي الْحُكْمِ بَيْنَ الْقَوِيِّ وَ الضَّعيفِ،

You were the springtime of the orphans, the protection of humanity, the glory of Islam,

kunta rabīal 'aytām, wa išmatal 'anām, wa izzal 'islām,

كُنْتَ رَبيعَ الأيْتامِ، وَ عِصْمَةَ الأنامِ، وَ عِزَّ الإسْلامِ،

the treasure of divine laws, and a relentless ally of benevolence.

wa madinal 'aħkām wa ħalīfal 'inām,

وَ مَعْدِنَ الأحْكامِ، وَ حَليفَ الإنْعامِ،


Part 7

You pursued the path of your grandfather and your father,

sālikan ţarā'iqa jaddika wa 'abīk,

سالِكاً طَرائِقَ [في طَريقَةِ] جَدِّكَ وَ أبيكَ،

resembled your brother in will,

mushbihan fil wašiyyati li 'akhīk,

مُشْبِهاً فِي الْوَصِيَّةِ لِأخيكَ،

were loyal to your obligations, possessed pleasant manners,

wafiyyadh-dhimam, rađhiyyash-shiyam

وَفِيَّ الذِّمَمِ، رَضِيَّ الشِّيَمِ،

embodied generosity, and spent the darkness (of night) in prayer.

đāhiral karam, mutahajjidan fiđ-đulam,

ظاهِرَ الْكَرَمِ، مُتَهَجِّداً فِي الظُّلَمِ،

You were the straightest path, the most generous of the creation, and had the brightest record.

qawīmaţ-ţarā'iq, karīmal khalā'iq, ađīmas-sawābiq,

قَويمَ الطَّرائِقِ، كَريمَ الْخَلائِقِ، عَظيمَ السَّوابِقِ،

You were of great ancestry, noble descent, and lofty rank.

sharīfan-nasab, munīfal ħasab, rafīar-rutab,

شَريفَ النَّسَبِ، مُنيفَ الْحَسَبِ، رَفيعَ الرُّتَبِ،

You possessed plentiful merits, praiseworthy manners, and were abundant in endowments.

kathīral manāqib, maħmūdađh-đharā'ib, jazīlal mawāhib,

كَثيرَ الْمَناقِبِ، مَحْمُودَ الضَّرائِبِ، جَزيلَ الْمَواهِبِ،

You were forbearing, upright, always turning (to Allah), generous, knowledgeable, strong,

ħalīmun rashīdun munīb, jawādun alīmun shadīd,

حَليمٌ رَشيدٌ مُنيبٌ، جَوادٌ عَليمٌ شَديدٌ،

a martyred Imam, grieved, repentant with earnest prayers (to Allah), dearly loved, and awesome.

'imāmun shahīd, 'awwāhun munīb, ħabībun mahīb,

إمامٌ شَهيدٌ، أوّاهٌ مُنيبٌ، حَبيبٌ مَهيبٌ،

You were to the Messenger, peace be upon him and his family, a son,

kunta lir-rasūli šallal-lāhu alayhi wa ālihi waladā,

كُنْتَ لِلرَّسُولِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ وَلَداً،

for the Quran, an authority [a savior],

wa lil qur'āni sanadā [munqidhā],

وَ لِلْقُرْءانِ سَنَداً [مُنْقِذاً]

and for the nation, a support.

wa lil 'ummati ađhudā,

وَ لِلأُمَّةِ عَضُداً،

You were diligent in obedience,

wa fiţ-ţāati mujtahidā,

وَ فِي الطّاعَةِ مُجْتَهِداً،

a protector of the covenant and oath,

ħāfiđan lil ahdi wal mīthāq,

حافِظاً لِلْعَهْدِ وَ الْميثاقِ،

keeping away from the paths of the debauched,

nākiban an subulil fussāq,

ناكِباً عَنْ سُبُلِ الْفُسّاقِ،

sparing no effort (in fulfilling the duties),

[wa] bādhilan lil majhūd,

[وَ] باذِلاً لِلْمَجْهُودِ،

performing prolonged bowing and prostrations,

ţawīlar-rukūi was-sujūd,

طَويلَ الرُّكُوعِ وَ السُّجُودِ،

abstaining from the world, like one who is departing from it,

zāhidan fid-dunya zuhdar-rāħili anhā,

زاهِداً فِي الدُّنْيا زُهْدَ الرّاحِلِ عَنْها،

looking upon it (the world) through the eyes of one estranged (from it).

nāđiran 'ilayhā biaynil-mustawħishīna minhā,

ناظِراً إلَيْها بِعَيْنِ الْمُسْتَوْحِشينَ مِنْها،

Your desires from it (the world) were abstentious,

āmāluka anhā makfūfah,

آمالُكَ عَنْها مَكْفُوفَةٌ،

your efforts were far-removed from its embellishments,

wa himmatuka an zīnatihā mašrūfah,

وَ هِمَّتُكَ عَنْ زينَتِها مَصْرُوفَةٌ،

your glances removed from its joys,

wa 'alħāđuka an bahjatihā maţrūfah,

وَ ألْحاظُكَ عَنْ بَهْجَتِها مَطْرُوفَةٌ،

and your desire for the hereafter was well-known,

wa raghbatuka fil ākhirati marūfah,

وَ رَغْبَتُكَ فِي الآخِرَةِ مَعْرُوفَةٌ،

even when tyranny became wide-spread,

ħattā 'idhal jowru madda bāah,

حَتّى إذَا الْجَوْرُ مَدَّ باعَهُ،

injustice removed its veil,

wa 'asfarađ-đulmu qināah,

وَ أسْفَرَ الظُّلْمُ قِناعَهُ،

wickedness called upon its followers,

wa daal ghayyu 'atbāah,

وَ دَعَا الْغَيُّ أتْباعَهُ،

and you were residing in the sanctuary of your grandfather,

wa 'anta fī ħarami jaddika qāţin,

وَ أنْتَ في حَرَمِ جَدِّكَ قاطِنٌ،

detached from the oppressors,

wa liđ-đālimīna mubāyin,

وَ لِلظّالِمينَ مُبايِنٌ،

sitting in the house and the prayer niche,

jalīsul bayti wal miħrāb,

جَليسُ الْبَيْتِ وَ الْمِحْرابِ،

unattached to (worldly) pleasures and carnal desires,

mutazilun anil-ladh-dhāti wash-shahawāt,

مُعْتَزِلٌ عَنِ اللَّذّاتِ وَ الشَّهَواتِ،

and renouncing evil in your heart and on your tongue to the extent of your strength and ability.

tunkirul munkara biqalbika wa lisānik, alā ħasabi ţāqatika wa 'imkānik,

تُنْكِرُ الْمُنْكَرَ بِقَلْبِكَ وَ لِسانِكَ، عَلى حَسَبِ طاقَتِكَ وَ إمْكانِكَ،

Part 8

Then the knowledge demanded you for disavowal (of falsehood),

thummaqtađhākal ilmu lil 'inkār,

ثُمَّ اقْتَضاكَ الْعِلْمُ لِلإْنْكارِ،

and made it incumbent on you to struggle against the deviant.

wa lazimika 'an tujāhidal fujjār,

وَ لَزِمَكَ [ألْزَمَكَ] أنْ تُجاهِدَ الْفُجّارَ،

Therefore, you set out in company of your children, kinsfolk, followers, and supporters,

fasirta fī 'awlādika wa 'ahālīk, wa shīatika wa mawālīk,

فَسِرْتَ في أوْلادِكَ وَ أهاليكَ، وَ شيعَتِكَ وَ مَواليكَ

disclosed the truth and clear proofs,

wa šadata bil ħaqqi wal bayyinah,

 وَ صَدَعْتَ بِالْحَقِّ وَ الْبَيِّنَةِ،

summoned people towards Allah with wisdom and fine exhortation,

wa daawta 'ilal-lāhi bil ħikmakti wal mawiđatil ħasanah,

وَ دَعَوْتَ إلَى اللهِ بِالْحِكْمَةِ وَ الْمَوْعِظَةِ الْحَسَنَةِ،

ordered the establishment of the limits of divine law, and the obedience to the One Who should be worshipped,

wa 'amarta bi'iqāmatil ħudūd, waţ-ţāati lil mabūd,

وَ أمَرْتَ بِإقامَةِ الْحُدُودِ، وَ الطّاعَةِ لِلْمَعْبُودِ،

and forbade (people) from wickedness and oppression.

wa nahayta anil khabā'ithi waţ-ţughyān

وَ نَهَيْتَ عَنِ الْخَبائِثِ وَ الطُّغْيانِ،

But, they confronted you with injustice and aggression.

wa wājahūka biđ-đulmi wal udwān,

وَ واجَهُوكَ بِالظُّلْمِ وَ الْعُدْوانِ،

Therefore, you resisted them after advising them and stressing over (divine) proofs against them.

fa jāhadtahum badal 'īāzi lahum [al-īādi 'ilayhim] wa ta'kīdil ħujjati alayhim,

فَجاهَدْتَهُمْ بَعْدَ الإيعازِ لَهُمْ [الإيعادِ إلَيْهِمْ] وَ تَأْكيدِ الْحُجَّةِ عَلَيْهِمْ،

However, they violated your (divine) rights and oath.

fanakathū dhimāmaka wa bayatak,

فَنَكَثُوا ذِمامَكَ وَ بَيْعَتَكَ،

angered your Lord and your grandfather,

wa 'askhaţu rabbaka wa jaddak,

وَ أسْخَطُوا رَبَّكَ وَ جَدَّكَ،

and initiated battle against you.

wa bada'ūka bil ħarb,

وَ بَدَؤُوكَ بِالْحَرْبِ،

Hence, you stood firm to spear and strike,

fa thabatta liţ-ţani wađh-đharb,

فَثَبَتَّ لِلطَّعْنِ وَ الضَّرْبِ،

pulverized the soldiers of the transgressors, and stormed (courageously) into the dust of the battle,

wa ţaħanta junūdal fujjār, waqtaħamta qasţalal ghubār,

وَ طَحَنْتَ جُنُودَ الْفُجّارِ، وَ اقْتَحَمْتَ قَسْطَلَ الْغُبارِ،

fighting with Thulfaqar[1] as if you were Ali, the chosen one.

mujālidan bidhil faqār, ka'annaka aliyunil mukhtār,

مُجالِداً بِذِى الْفَقارِ، كَأنَّكَ عَلِيٌّ الْمُخْتارُ،

[1] Thulfaqar is the name of sword of the Leader of the Faithful, Imam Ali Ibn Abi Talib (PBUH), which was transferred to the Imams after him.

Part 9

So when they saw you firm, fearless, and courageous,

fallammā ra'awka thābital jāsh, ghayra khā'ifin wa lā khāsh,

فَلَمّا رَأوْكَ ثابِتَ الْجاشِ، غَيْرَ خائِفٍ وَ لا خاشٍ،

they set up their most malicious deceptions against you, and fought you with their deceit and viciousness.

našabū laka ghawā'ila makrihim, wa qātaluka bikaydihim wa sharrihim,

نَصَبُوا لَكَ غَوائِلَ مَكْرِهِمْ، وَ قاتَلُوكَ بِكَيْدِهِمْ وَ شَرِّهِمْ،

The accursed one (Umar Ibn Sa’d) commanded his soldiers, and thus, they prevented you from reaching or receiving water.

wa 'amaral-laīnu junūdahu, famanaūkal mā'a wa wurūdah,

وَ أمَرَ اللَّعينُ جُنُودَهُ، فَمَنَعُوكَ الْماءَ وَ وُرُودَهُ،

They rushed to engage you in combat, descended swiftly upon you,

wa nājazūkal qitāl wa ājalūkan-nizāl,

وَ ناجَزُوكَ الْقِتالَ، وَ عاجَلُوكَ النِّزالَ،

showering you with arrows and stones,

wa rashaqūka bis-sihāmi wan-nibāl,

وَ رَشَقُوكَ بِالسِّهامِ وَ النِّبالِ،

and moving towards you with uprooting hands.

wa basaţū 'ilayka 'akuffal išţilām,

وَ بَسَطُوا إلَيْكَ أكُفَّ الإصْطِلامِ،

Neither they respected your rights, nor were they mindful of retribution for slaying you and your companions, and plundering your belongings.

wa lam yaraw laka dhimāmā, wa lā rāqabū fīka 'athāmā, fī qatlihim 'awliyā'ak, wa nahbihim riħālak,

وَ لَمْ يَرْعَوْا لَكَ ذِماماً، وَ لا راقَبُوا فيكَ أثاماً، في قَتْلِهِمْ أوْلِياءَكَ، وَ نَهْبِهِمْ رِحالَكَ،

You were in the front line of the storm (of battle), enduring afflictions.

wa 'anta muqqaddamun fil habawāt, wa muħtamilun lil adhiyyāt,

وَ أنْتَ مُقَدَّمٌ فِي الْهَبَواتِ، وَ مُحْتَمِلٌ لِلأذِيّاتِ،

Indeed, the angels of the heavens were astonished by your patience.

qad ajibat min šabrika malā'ikatus-samawāt,

قَدْ عَجِبَتْ مِنْ صَبْرِكَ مَلائِكَةُ السَّماواتِ،

The enemy then surrounded you from all sides,

fa 'aħdaqū bika min kullil jihāt,

فَأحْدَقُوا بِكَ مِنْ كُلِّ الْجِهاتِ،

weakened you by inflicting wounds,

wa 'ath-khanūka bil jirāħ,

وَ أثْخَنُوكَ بِالْجِراحِ،

prevented you from taking any repose,

wa ħālū baynaka wa baynar-rawāħ,

وَ حالُوا بَيْنَكَ وَ بَيْنَ الرَّواحِ،

and you had no helper remaining.

wa lam yabqa laka nāšir,

وَ لَمْ يَبْقَ لَكَ ناصِرٌ،

You were bereaved yet patient,

wa 'anta muħtasibun šābir,

وَ أنْتَ مُحْتَسِبٌ صابِرٌ،

defending your women and children,

tadhubbu an niswatika wa 'awlādik,

تَذُبُّ عَنْ نِسْوَتِكَ وَ أوْلادِكَ،

until they caused you to fall from your horse.

ħattā nakasūka an jawādik,

حَتّى نَكَسُوكَ عَنْ جَوادِكَ،

You fell to the ground, wounded,

fa hawayta 'ilal 'arđhi jarīħā,

فَهَوَيْتَ إلَى الأرْضِ جَريحاً،

horses trampled you with their hooves,

taţa'ukal khuyūlu biħawāfirihā,

تَطَؤُكَ الْخُيُولُ بِحَوافِرِها،

tyrants raised their swords against you,

wa talūkaţ-ţughātu bibawātirihā,

وَ تَعْلُوكَ الطُّغاةُ بِبَواتِرِها،

the sweat of death appeared on your forehead,

qad rashaħa lil mawti jabīnuk,

قَدْ رَشَحَ لِلْمَوْتِ جَبينُكَ،

and you continually clenched and unclenched your hands,

wakhtalafat bil inqibāđhi wal inbisāţi shimāluka wa yamīnuk,

وَ اخْتَلَفَتْ بِالاِنْقِباضِ وَ الإنْبِساطِ شِمالُكَ وَ يَمينُكَ،

secretly gazing upon your caravan and tents,

tudīru ţarfan khafiyyan 'ilā raħlika wa baytik,

تُديرُ طَرْفاً خَفِيّاً إلى رَحْلِكَ وَ بَيْتِكَ،

while trapped by yourself away from your children and family.

wa qad shughilta binafsika an wuldika wa 'ahālīk,

وَ قَدْ شُغِلْتَ بِنَفْسِكَ عَنْ وُلْدِكَ وَ أهاليكَ،


Part 10

(At that time,) your horse distractedly galloped towards your camp, neighing and crying.

wa 'asraa farasuka shāridan, 'ilā khiyāmika qāšidan, muħamħiman bākiyā,

وَ أسْرَعَ فَرَسُكَ شارِداً، إلى خِيامِكَ قاصِداً، مُحَمْحِماً باكِياً،

When the women saw your horse distraught,

falammā ra'aynan-nisā'u jawādaka makhziyyā,

فَلَمّا رَأيْنَ النِّساءُ جَوادَكَ مَخْزِيّاً،

and observed your saddle contorted,

wa nađarna sarjaka alayhi malwiyyā,

وَ نَظَرْنَ سَرْجَكَ عَلَيْهِ مَلْوِيّاً،

they came from the tents,

barazna minal khudūr,

بَرَزْنَ مِنَ الْخُدُورِ،

disheveling their hair,


ناشِراتِ الشُّعُورِ،

striking their now unveiled cheeks,

alal khudūdi lāţimātil wujūhi sāfirāt,

عَلَى الْخُدُودِ لاطِماتِ الْوُجُوهِ سافِراتٍ،

calling you by lamenting and wailing,

wa bil awīli dāiyāt,

وَ بِالْعَويلِ داعِياتٍ،

being humiliated after being honored,

wa badal izzi mudhallalāt,

وَ بَعْدَ الْعِزِّ مُذَلَّلاتِ،

hastening to where you lay wounded.

wa 'ilā mašraika mubādirāt,

وَ إلى مَصْرَعِكَ مُبادِراتٍ،

At that time Shimr (L) was sitting on your chest,

wash-shimru jālisun alā šadrik,

وَ الشِّمْرُ جالِسٌ عَلى صَدْرِكَ،

quenching his sword with (the blood of) your throat,

mūlighon sayfahu alā naħrik,

وَ مُولِغٌ سَيْفَهُ عَلى نَحْرِكَ،

grabbing your beard with his hand,

qābiđhun alā shaybatika biyadih,

قابِضٌ عَلى شَيْبَتِكَ بِيَدِهِ،

as he slew you with his sword.

dhābiħun laka bimuhannadih,

ذابِحٌ لَكَ بِمُهَنَّدِهِ،

Your faculties faded,

qad sakanat ħawāsuka,

قَدْ سَكَنَتْ حَواسُّكَ،

your breath became shallow and ceased,

wa khafiyat 'anfāsuka,

وَ خَفِيَتْ أنْفاسُكَ،

and your head was raised onto a spear.

wa rufia alal qanāti ra'suka,

وَ رُفِعَ عَلَى الْقَناةِ رَأْسُكَ،

Your family were captured like slaves,

wa subiya 'ahluka kal abīd,

وَ سُبِيَ أهْلُكَ كَالْعَبيدِ،

bound with iron chains atop camels,

wa šuffidū fil ħadīdi fawqa 'aqtābil maţiyyāt,

وَ صُفِّدُوا فِي الْحَديدِ فَوْقَ أقْتابِ الْمَطِيّاتِ،

with midday heat scorching their faces.

talfaħu wujūhahum ħarrul hājirāt,

تَلْفَحُ وُجُوهَهُمْ حَرُّ الْهاجِراتِ،

They were driven across deserts and wastelands,

yusāqūna fil barārī wal falawāt,

يُساقُونَ فِي الْبَراري وَ الْفَلَواتِ،

with their hands chained to their necks,

'aydīhim maghlūlatun 'ilal 'anāq,

أيْديهِمْ مَغلُولَةٌ إلَى الأعْناقِ،

and were paraded around the markets.

yuţāfu bihim fil 'aswāq,

يُطافُ بِهِمْ فِي الأسْواقِ،

Woe be unto the wicked transgressors!

fal waylu lil ušātil fussāq,

فَالْوَيْلُ لِلْعُصاةِ الْفُسّاقِ،

Certainly, by killing you, they have killed Islam,[1]

laqad qatalū biqatlikal islām,

لَقَدْ قَتَلُوا بِقَتْلِكَ الإسْلامَ،

disrupted (the truth of) prayer and fasting,

wa aţţaluš-šalāta waš-šiyām,

وَ عَطَّلُوا الصَّلوةَ وَ الصِّيامَ،

revoked the (prophetic) customs and the (divine) laws,

wa naqađhus-sunana wal 'aħkām,

وَ نَقَضُوا السُّنَنَ وَ الأحْكامَ،

destroyed the pillars of faith,

wa hadamū qawāidal 'īmān,

وَ هَدَمُوا قَواعِدَ الإيمانِ،

distorted the verses of the Quran,

wa ħarrafū āyātil qur'ān,

وَ حَرَّفُوا آياتِ الْقُرْآنِ،

and brutally rushed into tyranny and aggression.

wa hamlajū fil baghyi wal udwān,

وَ هَمْلَجُوا فِي الْبَغْيِ وَ الْعُدْوانِ،

[1] It refers to the fact that the reality of religion is manifested in Imam (PBUH), and thus, if he is put down, Islam has been put down. He is also the maintainer of religion and its authority, and by abandoning him, Islam is abandoned. The phrases that immediately follow confirm this point as well.


