Month of Sha'aban

3rd Sha'aban - Birth of Imam Hussain (as)

Shaykh al-Tusi says in Misbah al-Mutahajjid: Imam al-Husayn ibn `Ali (as) was born on the third of Sha`ban. Abu’l-Qasim ibn `Ala’ al-Hamadani, the representative of Imam al-Hasan al-`Askari (`a), received a document telling that our master, Imam al-Husayn ibn `Ali (as), was born on the third of Sha`ban; therefore, you should observe fast on this day and say the following

اَللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي اسْالُكَ بِحَقِّ ٱلْمَوْلُودِ فِي هٰذَا ٱلْيَوْمِ
allahumma inni as'aluka bihaqqi almawludi fi hadha alyawmi
O Allah, I beseech You in the name of the one born on this day,
ٱلْمَوْعُودِ بِشَهَادَتِهِ قَبْلَ ٱسْتِهْلالِهِ وَوِلادَتِهِ
almaw`udi bishahadatihi qabla istihlalihi wa wiladatihi
the promised with martyrdom before the beginning of his lifetime and before his birth,
بَكَتْهُ ٱلسَّمَاءُ وَمَنْ فِيهَا
bakat-hu alssama'u wa man fiha
the heavens and all their inhabitants wept for him;
وَٱلارْضُ وَمَنْ عَلَيْهَا
wal-ardu wa man `alayha
and so did the earth and those living one it
وَلَمَّا يَطَا لابَتَيْهَا
wa lamma yata' labatayha
before his feet stepped on it,
قَتِيلِ ٱلْعَبْرَةِ
qatili al`abrati
the mourned slain one,
وَسَيِّدِ ٱلاسْرَةِ
wa sayyidi al-usrati
the master of the Family (of Prophet hood),
ٱلْمَمْدُودِ بِٱلنُّصْرَةِ يَوْمَ ٱلْكَرَّةِ
almamdudi bilnnusrati yawma alkarrati
the one who shall be backed with victory on the Day of Return,
ٱلْمُعَوِّضِ مِنْ قَتْلِهِ انَّ ٱلائِمَّةَ مِنْ نَسْلِهِ
almu`awwidi min qatlihi anna al-a'immata min naslihi
the one whom has been awarded the favor of the Imams’ being from his offspring as recompense of his being slain,
وَٱلشِّفَاءَ فِي تُرْبَتِهِ
walshshafa'a fi turbatihi
the one awarded the favor of the soil of his grave carrying cure,
وَٱلْفَوْزَ مَعَهُ فِي اوْبَتِهِ
walfawza ma`ahu fi awbatihi
the one awarded the favor that he will be triumphing when he will be returned
وَٱلاوْصِيَاءَ مِنْ عِتْرَتِهِ
wal-awsiya'a min `itratihi
and the Prophet’s Successors from his offspring will be returned
بَعْدَ قَائِمِهِمْ وَغَيْبَتِهِ
ba`da qa'imihim wa ghaybatihi
after the advent of their Rising Imam and after his occultation
حَتَّىٰ يُدْرِكُوٱ ٱلاوْتَارَ
hatta yudriku al-awtara
so that they shall take revenge,
وَيَثْارُوٱ ٱلثَّارَ
wa yath'aru alththara
retaliate,
وَيُرْضُوٱ ٱلْجَبَّارَ
wa yurdu aljabbara
please the Omnipotent Lord,
وَيَكُونُوٱ خَيْرَ انْصَارٍ
wa yakunu khayra ansarin
and be the best supporters.
صَلَّىٰ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ مَعَ ٱخْتِلافِ ٱللَّيْلِ وَٱلنَّهَارِ
salla allahu `alayhim ma`a ikhtilafi allayli walnnahari
May Allah’s blessings be perpetually upon them whenever night and day succeed each other.
اَللَّهُمَّ فَبِحَقِّهِمْ إِلَيْكَ اتَوَسَّلُ
allahumma fabihaqqihim ilayka atawassalu
O Allah, I thus beg You in the name of them
وَاسْالُ سُؤَالَ مُقْتَرِفٍ مُعْتَرِفٍ
wa as'alu su'ala muqtarifin mu`tarifin
and implore You with the imploration of a sinful one who confesses of his sin,
مُسِيءٍ إِلَىٰ نَفْسِهِ
musi'in ila nafsihi
and who has done evil to himself
مِمَّا فَرَّطَ فِي يَوْمِهِ وَامْسِهِ
mimma farrata fi yawmihi wa amsihi
due to his violations—the past and the present.
يَسْالُكَ ٱلْعِصْمَةَ إِلَىٰ مَحَلِّ رَمْسِهِ
yas'aluka al`ismata ila mahalli ramsihi
He thus beseeches You for Your protection up to the place of his grave.
اَللَّهُمَّ فَصَلِّ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعِتْرَتِهِ
allahumma fasalli `ala muhammadin wa `itratihi
O Allah, (please) send blessings to Muhammad and his Offspring,
وَٱحْشُرْنَا فِي زُمْرَتِهِ
wahshurna fi zumratihi
include us with his group (on the Resurrection Day),
وَبَوِّئْنَا مَعَهُ دَارَ ٱلْكَرَامَةِ
wa bawwi'na ma`ahu dara alkaramati
and allow us to dwell in the House of Honor with him
وَمَحَلِّ ٱلإِقَامَةِ
wa mahalla al-iqamati
and in the abode of residence.
اَللَّهُمَّ وَكَمَا اكْرَمْتَنَا بِمَعْرِفَتِهِ فَاكْرِمْنَا بِزُلْفَتِهِ
allahumma wa kama akramtanabima`rifatihi fa-akrimna bizulfatihi
O Allah, as You have conferred upon us with the honor of our recognition of him, so (please) confer upon us with the honor of being near to him,
وَٱرْزُقْنَا مُرَافَقَتَهُ وَسَابِقَتَهُ
warzuqna murafaqatahu wa sabiqatahu
bestow upon us with the bliss of accompanying him and enjoying a close rank to him,
وَٱجْعَلْنَا مِمَّنْ يُسَلِّمُ لامْرِهِ
waj`alna mimman yusallimu li-amrihi
and include us with those who submit to him totally
وَيُكْثِرُ ٱلصَّلاةَ عَلَيْهِ عِنْدَ ذِكْرِهِ
wa yukthiru alssalata `alayhi `inda dhikrihi
and those who invoke Your blessings upon him whenever they mention him,
وَعَلَىٰ جَمِيعِ اوْصِيَائِهِ وَاهْلِ اصْفِيَائِهِ
wa `ala jami`i awsiya'ihi wa ahli asfiya'ihi
and upon all his Successors and Selected Ones,
ٱلْمَمْدُودِينَ مِنْكَ بِٱلْعَدَدِ ٱلإِثْنَيْ عَشَرَ
almamdudina minka bil`adadi al-ithnay `ashara
whom are defined by You as twelve persons,
ٱلنُّجُومِ ٱلزُّهَرِ
alnnjumi alzzuhari
being the luminous stars,
وَٱلْحُجَجِ عَلَىٰ جَمِيعِ ٱلْبَشَرِ
walhujaji `ala jami`i albashari
and the Arguments against all humankind.
اَللَّهُمَّ وَهَبْ لَنَا فِي هٰذَا ٱلْيَوْمِ خَيْرَ مَوْهِبَةٍ
allahumma wa hab lana fi hadhaalyawmi khayra mawhibatin
O Allah, and (please) grant us on this day the best of grants,
وَانْجِحْ لَنَا فِيهِ كُلِّ طَلِبَةٍ
wa anjih lana fihi kulla talibatin
make all our prayers on this day responded,
كَمَا وَهَبْتَ ٱلْحُسَيْنَ لِمُحَمَّدٍ جَدِّهِ
kama wahabta alhusayna limuhammadin jaddihi
just as You gifted al-Husayn to Muhammad, his grandfather,
وَعَاذَ فُطْرُسُ بِمَهْدِهِ
wa `adha futrusu bimahdihi
just as the angel Futrus sought refuge with his (i.e. al-Husayn) cradle,
فَنَحْنُ عَائِذُونَ بِقَبْرِهِ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ
fanahnu `a'idhuna biqabrihi min ba`dihi
we are thus seeking refuge with his tomb after him (i.e. his martyrdom),
نَشْهَدُ تُرْبَتَهُ وَنَنْتَظِرُ اوْبَتَهُ
nashhadu turbatahu wa nantaziru awbatahu
as we are witnessing the soil of him and expecting his return.
آمِينَ رَبَّ ٱلْعَالَمِينَ
amina rabba al`alamina
Respond to us, O Lord of the worlds.

