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Dua'a For Last Day(s) of SHA`BAN     

'Laws' for Fasting on yawmul Shak (day of doubt if Ramadhan month has begun) 

Prepare for Ramadhan month   |    Duas for the First Day of Ramadhan |   Pdf (al-mubin.org)

Imam al-Ridha(a.s) is reported as saying, “If one observes fasting on the last three days of Sha`ban and attach it to the obligatory fasting of Ramadan, Almighty Allah will reward him as if  he has observed fasting for two consecutive months.”

It has been narrated in the book `Uyun al-Akhbar al-Ridha from Abi Salt al-Harawi that when he visited Imam al-Ridha (a.s) on the last Friday of Sha`ban, the Imam said to him, “Abu’Salt: The majority of Sha`ban has passed. This is the last Friday in it. You should thus settle what you have missed in this month by working hard in the rest of it. You may supplicate, seek forgiveness of Almighty Allah, recite the Holy Qur'an, and repent before Almighty Allah from your sins so that you receive the month of Ramadan with pure sincerity to Almighty Allah. You must fulfill all the trusts that you are liable to settle; and do not bear malice against any of your brethren-in-faith; and you must give up any sin that you commit. Fear Almighty Allah and trust in Him in secret and openly, for ‘If any one puts his trust in Allah, sufficient is (Allah) for him. For Allah will surely accomplish his purpose: verily, for all things has Allah appointed a due proportion. 65/3’(Uyun Al-akhbar Ar-reza )

In the rest days of Sha`ban, you may repeat the following supplication very much for Almighty Allah saves many people from Hellfire on account of the sanctity of this month:  Image

O Allah: If You have not forgiven us in the past days of Sha`ban,

alluhumma in lam takun ghafarta lana fima madha min sha`bana

اللّهُمَّ إنْ لَمْ تَكُنْ غَفَرْتَ لَنَا فِيمَا مَضَى مِنْ شَعْبَانَ

(please do) forgive us in the rest of it.

faghfir lana fima baqiya minhu

فَاغْفِرْ لَنَا فِيمَا بَقِيَ مِنْهُ.

 


The Last Night of Sha'ban & First Night of Ramadhan Month 

2 column format PDF PDF2col  |  Image(English) Extract | Ppsx | Ppt in Pdf MP3  |  VIDEO

Shaykh al-±£siy has narrated on the authority of °¡rith ibn Mugh¢rah al-Na¤riy that Imam al-¯¡diq (a.s) used to say the following supplication at the last night of Sha`b¡n and the first night of Rama¤¡n:  

O Allah: verily, this blessed month, in which the Qur'¡n was revealed

all¡humma inna h¡dh¡ alshshahra almub¡raka alladhy ’unzila f¢hi alqur’¡nu

اللّهُمَّ إنَّ هذَا الشَّهْرَ الْمُبَارَكَ الَّذِي أُنْزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ

and was made guidance for people and clear proofs of the guidance, and the Criterion (of right and wrong),

wa ju`ila hudan lilnn¡si wa bayyn¡tin mina alhud¡ wal-furq¡ni

وَجُعِلَ هُدَىً لِلنَّاسِ وَبَيِّنَاتٍ مِنَ الْهُدَى وَالْفُرْقَانِ

has commenced

qad ¦a¤ara

قَدْ حَضَرَ

So, (please) keep us out of blemish during it, and keep it sound for us,

fasallimn¡ f¢hi  wa sallimhu lan¡

فَسَلِّمْنَا فِيه  ِوَسَلَّمْهُ لَنَا

accept it from us in a state of prosperity and health granted to us by You,  accept my simple (acts).

wa tasallamhu minn¡ f¢ yusrin minka wa `¡fiyatin

وَتَسَلَّمْهُ مِنَّا فِي يُسْرٍ مِنْكَ وَعَافِيَةٍ،

O’ He who acknowledges and gives answer many times to the very little offered to Him and thanks us by giving us plenty,

man akhadha alqal¢la wa shakara alkath¢ra

يَا مَنْ أَخَذَ الْقَلِيلَ وَشَكَرَ الْكَثِيرَ

(please) accept from me the little (deed).

aqbal minny aliyas¢ra

اقْبَلْ مِنِّي الْيَسِيرَ.