Part 11

Certainly, (by this event,) the Messenger of Allah (PBUH&HF)was wronged, left alone, and denied vengeance,

laqad 'ašbaħa rasūlul-lāhi šallal-lāhu alayhi wa ālihi mawtūrā,

لَقَدْ أصْبَحَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ مَوْتُوراً،

the Book of Allah, the mighty and the majestic, was again abandoned,

wa āda kitābul-lāhi azza wa jalla mahjūrā,

وَ عادَ كِتابُ اللهِ عَزَّوَجَلَّ مَهْجُوراً،

truth was betrayed when you were forcibly overcome,

wa ghūdiral ħaqqu 'idh quhirta maqhūrā,

وَ غُودِرَ الْحَقُّ إذْ قُهِرْتَ مَقْهُوراً،

And with your loss, call for Allah’s glorification and His Unity,

wa fuqida bi faqdikat-takbīru wat-tahlīl,

وَ فُقِدَ بِفَقْدِكَ التَّكْبيرُ وَ التَّهْليلُ،

His prohibitions, sanctions, revelation, and interpretation were lost.

wat-taħrīmu wat-taħlīl, wat-tanzīlu wat-ta'wīl,

وَالتَّحْريمُ وَ التَّحْليلُ، وَ التَّنْزيلُ وَ التَّأْويلُ،

After you, alteration, distortion, infidelity, abandonment (of the Islamic laws), vagary, misguidance, turmoil and falsehood became prevalent.

wa đahara badakat-taghyīru wat-tabdīl, wal 'ilħādu wat-taţīl, wal 'ahwā'u wal 'ađhālīl, wal fitanu wal 'abāţīl,

وَ ظَهَرَ بَعْدَكَ التَّغْييرُ وَ التَّبْديلُ، وَ الإلْحادُ وَ التَّعْطيلُ، وَ الأهْواءُ وَ الأضاليلُ، وَ الْفِتَنُ وَ الأباطيلُ،

The announcer of your martyrdom came near the grave of your grandfather, the Messenger (PBUH&HF),

faqāma nāīka inda qabri jaddikar-rasūli, šallal-lāhu layhi wa ālih,

فَقامَ ناعيكَ عِنْدَ قَبْرِ جَدِّكَ الرَّسُولِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ،

gave the news to him with tears flowing, saying:

fanaāka 'ilayhi biddamil haţūli, qā'ilan:

فَنَعاكَ إلَيْهِ بِالدَّمْعِ الْهَطُولِ، قائِلا:

0 the Messenger of Allah! Your brave grandson was slain,

ya rasūlal-lāh, qutila sibţuka wa fatāk,

يا رَسُولَ اللهِ، قُتِلَ سِبْطُكَ وَ فَتاكَ،

and abuse of your family and supporters were deemed lawful.

was-tubīħa 'ahluka wa ħimāk,

وَ اسْتُبيحَ أهْلُكَ وَ حِماكَ،

After you, your progeny were captured,

wa subiyat badaka dharārīk,

وَ سُبِيَتْ بَعْدَكَ ذَراريكَ،

and adversity befell your family and your offspring.

wa waqaal maħdhūru biitratika wa dhawīk,

وَ وَقَعَ الْمَحْذُورُ بِعِتْرَتِكَ وَ ذَويكَ،

Indeed, the Messenger (PBUH&HF) became distressed and his depressed heart wept,

fanzaajar-rasūl, wa bakā qalbuhul mahūl,

فَانْزَعَجَ الرَّسُولُ، وَ بَكى قَلْبُهُ الْمَهُولُ،

The Angels and the prophets offered their condolences to him for your martyrdom,

wa azzāhu bikal malā'ikatu wal 'anbiyā',

وَ عَزّاهُ بِكَ الْمَلائِكَةُ وَ الأنْبِياءُ،

Your mother, al-Zahra, became distressed and bereft of you,

wa fujiat bika ummukaz-zahrā',

وَ فُجِعَتْ بِكَ اُمُّكَ الزَّهْراءُ،

Legions of favored Angels came in waves to offer their condolences to your father, the Leader of the Faithful,

wakhtalafat junūdul malā'ikatil muqarrabīn, tuazzī 'abāka 'amīral mu'minīn,

وَ اخْتَلَفَتْ جُنُودُ الْمَلائِكَةِ الْمُقَرَّبينَ، تُعَزّي أباكَ أميرَالْمُؤْمِنينَ،

Mourning commemorations were held for you in the utmost exalted place Heaven,

wa 'uqīmat lakal ma'ātimu fī 'alā illiyyīn,

وَ اُقيمَتْ لَكَ الْمَآتِمُ في أعْلا عِلِّيّينَ،

and the dark-eyed Maidens (of Paradise) hit their own heads and faces in grief,

wa laţamat alaykal ħūrul īn,

وَ لَطَمَتْ عَلَيْكَ الْحُورُ الْعينُ،

The skies and their inhabitants wept,

wa bakatis-samā'u wa sukkānuhā,

وَ بَكَتِ السَّماءُ وَ سُكّانُها،

as did Paradise and its keepers,

wal jinānu wa khuzzānuhā,

وَ الْجِنانُ وَ خُزّانُها،

the mountains and their surroundings,

wal hiđhābu wa 'aqţāruhā,

وَ الْهِضابُ وَ أقْطارُها،

the oceans and their fishes,

wal biħāru wa ħītānuhā,

وَ الْبِحارُ وَ حيتانُها،

the heavens and their servants,

wal jinānu wa wildānuhā,

وَ الْجِنانُ وَ وِلْدانُها،

the House (Ka’ba), and the Station (of Abraham),

wal baytu wal maqām,

وَ الْبَيْتُ وَ الْمَقامُ،

the Sacred Monument,

wal masharul ħarām,

وَ الْمَشْعَرُ الْحَرامُ،

and Mecca and its sanctuary.

wal ħillu wal iħrām,

وَ الْحِلُّ وَ الإحْلإحْرامُ،

Part 12

O Allah! By the sanctity of this exalted place (the tomb of Imam al-Husain (PBUH)),

allāhumma fabiħurmati hadhal makānil munīf,

اَللّهُمَّ فَبِحُرْمَةِ هذَا الْمَكانِ الْمُنيفِ،

bestow blessings upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad,

šalli alā muħammadin wa āli muħammad,

صَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ،

assemble me in their company,

waħshurnī fī zumratihim,

وَاحْشُرْني في زُمْرَتِهِمْ،

and admit me to Paradise by their intercession.

wa 'adkhilnil jannata bi shafāatihim,

وَ أدْخِلْنِي الْجَنَّةَ بِشَفاعَتِهِمْ،

My Allah! I implore You, O He who is the quickest of the reckoners!

allāhumma 'innī 'atawassalu 'ilayka yā 'asraal ħāsibīn,

اَللّهُمَّ إنّي أتَوَسَّلُ إلَيْكَ يا أسْرَعَ الْحاسِبينَ،

O the most generous of the generous and the wisest of judges!

wa yā 'akramal 'akramīn, wa yā 'aħkamal ħākimīn,

وَ ياأكْرَمَ الأكْرَمينَ، وَ ياأحْكَمَ الْحاكِمينَ،

By Muhammad, the seal of the prophets, Your Messenger to all the worlds,

bi muħammadin khātamin-nabiyyīn, rasūlika 'ilal ālamīna 'ajmaīn,

بِمُحَمَّدٍ خاتَمِ النَّبِيّينَ، رَسُولِكَ إلَى الْعالَمينَ أجْمَعينَ،

By his brother and cousin, the uprooter of hidden polytheism, the distinguished and learned, Ali, the Prince of the Faithful,

wa bi 'akhīhi wabni ammihil 'anzail baţīn, al-ālimil makīn, aliyyin 'amīril mu'minīn,

وَ بِأخيهِ وَ ابْنِ عَمِّهِ الأنْزَعِ الْبَطينِ، الْعالِمِ الْمَكينِ، عَلِيٍّ أميرِ الْمُؤْمِنينَ،

