visiting the tomb /Ziarat  of imam `Al« Am«r al-Mu'min«n

 

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MERITS OF VISITING

 Through an authentic chain of authority, Shaykh al-±£s¢ has reported on the authority of Mu¦ammad ibn Muslim that Imam al-¯¡diq (‘a) said, “Almighty Allah has not created a category of creatures bigger in number than angels. Verily, seventy thousand angels descend everyday to circumambulate the Much-Frequented Fane. Then, they circumambulate the Holy Ka`bah. Then, they visit the tomb of the Holy Prophet (¥) to greet him. Then, they visit the tomb of Imam `Al¢ Am¢r al-Mu'min¢n (‘a) to greet him. Then, they visit the tomb of Imam al-°usayn (‘a) to greet him. They then ascend back to the skies. Everyday and up to the Resurrection Day, such a number of angels descend and do the same thing. Verily, if one visits Am¢r al-Mu'min¢n (i.e. the Comamnder of the Believers) with full recognition of his right([1]) and being neither arrogant nor conceited, Almighty Allah shall decide for him the reward of one hundred thousand martyrs, forgive his past and coming sins, include him with the secured group (on the Resurrection Day), and make easy for him the calling to account; and he will be received be the angels. As he returns home (after ziy¡rah), these angels will visit him when he is ill. When he dies, these angels will follow him to his grave, imploring Almighty Allah’s forgiveness for him.”

In his book entitled Far¦at al-Ghar¢, Sayyid `Abd al-Kar¢m ibn ±¡w£s has reported the following saying from Imam al-¯¡diq (‘a), too:

“As for one who visits the tomb of Am¢r al-Mu'min¢n (‘a) walking, Almighty Allah shall verily decide for him the reward of one ¦ajj and one `umrah. If he returns walking, Almighty Allah shall decide for him the reward of two times of ¦ajj and two time of `umrah.”


 

Likewise, Imam al-¯¡diq (‘a) is reported to have said to Ibn M¡rid, “As for any one who visits the tomb of my grandfather with recognition of his right, Almighty Allah shall decide for him the reward of acceptable ¦ajj and admissible `umrah. Ibn M¡rid, I swear by Allah that He shall never give to Hellfire a foot that was dusted in the course of visiting Am¢r al-Mu'min¢n, being walking or riding. Ibn M¡rid, write down this saying with golden ink.”

Imam al-¯¡diq (‘a) is also reported as saying, “We confirm that there is a grave near al-K£fah; Almighty Allah shall definitely heal any handicapped person who has recourse to it.”

In the word of authorized narrations, Almighty Allah has decided the tombs of Imam `Al¢ (`a) and his immaculate descendants to be shelters for the fearful, refuges for the depressed, and secure places for the inhabitants of the earth. Certainly, any aggrieved person who visits these tombs, Almighty Allah shall definitely relieve him. Any ailed person who visits them, Almighty Allah shall heal him. Any seeker of security who seeks it at these tombs, Almighty Allah shall grant him security.

Sayyid `Abd al-Kar¢m ibn ±¡w£s has reported the following story on the authority of Mu¦ammad ibn `Al¢ al-Shayb¡n¢:

I was a child when, one day in the year 260 (AH), my father, uncle, and I went out secretly directing to al-Ghar¢ for visiting the tomb of Am¢r al-Mu'min¢n (‘a). At that time, the tomb was not constructed but surrounded by black stones. At the time that we were reciting Qur'¡n, offering prayers, and reciting the Ziy¡rah form, a lion came in the direction of us. When he approached us, we moved back. The lion came to the tomb and passed its wounded foreleg over it. Fear vanished when we were told about this scene; therefore, we all approached to see the lion, which kept on doing so for a while and then left. We then returned to the tomb.

Shaykh al-Muf¢d also related the following story:

One day, H¡r£n, the `Abb¡sid ruler, went out for hunting. As he approached al-Ghar¢ neighborhood, he saw a group of antelopes there. He thus ordered hawks and hounds to be set for chasing them. For a while, these hawks and hounds chased the antelopes, but when the antelopes would resort to a hillock, these chasing animals would stop. This process was repeated more than once before the eyes of H¡r£n who, upon seeing this, ordered his retinue to bring to him the eldest man in al-K£fah. An old man from Ban£-Asad, a famous tribe, came. Hence, H¡r£n asked him about the secret beyond that hillock.

“Do you pledge my security if I answer your question?” demanded the old man.

“I vow by Allah that I will not hurt you,” pledged the ruler.