O Allah: I beseech You to make for me a path to every decency,

all¡humma inn¢ a¥aluka an taj`ala l¢ il¡ kull khayrin sab¢lan

اللّهُمَّ إنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ أَن ْتَجْعَلَ لِي إلَى كُلِّ خَيْرٍ سَبِيلاً،

and to make for me a barrier against everything that You do not like

wa min kulli m¡ tu¦ibbu m¡ni`an

وَمِنْ كُلِّ مَا لا تُحِبُّ مَانِعاً

O the most Merciful of all those who show mercy.

ar¦ama alrr¡¦im¢na

يَا أَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ،

O He Who has pardoned me and overlooked the misdeeds that I have committed secretly;

man `af¡ `ann¢ wa `amm¡ khalawtu bihi mina alssayyi’¡ti

يَا مَنْ عَفَا عَنِّي وَعَمَّا خَلَوْتُ بِهِ مِنَ السَّيِّئَاتِ،

O He Who has not punished me for my committing acts of disobedience to Him:

man lam yu´¡khidhny bi¡rtik¡bi alma`¡¥¢

يَا مَنْ لَمْ يُؤَاخِذْنِي بِارْتِكَابِ الْمَعَاصِي،

I seek Your pardon, I seek Your pardon, I seek Your pardon, O the All-generous.

`afwaka `afwaka `afwaka y¡ kar¢mu

عَفْوَكَ عَفْوَكَ عَفْوَكَ، يَا كَرِيمُ.

O my God: You advised me, but I have not followed Your advice,

il¡hy wa `a¨tany falam atta`i¨

إلهِي وَعَظْتَنِي فَلَمْ أَتَّعِظْ،

and You rebuked me for violating that which You have deemed forbidden, but I have not stopped,

wa zajartany `an ma¦¡rimika falam anzajir

وَزَجَرْتَنِي عَنْ مَحَارِمِكَ فَلَمْ أَنْزَجِرْ،

Now, what is my excuse?

fam¡ `udhr¢

فَمَا عُذْرِي؟

So, (please) pardon me, O the All-generous; I seek Your pardon, I seek Your pardon!

f¡`fu `ann¢ y¡ kar¢mu `afwaka `afwaka

فَاعْفُ عَنِّي يَا كَرِيمُ، عَفْوَكَ عَفْوَكَ.

O Allah: I beseech You for rest at death,

all¡humma inn¢ a¥aluka alrr¡¦ata `inda almawti

اللّهُمَّ إنّي أَسْأَلُك َالرَّاحَةَ عِنْدَ الْمَوْتِ،

and for pardon at calling to account.

wal-`afwa `inda al¦is¡bi

وَالْعَفْوَ عِنْدَ الْحِسَابِ،

Great is the sin of Your servant; so, let Your overlooking him be excellent.

`a¨uma aldhdhanbu min `abdika faliya¦suni alttj¡£uzu min `indika

عَظُمَ الذَّنْبُ مِنْ عَبْدِكَ فَلْيَحْسُنِ التَّجَاوُزُ مِنْ عِنْدِكَ،

O He Who is worthy of being feared and is worthy of forgiving; I seek Your pardon, I seek Your pardon.

ahla alttaqw¡ wa y¡ ahla almaghfirati `afwaka `afwaka

يَا أَهْلَ التَّقْوَى وَيَا أَهْلَ الْمَغْفِرَةِ، عَفْوَكَ عَفْوَكَ.

Allah: I am Your servant and the son of Your servant and Your she-servant,

all¡humma inn¢ `abduka ibnu `abdika ibnu amatika

اللّهُمَّ إنِّي عَبْدُكَ بْنُ عَبْدِكَ بْنُ أَمَتِكَ

and I am weak and in need for Your mercy;

¤a`¢fun faq¢run il¡ ra¦matika

ضَعِيفٌ فَقِيرٌ إلَى رَحْمَتِكَ،

and You are the Pourer of wealth and bless on the servants (of You),

wa anta munzilu alghin¡ wal-barakati `al¡ al`ib¡di

وَأَنْتَ مُنْزِلُ الْغِنَى وَالْبَرَكَةِ عَلَى الْعِبَادِ،

and You are omnipotent and full of power;

q¡hirun muqtadirun

قَاهِرٌ مُقْتَدِرٌ

as You have recorded all their (i.e. Your servants) deeds,

a¦¥ayta a`m¡lahum

أَحْصَيْتَ أَعْمَالَهُمْ،

and You have decided the sustenance of each one them,

wa qasamta arz¡qahum

وَقَسَمْتَ أَرْزَاقَهُمْ،

and You have made them of different languages and colors; in different stages of creation;

wa ja`altahum mukhtalifatan alsinatuhum wa alw¡nuhum khalqan min ba`di khalqin

وَجَعَلْتَهُمْ مُخْتَلِفَةً أَلْسِنَتُهُمْ وَأَلْوَانُهُمْ خَلْقاً مِنْ بَعْدِ خَلْقٍ،