By Fatima, the chief of women of the worlds,

wa bi fāţimata sayyidati nisā'il ālamīn,

وَ بِفاطِمَةَ سَيِّدَةِ نِساءِ الْعالَمينَ،

By al-Hasan, the purified one and the protection of the pious,

wa bil ħasaniz-zakiyyi išmatil muttaqīn,

وَ بِالْحَسَنِ الزَّكِيِّ عِصْمَةِ الْمُتَّقينَ،

By Abi Abdillah, al-Husain, the most honored martyr,

wa bi 'abī abdil-lāhil ħusayni 'akramil mustash-hadīn,

وَ بِأبي عَبْدِاللهِ الْحُسَيْنِ أكْرَمِ الْمُسْتَشْهَدينَ،

By his slain children and oppressed family,

wa bi-'awlādihil maqtūlīn wa bi itratihil mađlūmīn,

وَ بِأوْلادِهِ الْمَقْتُولينَ، وَ بِعِتْرَتِهِ الْمَظْلُومينَ،

By Ali Ibn al-Husain, the ornament of the worshippers,

wa bi aliyyibnil ħusayni zaynil ābidīn,

وَ بِعَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ زَيْنِ الْعابِدينَ،

By Muhammad Ibn Ali, the direction of those who turn to Allah,

wa bi muħammadibni aliyy qiblatil 'awwābīn,

وَ بِمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ قِبْلَةِ الأوّابينَ،

By Ja’far Ibn Muhammad, the most truthful,

wa jafaribni muħammadin 'ašdaqiš-šādiqīn,

وَ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ أصْدَقِ الصّادِقينَ،

By Musa Ibn Ja’far, the discloser of the proofs,

wa mūsabni jafarin muđhiril barāhīn,

وَ مُوسَى بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ مُظْهِرِ الْبَراهينَ،

By Ali Ibn Musa, the helper of the religion,

wa aliyyibn mūsā nāširid-dīn,

وَ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مُوسى ناصِرِ الدّينِ،

By Muhammad Ibn Ali, the exemplar of those who accepted guidance,

wa muħammadibn aliyyin qudwatil muhtadīn,

وَ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ قُدْوَةِ الْمُهْتَدينَ،

By Ali Ibn Muhammad, the most ascetic,

wa aliyyibn muħammadin 'azhadiz-zāhidīn,

وَ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ أزْهَدِ الزّاهِدينَ،

By Hasan Ibn Ali, the inheritor of the appointed ones,

wal ħasanibn aliyyin wārithil mustakhlafīn,

وَ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ وارِثِ الْمُسْتَخْلَفينَ،

By the Proof upon all creation (al-Mahdi),

wal ħujjati alal khalqi 'ajmaīn,

وَالْحُجَّةِ عَلَى الْخَلْقِ أجْمَعينَ،

Bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad,

'an tušalliya alā muħammadin wa āli muħammad,

أنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ،

the most truthful and devoted ones (who are) the family ofTaha and Yasin,[1]

aš-šādiqīnal 'abarrīn, āli ţāhā wa yāsīn,

الصّادِقينَ الأبَرّينَ، آلِ طه وَ يس،

and place me on the Day of Judgment among those who are safe, confident,

wa 'an tajalani fil qiyāmati minal āminīnal muţma'innīn,

وَ أنْ تَجْعَلَني فِي الْقِيامَةِ مِنَ الآمِنينَ الْمُطْمَئِنّينَ،

triumphant, happy, and felicitous.

al-fā'izīnal fariħīnal mustabshirīn,

الْفائِزينَ الْفَرِحينَ الْمُسْتَبْشِرينَ،

[1] According to many traditions (c.f. Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 16, pp. 85-88, Hadith 1-11) Taha and Yasin are two of mystical names for the Prophet Muhammad(PBUH&HF) by which Allah addressed him in the first verses of Chapters 20 and 6 of the holy Quran. Moreover, according to the mentioned traditions, Aale Taha and Aale Yasin refer to the family of Muhammad (PBUH&HF). The latter term was originally mentioned in Chapter 7, Verse 10 of the Quran, referring to Ahl al-Bait (PBUT).

Part 13

O Allah! Destine me to be amongst the submitters,

allāhummaktubnī fil muslimīn,

اَللّهُمَّ اكْتُبْني فِي الْمُسْلِمينَ،

Join me with the righteous,[1]

wa 'al-ħiqnī biš-šālihīn,

وَ ألْحِقْني بِالصّالِحينَ،

Ordain for me (offspring with) truthful tongue among the last generation,[2]

wajal lī lisāna šidqin fil ākhirīn,

وَاجْعَلْ لي لِسانَ صِدْقٍ فِي الآخِرينَ،

Make me victorious over the transgressors,

wanšurnī alal bāghīn,

وَانْصُرْني عَلَى الْباغينَ،

Suffice me the deception of the envious,

wakfinī kaydal ħāsidīn,

وَاكْفِني كَيْدَ الْحاسِدينَ،

Turn away from me the evil plans of the schemers,

wašrif annī makral mākirīn,

وَاصْرِفْ عَنّي مَكْرَ الْماكِرينَ،

Hold back from me the hands of the oppressors,

waqbiđh annī 'aydiyađ-đālimīn,

وَاقْبِضْ عَنّي أيْدِيَ الظّالِمينَ،

Gather me with the blessed masters in the utmost exalted place of Heaven,

wajma baynī wa baynas-sādatil mayāmīni fī 'alā illiyyīn,

وَاجْمَعْ بَيْني وَ بَيْنَ السّادَةِ الْمَيامينِ في أعْلا عِلِّيّينَ،

along with whom You have bestowed favor, from among the prophets, the truthful, the martyrs, and the righteous,[]

maal-ladhīna 'anamta alayhim minal nabiyyīna waš-šiddīqīna wash-shuhadā'i waš-šāliħīn,

مَعَ الَّذينَ أنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ مِنَ النَّبِيّينَ وَ الصِّدّيقينَ وَ الشُّهَداءِ وَ الصّالِحينَ،

By Your mercy, O the most merciful of the merciful.

biraħmatika yā 'arħamar-rāħimīn,

بِرَحْمَتِكَ يا أرْحَمَ الرّاحِمينَ،

O Allah! I implore You by Your infallible Prophet,

allāhumma 'innī 'uqsimu alayka binabiyyikal mašūm,

اَللّهُمَّ إنّي اُقْسِمُ عَلَيْكَ بِنَبِيِّكَ الْمَعْصُومِ،

by Your definite judgment, and Your concealed preventive wisdom,

wa biħukmikal maħtūm, wa nuhyakal maktūm,

وَ بِحُكْمِكَ الْمَحْتُومِ، وَ نُهْيَكَ [نَهْيِكَ] الْمَكْتُومِ،

by this grave which is the place of congregation and in which lies the infallible Imam, the slaughtered, and the oppressed,

wa bihādhal qabril malmūm, al-muwassadi fī kanafihil 'imāmul mašūm, al-maqtūlul mađlūm,

وَ بِهذَا الْقَبْرِ الْمَلْمُومِ، الْمُوَسَّدِ في كَنَفِهِ الإمامُ الْمَعْصُومُ، الْمَقْتُولُ الْمَظْلُومُ،

that You dispel from me all that grieves me,

'an takshifa mā bī minal ghumūm,

أنْ تَكْشِفَ ما بي مِنَ الْغُمُومِ،

divert from me the harm of the decisive foreordained plan,

wa tašrifa annī sharral qadaril maħtūm,

وَ تَصْرِفَ عَنّي شَرَّ الْقَدَرِ الْمَحْتُومِ،

and give me refuge from the Hellfire with scorching winds.

wa tujīrani minan-nāri dhātis-samūm,

وَ تُجيرَني مِنَ النّارِ ذاتِ السَّمُومِ،

My Allah! Honor me with Your bounties,

allāhumma jallilnī binimatik,

اَللّهُمَّ جَلِّلْني بِنِعْمَتِكَ،

Make me content with Your apportionment,

wa rađhđhinnī bi-qasmik,

وَ رَضِّني بِقَسْمِكَ،

Encompass me with Your munificence and generosity,

wa taghammadnī bijūdika wa karamik,

وَ تَغَمَّدْني بِجُودِكَ وَ كَرَمِكَ،

And keep me far off from Your requital scheme and Your wrath.

wa bāidnī min makrika wa niqmatik,

وَ باعِدْني مِنْ مَكْرِكَ وَ نِقْمَتِكَ،

O Allah! Protect me from errors,

allāhumma-šimnī minaz-zalal,

اَللّهُمَّ اعْصِمْني مِنَ الزَّلَلِ،

Make me firm in speech and action,

wa saddidnī fil qawli wal amal,

وَ سدِّدْني فِي الْقَوْلِ وَ الْعَمَلِ،

Extend for me the period (of life),

wafsaħ lī fī muddatil 'ajal,

وَافْسَحْ لي في مُدَّةِ الأجَلِ،

Relieve me from pain and ailments,

wafinī minal 'awjāi wal ilal,

وَ اعْفِني مِنَ الأوْجاعِ وَ الْعِلَلِ،

Make me achieve, through my masters and Your grace, the best of wishes.

wa ballighnī bimawāliyya wa bifađhlika 'afđhalal 'amal,

وَ بَلِّغْني بِمَوالِيَّ وَ بِفَضْلِكَ أفْضَلَ الأَمَلِ،

O Allah! Bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad and accept my repentance and my return,

allāhumma šalli alā muħammadin wa āli muħammad waqbal tawbati,

اَللّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ اقْبَلْ تَوْبَتي،

Have mercy upon my weeping,

warħam abratī,

وَارْحَمْ عَبْرَتي،

Lessen my lapses,

wa 'aqilnī athratī,

وَ أقِلْني عَثْرَتي،

Relieve my distress,

wa naffis kurbatī,

وَ نَفِّسْ كُرْبَتي،

Forgive me my mistake,

waghfir lī khaţī'ati,

وَاغْفِرْ لي خَطيئَتي،

And improve my (righteousness) through my children.

wa 'ašliħ lī fī dhurriyyatī,

وَ أصْلِحْ لي في ذُرِّيَّتي،

[1] C.f. Chapter 26, Verse 8 of the Quran.

[2] Chapter 26, Verse 84 of the Quran.

[] C.f. Chapter 4, Verse 69 of the Quran.


Part 14

My Allah! Do not leave for me, in this exalted and honored place of martyrdom, any sin but that You forgive,

allāhumma lā tada lī fī hādhal mash-hadil muađđami wal maħallil mukkarrami dhanban 'illā ghafartah,

اَللّهُمَّ لا تَدَعْ لي في هذَا الْمَشْهَدِ الْمُعَظَّمِ وَ الْمَحَلِّ الْمُكَرَّمِ ذَنْباً إلاّ غَفَرْتَهُ،

Nor any defect but that You conceal,

wa lā ayban 'illā satartah,

وَ لا عَيْباً إلاّ سَتَرْتَهُ،

Nor any grief but that You remove,

wa lā ghamman 'illā kashaftah,

وَ لا غَمّاً إلاّ كَشَفْتَهُ،

Nor any sustenance but that You extend,

wa lā rizqan 'illā basaţtah,

وَ لا رِزْقاً إلاّ بَسَطْتَهُ،

Nor any (spiritual) status but that You cause to prosper,

wa lā jāhan 'illā amartah,

وَ لا جاهاً إلاّ عَمَرْتَهُ،

Nor any corruption but that which You correct,

wa lā fasādan 'illā 'ašlaħtah,

وَ لا فَساداً إلاّ أصْلَحْتَهُ،

Nor any wish but that You fulfill,

wa lā 'amalan 'illā ballaghtah,

وَ لا أمَلاً إلاّ بَلَّغْتَهُ،

Nor any supplication but that You answer,

wa lā duā'an 'illā 'ajabtah,

وَ لا دُعاءً إلاّ أجَبْتَهُ،

Nor any pressure but that You relieve,

wa lā mađhīqan 'illā farrajtah,

وَ لا مَضيقاً إلاّ فَرَّجْتَهُ،

Nor any dispersed (believers) but that You reunify,

wa lā shamlan 'illā jamatah,

وَ لا شَمْلاً إلاّ جَمَعْتَهُ،

Nor any matter but that You complete,

wa lā 'amran 'illā 'atmamtah,

وَ لا أمْراً إلاّ أتْمَمْتَهُ،

Nor any wealth but that You increase,

wa lā mālan 'illā kath-thartah,

وَ لا مالاً إلاّ كَثَّرْتَهُ،

Nor any character but that You improve,

wa lā khulqan 'illā ħassantah,

وَ لا خُلْقاً إلاّ حَسَّنْتَهُ،

Nor any charity but that You repay,

wa lā 'infāqan 'illā 'akhlaftah,

وَ لا إنْفاقاً إلاّ أخْلَفْتَهُ،

Nor any condition but that You cause to improve,

wa lā ħālan 'illā amartah,

وَ لا حالاً إلاّ عَمَرْتَهُ،

Nor any envious (one) but that You suppress,

wa lā ħasūdan 'illā qamatah,

وَ لا حَسُوداً إلاّ قَمَعْتَهُ،

Nor any enemy but that You destroy,

wa lā aduwwan 'illā 'ardaytah,

وَ لا عَدُوّاً إلاّ أرْدَيْتَهُ،

Nor any evil but that You suffice,

wa lā sharran 'illā kafaytah,

وَ لا شَرّاً إلاّ كَفَيْتَهُ،

Nor any ailment but that You cure,

wa lā marađhan 'illā shafaytah,

وَ لا مَرَضاً إلاّ شَفَيْتَهُ،

Nor any distant (one) but that You bring near,

wa lā baīdan 'illā 'adnaytah,

وَ لا بَعيداً إلاّ أدْنَيْتَهُ،

Nor any scattering but that You reunite,

wa lā shaathan 'illā lamamtah,

وَ لا شَعَثاً إلاّ لَمَمْتَهُ،

Nor any request but that You grant.

wa lā su'ālan [su'lan] 'illā 'aţaytah,

وَ لا سُؤالاً [سُؤْلاً] إلاّ أعْطَيْتَهُ،

O Allah! I ask You for the goodness of this transitory world,

allāhumma 'innī 'as'aluka khayral ajilah,

اَللّهُمَّ إنّي أسْئَلُكَ خَيْرَ الْعاجِلَةِ،

and the reward of the hereafter.

wa thawabal ājilah,

وَ ثَوابَ الآجِلَةِ،


Part 15

O Allah! Suffice me with what You made lawful from the unlawful,

allāhumma 'aghninī biħalālika anil ħarām,

اَللّهُمَّ أغْنِني بِحَلالِكَ عَنِ الْحَرامِ،

and with Your grace from all other creatures.

wa bifađhlika an jamīil 'anām,

وَ بِفَضْلِكَ عَنْ جَميعِ الأنامِ،

My Allah! I ask You for beneficial knowledge,

allāhumma 'innī 'as'aluka ilman nāfiā,

 اَللّهُمَّ إنّي أسْئَلُكَ عِلْماً نافِعاً،

a humble heart,

wa qalban khāshiā,

وَ قَلْباً خاشِعاً،

unequivocal certitude,

wa yaqīnan shāfiyā,

وَ يَقيناً شافِياً،

pure action,

wa amalan zākiyā,

وَ عَمَلا زاكِياً،

beautiful patience,

wa šabran jamīlā,

وَ صَبْراً جَميلاً،

and a bountiful reward.

wa ajran 'jazīlā,

وَ أجْراً جَزيلاً،

O Allah! Grant me gratitude of Your blessing upon me,

allāhummarzuqnī shukra nimatika alayy,

اَللّهُمَّ ارْزُقْني شُكْرَ نِعْمَتِكَ عَلَىَّ،

Increase Your favor and munificence on me,

wa zid fī 'iħsānika wa karamika 'ilayy,

وَ زِدْ في إحْسانِكَ وَ كَرَمِكَ إلَىَّ،

Make my speech amongst people effective,

wajal qawlī fin-nāsi masmūā,

وَ اجْعَلْ قَوْلي فِي النّاسِ مَسْمُوعاً،

my deeds elevated and worthy of being delivered to You,

wa amalī indaka marfūā,

وَ عَمَلي عِنْدَكَ مَرْفُوعاً،

my righteous works followed (by others),

wa 'atharī fil khayrāti matbūā,

وَ أثَري فِي الْخَيْراتِ مَتْبُوعاً،

and my enemy quelled,

wa aduwwī maqmūā,

وَ عَدُوّي مَقْمُوعاً،

O Allah! Send blessings upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, the best of the creations, day and night,

allāhumma šalli alā muħammadin wa āli muħammadinil 'akhyār, fī ānā'il-layli wa 'aţrāfin-nahār,

اَللّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ الأخْيارِ، في آناءِ اللَّيْلِ وَ أطْرافِ النَّهارِ،

Spare me from the evil of the wicked,

wakfinī sharral ashrār,

وَ اكْفِني شَرَّ الأشْرارِ،

Purify me from sins and burdens,

wa ţahhirnī minadh-dhunūbi wal awzār,

وَ طَهِّرْني مِنَ الذُّنُوبِ وَ الأوْزارِ،

Give me refuge from Hell-fire,

wa 'ajirnī minan-nār,

وَ أجِرْني مِنَ النّارِ،

Settle me in the House of rest (Paradise),

wa 'aħillanī dāral qarār,

وَ أحِلَّني دارَالْقَرارِ،

And forgive me and all my faithful brothers and sisters,

waghfir lī wa lijamīi 'ikhwāni fīka wa 'akhawātiyal mu'minīna wal mu'mināt,

وَ اغْفِرْ لي وَ لِجَميعِ إخْواني فيكَ وَ أخَواتِيَ الْمُؤْمِنينَ وَ الْمُؤْمِناتِ،

By Your mercy, O the most merciful of the merciful!

biraħmatika yā 'arħamar-rāħimīn.

بِرَحْمَتِكَ يا أرْحَمَ الرّاحِمينَ.



Part 1

English Translation


 Arabic Text

Then stand beside the upper side of the grave, face towards the Qibla and perform a two-unit Ziyarat prayer. Recite Chapter 21 (al-Anbiya) in the first unit and Chapter 59 (al-Hashr) in the second unit of the prayer, and recite the following supplication in the Qunut of the prayer:


ثم قف عند الرأس و توجه إلى القبلة و صل ركعتين و اقرأ في الأولى سورة الأنبياء و في الثانية الحشر و اقنت و قل:

There is no deity but Allah, the forbearing, the generous.

lā 'ilāha 'llal-lāhul ħalīmul karīm,

لاإلهَ إلاَّ اللهُ الْحَليمُ الْكَريمُ،

There is no deity but Allah, the supreme, the great.

lā 'ilāha 'llal-lāhul aliyyul ađīm,

لاإلهَ إلاَّاللهُ الْعَلِيُّ الْعَظيمُ،

There is no deity but Allah, the Lord of the seven heavens and the seven earths,

lā 'ilāha 'llal-lāhu rabbus-samāwātis-sabi wal 'arađhīnas-sab,

لاإلهَ إلاَّاللهُ رَبُّ السَّماواتِ السَّبْعِ وَ الأرَضينَ السَّبْعِ،

and whatever is in them and whatever is between them.

wa mā fīhinna wa mā baynahunn,

وَ ما فيهِنَّ وَ ما بَيْنَهُنَّ،

(By this, I am) opposing (the belief of) His enemies,

khilāfan li 'adā'ih,

خِلافاً لِأعْدائِهِ،

disavowing whomever has turned away from Him,

wa takdhīban liman adala bih,

وَ تَكْذيباً لِمَنْ عَدَلَ بِهِ،

confessing His Lordship,

wa 'iqrāran lirubūbiyyatih,

وَ إقْراراً لِرُبُوبِيَّتِهِ،

and surrendering to His majesty.

wa khuđhū'an li izzatih,

وَ خُضُوعاً لِعِزَّتِهِ،

He is the first other than being the first (in number).

al'awwalu bighayri 'awwal

الأوَّلُ بِغَيْرِ أوَّل،

He is the last without having an end.

wal ākhiru 'ilā ghayri ākhir,

وَالآخِرُ إلى غَيْرِ آخِر،

He is dominant (Zahir) over everything by His power.

ađđāhiru alā kulli shay'in biqudratih,

الظّاهِرُ عَلى كُلِّ شَىْء بِقُدْرَتِهِ،

He is hidden (Batin) as He knows underneath of every thing by His knowledge and His subtlety.

al-bāţinu dūna kulli shay'in biilmihi wa luţfih,

الْباطِنُ دُونَ كُلِّ شَىْء بِعِلْمِهِ وَ لُطْفِهِ،

Intellects cannot comprehend the depth of His grandeur.

lā taqiful uqūlu alā kunhi ađamatih,

لا تَقِفُ الْعُقُولُ عَلى كُنْهِ عَظَمَتِهِ،

Thoughts cannot grasp the reality of His Essence.

wa lā tudrikul 'awhāmu ħaqīqata māhiyyatih,

وَ لا تُدْرِكُ الأوْهامُ حَقيقَةَ ماهِيَّتِهِ،

Souls cannot imagine the meanings of His (created) qualities.

wa lā tatašawwarul 'anfusu maāni kayfiyyatih,

وَ لا تَتَصَوَّرُ الأنْفُسُ مَعانِيَ كَيْفِيَّتِهِ،

He knows well the innermost thoughts (of His servants),

muţţalian alađh-đhamā'ir,

مُطَّلِعاً عَلَى الضَّمائِرِ،

is cognizant of the secrets,

ārifan bis-sarā'ir,

عارِفاً بِالسَّرائِرِ،

and knows the treachery of the eyes, and all that the hearts (of men) conceal.[1]

yalamu khā'inatal 'ayuni wa mā tukhfiš-šudūr,

يَعْلَمُ خائِنَةَ الأعْيُنِ وَ ما تُخْفِى الصُّدُورُ،

My Allah! I bear You as witness of my acknowledgement of Your Messenger (PBUH&HF) and my faith in him,

allāhumma 'innī 'ush-hiduka alā tašdīqī rasūlaka šallal-lāhu layhi wa ālih wa 'īmānī bih,

اَللّهُمَّ إنّي اُشْهِدُكَ عَلى تَصْديقي رَسُولَكَ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ وَ إيماني بِهِ،

and my recognition of his status.

wa ilmī bimanzilatih,

وَ عِلْمي بِمَنْزِلَتِهِ،

I bear witness that he was the Prophet by whose favor wisdom was given voice,

wa 'innī 'ash-hadu 'annahun-nabiyyul-ladhi naţaqatil ħikmatu bifađhlih,

وَ إنّي أشْهَدُ أنَّهُ النَّبِيُّ الَّذي نَطَقَتِ الْحِكْمَةُ بِفَضْلِهِ،

of whom (previous) prophets gave glad tidings,

wa bash-sharatil 'anbiyā'u bih,

وَ بَشَّرَتِ الأنْبِياءُ بِهِ،

called people to admit what he  brought (from the Lord),

wa daat 'ilal 'iqrāri bimā jā'a bih,

وَ دَعَتْ إلَى الإقْرارِ بِما جاءَ بِهِ،

and urged people to acknowledge him,

wa ħath-that alā tašdīqih,

وَ حَثَّتْ عَلى تَصْديقِهِ،

according to His saying, the most high, “… he, whom they find mentioned in their Torah and the Gospels, who commands them virtuous acts and forbids them evil, allows them as lawful the good (and pure) things, prohibits them from impurities, and releases them from their heavy burdens and from the yokes that are upon them ...” [2]

biqawlihi ta'ālā: alladhīna yajidūnahu maktūban indahum fit-tawrāti wal 'injīli ya'muruhum bil marūfi wa yanhāhum anil munkari wa yuħillu lahumuţ-ţayyibāti wa yuħarrimu alayhimul khabā'itha wa yađhau anhum 'išrahum wal 'aghlālal-lati kānat alayhim,

بِقَوْلِهِ تَعالى: «اَلَّذي يَجِدُونَهُ مَكْتُوباً عِنْدَهُمْ فِي التَّوْريةِ وَ الإنْجيلِ يَأْمُرُهُمْ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَ يَنْهيهُمْ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَ يُحِلُّ لَهُمُ الطَّيِّباتِ وَ يُحَرِّمُ عَلَيْهِمُ الْخَبائِثَ وَ يَضَعُ عَنْهُمْ إصْرَهُمْ وَ الأغْلالَ الَّتي كانَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ»،

[1] Chapter 40, Verse 19 of the Quran.

[2] Chapter 7, Verse 157 of the Quran.


Part 2

English Translation


 Arabic Text

Thus, bless Muhammad, Your messenger to both masses (of human and Jinn),

fašalli alā muħammadin rasūlika 'ilath-thaqalayn,

فَصَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّدٍ رَسُولِكَ إلَى الثَّقَلَيْنِ،

the master of the chosen prophets,

wa sayyidil 'anbiyā'il mušţafayn,

وَ سَيِّدِ الأنْبِياءِ الْمُصْطَفَيْنَ،

and (bless) his brother and his cousin,

wa alā 'akhīhi wabni ammih,

وَ عَلى أخيهِ وَ ابْنِ عَمِّهِ،

neither of whom ever took associates with You (in worship) even for one moment,

alladhīna lam yushrikā bika ţarfata aynin 'abadā,

اللَّذَيْنِ لَمْ يُشْرِكا بِكَ طَرْفَةَ عَيْن أبَداً،

and (bless) Fatima, the radiant, and the chief of the ladies of the worlds,

wa alā fāţimataz-zahrā'i sayyidati nisā'il ālamīn,

وَ عَلى فاطِمَةَ الزَّهْراءِ سَيِّدةِ نِساءِ الْعالَمينَ،

and (bless) the two masters of the youth of Paradise, al-Hasan and al-Husain,

wa alā sayyiday shabābi 'ahlil jannah, al-ħasani wal ħusayn,

وَ عَلى سَيِّدَىْ شَبابِ أهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ الْحَسَنِ وَ الْحُسَيْنِ،

With an everlasting blessing,

šalātan khālidatad-dawām,

صَلاةً خالِدَةَ الدَّوامِ،

equal to the number of drops of rains,

adada qaţrir-rihām,

عَدَدَ قَطْرِ الرِّهامِ،

and the weight of the mountains and hills,

wa zinatil jibāla wal ākām,

وَ زِنَةَ الْجِبالِ وَ الآكامِ،

until peace and salutations is ever exchanged,

mā 'awraqas-salām,

ما أوْرَقَ السَّلامُ،

and brightness (of day) and darkness (of night) are replaced.

wakhtalafađh-đhiyā'u wađ-đalām,

وَ اخْتَلَفَ الضِّياءُ وَ الظَّلامُ،

And (bless) his pure family, (the rest of) the guided Imams,

wa alā ālihiţ-ţāhirīn, al-'a'immatil muhtadīn,

وَ عَلى آلِهِ الطّاهِرينَ، الأئِمَّةِ الْمُهْتَدينَ،

the defenders of the religion,

adh-dhā'idīna anid-dīn,

الذّائِدينَ عَنِ الدّينِ،

(who are) Ali, Muhammad, Ja’far, Musa, Ali, Muhammad, Ali, al-Hasan, and al-Hujja,

aliyyin wa muħammadin wa jafarin wa mūsa wa aliyyin wa muħammadin wa aliyyin wal ħasani wal ħujjah,

عَلِيٍّ وَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ جَعْفَرٍ وَ مُوسى وَ عَلِيٍّ وَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلِيٍّ وَ الْحَسَنِ وَ الْحُجَّةِ،

the establishers of fairness, and the grandsons of the Prophet(PBUH&HF).

al-qawwāmi bilqisţ, wa sulālatis-sibţ,

الْقَوّامِ بِالْقِسْطِ، وَ سُلالَةِ السِّبْطِ،



English Translation


 Arabic Text

O Allah! I ask You by the rights of this Imam, a relief in the near future,

allāhumma 'innī 'as'aluka biħaqqi hādhal 'imāmi farajan qarībā,

اَللّهُمَّ إنّي أسْئَلُكَ بِحَقِّ هذَا الإمامِ فَرَجاً قَريباً،

beautiful patience,

wa šabran Jamīlā,

وَ صَبْراً جَميلا،

mighty triumph,

wa našran azīzā,

وَ نَصْراً عَزيزاً،

sufficiency from people,

wa ghinan anil khalq,

وَ غِنىً عَنِ الْخَلْقِ،

steadfastness in (the path of) guidance,

wa thabātan fil hudā,

وَ ثَباتاً فِي الْهُدى،

success in what pleases and satisfies You,

wat-tawfīqa lima tuhibbu wa tarđhā,

وَ التَّوْفيقَ لِما تُحِبُّ وَ تَرْضى،

a sustenance that is vast, lawful, pure,

wa rizqan wāsi'an ħalālan ţayyibā,

وَ رِزْقاً واسِعاً حَلالا طَيِّباً،

adequate, fruitful, pleasant,

marī'an dārran sā'ighā,

مَريئاً دارّاً سائِغاً،

abundant, superior, pouring forth,

fāđhilan mufađhđhilan šabban šabbā,

فاضِلاً مُفَضِّلاً صَبّاً صَبّاً،

without any toil, trouble, and favor from anyone.

min ghayri kaddin wa lā nakad, wa lā minnatin min 'aħad,

مِنْ غَيْرِ كَدّ وَ لا نَكَد، وَ لا مِنَّة مِنْ أحَد،

Preserve my health against any affliction, ailment, and disease,

wa āfiyatan min kulli balā'in wa suqmin wa marađh,

وَ عافِيَةً مِنْ كُلِّ بَلاء وَ سُقْم وَ مَرَض،

Grant me appreciation of well-being and blessings,

wash-shukra alal āfiyati wan-namā',

وَ الشُّكْرَ عَلَى الْعافِيَةِ وَ النَّعْماءِ،

And when the time of death arrives, take our soul while it is in the best condition of obedience to You,

wa 'idhā jā'al mawtu faqbidhnā alā 'aħsani mā yakūnu laka ţā'ah,

وَ إذا جاءَ الْمَوْتُ فَاقْبِضْنا عَلى أحْسَنِ ما يَكُونُ لَكَ طاعَةً،

And while observing what You commanded, so that You lead us to the Garden of blessings.

alā mā 'amartanā muħāfiđhīna ħattā ţu'addiyanā 'ilā jannātin-naīm,

عَلى ما أمَرْتَنا مُحافِظينَ حَتّى تُؤَدِّيَنا إلى جَنّاتِ النَّعيمِ،

By Your mercy, O the most merciful of the merciful!

biraħmatika yā 'arħamar-rāħimīn,

بِرَحْمَتِكَ يا أرْحَمَ الرّاحِمينَ،

My Allah! Bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad,

allāhumma šalli alā muħammadin wa āli muħammad,

اَللّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ،

and estrange me from (the attractions of) the world, and make me familiar with (the affairs of) the hereafter.

wa 'awħishnī minad-dunyā wa ānisnī bil ākhirah,

وَ أوْحِشْني مِنَ الدُّنْيا

وَ آنِسْني بِالآخِرَةِ،

Certainly, nothing causes alienation from this world except fear of You,

fa 'innahu lā yūħishu minad-dunyā 'illā khawfuk,

فَإنَّهُ لا يُوحِشُ مِنَ الدُّنْيا إلاّ خَوْفُكَ،

and nothing causes to be accustomed to the hereafter except hope for Your (mercy).

wa lā yu'nisu bil ākhirati 'illā rajā'uk,

وَ لا يُؤْنِسُ بِالآخِرَةِ إلاّ رَجآؤُكَ،

O Allah! For You is the argument, not against You,

allāhumma lakal ħujjatu lā alayk,

اَللّهُمَّ لَكَ الْحُجَّةُ لا عَلَيْكَ،

and to You is complained, not from You.

wa 'ilaykal mushtakā lā mink,

وَ إلَيْكَ الْمُشْتَكى لا مِنْكَ،

Thus, bless Muhammad and his family,

fašalli alā muħammadin wa ālih,

فَصَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِهِ

and assist me against my unjust and disobedient soul,

wa 'ainnī alā nafsiyađ-đālimatil āšiyah,

وَ أعِنّي عَلى نَفْسِيَ الظّالِمَةِ الْعاصِيَةِ،

and my dominant desire.

wa shahwatiyal ghālibah,

وَ شَهْوَتِيَ الْغالِبَةِ،

And conclude me with a safe and healthy end.

wakhtim lī bil āfiyah,

وَاخْتِمْ لي بِالْعافِيَةِ،


Part 4

English Translation


 Arabic Text

O Allah! It is due to my shamelessness that I ask forgiveness while I insist on what You have forbidden.

allāhumma 'innastighfārī 'iyyāka wa 'ana muširrun alā mā nahayta qillatu ħayā',

اَللّهُمَّ إنَّ اسْتِغْفاري إيّاكَ وَ أنَا مُصِرٌّ عَلى مانَهَيْتَ قِلَّةُ حَيآء،

On the other hand, if I do not ask for forgiveness with my knowledge of Your abundant forbearance, it will be wasting the right of hope (to You).

wa tarkiyal 'istighfāra maa ilmī bisiati ħilmika tađhyī'un liħaqqir-rajā'

وَ تَرْكِيَ الاِسْتِغْفارَ مَعَ عِلْمي بِسِعَةِ حِلْمِكَ تَضْييعٌ لِحَقِّ الرَّجآءِ،

My Allah! (due to my weak faith) my sins discourage me from requesting You,

allāhumma 'inna dhunūbi tu'yisunī 'an 'arjūk,

اَللّهُمَّ إنَّ ذُنُوبي تُؤْيِسُني أنْ أرْجُوَكَ،

and my knowledge about Your vast mercy prevents me from fearing You.

wa inna ilmi bisiati rahmatika yamnaunī 'an 'akhshāk,

وَ إنَّ عِلْمي بِسِعَةِ رَحْمَتِكَ يَمْنَعُني أنْ أخْشاكَ،

Thus, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad,

fašalli alā muħammadin wa āli muħammad,

فَصَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ،

and confirm my hope in You,

wa šaddiq rajā'ī lak,

وَ صَدِّقْ رَجائي لَكَ،

negate my fear of You,

wa kadh-dhib khawfi mink,

وَ كَذِّبْ خَوْفي مِنْكَ،

and be for me according to the best of what I expect and believe about You, O the most generous of the generous!

wa kun lī inda 'aħsani đanni bika yā 'akramal 'akramīn

وَ كُنْ لي عِنْدَ أحْسَنِ ظَنّي بِكَ يا أكْرَمَ الأكْرَمينَ،

O Allah! Bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, and support me by protection (from sins),

allāhumma šalli alā muħammadin wa āli muħammadin, wa 'ayyidnī bil išmah,

اَللّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ أيِّدْني بِالْعِصْمَةِ،

Make my tongue speak wisdom,

wa 'anţiq lisānī bil ħikmah,

وَ أنْطِقْ لِساني بِالْحِكْمَةِ،

Place me among those who regret what they wasted yesterday,

wajalnī mimman yandamu alā mā đhayyaahu fī 'amsih,

وَ اجْعَلْني مِمَّنْ يَنْدَمُ عَلى ما ضَيَّعَهُ في أمْسِهِ،

do not aggrieve their portion today,

wa lā yaghbanu ħađđahu fī yawmih,

وَ لا يَغْبَنُ حَظَّهُ في يَوْمِهِ،

and do not worry about the sustenance of tomorrow.

wa lā yahummu lirizqi ghadih,

وَ لا يَهُمُّ لِرِزْقِ غَدِهِ،

O Allah! Certainly, rich is he who suffices himself with You and considers himself in need of You,

allāhumma 'innal ghaniyya manistaghnā bika waftaqara 'ilayk,

اَللّهُمَّ إنَّ الْغَنِيَّ مَنِ اسْتَغْنى بِكَ وَ افْتَقَرَ إلَيْكَ،

and poor is he who feels that he can suffice himself through Your creation without You.

wal faqīra manistaghnā bikhalqika anka,

وَ الْفَقيرَ مَنِ اسْتَغْنى بِخَلْقِكَ عَنْكَ،

Thus, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad,

fašalli alā muħammadin wa āli muħammad,

فَصَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ،

and suffice me from Your creation by Yourself,

wa 'aghninī an khalqika bik,

وَ أغْنِني عَنْ خَلْقِكَ بِكَ،

and put me amongst those who do not extend their hand except towards You.

wajalnī mimman lā yabsuţu kaffan 'illā 'ilayk,

وَ اجْعَلْني مِمَّنْ لا يَبْسُطُ كَفّاً إلاّ إلَيْكَ،


Part 5

English Translation


 Arabic Text

My Allah! Certainly, wretched is he who despairs while repentance is placed before him and mercy is after him,

allāhumma 'innash-shaqiyya man qanaţa wa 'amāmahut-tawbatu wa warā'ahur-rahmah,

اَللّهُمَّ إنَّ الشَّقِيَّ مَنْ قَنَطَ وَ أمامَهُ التَّوْبَةُ وَ وَرآءَهُ الرَّحْمَةُ،

Even though I have been weak in action, I have strong hope in Your mercy,

wa 'in kuntu đhaīfal amali fa 'innī fī raħmatika qawiyyal 'amal,

وَ إنْ كُنْتُ ضَعيفَ الْعَمَلِ فَإ نّي في رَحْمَتِكَ قَوِيُّ الأمَلِ،

Thus, forgive the weakness of my action in light of the strength of my hope.

fahab lī đhafa amalī liquwwati 'amalī,

فَهَبْ لي ضَعْفَ عَمَلي لِقُوَّةِ أمَلي،

O Allah! Even if You know there is no one amongst Your servants with harder heart and greater sins than mine,

allāhumma 'in kunta talamu 'an mā fī 'ibādika man huwa 'aqsā qalban minnī wa 'ađamu minnī dhanbā,

اَللّهُمَّ إنْ كُنْتَ تَعْلَمُ أنْ ما في عِبادِكَ مَنْ هُوَ أقْسى قَلْباً مِنّي وَ أعْظَمُ مِنّي ذَنْباً،

I certainly know that there is no master more generous than You,

fa 'innī 'alamu 'annahu lā mawlā 'ađamu minka ţawlā,

فَإ نّي أعْلَمُ أنَّهُ لا مَوْلى أعْظَمُ مِنْكَ طَوْلا،

with greater mercy and forgiveness.

wa 'awsau raħmatan wa afwā,

وَ أوْسَعُ رَحْمَةً وَ عَفْواً،

Then, O He Who is unique in His mercy!

fayā man huwa 'awħadu fī raħmatih,

فَيا مَنْ هُوَ أوْحَدُ في رَحْمَتِهِ،

Forgive him, who is not unique in his mistakes.