The man then said, “My father told me that his fathers used to say that this hillock contained the tomb of `Al¢ ibn Ab¢-±¡lib; therefore, Allah made it a secured shelter for any one that resorts to it.” Here, the story ends.

“More zealous than the protector of the locusts;” this is a famous Arab proverb that is cited for describing one’s readiness to protect someone or something. This proverb is taken from the story of Mudlaj ibn Suwayd, a man belonging to the tribe of ±ayy, who was at his tent when some people came to him carrying baskets. When he asked them for explanation, they told that they came to collect a swarm of locusts that fell on his land. Immediately, he rode his horse and took his lance in the hand, threatening them by saying, “How dare you collect the locust that came to my vicinity seeking my shelter?” He therefore positioned there watching and guarding these locusts until they left his land after the land had become hot due to sunlight. He thus said, “Now, you may follow that swarm of locusts after they have left my land.”

A similar story, the author of al-Q¡m£s relates that Dhu’l-A`w¡d was an Arab chief who, claimed to be the grandfather of Aktham ibn ¯ayf¢. He used to levy taxes from the tribe of Mu¤ar, one of the major Arab tribes. Carried on a throne, he used to visit the Arab tribes to collect levies. He was such a respected and cherished personality that any fearful one who restored to his throne would be granted security, any humiliated one who approached his throne would be fortified, and any hungry one who came to his throne would be fed… etc.

In view of that, if a throne of an Arab man could attain such honor and sublimity, then it is not strange that Almighty Allah decides the tombs of His intimate servants, especially those whose cradles were carried by the Archangels Gabriel and Michael; namely, Imam al-°asan and Imam al-°usayn, to be shelters for the fearful, sanctuaries for the fugitive, refuges for the depressed, and remedy for the ailed.

Wherever you are, dear reader, try to reach the holy tomb of Imam `Al¢ (‘a), to stick to it by all strength, and to implore persistently there so that he may aid and save you from perdition in this world as well as the Next World.

It seems suitable to cite these verses on this occasion:

لُذْ إِلَىٰ جُودِهِ تَجِدْهُ زَعيماً
 

If you avail yourself of his magnanimity, you will find him the leader

بِنَجَاةِ ٱلْعُصَاةِ يَوْمَ لِقَاهَا
 

of redemption for the disobedient ones on the Day of Meeting,

عَائِذٌ لِلْمُؤَمِّلِينَ مُجيبٌ
 

Receptive for those who hope for him, responsive,

سَامِعٌ مَا تُسِرُّ مِنْ نَجْوَاهَا
 

and listening even to their confidential speeches.

In the book of D¡r al-Isl¡m, it is reported, on the authority of Shaykh al-Daylam¢ on the authority of a group of righteous people of al-Najaf, that a man saw in dream that many lines were extended from the tombs inside and outside the holy shrine of Imam `Al¢ (‘a) to connect to the dome. When the man woke up, he composed the following poetic verses:

إِذَا مُتُّ فَادْفِنِّي إِلَىٰ جَنْبِ حَيْدَرٍ
 

When I die, lay me in the vicinity of °aydar.([2])

ابِي شَبَّرٍ اكْرِمْ بِهِ وَشُبَيْرِ
 

Excellent is he! The father of Shubbar and Shubayr.([3])

فَلَسْتُ اخَافُ النَّارَ عِنْدَ جِوَارِهِ
 

I then will not fear the Fire next to him

وَلاَ اتَّقي مِنْ مُنْكَرٍ وَنَكيرِ
 

and I will not panic about the interrogation of Munkar and Nak¢r.([4])

فَعارٌ عَلَىٰ حَامِي الْحِمَىٰ وَهْوَ فِي الْحِمَىٰ
 

It will be shameful on the Protector of the neighborhood

إِذَا ضَلَّ فِي الْبَيْدَا عِقَالُ بَعيرِ
 

if a single camel will be lost in his neighborhood.

 

method of visiting Am«r al-Mu'min«n’s tomb

There are two categories of Ziy¡rah of Imam `Al¢’s tomb; one is general, that is; it may be done at any time, and the other is is specified to certain occasions click here for those ziarat  

First Ziy¡rah      Pdf with bettertranslation

Shaykh al-Muf¢d, al-Shah¢d, Sayyid Ibn ±¡w£s, and others have mentioned the following form of Ziy¡rah:

As you are determined to visit the tomb of Imam `Al¢ (‘a), you should bathe yourself, put on two clean pieces of dress, and use a perfume, even though it is acceptable without it. While you are about to leave your house, you may say the following: