The esteemed author of Mir’ātu’l
Kamāl, the late Āyatullāh al-Shaykh Māmaqānī has filled six pages full of
reasons that cause poverty and hamper one’s sustenance. References have also
come in the gloss of a later edition of this three-volume opus of devotions.
Those interested can look at pages 569-583. Here, however, we would like to
suffice ourselves with mentioning only a few of them:
Expression of greed, sleeping
between maghrib and ‘ishā prayers‘, sleeping between fajr and sunrise, severing
relationship with near relatives, sleeping naked for long durations, cursing
one’s children, eating in the state of lying down, abandoning prayers for one’s
parents, backbiting, isrāf (over
eating, extravagance, etc.), seeking the faults of people, eating while walking,
urination and sexual intercourse while facing qibla, urinating on water,
laughing excessively especially near graves and gatherings of the learned, not
lending money to one who is need, expression of poverty to one who possesses
wealth, and excessive sleep.
Āyatullāh Māmqānī mentions
about 175 causes in his manual.
Therefore, it is essential
for us to propagate the culture of taqwā in those poor societies, which can
absorb the teachings of Allāh(swt). Taqwā in every
dimension of life enables one to experience happiness in this world as well as