After that, you may say Du`a' al-Husayn , which is the last prayer he said when his enemies surrounded him in large numbers on the Dayªshura (the tenth of Muharram): Ibn `Ayyash has reported al-Husayn ibn `Ali ibn Sufyan al-Bazufi as saying that he heard Imam Ja`far al-Sadiq (as) saying this prayer on the third of Sha`ban, the birthday of Imam al-Husayn (`as).

اَللَّهُمَّ انْتَ مُتَعَالِي ٱلْمَكَانِ
allahumma anta muta`ali almakani
O Allah, You are verily the Elevated in position,
عَظِيمُ ٱلْجَبَرُوتِ
`azimu aljabaruti
the Magnificent in omnipotence,
شَدِيدُ ٱلْمِحَالِ
shadidu almihali
the Mighty in prowess,
غَنِيٌّ عَنِ ٱلْخَلاَئِقِ
ghaniyyun `an alkhala'iqi
the Self-Sufficient from the creatures,
عَرِيضُ ٱلْكِبْرِيَاءِ
`aridu alkibriya'i
the Ample in pride,
قَادِرٌ عَلَىٰ مَا تَشَاءُ
qadirun `ala ma tasha'u
the Powerful over all that which You want,
قَرِيبُ ٱلرَّحْمَةِ
qaribu alrrahmati
the Close in mercy,
صَادِقُ ٱلْوَعْدِ
sadiqu alwa`di
the Truthful in promise,
سَابِغُ ٱلنِّعْمَةِ
sabighu alnni`mati
the Opulent in favors,
حَسَنُ ٱلْبَلاَءِ
hasanu albala'i
the Sympathetic in ordeals,
قَرِيبٌ إِذَا دُعِيتَ
qaribun idha du`ita
the Nigh when Your are prayed,
مُحِيطٌ بِمَا خَلَقْتَ
muhitun bima khalaqta
the All-encompassing of all that which You have created,
قَابِلُ ٱلتَّوْبَةِ لِمَنْ تَابَ إِلَيْكَ
qabilu alttawbati liman taba ilayka
the Accepter of the repentance of him who repents to You,
قَادِرٌ عَلَىٰ مَا ارَدْتَ
qadirun `ala ma aradta
the Powerful to do whatever You want,
وَمُدْرِكٌ مَا طَلَبْتَ
wa mudrikun ma talabta
the Taker in all that which You decide,
وَشَكُورٌ إِذَا شُكِرْتَ
wa shakurun idha shukirta
the Thankful for those who thank You,
وَذَكُورٌ إِذَا ذُكِرْتَ
wa dhakurun idha dhukirta
and the Rememberer of those who mention You.
ادْعُوكَ مُحْتَاجاً
ad`uka muhtajan
I pray You for I need You,
وَارْغَبُ إِلَيْكَ فَقِيراً
wa arghabu ilayka faqiran
I desire for You for I am in want of You,
وَافْزَعُ إِلَيْكَ خَائِفاً
wa afza`u ilayka kha'ifan
I resort to You for I am terrified,
وَابْكِي إِلَيْكَ مَكْرُوباً
wa abki ilayka makruban
I weep before You for I am distressed,
وَاسْتَعِينُ بِكَ ضَعِيفاً
wa asta`inu bika da`ifan
I seek Your aid for I am weak,
وَاتَوَكَّلُ عَلَيْكَ كَافِياً
wa atawakkalu `alayka kafiyan
and I depend upon You for I trust in none save You.
احْكُمْ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَ قَوْمِنَا بِٱلْحَقِّ
uhkum baynana wa bayna qawminabilhaqqi
(Please do) decide between our people and us with the truth,
فَإِنَّهُمْ غَرُّونَا وَخَدَعُونَا
fa'innahum gharruna wa khada`una
for they have deceived us, cheated us,
وَخَذَلُونَا وَغَدَرُوٱ بِنَا وَقَتَلُونَا
wa khadhaluna wa ghadaru bina wa qataluna
disappointed us, betrayed us, and killed us.
وَنَحْنُ عِتْرَةُ نَبِيِّكَ
wa nahnu `itratu nabiyyika
We are the progeny of Your Prophet
وَوَلَدُ حَبِيبِكَ
wa waladu habibika
and the sons of Your beloved one;
مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِٱللَّهِ
muhammadi bni `abdillahi
namely, Muhammad the son of `Abdullah,
ٱلَّذِي ٱصْطَفَيْتَهُ بِٱلرِّسَالَةِ
alladhi istafaytahu bilrrisalati
whom You have chosen for the Divine Mission
وَٱئْتَمَنْتَهُ عَلَىٰ وَحْيِكَ
wa'tamantahu `ala wahyika
and for keeping Your Revelation.
فَٱجْعَلْ لَنَا مِنْ امْرِنَا فَرَجاً وَمَخْرَجاً
faj`al lana min amrina farajan wa makhrajan
So, (please) prepare a way out and a relief for us,
بِرَحْمَتِكَ يَا ارْحَمَ ٱلرَّاحِمِينَ
birahmatika ya arhama alrrahimina
out of Your mercy, O most Merciful of all those who show mercy!