1st   Muharram   This is a month of grief for the progeny of the Holy Prophet (as)

Muharram Month &    Day of Ashura 10th Muharram -Dua & A'amal

Eve of the first  :-a) 2 Rakat Salat with Sura Fatihah & 11 times Sura Ikhlass in each rakat. b) Another 2 Rakat salat ;first Rakat Sura Fatihah and Sura 6 An-aam .Second rakat Sura Fatihah & Sura Yasin 

Also see last day of Zilhajj Salat

Fasting is highly recommended for the first of this month  as reported by Rayyan bin Shabib from Imam Ridha (as)  Hadith

Have a Ghusl /bath, for cure/protection  from illness .Recite the following Dua on the water to be used:-
Subh'anallahi maal-al mizaan  Subh'anallahi muntahal h'ilm Subh'anallahi mublaghar riz'aa Subhanallahi zinatal a'rsh
Glory be to Allah the Supreme balance ,Glory be to Allah the Ultimate in gentleness, Glory be to Allah the Goal of devotedness, Glory be to Allah the splendour of the Arsh

It is reported from Imam Ridha (as) that the Prophet used to recite a 2 Rakat Salaat  & lift his hands & recite the following Dua 3 times :-     Pdf  | Pdf2 | Image  | Mp3

In the name of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful

My Allah, Thou art the eternal God, this is the beginning of another new year; I, therefore, request Thee, in this hour, to keep off Satan (Shaytan), to give me control over my "self" inclined to sin and deviation, so that it brings me near Thee,

O Compassionate! O the Owner of majesty and kindness! O Supporter of him who has no supporter! O Provider of him who has no provision! O He who watches over him who has no protection! O He who comes to help him who has no hope of help! O Reliance for him who has no one to lean upon! O Treasure of him who has nothing in the purse! O He who knows well how to put to test and trial! O the Ultimate Hope! O the Strength of the weak! O the Rescuer of the drowning! O He who saves from destruction! O He who bestows bounties! O He who shows courtesy and treats with benevolence! O he who treats with kindness and generosity! O He who does favours!

Thou art he before whom prostrate in adoration the blackness of the night and the brightness of the day, the moonlight of the moon, the sunlight of the sun, the ripple of the water, the trunks of the trees! O Allah, There is no associate with Thee!

O Allah make us generous, good and high-minded, more than that which they can imagine or speculate, cover and escort us with that which they know not, and do not (even) associate us with that which they say. Sufficient is Allah (for me), there is no god save He, on Him I rely, and He is the Lord of the Great Arsh.

We believe that all is from our Lord, and do not say (this) save those who have sincere hearts and intelligent minds. Our Lord! Cause not our hearts to stray after Thou has guided us, and bestow upon us mercy from Thy Presence. Verily Thou art the Bestower.


Allaahumma antal ilaahul qadeem wa haad'ihi sanatun jadeedatun fa-as-aluka feehal i's'mata minash shayt'aan wal quwwata a'laa haad'ihin nafsil ammaarati bis sooo - i wal ishtighaal bimaa yuqarribunee ilayka yaa kareem yaa d'al jalaali wal ikraam yaa i'maada man laa i'maada lahoo yaa d'akheerata man laa d'akheerata lahoo yaa h'irza man laa h'irza lahoo Yaa ghiyaatha man laa ghiyaatha lahoo yaa sanada man laa sanada lahoo yaa kanza man laa kanza lahoo yaa h'asanal balaaa-i yaa a'z'eemar rajaaa-i yaa i'zzaz"z"u-a'faaa-i yaa munqid'al gharqaa yaa munjiyal halkaa yaa mun-i'mu yaa mujmilu yaa mufz"ilu yaa muh'sinu antallad'ee sajada laka sawaadul layliwa noorun nahaar wa z"aw-ul qamar wa shu-a'a-u'sh shams wa dawiyyul maaa-i wa h'afeefush shajar yaa allaahu laa shareeka laka allaahummaj-a'lnaa khayran mimmaa yaz'unnoon Waghfirlanaa ma'a laa yaa'-lamoon wa laa tu-aakhid'naa bimaa yaqooloon h'asbiyallaahu laa ilaaha illaa huw a'layhi tawakkaltu wa huwa rabbul a'rshil a'z'eem aamannaa bihee kullun min i'ndi rabbinaa wa maa yad'd'akkaru illaa ulul albaab rabbanaa laa tuzigh quloobanaa baa'-da id' hadaytanaa wa hab lanaa mil ladunka rah'mah innaka antal wahhaab


Recite the Begining of the Month Salaat  2 Rakat Sura Fatihah & 30 times Sura Ikhlass ,Second rakat Sura Fatihah &  Sura Qadr30 itmes then recite this dua

i)There is not a moving creature in the earth but the sustenance thereof depends on Allah. He knows its habitation and its repository. All is in the clear (manifest) Book.

ii)If Allah touch you with affliction, there is none that can relieve therefrom save He; and if He desires good for your, there is none who can repel His favour. He satiates whom He wills of His bondmen. He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.

iii)Allah will guarantee, after hardship, ease. That which Allah wills (will come to pass)! There is no power save in Allah! Allah is sufficient for us! Most Excellent is He in whom we trust! I confide my cause unto Allah. Verily Allah is Seer of (His) servants.

here is no god save Thee. Be Thou glorified. Verily I have been a wrongdoer. My Lord! Whatever good Thou sends down for me, I am needy, My Lord! Leave me not alone (Childless), though Thou art the Best of inheritors.

Wa maa mindaabbatin' filarz"i Illaa a'lallaahi rizquhaa wa yaa'-lamu mustaqarrahaa wa mustawda-a'haa: Kullun fee kitaabim mubeen Wa in'y Yamsas-kallaahu bi-z"urrin falaa kaashifa lahooo illaa huw: wa in'yyuridka bi-khayrin'falaa raaadda li-faz"lih: yus'eebu bihee man'y yashaaa-u min i'baadih: wa huwal ghafoorur rah'eem Sayaj-a'lullaahu baa'-da u'srin'y yusraa maa shaaa-allaah laa quwwata illaa billaah h'asbunallaahu wa nia'-mal wakeel wa ufawwiz"u amree ilallaah: innallaaha bas'eerum bil i'baad laaa ilaaha illaaa anta subh'aanaka innee kun'tu minaz'z'aalimeen rabbi innee limaa anzaltal ilayya min khayrin' faqeer rabbi laa tad'arnee fardan'wwa an'ta khayrul waaritheen

*********FROM MAFATIH ANOTHER FORMAT ***********


The First Night of Mu地rram

Sayyid Ibn 情wω, in Iqb︼ al-A`m︼, has mentioned that a number of prayers should be advisably offered at this night:

First Prayer: A one hundred unit prayer with Sψahs al-F﹀i地h and al-Taw弛d.

Second Prayer: A two unit prayer at the first of which Sψahs al-F﹀i地h and al-An`《 (No. 6) are recited and at the second unit Sψahs al-F﹀i地h and Y︿▋ (No. 36).

Third Prayer: A two unit prayer at each of which Sψah al-F﹀i地h is recited once and Sψah al-Taw弛d is repeated eleven times is offered.

The Holy Prophet () is reported to have said that whoever offers this prayer at this night and observes fasting the next day, which is the first day in the new year, the new year will be wholly good for him, and he will be saved throughout the year, and if he dies, he will be allowed Paradise.

Sayyid Ibn 情wω has also mentioned a lengthy  prayer to be said at the sight of the new moon of Mu地rram.

The First Day of Mu地rram

Being the first day in the new year, there are two acts that are advisably practiced on the first of Mu地rram:

First: It is recommended to observe fasting on this day. Rayy》 ibn Shab▁ has reported that Imam al-Ri丑 (`a) said, Just as He responded to the prayer of Prophet Zachariah, Almighty Allah shall respond the prayer of one who observes fasting on this day and prays Him.

Second: Imam al-Ri丑 (`a) is reported to have said that the Holy Prophet (), on the first of Mu地rram, used to offer a two unit prayer. When he finished, he would raise his hands towards the heavens and repeat the following prayer three times:  Pdf  | Pdf2 | Image  | Mp3

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اَللَّهُمَّ انْتَ ٱلإِلٰهُ ٱلْقَدِيمُ

all︺umma anta al-il︺u alqad▌u

O Allah, You are the Eternal God

وَهٰذِهِ سَنَةٌ جَدِيدَةٌ

wa h︸hih sanatun jad▃atun

and this is a new year;

فَاسْالُكَ فِيهَا ٱلْعِصْمَةَ مِنَ ٱلشَّيْطَانِ

fa-as'aluka f▇ al`i叮ata mina alshshay均ni

I therefore request Your safety from Satan,

وَٱلْقُوَّةَ عَلَىٰ هٰذِهِ ٱلنَّفْسِ ٱلامَّارَةِ بِٱلسُّوءِ

walquwwata `al h︸hih alnnafsi al-amm〉ati bilss'i

control over my self, which is inclined to sinning,

وَٱلاِشْتِغَالَ بِمَا يُقَرِّبُنِي إِلَيْكَ يَا كَرِيمُ

walishtigh︼a bim yuqarribun ilayka y kar▌u

engagement in all that which draws me near You, O All-generous!

يَا ذَا ٱلْجَلاَلِ وَٱلإِكْرَامِ

y dh aljal︼i wal-ikr《i

O Lord of majesty and honor!

يَا عِمَادَ مَنْ لاَ عِمَادَ لَهُ

y `im︸a man l `im︸a lah

O Supporter of him who has no supporter!

يَا ذَخِيرَةَ مَنْ لا ذَخِيرَةَ لَهُ

y dhakh┴ata man l dhakh┴ata lah

O Provider of him who has no provisions!

يَا حِرْزَ مَنْ لاَ حِرْزَ لَهُ

y 夷rza man l 夷rza lah

O Shelter of him who has no shelter!

يَا غِيَاثَ مَنْ لاَ غِيَاثَ لَهُ

y ghiy﹀ha man l ghiy﹀ha lah

O He who comes to help him who has no hope of help!

يَا سَنَدَ مَنْ لاَ سَنَدَ لَهُ

y sanada man l sanada lah

O Reliance for him who has no one to lean upon!

يَا كَنْزَ مَنْ لاَ كَنْزَ لَهُ

y kanza man l kanza lah

O Treasure of him who has nothing in the purse!

يَا حَسَنَ ٱلْبَلاَءِ

y 地sana albal'i

O He who knows well how to put to test and trial!

يَا عَظِيمَ ٱلرَّجَاءِ

y `a芍ma alrraj'i

O Ultimate Hope!

يَا عِزَّ ٱلضُّعَفَاءِ

y `izza al中u`af'i

O Strength of the weak!

يَا مُنْقِذَ ٱلْغَرْقَىٰ

y munqidha algharq

O Rescuer of the drowning!

يَا مُنْجِيَ ٱلْهَلْكَىٰ

y munjiya alhalk

O He who saves from destruction!

يَا مُنْعِمُ يَا مُجْمِلُ

y mun`imu y mujmilu

O All-benefactor! O All-munificent!

يَا مُفْضِلُ يَا مُحْسِنُ

y muf夕lu y mu存inu

O All-favorer! O All-benevolent!

انْتَ ٱلَّذِي سَجَدَ لَكَ سَوَادُ ٱللَّيْلِ وَنُورُ ٱلنَّهَارِ

anta alladh sajada laka saw︸u allayli wa nψu alnnah〉i

You are He before Whom prostrate in adoration the blackness of the night and the brightness of the day,

وَضَوْءُ ٱلْقَمَرِ وَشُعَاعُ ٱلشَّمْسِ

wa 兀w'u alqamari wa shu`︶u alshshamsi

the moonlight, the sunlight,

وَدَوِيُّ ٱلْمَاءِ وَحَفِيفُ ٱلشَّجَرِ

wa dawiyyu alm'i wa 地f▅u alshshajari

the ripple of the water, and the rustling of the trees!

يَا اللَّهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَكَ

y all︺u l shar▎a laka

O Allah! There is no associate with You!

اَللَّهُمَّ ٱجْعَلْنَا خَيْراً مِمَّا يَظُنُّونَ

all︺umma ij`aln khayran mimm ya罕nnτa

O Allah! (Please do) cause us to be better than what they think of us!

وَٱغْفِرْ لَنَا مَا لاَ يَعْلَمُونَ

waghfir lan m l ya`lamτa

Forgive us that which they do not know!

وَلاَ تُؤَاخِذْنَا بِمَا يَقُولُونَ

wa l tu'︻hidhn bim yaqρτa

Do not blame us for what they say!

حَسْبِيَ ٱللَّهُ لاَ إِلٰهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ

地sbiya all︺u l il︺a ill huwa

Sufficient is Allah (for me). There is no god save Him,

عَلَيْهِ تَوَكَّلْتُ وَهُوَ رَبُّ ٱلْعَرْشِ ٱلْعَظِيمِ

`alayhi tawakkaltu wa huwa rabbu al`arshi al`a芍mi

On Him do I rely, and He is the Lord of the Great Throne.

آمَنَّا بِهِ كُلٌّ مِنْ عِنْدِ رَبِّنَا

《ann bih kullun min `indi rabbin

We believe in it! It is all from our Lord!

وَمَا يَذَّكَّرُ إِلاَّ اوْلُوٱ ٱلالْبَابِ

wa m yadhdhakkaru ill ul al-alb}i

None do mind except those having understanding.

رَبَّنَا لاَ تُزِغْ قُلُوبَنَا بَعْدَ إِذْ هَدَيْتَنَا

rabban l tuzigh qulηan ba`da idh hadaytan

Our Lord, make not our hearts deviate after You have guided us aright,

وَهَبْ لَنَا مِنْ لَدُنْكَ رَحْمَةً إِنَّكَ انْتَ ٱلْوَهَّابُ

wa hab lan min ladunka ra妃atan innaka anta alwahh}u

and grant us mercy from You; surely, You are the most liberal Giver.

Shaykh al-悵s says: It is recommended to observe fasting on the first nine days of Mu地rram. On the tenth of Mu地rram, it is recommended to abstain from eating and drinking up to afternoon. After that, one may eat a little of the soil of Imam al-酌sayns tomb (turbat al-守sayn; soil taken from the area around the holy tomb of Imam al-酌sayn).

Sayyid Ibn 情wω has mentioned the merits of observing fasting during the whole month of Mu地rram adding that such a deed protects against committing any sin.


Hadith of Fasting on first Muharram

Rāyyan bin Shabeeb (the maternal uncle of Mo'tasim),  says that I went to meet Imām Ali ar Rezā (a.s.) on the First day of the month of Muharram

Imām Alī ibn Mūsā al-Rezā (A.S.) asked:"O son of Shabeeb! Are you in the state of fasting today?
I (Rāyyan bin Shabeeb) replied in the negative. Imām (a.s.) continued,
This is the day when Prophet Zakariyyah (a.s.) prayed to his Lord thus:Lord grant me from unto Thee a good offspring, Verily Thou art the Hearer of Prayers (Surah al-Ali Imran, 3:38).
Then Allāh (s.w.t.) accepted his Prayers and commanded His Angels to go and give him glad tidings regarding the birth of his son Prophet Yahyā (a.s.). The Angels came and called out to him while he was engaged in Prayers in the niche. Hence the one who fasts on this day and asks for his desires from Allāh, his Prayer will be answered as was of Zakariyāh. 
 [References:  Nafasul Mahmum,  Chapter 3, Section 2, Tradition 1]


Muharram Month &    Day of Ashura 10th Muharram -Dua & A'amal