Your servants can never attain Your knowledge,

wa l¡ ya`lamu al`ib¡du `ilmaka

وَلا يَعْلَمُ الْعِبَادُ عِلْمَكَ،

and Your servants can never recognize the real estimate that is due to You

wa l¡ yaqdiru al`ib¡du qadraka

وَلا يَقْدِرُ الْعِبَادُ قَدْرَكَ،

and all of us are needy for Your mercy;

wa kulln¡ faq¢run il¡ ra¦matika

وَكُلُّنَا فَقِيرٌ إلَى رَحْمَتِكَ،

So, (please) do not turn Your Face away from me,

fal¡ ta¥rif `ann¢ wajhaka

فَلا تَصْرِفْ عَنِّي وَجْهَكَ،

and include me with the virtuous creatures of You in deeds, hopes, and Your decisions (for me).

waj`alny min ¥¡li¦y khalqika f¢ al`amali wal-amali wal-qa¤¡‘i wal-qadari

وَاجْعَلْنِي مِنْ صَالِحِي خَلْقِكَ فِي الْعَمَلِ وَالأَمَلِ وَالْقَضَاءِ وَالْقَدَرِ.

O Allah: (please) keep me alive in the best manner of living,

all¡humma abqiny khayra albaq¡‘i

اللّهُمَّ أَبْقِنِي خَيْرَ الْبَقَاءِ،

and decide for me to die in the best manner of death keeping loyal to Your representatives,

wa afniny khayra alfan¡‘i `al¡ muw¡l¡ti awliy¡’ika

وَأَفْنِنِي خَيْرَ الْفَنَاءِ عَلَى مُوَالاةِ أَوْلِيَائِكَ،

and incurring the enmity of Your enemies,

wa mu`¡dati a`d¡’ika

وَمُعَادَاةِ أَعْدَائِكَ

and keeping desiring for You and fearing from You,

wal-rraghbati ilayka wal-rrahbati minka

وَالرَّغْبَةِ إلَيْكَ، وَالرَّهْبَةِ مِنْكَ،

and submission, faithfulness, and compliance with You,

wal-khush£`i wal-waf¡‘i wal-ttasl¢mi laka

وَالْخُشُوعِ وَالْوَفَاءِ وَالتَّسْلِيمِ لَكَ،

and keeping belief in Your Book

wal-tta¥d¢qi bikit¡bika

وَالتَّصْدِيقِ بِكِتَابِكَ،

and following Your Prophet’s instructions.

wattib¡`i sunnati ras£lika

وَاتِّبَاعِ سُنَّةِ رَسُولِكَ.

O Allah: as for whatever I bear in my heart,

all¡humma m¡ k¡na f¢ qalby

اللّهُمَّ مَا كَانَ فِي قَلْبِي

including suspicion or doubt

min shakkin aw r¢batin

مِنْ شَكٍّ أَوْ رِيبَةٍ

or denial or despair

aw ju¦£din aw qun£§in

أَوْ جُحُودٍ أَوْ قُنُوطٍ

or (excessive) joy or lavish expenditure or recklessness

aw fara¦in aw badhakhin aw ba§arin

أَوْ فَرَحٍ أَوْ بَذَخٍ أَوْ بَطَرٍ

or pride or arrogance or ostentation

aw khuyal¡‘a aw ry¡‘in aw sum`atin

أَوْ خُيَلاءَ أَوْ رِيَاءٍ أَوْ سُمْعَةٍ

or discord or hypocrisy

aw shiq¡qin aw nif¡qin

أَوْ شِقَاقٍ أَوْ نِفَاقٍ

or unbelief or licentiousness or disobedience

aw kufrin aw fus£qin aw `i¥y¡nin

أَوْ كُفْرٍ أَوْ فُسُوقٍ أَوْ عِصْيَانٍ

or conceit or anything else that You do not like;

aw `a¨amatin aw shay‘in l¡ tu¦ibbu

أَوْ عَظَمَةٍ أَوْ شَيْءٍ لا تُحِبُّ،

I thus beseech You, O my Lord, to substitute all that with belief in Your promise

fa¥aluka y¡ rabbi an tubaddlany mak¡nahu ‘¢m¡nan biwa`dika

فَأَسْأَلُكَ يَا رَبِّ أَنْ تُبَدِّلَنِي مَكَانَهُ إيمَاناً بِوَعْدِكَ،

and fulfilling of my covenant to You

wa waf¡‘an bi`ahdika

وَوَفَاءً بِعَهْدِكَ،

and satisfaction with what You decide for me

wa ri¤an biqa¤¡’ika

وَرِضاً بِقَضَائِكَ،

and indifference to the worldly pleasures

wa zuhdan f¢ aldduny¡

وَزُهْداً فِي الدُّنْيَا،

and desire for that which You have

wa raghbatan f¢m¡ `indaka

وَرَغْبَةً فِيمَا عِنْدَكَ،

and altruism and tranquility and sincere repentance;

wa atharatan wa §uman¢natan wa tawbatan na¥£¦an

وَأَثَرَةً وَطُمَأْنِينَةً وَتَوْبَةً نَصُوحاً،

I beseech You for all that, O the Lord of the worlds.

a¥aluka dhalika y¡ rabba al`¡lam¢na

أَسْأَلُكَ ذلِكَ يَا رَبَّ الْعَالَمِينَ.

O my God: because You are so forbearing, You are disobeyed as if You are not present,

il¡hy anta min ¦ilmika tu`¥¡ faka-annaka lam tura

إلهِي أَنْتَ مِنْ حِلْمِكَ تُعْصَى فَكَأَنَّكَ لَمْ تُرَ،

and because You are so generous and magnanimous, You are obeyed as if You have not been disobeyed at all

wa min karamika wa j£dika tu§¡`u faka-annaka lam tu`¥a

وَمِنْ كَرَمِكَ وَجُودِكَ تُطَاعُ فَكَأَنَّكَ لَمْ تُعْصَ،

Both those who have not disobeyed You and I are the inhabitants of Your lands;

wa an¡ wa man lam ya`¥ika sukk¡nu ar¤ika

وَأَنَا وَمَنْ لَمْ يَعْصِكَ سُكَّانُ أَرْضِكَ

So, (please) confer magnanimously upon us with Your favors

fakun `alayn¡ bilfa¤li jaw¡dan

فَكُنْ عَلَيْنَا بِالْفَضْلِ جَوَاداً،

and always refer to us with Your goodness

wa bilkhayri `aww¡dan

وَبِالْخَيْرِ عَوَّاداً،

O the most Merciful of all those who show mercy.

ar¦ama alrr¡¦im¢na

يَا أَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ،

May Allah bless Mu¦ammad and his Household with endless blessings

wa ¥all¡ all¡hu `al¡ mu¦ammadin wa ¡lihi ¥alatan d¡’imatan

وَصَلَّى اللّهُ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِهِ صَلاةً دَائِمَةً

that are innumerable, uncountable, and none can do it save You,

tu¦¥¡ wa l¡ tu`add wa l¡ yaqdiru qadrah¡ ghayruka

لا تُحْصَى وَلا تُعَدُّ وَلا يَقْدِرُ قَدْرَهَا غَيْرُكَ

O the most Merciful of all those who show mercy.

y¡ ar¦ama alrr¡¦im¢na

يَا أَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ.

2 column gif format

Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) used to say the following supplication at the last night of Sha`ban and the first night of Ramadhan:  PDF  |  Image(English) | MP3  |  VIDEO

O’ Allah! This is the blessed month in which the Qur˜an was revealed as guidance for mankind and clear evidence of guidance and discrimination (of the right from the wrong) is being witnessed by us. Therefore, keep us healthy in it and keep us sound in our faith in it and accept it from us in a state of prosperity and health granted to us by You, O’ He who acknowledges and gives answer many times to the very little offered to Him and thanks us by giving us plenty, accept my simple (acts).

O’ Allah! I ask You to provide me with a way towards all good and keep me away from all that You do not like, O’ the Most Merciful of those who show mercy!

O’ One who forgave me and forgave me all my misdeeds committed secretly. O’ One who does not punish me for my disobedience! Your forgiveness. Your forgiveness! Your forgiveness! O’ the Generous!

O’ my Lord! You admonished me but I did not respond; You reproached me concerning Your prohibited (things) but I cared not for it - what excuse do I now have? So then pardon me O’ the Generous!

Your pardon! Your Pardon!

O’ Allah! I beseech you for ease at the time of my death and forgiveness at the time of reckoning (on the Day of Resurrection). The sins of Your slave are great (in number) but forgiveness from You should serve my purpose well. O’ the One deserving to be feared and fitted to pardon. Your pardon! Your Pardon!

O’ Allah! I am Your servant, son of Your servant and son of Your slave girl, I am weak and stand in need of Your Mercy. You are Omnipotent and Mighty. You have reckoned their deeds and accordingly distributed to them their livelihood and made them creation after creation of different languages and colours. people know not what You know and esteem You not with the estimation due to You and all of us stand in need of Your mercy. Do not turn not Your face away from us and ordain in Your decree to make me among Your creatures - virtuous in deeds and hopes and in your decree and verdict.

O’ Allah! Keep me alive to live the best life (of righteousness) and cause me to die the best death in a state of love (in my heart) towards Your friends and in a state of enmity towards Your enemies and with a desire to meet You and fearing You and with humility and fulfilling the promise and submitting to Your will, testifying to Your Book and following the life-pattern of Your Messenger (Muhammad).

O’ Allah! That which lays hold of my mind (from the following): doubt, disbelief, disappointment, intoxication, conceit, insolence, vanity, show, desire for fame, disagreement, hypocrisy, infidelity, transgression, disobedience, pride or any thing that You do not love may kindly be substituted with: faith according to Your promise, inspiration to fulfill Your promises, contentment with Your decision, piety in the world, a desire of that which is with you (good) impression, mental tranquility, and a sincere repentance. I ask You O’ Lord! of the Worlds for all of these.

O’ my Lord! Disobedience to You is due to Your forbearance (of us disobeying you), and obedience is due to Your generosity and magnanimity as if You were never disobeyed. I and the other person who never disobeyed are the dwellers of Your earth. Therefore with Your grace, pardon me and invite us to You with Your goodness, O’ the Most Merciful of those who show Mercy!

And may the everlasting prayers of Allah be upon Muhammad and his progeny, unlimited blessing which neither could be reckoned nor appreciated by any one except

You. O’ the Most Merciful of those who show Mercy!

 

Transliteration

BISMILLA HIR RAHMA NIR RAHIM

Allahumma Inna Hazash Shahral Mubarakal Lazi unzila Feehil Qurano wa J`oela Haudal Lin Nasis wa Baiyyenatin Minal Huda wal Furqane qad Hazara Fasalimna Feehe Sallimho lana wa Tasallamho minna Fi Yusrin Minka wa as Aafiyatin Ya man Akhazal Qaleela wa Shakaral Kaseera Iqbal Minnil Yaseera;

allahumma Inni As`aloka an taj`ala Li Ila Kulle Khairin sabeelan wa Min Kulle Ma la Tohibbo Mane`an Ya arhamar Rahemeena ya Man Afa Anni wa amma Khalauto Behi Minas Saiyyate Ya Man Lam Yo`akhizni Be Irtikabil Ma`asi Afwaka Afwaka Afwaka ya Kareemo ya Ilahi wa`aztani Falam atta`iz wa Zajartani an Maharemeka Falam Anzajir fama Uzri fa`fo anni ya Kareemo Afwaka Afwaka; Allahumma Inni As`alokar Rahat Indal Maute wal Afwa Indal Hisabe Azomoz Zonbo Min abdeka Falyahsoni Tajawozo afwa Min Indeka Ya ahlat Taqwa wa ya Ahlal Maghforate afwaka: Afwaka Allahumma inni Abdoka wabno Abadeka wabno Amateka Za`eefun Faqeerun Ila Rahmatekka wa Anta Munzilul ghina wal Barakate alal Ibade Qaherun Muqtaderun Ahsaita A`amalahum wa Qasamta Arzaqahum wa Ja`altahum Mukhtalefatan Alsinatohum wa aewanohum Khalaqan Min Ba`de Khalqin wa La Ya`alamul Ibado Ilmaka wa La Yaqderul Ibado Qadraka wa Kullona faqeerun Ila rahmateka Fala Tasrif anni wajhaka waja`lni Min salehi Khalqeka fil Aamale wal amale wal Qazaa`e wal qadare allahumma abqini Khairal Baqaa`e wa afnini Khairal Fanaa`e Alaa Muwalate Auliyaa`eka wa Muadate A`adaa`eka war Raghbate Ilaika war Rahbate Minka wal Khushoo`e wal wafaa`e wat Tasleeme Lakawat Tasdeeqe Be Kitabeka wa Ittiba`e sunnate Rasooleka, Allahumma Ma Kana Fi Qalbi Min Shakkin Au Raibatin Au Juhoodin au Qunootin Au Farajin Au Bazakhin Au Batarin Au Khoylaa`a Au Riyaa`in Au sum`atin Au Shiqaqin Au Nifaqin Au Kufrin Au Fusooqin Au Isyanin au Azmatin Au Shai`in La Tohibbo Fa As`aloka Ya Rabbe An Tubaddilani Makanahoo Eemanan Be wa`deka wa wafa`an Be A`hdeka wa Rizan Be Qazaa`eka wa asaratan wa tomaniyyatan wa Taubatan Nasoohan; As`aloka Zaleka ya Rabbal A`alameena Ilahi anta Min Hilmeka To`sa wa Min Karameka wa Joodeka Tota`o Fakannaka Lam to`sa wa Ana wa Man Lam Ya`seka sukkano arzeka Fakun Alaina Bil Fazle Jawadah wa Bil Khaire Awwadan ya Arhamar Rahemeena wa Sallallaho alaa Mohammadin Aalehi Salaatan Da`ematan La tohsa wa La to`addo wa In Yaqdero Qadaraha Ghairoka ya Arhamar Rahemeen.

Allahoomma Salle Alaa Mohammadin wa Aale Mohammad, Ameen.

 


FASTING ON YAUMUL SHAK ( doubtful if Ramadhan month has begun)   http://islamic-laws.com/fast_rules.htm  JPG     PDF

The day about which you do not know whether it is 30th shaban or 1st Ramadhan is called Yaumul Shak. On this day it is haram to fast with the intention of 1st Ramadhan and a fast with this niyyat is invalid.

It is not wajib to fast on this day. However, It is Mustahab to keep fast on this day but the Niyyat (intention) should be either
(a) with the Niyyat of Mafiz-zimma (to discharge my responsibility), (although such a niyat is allowed, it is btter to avoid it)
(b) with the Niyyat of any Qaza fast of previous Ramadan, if any, or
(c) with the Niyyat of Mustahab Shaban fast. 

If you do a double Niyyat of fasting (i.e. 30th Shaban or 1st Ramadan), then such a Niyyat is wrong according Ayatullah Khui, but it is OK according to Ayt Khomeini and Ayt Seestani. Still it is better to avoid doing such a niyyat.
If you are fasting on Yaumul shak, and if, at any time on that day, you get the news of moon sighting of Ramadhan, then you must immediately change Niyyat to that of 1st of Ramadan.
If you have fasted on Yaumul shak (with any valid Niyyat), and afterwards( after the day is over) you come to know that it was 1st of Ramadan, then your fast will automatically be counted as fast of 1st of Ramadan. 

If you are not fasting on yaumul shak, then following actions are necessary on you:
(a) If you get the news after sunset of yaumul shak  that the moon had been actually sighted on evening of 29th Shaban, then you have to keep Qaza of 1st Ramadan after the month of Ramadan.
(b) If you get the news of moon sighting after Zawal time (Islamic mid-day), then it is haram to do anything which breaks a fast from that time until Iftar time on that day, and you have to do Qaza of 1st of Ramadan later on.
(c) If you get the news of moon sighting before Zawal time (Islamic mid-day), then
    (i) if you have not or done anything which breaks fast, you must immediately do the Niyyat of fasting of Ramadan for  that day. According to A . Seestani & A. Khomieni this is enough. According to A. khui (on the basis of ehtiyat e wajib) you have to keep a qaza fast too
   (ii) if you have done anything which breaks fast, then you have to imsaak ( refrain from anything that breaks fast) for the remainder of the day, and then do Qaza of 1st of Ramadan later on.