'ighfir liman laysa bi 'awħada fī khaţī'atih,

إغْفِرْ لِمَنْ لَيْسَ بِأوْحَدَ في خَطيئَتِهِ،

O Allah! Certainly, You commanded us, but we have disobeyed,

allāhumma 'innaka 'amartanā faašaynā,

اَللّهُمَّ إنَّكَ أمَرْتَنا فَعَصَيْنا،

forbade us, but we did not desist,

wa nahayta famantahaynā,

وَ نَهَيْتَ فَمَا انْتَهَيْنا،

reminded us, but we remained unmindful,

wa dhakkarta fatanāsaynā,

وَ ذَكَّرْتَ فَتَناسَيْنا،

enlightened us, but we behaved blindly,

wa baššarta fataāmaynā,

وَ بَصَّرْتَ فَتَعامَيْنا،

and warned us, but we transgressed.

wa ħadh-dharta fataaddaynā,

وَ حَذَّرْتَ فَتَعَدَّيْنا،

This was not the repayment of Your kindness to us,

wa mā kāna dhālika jazā'a 'ihsānika 'ilaynā,

وَ ما كانَ ذلِكَ جَزآءَ إحْسانِكَ إلَيْنا،

and You know what we have disclosed and have concealed,

wa 'anta 'alamu bimā 'alannā wa 'akhfaynā,

وَ أنْتَ أعْلَمُ بِما أعْلَنّا وَ أخْفَيْنا،

and You are aware of what we will do and have done.

wa 'akhbaru bimā na'tī wa mā 'ataynā,

وَ أخْبَرُ بِما نَأْتي وَ ما أتَيْنا،

Thus, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad,

fašalli alā muħammadin wa āli muħammad,

فَصَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ،

and pardon us for our mistakes and our forgetfulness,

wa lā tu'ākhidhnā bimā 'akhta'nā wa nasīnā,

وَ لا تُؤاخِذْنا بِما أخْطَأْنا وَ نَسينا،

forgive us the negligence of Your rights by us,

wa hab lanā ħuqūqaka ladaynā,

وَ هَبْ لَنا حُقُوقَكَ لَدَيْنا،

complete Your beneficence towards us,

wa 'atimma 'iħsānaka 'ilaynā,

وَ أتِمَّ إحْسانَكَ إلَيْنا،

and cause Your mercy to descend upon us.

wa 'asbil raħmataka alaynā,

وَ أسْبِلْ رَحْمَتَكَ عَلَيْنا،

Part 6

English Translation


 Arabic Text

My Allah! We seek nearness to You by means of this truthful Imam,

allāhumma 'innā natawassalu 'ilayka bihādhaš-šiddīqil 'imām,

اَللّهُمَّ إنّا نَتَوَسَّلُ إلَيْكَ بِهذَا الصِّدّيقِ الإمامِ،

and request You by the rights that You have placed for him, his grandfather, his parents, Ali and Fatima, the household of mercy,

wa nas'aluka bil ħaqqil-ladhi jaaltahu lah wa lijaddihi rasūlika wa li 'abawayhi aliyyin wa fāţimata 'ahli baytir-raħmah,

وَ نَسْئَلُكَ بِالْحَقِّ الَّذي جَعَلْتَةُ لَهُ وَ لِجَدِّهِ رَسُولِكَ وَ لِأبَوَيْهِ عَلِيٍّ وَ فاطِمَةَ، أهْلِ بَيْتِ الرَّحْمَةِ،

an abundant flow of livelihood that maintains our life and the welfare of our dependents.

'idrārar-rizqil-lladhi bihī qiwāmu ħayātinā, wa šalāħu 'aħwāli iyālinā,

إدْرارَ الرِّزْقِ الَّذي بِهِ قِوامُ حَياتِنا وَ صَلاحُ أحْوالِ عِيالِنا،

Certainly You are the generous one who grants abundantly,

fa 'antal karīmul-ladhi tuţī min siah,

فَأنْتَ الْكَريمُ الَّذي تُعْطي مِنْ سِعَةٍ،

and holds back having power (to fulfill).

wa tamnau min qudrah

وَ تَمْنَعُ مِنْ قُدْرَةٍ،

We request from You a livelihood that brings the goodness of this world and the pleasure of the hereafter,

wa naħnu nas'aluka minar-rizqi mā yakūnu šalāhan liddunyā wa balāghan lil ākhirah,

وَ نَحْنُ نَسْئَلُكَ مِنَ الرِّزْقِ مايَكُونُ صَلاحاً لِلدُّنْيا وَ بَلاغاً لِلآخِرَةِ،

O Allah! Bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad,

allāhumma šalli alā muħammadin wa āli muħammad,

اَللّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ،

and forgive me, my parents,

waghfir lanā wa liwālidaynā,

وَ اغْفِرْلَنا وَ لِوالِدَيْنا،

all the believing men and women,

wa lijamīil-mu'minīna wal mu'mināt,

وَ لِجَميعِ الْمُؤْمِنينَ وَ الْمُؤْمِناتِ،

and the submissive men and women,

wal muslimīna wal muslimāt,

وَالْمُسْلِمينَ وَ الْمُسْلِماتِ،

the living of them and the dead.

al 'aħyā'i minhum wal 'amwāt,

الأحْياءِ مِنْهُمْ وَ الأمْواتِ،

Give us good in this world and good in the hereafter, and shield us from the torment of the fire.[1]

wa ātinā fid-dunyā ħasanatan wa fil ākhirati ħasanatan wa qinā adhāban-nār.

وَ آتِنا فِي الدُّنْيا حَسَنَةً وَ فِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَ قِنا عَذابَ النّارِ.

Then, complete your prayer, and recite Tasbihat (of Lady Fatima(PBUH)), and then place the side of you face on the ground and say the following forty times:


ثم تركع و تسجد و تجلس و تتشهد و تسلم فإذا سبحت فعفر خديك و قل أربعين مرة:

Glory be to Allah! Praise be to Allah! There is no deity but Allah! Allah is greater (than being described).

subħānal-lāhi wal ħamdulil-lāhi wa lā 'ilāha 'illal-lāhu wal-lāhu akbar,

سُبْحانَ اللهِ وَ الْحَمْدُ للهِِ وَ لا إلهَ إلاَّ اللهُ وَ اللهُ أكْبَرُ

Following that, ask Allah for protection, salvation, forgiveness, success in performing good deeds, and the acceptance of the actions that you do to seek His nearness and perform for His sake.

Then, embrace the inner shrine, kiss it, and say:


و اسأل الله العصمة و النجاة و المغفرة و التوفيق بحسن العمل و القبول لما تتقرب به إليه و تبتغي به وجهه ثم انكب على القبر و قبّله و قل:

May Allah increase your honor. Peace be upon you, the mercy of Allah, and His blessings.

zādal-lāhu fī sharafikum, was-salāmu alaykum wa raħmatul-lāhi wa barakātuh.

زادَ اللهُ في شَرَفِكُمْ، وَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَ رَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَ بَرَكاتُهُ.

Finally, pray for yourself, your parents and for whomever else you wish.


و ادع لنفسك و لوالديك و لمن أردت.



Imam Mahdi (PBUH) said, “I pray for any believer who remembers the sufferings of my martyred grandfather, al-Husain (PBUH), and then prays for my relief (al-Faraj)” [2]


[1] Chapter 2, Verse 201 of the Quran.

[2] Mikyal al-Makarim fi Fawa’idi D’uaa lil Qa’im, by Sayyid Muhammad Taqi Musawi al-Isfahani, vol. 2, p.75.


Source http://www.ziaraat.com/ziarat/nahiya/11.htm

Documentation of the Ziyarat

The text of the Ziyarat al-Nahiya is found in some early Ziyarat collections such as al-Mazar al-Kabir, by Muhammad Ibn Ja’far al-Mash’hadi, pp. 496-513. It is also reported in al-Mazar, by al-Mufid as mentioned in Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 98, pp. 318-329.

It is noteworthy that Sayyid Ibn Tawus (d. 664 AH) in his Misbah al-Za’ir reports another Ziyarat, which has some common parts with Ziyarat al-Nahiya. However, this Ziyarat has not been attributed to the Imam (PBUH), and has been only ascribed to Sayyid Murtadha (d. 436 AH). As al-Majlisi mentioned in Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 98, p. 251, although these variations might have been due to different narrations, yet this Ziyarat is apparently the composition of Sayyid Murtadha (RA) who used a part of original Ziyarat al-Nahiya, made some changes to it, added some phrases from other Ziyarats, and used to recite it as his own Ziyarat.




ب  = b (ball)

ت ة = t (tent)

ث = th (thin)

ج = j  (Jim)

ح = ħ (heavy)

خ= kh (khalif)

د = d  (dark)

ذ = dh (thee)

ر = r  (raw)

ز = z  (zap)

س = s  (seen)

ش = sh (shin)

ص = š  (sock)

ض = đh (thy)

ط = ţ  (top)

ظ = đ (Dahran)

ع = 3  (aim)

غ = gh (gh)

ف = f  (far)

ق = q (Qatar)

ك = k (keen)

ل = l  (large)

م = m (milk)

ن = n (noon)

ه‍ ه = h (hat)

و = w (weep)

ي = y (yard)

ؤ ئ‍ ء  '  (brief glottal stop) It precedes or follows a vowel.

Short vowels

´  =  a  (cap)

 ِ    =  i  (zip)

 ُ   = u  (July)

Long vowels

ا  =  ā (father)

ي  =  ī (teeth)

و  = ū (boon)

[1] It should be noted that there is another Ziyarat known as al-Nahiya, which focuses on the Ziyarat of other martyrs of Karbala, specifying the names of the companions of Imam al-Husain (PBUH). However, as mentioned by al-Majlisi, the time mentioned in the documentation of the Hadith as the time of its release is four years before the time of the birth of Imam al-Mahdi (PBUH). Assuming that it was not a transcription error, that particular Ziyarat may have been transmitted by Imam Hasan al-Askari (PBUH) (Imam Mahdi’s father, the eleventh Imam), not Imam Mahdi (PBUH). In that case, al-Nahiya al-Muqaddasa (the sacred place) refers to the house of Imam Hasan al-Askari (PBUH) in Samarra.